Advances in Criminology Research

Author: Julia Guzman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781634831802

Category: Criminology

Page: 135

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In this book, the authors discuss recent advances in criminology research. In the first chapter, the author gives a spatial analysis of the causes of criminality. Spatial analysis is one of the most widespread methods of criminological research in English-speaking countries. It is used to analyze the reasons of individual criminal behavior. In the second chapter, the author provides a combination of integrated and biosocial approaches on criminology. This chapter provides an argument whereby the agenda of white collar crime research can be developed by a synthesis of integrated and biosocial factors. In the third chapter, the authors present a theory that describes the association between social categories and inequitable police enforcement behavior. The social sciences have long been interested in the ways that an individual's demographic characteristics such as race, gender and age shape behavior in applied settings where people differ in power and status. In the last chapter, the gendered attachment-self-control theory is examined, designed to explain the gender differences in criminal involvement.

Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe

A Challenge for Criminological Education and Research. Crime and insecurity in the city. Vol. 1

Author: C. J. C. F. Fijnaut,Johan Goethals

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041101860

Category: Law

Page: 395

View: 1363

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In 1994 the School of Criminology, a part of the Department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminology in the Faculty of Law of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, celebrated the 25th anniversary of its study programme. To give added lustre to this landmark in its history, the Institute accepted the invitation from the International Society of Criminology to organise the 49th International Course of Criminology. The title of the course was: Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe. A challenge for criminological education and research'. This course explored two themes, both of which are likely to be the focus of debate in criminal policy in the near future: crime and insecurity in the city, and international organised and corporate crime. The presentation and discussion of both themes followed two main approaches. Lectures and seminars focused on the analysis of the nature, the quantity and the development of the phenomena, and meetings were focused on the policy needed to gain control of these phenomena. Moreover, attention was paid to technical and ethical problems which show up at the moment that empirical research is carried out. This publication brings together the main part of the introductory lectures. Part one relates to the theme of crime and insecurity in the city; the second part contains the lectures on international organised and corporate crime. Together both parts present a good picture of what was explained and commented on during the Course, especially in relation to important European developments concerning crime, criminal justice and criminal policy. This book will become an important source of inspiration for both criminological educationand research.

Developments in Crime and Crime Control Research

German Studies on Victims, Offenders, and the Public

Author: Klaus Sessar,Hans-Jürgen Kerner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461229901

Category: Psychology

Page: 193

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"One of the central features of modern German criminology in revealing the 'true nature of crime' follows the tradition of enlightment" instead of accommodating the approach of the criminal justice system. This contention is made by the editors of Developments in Crime and Crime Control Research, Drs. Sessar and Kerner, as they continue to bridge the traditional gap between Anglo-American scholars in criminology and their German counterparts. The language barrier has long been another contributing circumstance to the division of philosophy among countries, but recently, substantial attempts are being undertaken to examine more closely the differences among specific criminological schools of thinking. Drs. Sessar and Kerner point out that, although crime has its universality, a clear understanding of the various approaches to the problem of crime will prove of benefit to those in the field in all countries.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Paul Knepper,Anja Johansen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019935233X

Category: Crime

Page: 720

View: 9791

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The historical study of crime has expanded in criminology during the past few decades, forming an active niche area in social history. Indeed, the history of crime is more relevant than ever as scholars seek to address contemporary issues in criminology and criminal justice. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice provides a systematic and comprehensive examination of recent developments across both fields. Chapters examine existing research, explain on-going debates and controversies, and point to new areas of interest, covering topics such as criminal law and courts, police and policing, and the rise of criminology as a field. This Handbook also analyzes some of the most pressing criminological issues of our time, including drug trafficking, terrorism, and the intersections of gender, race, and class in the context of crime and punishment. The definitive volume on the history of crime, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of criminology, criminal justice, and legal history.

Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing

Author: Andrew Millie, Ph.D.,Dilip K. Das

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420072327

Category: Law

Page: 248

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Rising terrorism and advances in technology, along with new organizational strategies and investigative techniques, have stretched the traditional role of the police officer. Calls for strong, intelligence-driven, paramilitary policing juxtaposed with a demand for “softer” community policing, leave officers under increased pressure to be tough and resolute, yet compassionate, accountable, and adaptable. A measured analysis of these concerns is crucial to enable police officers to move forward in this increasingly conflicted world Drawn from the most important articles in Police Practice and Research, Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing focuses on the most common issues affecting today’s officers. Enhanced with an introduction and conclusion to present and weigh the arguments and consider the pragmatic aspects and challenges posed, the articles are written by academics and practicing police officers from four countries to provide a balanced, international point of view. Assessing the driving forces behind contemporary policing, this book— · Addresses day-to-day policing and the stress found in both the daily grind and the division and stigmatization of certain branches of the force · Considers ethics, corruption, and the dangers of misplaced loyalties, highlighting Australian strategies to prevent misconduct · Provides a typology of terrorism based on scope and justification and discusses appropriate counterterrorism measures, as well as the impact on other policing priorities · Introduces a temporal component to the traditional spatial emphasis of crime mapping supported by a Madrid case study and its revealing failures · Discusses restorative policing as a fundamental shift in intervention objectives, from punishment or treatment to an emphasis on repairing harm An objective look at today’s trends, this book presents the most pertinent and talked-about issues in modern policing and provides perspective and direction for the future.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice: Thought, Policy, and Practice

Thought, Policy, and Practice

Author: Mary Maguire,Dan Okada

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412970571

Category: Social Science

Page: 377

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This text provides a comprehensive overview of the criminal justice and criminology curriculum through contributed essays designed to review and expand upon key areas of study. The text will explore and examine theory, cases, laws and policies as they have been shaped by a larger social, cultural, and historical context. Topics span the gamut of the Criminal Justice and Criminology curriculum, including crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections and organizations.


Handbook of Quantitative Criminology

Author: Alex R. Piquero,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776507

Category: Social Science

Page: 787

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Quantitative criminology has certainly come a long way since I was ?rst introduced to a largely qualitative criminology some 40 years ago, when I was recruited to lead a task force on science and technology for the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. At that time, criminology was a very limited activity, depending almost exclusively on the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) initiated by the FBI in 1929 for measurement of crime based on victim reports to the police and on police arrests. A ty- cal mode of analysis was simple bivariate correlation. Marvin Wolfgang and colleagues were makingan importantadvancebytrackinglongitudinaldata onarrestsin Philadelphia,an in- vation that was widely appreciated. And the ?eld was very small: I remember attending my ?rst meeting of the American Society of Criminology in about 1968 in an anteroom at New York University; there were about 25–30 people in attendance, mostly sociologists with a few lawyers thrown in. That Society today has over 3,000 members, mostly now drawn from criminology which has established its own clear identity, but augmented by a wide variety of disciplines that include statisticians, economists, demographers, and even a few engineers. This Handbook provides a remarkable testimony to the growth of that ?eld. Following the maxim that “if you can’t measure it, you can’t understand it,” we have seen the early dissatisfaction with the UCR replaced by a wide variety of new approaches to measuring crime victimization and offending.

Advances in Criminological Theory, Volume 1

Author: William S. Laufer,Freda Adler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412816472

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

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Titles: v.3 Facts, frameworks, and forecasts ; v.4 New directions in criminological theory.

Crime and Technology

New Frontiers for Regulation, Law Enforcement and Research

Author: Ernesto U. Savona

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402029233

Category: Social Science

Page: 142

View: 2836

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Guido Rossi As Chairman of ISPAC, I want to thank all the contributors to this book that originates from the International Conference on Crime and Technology. This could be the end of my presentation if I did not feel uneasy not considering one of the problems I believe to be pivotal in the relationship between crime and technology. I shall also consider that the same relationship exists between terror and globalization, while globalization is stemming from technology and terror from crime. Transnational terrorism is today made possible by the vast array of communication tools. But the paradox is that if globalization facilitates terrorist violence, the fight against this war without borders is potentially disastrous for both economic development and globalization. Antiterrorist measures restrict mobility and financial flows, while new terrorist attacks could lead the way for an antiglobalist reaction. But the global society has yet to agree on a common definition of terrorism or on a common policy against it. The ordinary traditional criminal law is still depending on the sovereignty of national states, while international criminal justice is only a spotty and contested last resort. The fragmented and weak international institutions and underdeveloped civil societies have no power to enforce criminal justice against t- rorism. At the same time, the states that are its targets have no interest in applying the laws of war (the Geneva Conventions) to their fight against terrorists.

Punishment, Places and Perpetrators

Developments in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research

Author: Gerben Bruinsma,H. Elffers,Jan Willem de Keijser

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843920601

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

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A collection of 18 papers on three central themes of punishment & criminal justice, location & mobility, and perpetrators and criminal careers.

Critical Issues In Crime and Justice

Author: Albert R. Roberts

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761926863

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 4667

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Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, Second Edition provides a comprehensive examination of current developments and controversies confronting the American criminal justice system. An overview of contemporary criminal justice trends provides the context for interpreting the critical issues raised throughout this engaging volume. Editor Albert R. Roberts and a prominent group of scholars and criminal justice professionals examine both the successes and failures of modern law enforcement, juvenile justice, the courts, and correctional systems. Developed for courses on Critical Issues in Criminal Justice, Special Issues in Criminal Justice, and Contemporary Topics in Criminal Justice, Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, Second Edition is also an excellent supplementary text for introductory Criminal Justice and related courses.

Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System

Author: April Pattavina

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761930181

Category: Computers

Page: 293

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Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System suggests that information technology in criminal justice will continue to challenge us to think about how we turn information into knowledge, who can use that knowledge, and for what purposes. In this text, editor April Pattavina synthesizes the growing body of research in information technology and criminal justice. Contributors examine what has been learned from past experiences, what the current state of IT is in various components of the criminal justice system, and what challenges lie ahead.

Family Violence and Police Response

Learning from Research, Policy and Practice in European Countries

Author: Marijke Malsch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351937103

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2406

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Police response to incidents of intimate partner violence can be critical. This volume investigates the elements in the institutional, legal and organizational context that are relevant for police response to incidents in the realm of the private sphere and whether there exists a relation with the reporting of such incidents by victims. Addressing this complex question requires insights from research, policy and practice and, as such, any conclusions will have implications for each of these fields. This volume addresses issues that are key elements in the relationship between the (legal) response to family violence and the reporting by victims. These issues concern societal and legal definitions of family violence employed in research, policy making and legal practice; how the legislation of various countries covers violence in the private sphere; the way the police deal with reported incidents of intimate partner violence; and the role that other interventions play in the response to and combat of family violence and intimate partner violence.

Beyond Empiricism

Institutions and Intentions in the Study of Crime

Author: Joan McCord

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765802514

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

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Beyond Empiricism expands the discourse on theories of criminal behavior. It considers institutional, social, and individual issues related to criminal behavior, while individually each raises questions about the adequacy of current theoretical claims. The topics have significant implications both for policy and research in criminology. Per-Olof Wikstrom introduces a cross-level action theory of crime. He suggests that better understanding of causal mechanisms can lead to a situational theory of action based on perception of alternatives and the process of choice. David Wolcott and Steven Schlossman provide new perspectives on the issues of racial disparity and the incarceration of adolescents in adult prisons. These authors highlight gaps in our understanding of early twentieth-century juvenile justice and negate some popular claims about recent changes in the criminal law. Peter Grabosky spotlights privatization policies in the criminal justice system, suggesting a framework for analyzing the balance of advantage resulting from three basic forms of institutional relationships in policing. Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld discuss why institutional analysis has been seriously underdeveloped in etiological analyses of crime. Jordan Pederson and Matthew Shane scrutinize the concept of aggression. Their descriptions of aggressive behavior among non-human animals provide a fascinating backdrop for understanding human actions. Joan McCord emphasizes the intentionality of crimes as she argues that to understand what causes crime, one must have a theory about what it means to act intentionally. After critically appraising prior theories, McCord introduces and defends a new theory of motivation based on a post-empiricist theory of language. This latest volume in the distinguished Advances in Criminological Theory series continues to add to the theoretical underpinnings of the field, and will be important to all collections of social science research on criminology.

Criminal Justice

Author: Andrew Sanders,Richard Young

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780406971395

Category: Law

Page: 734

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This book offers a clear explanation and critical analysis of the criminal justice system and of all the major stages of an investigation including both pre-trial and trial processes. The authors discuss the principles and theories behind how the criminal justice system operates, and tacklethe controversial issues that continue to permeate the subject, including: policing and police powers, the prosecution process, the rights of suspects and victims, court processes, and appeals against conviction. Whilst no system can ever be perfect, the authors carefully consider each element ofit, and then pose the important question: why do miscarriages of justice occur? Now in its third edition, this book has been thoroughly revised and updated to take into account recent developments in the criminal justice system. Each chapter incorporates a unique combination of traditional legal material, empirical research findings, and socio-legal analysis, making this booksuitable for students of law, criminology, and social science.

The Critical Criminology Companion

Author: Thalia Anthony

Publisher: Hawkins Press

ISBN: 9781876067236

Category: Crime

Page: 336

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This companion presents the major debates and issues in critical criminology. It presents new research on crime, policy and the internationalisation of the criminal justice system. It sheds light on traditional debates in critical criminology through a confronting analysis of contemporary developments in criminal justice and criminology. This is the first textbook that brings together the major Australian and New Zealand theorists in critical criminology. The chapters represent the contribution of these authors in both their established work and their recent scholarship. It includes new approaches to theory, methodology, case studies and contemporary issues. It traverses a range of debates including the criminalisation of Indigenous people, ethnic communities, the working class, rural communities and young people from critical perspectives, as well as introduces new concepts of state crime. There is coverage of the developments in the penal system that have responded to globalisation and neo-liberalism, particularly in law and order and anti-terror campaigns. This coverage is counterpoised by portrayals of resistance within the penal system and considerations of restorative justice. The companion is relevant to a broad range of courses and levels of study. It covers the major components of a criminology course through a critical lens. It is a wonderful introduction to the concepts and critiques in criminology, as well as a provocative analysis of the assumptions underpinning the criminal justice system. Students, teachers and scholars in criminology, law and sociology will find this reader an invaluable companion.

Campus Crime: Legal, Social, and Policy Perspectives

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,John J. Sloan

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 039808520X

Category: Campus police

Page: 376

View: 3809

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This updated edition examines the advancements that have been made in order to better understand campus crime, especially student victimization, and effectively address security issues. For the sake of continuity with the first edition, the authors maintain the three section divisions: "The Legal Context of Campus Crime," "The Social Context of Campus Crime," and "The Security Context of Campus Crime." Within each section, the contributors--criminologists, political scientists, sociologists, planners, lawyers, security experts, and policy advocates--address, what are believed to be, the most pre.

Police Science: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522576738

Category: Political Science

Page: 540

View: 5758

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Violent behavior is an unavoidable aspect of human nature, and as such, it has become deeply integrated into modern society. In order to protect and defend citizens, the foundational concepts of fairness and equality must be adhered to within any criminal justice system. As such, examining police science through a critical and academic perspective can lead to a better understanding of its foundations and implications. Police Science: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly material on social problems involving victimization of minorities and police accountability. It also emphasizes key elements of police psychology as it relates to current issues and challenges in law enforcement and police agencies. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as police psychology, social climate and police departments, and media coverage, this publication is an ideal reference source for law enforcement officers, criminologists, sociologists, policymakers, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on various aspects of police science.