Drugs, Alcohol and Criminality in American Society

Author: Ronald B. Flowers

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786403066

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 8917

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In the United States alone, millions of men, women and children use drugs, alcohol, or both. Drugs and alcohol are closely related to poor school performance, poor health, work-related stresses, crime and delinquency. Drugs and alcohol have been shown to be prominent factors in exposure to HIV infection--whether through intravenous drug use or unprotected, high-risk sexual relations. Regardless of all the known hazards, the incidence of drug and alcohol use continues to rise in the United States. This book reveals the nature and magnitude of drug and alcohol use in American society, and public opinion on drugs, alcohol, and substance abuse. It examines the illicit drug trade, the war on drugs, and law enforcement. The connection between substance abuse and criminality is addressed, with special studies on prisoners, teenagers, minorities, women, and college campuses. Accompanied by numerous tables and figures.

Alcohol and Substance Abuse in Women and Children

Author: Barry Stimmel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317774019

Category: Medical

Page: 158

View: 5181

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Here is a timely volume that examines the problems of substance abuse in women and children, with a particular emphasis on the role played by the family in the development and perpetuation of the problem.

Women and Substance Abuse

Gender Transparency

Author: Harry K Wexler,Sally J Stevens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317826752

Category: Psychology

Page: 300

View: 6105

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In Women and Substance Abuse: Gender Transparency you’ll see what can be done to aid women in some of the world’s hardest hit substance abuse hubs, including Rio De Janeiro, Brazil; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and New Haven, Connecticut. Filled with timely research and practical solutions, this volume shows you what you can do to aid the tremendous and immediate need for specialized interventions in the lives of women. Women and Substance Abuse considers many of the variables in the lives of women who abuse drugs--race, choice of drug, HIV risk, and drug treatment history--and gives you line-by-line proof of the need for custom-tailored harm reduction strategies for addicted women who are and who aren’t engaged in drug treatment therapy. In addition, you’ll see why frequent cocaine use, current physical and sexual abuse, and concerns relating to children can alter the success of therapies and treatments. Overall, this unique volume will broaden your understanding of the subject by covering: gender differences in risk for gonorrhea infection risk factors for women who trade sex for drugs and money the role of physicians and prenatal care providers of substance abusing women how drug treatment programs can be more multifacted to include planning, prenatal care, and parenting skills prison-based therapeutic communities long-term residential treatment for women with children, pregnant women, and women without children For every unique woman with a drug problem, there is a unique treatment. Women and Substance Abuse turns away from the lost cause of blanket treatments and takes you into the world’s slums and inner-city ghettoes, where the faces of addiction are as diverse as the women who bear its debilitating burdens. You’ll see women’s drug addiction for what it is--a montage of suffering and pain that only individual and specialized care can cure.


Substance Abuse

A Comprehensive Textbook

Author: Joyce H. Lowinson

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781734745

Category: Medical

Page: 1421

View: 2104

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The premier text on substance abuse and addictive behaviors is now in its updated and expanded Fourth Edition, with up-to-the-minute insights from more than 150 experts at the front lines of patient management and research. This edition features expanded coverage of the neurobiology of abused substances, new pharmacologic therapies for addictions, and complete information on “club drugs” such as Ecstasy. New sections focus on addiction in children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly and women’s health issues, including pregnancy. The expanded behavioral addictions section now includes hoarding, shopping, and computer/Internet abuse. Includes access to a Companion wesbite that has fully searchable text.

Drug Use in Pregnancy: Mother and Child

Author: I.J. Chasnoff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400941579

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 4163

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With the emergence of the biological sciences in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, some explanations of congenital malformations with a basis in scientific fact were formulated. It was not, however, until the thalidomide tragedy in 1961 that the necessity for further study of the effects of environmental factors on congenital malformations was recognized. By the early 1970s concentrated efforts had begun to be directed toward evaluating the effects on the unborn child of mood-altering drugs taken during pregnancy. Over the past decade, research and treatment programs have led to the recognition of a full range of psychoactive drugs that affect the developing fetus either somatically or behaviorally. Programs for the treatment of the pregnant drug addict have been developed which concentrate not only on the pharmacologic therapy of the woman but also on the social and psychologic characteristics that place her and her unborn child at risk. This book is an attempt to bring together clinicians and researchers who have been active in developing programs for the recognition and management of the chemically dependent pregnant woman and her newborn. The contributions of the multiple disciplines which the authors represent emphasize the need for a multifactorial approach to the problems of drug use and abuse during pregnancy. It is hoped that through this type of approach a better future for substance-exposed infants, innocent bystanders in the process of addiction, can be assured. Ira J. Chasnoff vii Contributing Authors I. J. CHASNOFF, MD W.

Addiction Potential of Abused Drugs and Drug Classes

Author: Barry Stimmel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317839471

Category: Medical

Page: 212

View: 4114

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Increase your awareness of the relative addiction liabilities of various drugs and drug classes that are commonly abused. A timely and masterful new book, Addiction Potential of Abused Drugs and Drug Classes clarifies, in contemporary terminology, the state of addiction liability of cocaine, opiates, alcohol, sedative-hypnotics, nicotine, anxiolytics, marijuana, inhalants and anesthetics, and PCP and hallucinogens--the nine drugs that are most abused today. Authorities combine their research expertise with the available scientific literature to evaluate those factors which contribute to the addictive qualities of drugs. Specific chapters highlight the positive and negative reinforcement qualities that make drugs rewarding, focus on the two major subtypes of alcoholics, and cover the neuroanatomical and neurochemical bases of psychological dependence, the greatest contributing factor to drug addiction. An essential new resource for scientists, clinicians, and administrators, Addiction Potential of Abused Drugs and Drug Classes also highlights those areas where more work is needed in order to understand how individual drugs affect the processes of dependence, tolerance, and addiction, so that adequate treatment of these disorders can be discovered. The book was written for teachers and researchers in the chemical dependency field, to provide an up-to-date review of the literature. In addition, physicians, nurses, and pharmacists will find the book to be valuable as an update on the relative addiction strengths of abused drugs. Finally, treatment counselors and professionals with some knowledge of physiology and pharmacology will be interested in the book because of its relevance to the clinical treatment of chemically-dependent patients.

The Effects of Maternal Alcohol and Drug Abuse on the Newborn

Author: Barry Stimmel

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780917724923

Category: Medical

Page: 157

View: 5064

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The most damaging effects of psychotropic drug use during pregnancy occur not in the mother, who makes an informed choice to continue drug use, but in the newborn who becomes a passive victim. Drug abuse and alcoholism specialists present the latest findings on the effects on the newborn of mothers’use of illicit drugs during pregnancy. These experts specifically address the perinatal, neonatal, and subsequent developmental effects. Physicians, nurse practitioners, and other professionals with direct patient contact can use the valuable information in this volume to enhance their efforts of warning pregnant women of the risks inherent in the consumption of mood-altering drugs, not only for her own health, but for better chances of a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby.

A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health

Author: Bruce Lubotsky Levin,Marion Ann Becker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441915269

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 909

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A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health Edited by Bruce Lubotsky Levin and Marion Ann Becker As many as one-half of all women in the U.S. will experience some form of mental illness in their lives—an especially distressing fact when health care budgets are in flux, adding to existing disparities and unmet health needs. Written from a unique multidisciplinary framework, A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health addresses today’s most pressing mental health challenges: effective treatment, efficient prevention, equal access, improved service delivery, and stronger public policy. Eminent clinicians, researchers, academicians, and advocates examine the effects of mental illness on women’s lives and discuss the scope of clinical and service delivery issues affecting women, focusing on these major areas: Epidemiology of mental disorders in girls, female adolescents, adult women, and older women. Selected disorders of particular concern to women, including depression and postpartum depression, eating disorders, menopause, chemical dependence, and HIV/AIDS. Mental health needs of women in the workplace, rural areas, and prisons. Racial and ethnic disparities and their impact on service delivery. Parenting and recovery issues in mothers with mental illness. Women’s mental health services in an era of evidence-based medicine. Improving women’s health in today’s technological climate. A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health is a resource of immediate importance to professionals and graduate students in the public health, health administration, health disparities, social work, behavioral health, and health services research fields, as well as nursing, community/health psychology and community/public psychiatry.

Die Narben der Gewalt

Traumatische Erfahrungen verstehen und überwinden

Author: Judith Herman

Publisher: Junfermann Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3955717631

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 2234

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Dieses Buch ist das Ergebnis jahrzehntelanger Forschung und praktischer Arbeit mit Opfern sexueller und häuslicher Gewalt. Es spiegelt zudem die vielfältigen Erfahrungen der Autorin mit zahlreichen anderen traumatisierten Patienten wider, vor allem mit Kriegsveteranen und Terroropfern. 2015 fasste Judith Herman die neuesten Forschungen und Entwicklungen zusammen und ergänzte somit ihren Klassiker, der nie an Aktualität verloren hat. "Das Buch von Judith Herman ist eines der wichtigsten und gleichzeitig lesbarsten Bücher der modernen Traumaforschung. Es sollte in allen universitären Seminaren zum Thema psychische Traumatisierungen zur Pflichtlektüre gehören." - Dr. Arne Hofmann

Substance Abuse Among Women and Parents

Author: James Colliver,Elizabeth Quinn,Fe Caces

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788127465

Category:

Page: 62

View: 8643

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Provides data on substance abuse by women of childbearing age and by parents and examines the number of children potentially at risk because of parental drug abuse. Findings are: parents with children in the household use illicit drugs less often than do men and women 15-44 without children; it is estimated that there are approximately 6 million children under 18 years of age whose parents have used illicit drugs in the past month; there is little difference in rates of illicit drug use among parents in large metro., small metro. and non metro. areas. Charts.

Psychiatry

Author: Allan Tasman,Jerald Kay,Jeffrey A. Lieberman,Michael B. First,Michelle Riba

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118753364

Category: Medical

Page: 2768

View: 1822

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Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

New Dimensions In Women's Health

Author: Linda Alexander,Judith LaRosa

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763765927

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 480

View: 3481

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New Dimensions in Women's Health, Fifth Edition, offers a practical approach to understanding the health of women-all races, ethnicities, socioeconomic status, cultures, and orientations. Objective and data-driven, the Fifth Edition provides solid guidance for women to optimize their well-being and prevent illness and impairment. Each chapter of this book comprehensively reviews an important dimension of a woman’s general health and examines the contributing epidemiological, historical, psychosocial, cultural/ethical, legal, political, and economic influences.

Drug Addiction and Families

Author: Marina Barnard

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781846425653

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 5170

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Drug problems have a profound impact on families. Mothers and fathers, brothers, sisters and children are frequently caught in the maelstrom that drug problems almost inevitably create. Within the UK there is a serious lack of information on the experiences of families attempting to live and cope with a family members' drug problem. Drug Addiction and Families is an exploration of the impact of drug use on families, and of the extent to which current practice meets the needs of families as well as problem drug users. Drawing on a substantial research study comprising interviews with problem drug users and their extended family, Marina Barnard examines the effects of drug use not only on drug users themselves, but also the feelings of anger, sadness, anxiety, shame and loss that are commonly experienced by their extended family. She records the effects of drug use on family dynamics and relationships, including possible social and emotional costs. Its impact on the physical and mental health of family members is also discussed. The author highlights the often overlooked role of grandparents in protecting the children of drug users and considers the perspectives of practitioners such as teachers, social workers and health professionals. The conclusions drawn point to the fact that current service provision, in treating the problem drug user in isolation, fails to address the needs of drug-affected families, and misses the opportunity to develop family-oriented support and treatment. This accessible and insightful book is invaluable reading for drug workers, social workers, health professionals and all practitioners working with families affected by drug use.


Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Women

Author: David Castle,Jayashri Kulkarni,Kathryn M. Abel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139447106

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 9640

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Mood and anxiety disorders in women represent an increasingly important area of research and treatment development. The authors take a broad biopsychosocial and developmental approach to the issues, beginning with anxiety disorders in adolescence and progressing through the life phases of women to menopause and old age. All the disorders are covered, from anxiety and borderline personality disorder to stress and late-life depression. Particular attention is paid to questions of vulnerability; epidemiological and clinical evidence showing gender differences in such disorders; aetiological explanations in terms of biological (including hormonal) as well as psychosocial parameters, and treatment implications.

Psychology of Alcohol and Other Drugs

A Research Perspective

Author: John Jung

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761921004

Category: Psychology

Page: 634

View: 2388

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Psychology of Alcohol and Other Drugs encourages the reader to become a critical consumer rather than a docile recipient of research information in this field, much of it interpreted in a highly dubious and frequently political manner. The author offers a psychological perspective in his coverage of alcohol and drug-related issues, focusing in depth on key topics. -Examines the contribution of research methodology to outcomes -Offers alternative explanations to alcohol and drug-related issues -Considers causal relationships in substance abuse -Discusses alcohol and drug abuse in different groups defined by gender, age race, and marital status -Includes Danish and Swedish studies of hereditary and environmental influences

Treatment Choices for Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

Author: Harvey B. Milkman,Lloyd I. Sederer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780669200195

Category: Psychology

Page: 395

View: 5274

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The text is organized around issues that affect clinical practice: biological factors; prevention and early intervention; multiproblem patients; treatment and the law; and treatment alternatives.

Cultural and Sociological Aspects of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

Author: Barry Stimmel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317840461

Category: Psychology

Page: 94

View: 5255

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In this highly informative book on the sociocultural interactions between alcoholism and drug abuse, experts explore the relationship of such factors as ethnicity, family, religion, and gender to chemical abuse and address important implications for treatment.