Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XII

12th International Symposium, IDA 2013, London, UK, October 17-19, 2013, Proceedings

Author: Allan Tucker,Frank Höppner,Arno Siebes,Stephen Swift

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642413986

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 6727

Release On

This book constitutes the refereed conference proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis, which was held in October 2013 in London, UK. The 36 revised full papers together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 84 submissions handling all kinds of modeling and analysis methods, irrespective of discipline. The papers cover all aspects of intelligent data analysis, including papers on intelligent support for modeling and analyzing data from complex, dynamical systems.

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Author: Alfred J. Menezes,Paul C. van Oorschot,Scott A. Vanstone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439821917

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 2477

Release On

Cryptography, in particular public-key cryptography, has emerged in the last 20 years as an important discipline that is not only the subject of an enormous amount of research, but provides the foundation for information security in many applications. Standards are emerging to meet the demands for cryptographic protection in most areas of data communications. Public-key cryptographic techniques are now in widespread use, especially in the financial services industry, in the public sector, and by individuals for their personal privacy, such as in electronic mail. This Handbook will serve as a valuable reference for the novice as well as for the expert who needs a wider scope of coverage within the area of cryptography. It is a necessary and timely guide for professionals who practice the art of cryptography. The Handbook of Applied Cryptography provides a treatment that is multifunctional: It serves as an introduction to the more practical aspects of both conventional and public-key cryptography It is a valuable source of the latest techniques and algorithms for the serious practitioner It provides an integrated treatment of the field, while still presenting each major topic as a self-contained unit It provides a mathematical treatment to accompany practical discussions It contains enough abstraction to be a valuable reference for theoreticians while containing enough detail to actually allow implementation of the algorithms discussed Now in its third printing, this is the definitive cryptography reference that the novice as well as experienced developers, designers, researchers, engineers, computer scientists, and mathematicians alike will use.

Image Sequence Analysis

Author: T. S. Huang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642870376

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 2048

Release On

The processing of image sequences has a broad spectrum of important applica tions including target tracking, robot navigation, bandwidth compression of TV conferencing video signals, studying the motion of biological cells using microcinematography, cloud tracking, and highway traffic monitoring. Image sequence processing involves a large amount of data. However, because of the progress in computer, LSI, and VLSI technologies, we have now reached a stage when many useful processing tasks can be done in a reasonable amount of time. As a result, research and development activities in image sequence analysis have recently been growing at a rapid pace. An IEEE Computer Society Workshop on Computer Analysis of Time-Varying Imagery was held in Philadelphia, April 5-6, 1979. A related special issue of the IEEE Transactions on Pattern Anal ysis and Machine Intelligence was published in November 1980. The IEEE Com puter magazine has also published a special issue on the subject in 1981. The purpose of this book is to survey the field of image sequence analysis and to discuss in depth a number of important selected topics. The seven chap ters fall into two categories. Chapters 2, 3, and 7 are comprehensive surveys on, respectively, the whole field of image sequence analysis, efficient coding of image sequences, and the processing of medical image sequences. In Chapters 1, 4, 5, and 6 the authors present mainly results of their own research on, respectively, motion estimation, noise reduction in image sequences, moving object extraction, and occlusion.


Contracts for System Design

Author: Albert Benveniste,Benoit Caillaud,Dejan Nickovic,Roberto Passerone,Jean-Baptiste Raclet,Philipp Reinkemeier,Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli,Werner Damm,Thomas A. Henzinger,Kim G. Larsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781680834024

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 1650

Release On

Contracts for System Design provides unified treatment of the topic that can help put contract-based design in perspective. Contracts are precisely defined and characterized so that they can be used in design methodologies with no ambiguity.

Guide to Intelligent Data Analysis

How to Intelligently Make Sense of Real Data

Author: Michael R. Berthold,Christian Borgelt,Frank Höppner,Frank Klawonn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 184882260X

Category: Computers

Page: 394

View: 7469

Release On

Each passing year bears witness to the development of ever more powerful computers, increasingly fast and cheap storage media, and even higher bandwidth data connections. This makes it easy to believe that we can now – at least in principle – solve any problem we are faced with so long as we only have enough data. Yet this is not the case. Although large databases allow us to retrieve many different single pieces of information and to compute simple aggregations, general patterns and regularities often go undetected. Furthermore, it is exactly these patterns, regularities and trends that are often most valuable. To avoid the danger of “drowning in information, but starving for knowledge” the branch of research known as data analysis has emerged, and a considerable number of methods and software tools have been developed. However, it is not these tools alone but the intelligent application of human intuition in combination with computational power, of sound background knowledge with computer-aided modeling, and of critical reflection with convenient automatic model construction, that results in successful intelligent data analysis projects. Guide to Intelligent Data Analysis provides a hands-on instructional approach to many basic data analysis techniques, and explains how these are used to solve data analysis problems. Topics and features: guides the reader through the process of data analysis, following the interdependent steps of project understanding, data understanding, data preparation, modeling, and deployment and monitoring; equips the reader with the necessary information in order to obtain hands-on experience of the topics under discussion; provides a review of the basics of classical statistics that support and justify many data analysis methods, and a glossary of statistical terms; includes numerous examples using R and KNIME, together with appendices introducing the open source software; integrates illustrations and case-study-style examples to support pedagogical exposition. This practical and systematic textbook/reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students is also essential reading for all professionals who face data analysis problems. Moreover, it is a book to be used following one’s exploration of it. Dr. Michael R. Berthold is Nycomed-Professor of Bioinformatics and Information Mining at the University of Konstanz, Germany. Dr. Christian Borgelt is Principal Researcher at the Intelligent Data Analysis and Graphical Models Research Unit of the European Centre for Soft Computing, Spain. Dr. Frank Höppner is Professor of Information Systems at Ostfalia University of Applied Sciences, Germany. Dr. Frank Klawonn is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Head of the Data Analysis and Pattern Recognition Laboratory at Ostfalia University of Applied Sciences, Germany. He is also Head of the Bioinformatics and Statistics group at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.

Local Pattern Detection

International Seminar Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, April 12-16, 2004, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Katharina Morik,Jean-Francois Boulicaut,Arno Siebes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540318941

Category: Computers

Page: 233

View: 2583

Release On

Introduction The dramatic increase in available computer storage capacity over the last 10 years has led to the creation of very large databases of scienti?c and commercial information. The need to analyze these masses of data has led to the evolution of the new ?eld knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) at the intersection of machine learning, statistics and database technology. Being interdisciplinary by nature, the ?eld o?ers the opportunity to combine the expertise of di?erent ?elds intoacommonobjective.Moreover,withineach?elddiversemethodshave been developed and justi?ed with respect to di?erent quality criteria. We have toinvestigatehowthesemethods cancontributeto solvingthe problemofKDD. Traditionally, KDD was seeking to ?nd global models for the data that - plain most of the instances of the database and describe the general structure of the data. Examples are statistical time series models, cluster models, logic programs with high coverageor classi?cation models like decision trees or linear decision functions. In practice, though, the use of these models often is very l- ited, because global models tend to ?nd only the obvious patterns in the data, 1 which domain experts already are aware of . What is really of interest to the users are the local patterns that deviate from the already-known background knowledge. David Hand, who organized a workshop in 2002, proposed the new ?eld of local patterns.

Hamilton-Jacobi Equations: Approximations, Numerical Analysis and Applications

Cetraro, Italy 2011, Editors: Paola Loreti, Nicoletta Anna Tchou

Author: Yves Achdou,Guy Barles,Hitoshi Ishii,Grigory L. Litvinov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642364330

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 4358

Release On

These Lecture Notes contain the material relative to the courses given at the CIME summer school held in Cetraro, Italy from August 29 to September 3, 2011. The topic was "Hamilton-Jacobi Equations: Approximations, Numerical Analysis and Applications". The courses dealt mostly with the following subjects: first order and second order Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations, properties of viscosity solutions, asymptotic behaviors, mean field games, approximation and numerical methods, idempotent analysis. The content of the courses ranged from an introduction to viscosity solutions to quite advanced topics, at the cutting edge of research in the field. We believe that they opened perspectives on new and delicate issues. These lecture notes contain four contributions by Yves Achdou (Finite Difference Methods for Mean Field Games), Guy Barles (An Introduction to the Theory of Viscosity Solutions for First-order Hamilton-Jacobi Equations and Applications), Hitoshi Ishii (A Short Introduction to Viscosity Solutions and the Large Time Behavior of Solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations) and Grigory Litvinov (Idempotent/Tropical Analysis, the Hamilton-Jacobi and Bellman Equations).

Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XVI

16th International Symposium, IDA 2017, London, UK, October 26–28, 2017, Proceedings

Author: Niall Adams,Allan Tucker,David Weston

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319687654

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 2861

Release On

This book constitutes the conference proceedings of the 16th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, which was held in October 2017 in London, UK. The 28 full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions. The traditional focus of the IDA symposium series is on end-to-end intelligent support for data analysis. IDA solicits papers on all aspects of intelligent data analysis, including papers on intelligent support for modelling and analyzing data from complex, dynamical systems.

Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XVII

17th International Symposium, IDA 2018, ’s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands, October 24–26, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Wouter Duivesteijn,Arno Siebes,Antti Ukkonen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030017675

Category: Computers

Page: 394

View: 8188

Release On

This book constitutes the conference proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, which was held in October 2018 in ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands. The traditional focus of the IDA symposium series is on end-to-end intelligent support for data analysis. The 29 full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 65 submissions. The papers cover all aspects of intelligent data analysis, including papers on intelligent support for modeling and analyzing data from complex, dynamical systems.

Bisociative Knowledge Discovery

An Introduction to Concept, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications

Author: Michael R. Berthold

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642318304

Category: Computers

Page: 486

View: 5360

Release On

Modern knowledge discovery methods enable users to discover complex patterns of various types in large information repositories. However, the underlying assumption has always been that the data to which the methods are applied to originates from one domain. The focus of this book, and the BISON project from which the contributions are originating, is a network based integration of various types of data repositories and the development of new ways to analyse and explore the resulting gigantic information networks. Instead of finding well defined global or local patterns they wanted to find domain bridging associations which are, by definition, not well defined since they will be especially interesting if they are sparse and have not been encountered before. The 32 contributions presented in this state-of-the-art volume together with a detailed introduction to the book are organized in topical sections on bisociation; representation and network creation; network analysis; exploration; and applications and evaluation.

Computational Intelligence in Healthcare 4

Advanced Methodologies

Author: Isabelle Bichindaritz,Sachin Vaidya,Ashlesha Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642144640

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 5727

Release On

Computational Intelligence is comparatively a new field but it has made a tremendous progress in virtually every discipline right from engineering, science, business, m- agement, aviation to healthcare. Computational intelligence already has a solid track-record of applications to healthcare, of which this book is a continuation. We would like to refer the reader to the excellent previous volumes in this series on computational intelligence in heal- care [1-3]. This book is aimed at providing the most recent advances and state of the art in the practical applications of computational intelligence paradigms in healthcare. It - cludes nineteen chapters on using various computational intelligence methods in healthcare such as intelligent agents and case-based reasoning. A number of fielded applications and case studies are presented. Highlighted are in particular novel c- putational approaches to the semantic management of health information such as in the Web 2.0, mobile agents such as in portable devices, learning agents capable of adapting to diverse clinical settings through case-based reasoning, and statistical - proaches in computational intelligence. This book is targeted towards scientists, application engineers, professors, health professionals, professors, and students. Background information on computational intelligence has been provided whenever necessary to facilitate the comprehension of a broad audience including healthcare practitioners.

The Spin Model Checker

Primer and Reference Manual

Author: Gerard J. Holzmann

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321773715

Category: Computers

Page: 608

View: 2698

Release On

The SPIN Model Checker is used for both teaching software verification techniques, and for validating large scale applications. The growing number of users has created a need for a more comprehensive user guide and a standard reference manual that describes the most recent version of the tool. This book fills that need. SPIN is used in over 40 countries. The offical SPIN web site, spinroot.com receives between 2500 and 3000 hits per day. It has been estimated that up to three-quarters of the $400 billion spent annually to hire programmers in the United States is ultimately spent on debugging

Ensembles in Machine Learning Applications

Author: Oleg Okun,Giorgio Valentini,Matteo Re

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642229093

Category: Computers

Page: 252

View: 2154

Release On

This book contains the extended papers presented at the 3rd Workshop on Supervised and Unsupervised Ensemble Methods and their Applications (SUEMA) that was held in conjunction with the European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases (ECML/PKDD 2010, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain). As its two predecessors, its main theme was ensembles of supervised and unsupervised algorithms – advanced machine learning and data mining technique. Unlike a single classification or clustering algorithm, an ensemble is a group of algorithms, each of which first independently solves the task at hand by assigning a class or cluster label (voting) to instances in a dataset and after that all votes are combined together to produce the final class or cluster membership. As a result, ensembles often outperform best single algorithms in many real-world problems. This book consists of 14 chapters, each of which can be read independently of the others. In addition to two previous SUEMA editions, also published by Springer, many chapters in the current book include pseudo code and/or programming code of the algorithms described in them. This was done in order to facilitate ensemble adoption in practice and to help to both researchers and engineers developing ensemble applications.

Data Mining and Decision Support

Integration and Collaboration

Author: Dunja Mladenic,Nada Lavrač,Marko Bohanec,Steve Moyle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461502861

Category: Computers

Page: 275

View: 9739

Release On

Data mining deals with finding patterns in data that are by user-definition, interesting and valid. It is an interdisciplinary area involving databases, machine learning, pattern recognition, statistics, visualization and others. Decision support focuses on developing systems to help decision-makers solve problems. Decision support provides a selection of data analysis, simulation, visualization and modeling techniques, and software tools such as decision support systems, group decision support and mediation systems, expert systems, databases and data warehouses. Independently, data mining and decision support are well-developed research areas, but until now there has been no systematic attempt to integrate them. Data Mining and Decision Support: Integration and Collaboration, written by leading researchers in the field, presents a conceptual framework, plus the methods and tools for integrating the two disciplines and for applying this technology to business problems in a collaborative setting.

Android Malware

Author: Xuxian Jiang,Yajin Zhou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461473942

Category: Computers

Page: 44

View: 8122

Release On

Mobile devices, such as smart phones, have achieved computing and networking capabilities comparable to traditional personal computers. Their successful consumerization has also become a source of pain for adopting users and organizations. In particular, the widespread presence of information-stealing applications and other types of mobile malware raises substantial security and privacy concerns. Android Malware presents a systematic view on state-of-the-art mobile malware that targets the popular Android mobile platform. Covering key topics like the Android malware history, malware behavior and classification, as well as, possible defense techniques.

Advances in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Author: Aaron Polliack

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9783718652136

Category: Medical

Page: 187

View: 3551

Release On

This issue brings together a collection of over 30 outstanding contributions presented, covering the biology, clinical aspects and therapy of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Formal Concept Analysis

Mathematical Foundations

Author: Bernhard Ganter,Rudolf Wille

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642598307

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 5198

Release On

This first textbook on formal concept analysis gives a systematic presentation of the mathematical foundations and their relations to applications in computer science, especially in data analysis and knowledge processing. Above all, it presents graphical methods for representing conceptual systems that have proved themselves in communicating knowledge. The mathematical foundations are treated thoroughly and are illuminated by means of numerous examples, making the basic theory readily accessible in compact form.

Distributed Model Predictive Control Made Easy

Author: José M. Maestre,Rudy R. Negenborn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400770065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 2657

Release On

The rapid evolution of computer science, communication, and information technology has enabled the application of control techniques to systems beyond the possibilities of control theory just a decade ago. Critical infrastructures such as electricity, water, traffic and intermodal transport networks are now in the scope of control engineers. The sheer size of such large-scale systems requires the adoption of advanced distributed control approaches. Distributed model predictive control (MPC) is one of the promising control methodologies for control of such systems. This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of distributed MPC approaches, while at the same time making clear directions of research that deserve more attention. The core and rationale of 35 approaches are carefully explained. Moreover, detailed step-by-step algorithmic descriptions of each approach are provided. These features make the book a comprehensive guide both for those seeking an introduction to distributed MPC as well as for those who want to gain a deeper insight in the wide range of distributed MPC techniques available.

Inductive Databases and Constraint-Based Data Mining

Author: Sašo Džeroski,Bart Goethals,Panče Panov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441977380

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 6021

Release On

This book is about inductive databases and constraint-based data mining, emerging research topics lying at the intersection of data mining and database research. The aim of the book as to provide an overview of the state-of- the art in this novel and - citing research area. Of special interest are the recent methods for constraint-based mining of global models for prediction and clustering, the uni?cation of pattern mining approaches through constraint programming, the clari?cation of the re- tionship between mining local patterns and global models, and the proposed in- grative frameworks and approaches for inducive databases. On the application side, applications to practically relevant problems from bioinformatics are presented. Inductive databases (IDBs) represent a database view on data mining and kno- edge discovery. IDBs contain not only data, but also generalizations (patterns and models) valid in the data. In an IDB, ordinary queries can be used to access and - nipulate data, while inductive queries can be used to generate (mine), manipulate, and apply patterns and models. In the IDB framework, patterns and models become ”?rst-class citizens” and KDD becomes an extended querying process in which both the data and the patterns/models that hold in the data are queried.