Analyzing Inequalities

An Introduction to Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality Using the General Social Survey

Author: Catherine E. Harnois

Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506304113

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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Analyzing Inequalities is a worktext for 100 and 200-level sociology courses (Introductory Sociology, Social Problems, Race/Class/Gender) that guides students through a series of quantitative data analysis exercises based on results from the General Social Survey. No special software is required--the exercises can be completed using the Survey Documentation and Analysis Website at the University of California-Berkeley. The SDA site is easy to navigate and master; using pull-down menus, students can create tables and generate graphs from large data sets that measure attitudes, behaviors, trends, and social arrangements on a broad range of subjects such as gender roles, traditional and same-sex marriage, immigration, workforce participation, economic opportunity, sex education and reproductive rights, racial and ethnic identity, and educational attainment. The book's topical organization (four chapters on race/ethnicity, gender, social class and sexuality, and three chapters on how these statuses intersect in within the domains of family, education and work) makes it suitable for a number of lower division courses that are largely focused on inequality.

Analyzing Inequality

Life Chances and Social Mobility in Comparative Perspective

Author: Stefan Svallfors

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804757577

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

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An examination of the state of the art in stratification research, looking at data, methods, theory, and new empirical findings in social inequality, life course, and cross-national comparative sociology.

General Inequalities 7

7th International Conference at Oberwolfach, November 13–18, 1995

Author: Catherine Bandle,William N. Everitt,Laszlo Losonczi,Wolfgang Walter

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034889429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 404

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Inequalities continue to play an essential role in mathematics. The subject is per haps the last field that is comprehended and used by mathematicians working in all the areas of the discipline of mathematics. Since the seminal work Inequalities (1934) of Hardy, Littlewood and P6lya mathematicians have laboured to extend and sharpen the earlier classical inequalities. New inequalities are discovered ev ery year, some for their intrinsic interest whilst others flow from results obtained in various branches of mathematics. So extensive are these developments that a new mathematical periodical devoted exclusively to inequalities will soon appear; this is the Journal of Inequalities and Applications, to be edited by R. P. Agar wal. Nowadays it is difficult to follow all these developments and because of lack of communication between different groups of specialists many results are often rediscovered several times. Surveys of the present state of the art are therefore in dispensable not only to mathematicians but to the scientific community at large. The study of inequalities reflects the many and various aspects of mathemat ics. There is on the one hand the systematic search for the basic principles and the study of inequalities for their own sake. On the other hand the subject is a source of ingenious ideas and methods that give rise to seemingly elementary but nevertheless serious and challenging problems. There are many applications in a wide variety of fields from mathematical physics to biology and economics.

Analysing Inequalities in Germany

A Structured Additive Distributional Regression Approach

Author: Alexander Silbersdorff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319653318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 98

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This book seeks new perspectives on the growing inequalities that our societies face, putting forward Structured Additive Distributional Regression as a means of statistical analysis that circumvents the common problem of analytical reduction to simple point estimators. This new approach allows the observed discrepancy between the individuals’ realities and the abstract representation of those realities to be explicitly taken into consideration using the arithmetic mean alone. In turn, the method is applied to the question of economic inequality in Germany.

The Sociology of Human Rights

Author: Mark Frezzo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745686680

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

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Long the arena of philosophers, legal scholars, and political scientists, the interdisciplinary study of human rights has recently seen an influx of sociologists. Why is this so, and how do sociologists contribute to our understanding of human rights in the contemporary world? In this landmark new text, Mark Frezzo explores the sociological perspective on human rights, which he shows to be uniquely placed to illuminate the economic, political, social, and cultural conditions under which human rights norms and laws are devised, interpreted, implemented, and enforced. Sociologists treat human rights not as immutable attributes but as highly contested claims that vary across historical time and geographic space, and investigate how human rights can serve either to empower or to constrain social actors, from large societies to small communities and identity groups. Frezzo guides readers through the scholarly, pedagogical, and practical applications of a sociological view of major debates such as foundationalism vs. social constructionism, universalism vs. particularism, globalism vs. localism, and collective vs. individual rights. This cutting-edge text will appeal to students of sociology, political science, law, development, and social movements, and all interested in the nature, scope, and applicability of human rights in the twenty-first century.

Analyzing Gender, Intersectionality, and Multiple Inequalities

Global-transnational and Local Contexts

Author: Esther Ngan-Ling Chow,Marcia Texler Segal,Tan Lin

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857247441

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

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Includes papers presented at the conference "Gender and Social Transformation: Global, Transnational, and Local Realities and Perspectives", Beijing, China in 2009. This title addresses topics such as: divisions of labor, migration, war and peace-building.

assessing asset indices

Author: Kinnon Scott

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

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This paper compares how results using various methods to construct asset indices match results using per capita expenditures. The analysis shows that inferences about inequalities in education, health care use, fertility, child mortality, as well as labor market outcomes are quite robust to the specific economic status measure used. The measures-most significantly per capita expenditures versus the class of asset indices-do not, however, yield identical household rankings. Two factors stand out in predicting the degree of congruence in rankings between per capita expenditures and an asset index. First is the extent to which per capita expenditures can be explained by observed household and community characteristics. In settings with small transitory shocks to expenditure, or with little measurement error in expenditure, the rankings yielded by the alternative approaches are most similar. Second is the extent to which expenditures are dominated by individually consumed goods such as food. Asset indices are typically derived from indicators of goods which are effectively public at the household level, while expenditures are often dominated by food, an almost exclusively private good. In settings where private goods such as food are the main component of expenditures, asset indices and per capita consumption yield the least similar results, although adjusting for economies of scale in household expenditures reconciles the results somewhat.

Social Inequality in a Global Age

Author: Scott Sernau

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412977916

Category: Social Science

Page: 359

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Worlds Apart: Social Inequality in a Global Age, Third Edition is intended as the primary text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students who are enrolled in Social Stratification and Inequality courses, primarily taught in Sociology departments. This book focuses primarily on social inequalities in the American context. However, a trend in this course is how the global inequalities are effecting, and affected by social stratification and inequality in America. This edition reflects that trend.

Social Inequality in a Global Age

Author: Scott Sernau

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483373991

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

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This updated Fifth Edition of Scott Sernau's acclaimed text provides a sociological framework for analyzing inequality within the United States in the context of global stratification and a rapidly changing world economy. With insightful analysis, the text provides an accessible introduction to stratification systems and the structural and personal realities of growing class divides. Using examples drawn straight from today's headlines, Sernau explores each dimension of inequality as he analyzes the relationship between changing global power and growing inequalities within countries. Throughout, a focus on social action and community engagement encourages students to become involved, active learners in the classroom and engaged citizens in their communities.

Inequalities from Complex Analysis

Author: John P. D'Angelo

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883850336

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

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Inequalities from Complex Analysis is a careful, friendly exposition of inequalities and positivity conditions for various mathematical objects arising in complex analysis. The author begins by defining the complex number field, and then discusses enough mathematical analysis to reach recently published research on positivity conditions for functions of several complex variables. The development culminates in complete proofs of a stabilization theorem relating two natural positivity conditions for real-valued polynomials of several complex variables. The reader will also encounter the Bergman kernel function, Fourier series, Hermitian linear algebra, the spectral theorem for compact Hermitian operators, plurisubharmonic functions, and some delightful inequalities. Numerous examples, exercises, and discussions of geometric reasoning appear along the way. Undergraduate mathematics majors who have seen elementary real analysis can easily read the first five chapters of this book, and second year graduate students in mathematics can read the entire text. Some physicists and engineers may also find the topics and discussions useful. The inequalities and positivity conditions herein form the foundation for a small but beautiful part of complex analysis. ohn P. D'Angelo was the 1999 winner of the Bergman Prize; he was cited for several important contributions to complex analysis, including his work on degenerate Levi forms and points of finite type, as well as work, some joint with David Catlin, on positivity conditions in complex analysis.

Education in Eastern Europe and Eurasia

Author: Nadiya Ivanenko

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623561299

Category: Education

Page: 360

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Education in Eastern Europe and Eurasia provides an essential reference resource to education development and key education issues in the region. Academics and researchers working closely in the field cover education and educational development in Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Israel. Each chapter provides an overview of the development of education in the particular country, focusing on contemporary education policies and some of the problems these countries face in implementing educational reform. The book also covers the social and political issues which impact on the education system and schooling and governments' responses to recent local, regional and global events.

Hilbert-Type Integral Inequalities

Author: Bicheng Yang

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608050556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 126

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Hilbert-type integral inequalities, including the well known Hilbert's integral inequality published in 1908, are important in analysis and its applications. This well organized handbook covers the newest methods of weight functions and most important recent results of Hilbert-type integral inequalities and applications in three classes of normal spaces. It is clear and well written, suitable for researchers, mathematicians and advanced students who wish to increase their familiarity with different topics of modern and classical mathematical inequalities related to Real Analysis and Operator Theory. Both basic and applied aspects are presented in this book. the many illustrative worked-out examples given in several chapters should help readers acquire expertise in this field.

Discrete Hilbert-Type Inequalities

Author: Bicheng Yang

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608052427

Category: Mathematics

Page: 155

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Discrete Hilbert-type inequalities including Hilbert's inequality are important in mathematical analysis and its applications. In 1998, the author presented an extension of Hilbert's integral inequality with an independent parameter. In 2004, some new extensions of Hilbert's inequality were presented by introducing two pairs of conjugate exponents and additional independent parameters. Since then, a number of new discrete Hilbert-type inequalities have arisen. In this book, the author explains how to use the way of weight coefficients and introduce specific parameters to build new discrete Hilbert-type inequalities and consider some applications. the book is intended to augment the reader's understanding of Hilbert-type inequalities.

Multivariate Bonferroni-Type Inequalities

Theory and Applications

Author: John Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466518456

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

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Multivariate Bonferroni-Type Inequalities: Theory and Applications presents a systematic account of research discoveries on multivariate Bonferroni-type inequalities published in the past decade. The emergence of new bounding approaches pushes the conventional definitions of optimal inequalities and demands new insights into linear and Fréchet optimality. The book explores these advances in bounding techniques with corresponding innovative applications. It presents the method of linear programming for multivariate bounds, multivariate hybrid bounds, sub-Markovian bounds, and bounds using Hamilton circuits. The first half of the book describes basic concepts and methods in probability inequalities. The author introduces the classification of univariate and multivariate bounds with optimality, discusses multivariate bounds using indicator functions, and explores linear programming for bivariate upper and lower bounds. The second half addresses bounding results and applications of multivariate Bonferroni-type inequalities. The book shows how to construct new multiple testing procedures with probability upper bounds and goes beyond bivariate upper bounds by considering vectorized upper and hybrid bounds. It presents an optimization algorithm for bivariate and multivariate lower bounds and covers vectorized high-dimensional lower bounds with refinements, such as Hamilton-type circuits and sub-Markovian events. The book concludes with applications of probability inequalities in molecular cancer therapy, big data analysis, and more.

The Great Gap

Inequality and the Politics of Redistribution in Latin America

Author: Merike Blofield

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027107390X

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

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The relationship between socioeconomic inequality and democratic politics has been one of the central questions in the social sciences from Aristotle on. Recent waves of democratization, combined with deepened global inequalities, have made understanding this relationship ever more crucial. In The Great Gap, Merike Blofield seeks to contribute to this understanding by analyzing inequality and politics in the region with the highest socioeconomic inequalities in the world: Latin America. The chapters, written by prominent scholars in their fields, address the socioeconomic context and inequality of opportunities; elite culture, public opinion, and media framing; capital mobility, campaign financing, representation, and gender equality policies; and taxation and social policies. Aside from the editor, the contributors are Pablo Alegre, Maurício Bugarin, Daniela Campello, Anna Crespo, Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Fernando Filgueira, Liesl Haas, Sallie Hughes, Juan Pablo Luna, James E. Mahon Jr., Juliana Martínez Franzoni, Adriana Cuoco Portugal, Paola Prado, Elisa P. Reis, Luis Reygadas, Sergio Naruhiko Sakurai, and Koen Voorend.

Social Policy and Public Policy

Inequality and Justice

Author: Lee Rainwater

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202369064

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

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This classic volume was originally designed as an introduction to social science perspectives on a broad range of social issues in American society, specifi cally the complex social problems of the 1960s. Because the volume is structured as a survey, it is neither exhaustive or defi nitive. It does provide a wide range of information about these problems, as well as the many diff erent policy initiatives that were developed to cope with them. Readers can learn a great deal about the common themes, predilections and quandaries that characterized United States responses to the complex problems of the 1960s and the patterns of inequality and injustice prevalent at that time. The essays were selected to cover the range of substantive problematic issues of the period, the social science perspectives that were brought to bear on them, and the range of social science methodologies used. Finally, the selections emphasize the contributions that can be made to understanding social problems by intensive and rigorous social science research. Journalists and popular writers use a common sense approach to their study of social problems, and the results are often imaginative and incisive. Th e tools of social scientists produce information and analyses that contribute far more to our understanding than even the most insightful journalist can achieve. Th e selections in this volume highlight the deeper and more fundamental understanding of social issues that can come from rigorous analysis of government statistics, and from special sample surveys, from in-depth ethnographic studies. "Lee Rainwater" is professor emeritus of sociology at Harvard University. He was one of the original founders of Transaction Publishers. He has written books and articles in many professional journals.

Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice

Author: Niels Teunis,Gilbert H. Herdt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520246157

Category: Psychology

Page: 264

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This pioneering collection of ten ethnographically rich essays signals the emergence of a new paradigm of social analysis committed to understanding and analyzing social oppression in the context of sexuality and gender. The contributors, an interdisciplinary group of social scientists representing anthropology, sociology, public health, and psychology, illuminate the role of sexuality in producing and reproducing inequality, difference, and structural violence among a range of populations in various geographic, historical, and cultural arenas. In particular, the essays consider racial minorities including Hispanics, Koreans, and African Americans; discuss disabled people; examine issues including substance abuse, sexual coercion, and HIV/AIDS; and delve into other topics including religion and politics. Rather than emphasizing sexuality as an individual trait, the essays view it as a social phenomenon, focusing in particular on cultural meaning and real-world processes of inequality such as racism and homophobia. The authors address the complex and challenging question of how the research under discussion here can make a real contribution to the struggle for social justice.


Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data

A Guide to Techniques and their Implementation

Author: Adam Wagstaff,Owen O'Donnell,Eddy van Doorslaer,Magnus Lindelow

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821369340

Category: Medical

Page: 165

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Have gaps in health outcomes between the poor and better off grown? Are they larger in one country than another? Are health sector subsidies more equally distributed in some countries than others? Are health care payments more progressive in one health care financing system than another? What are catastrophic payments and how can they be measured? How far do health care payments impoverish households? Answering questions such as these requires quantitative analysis. This in turn depends on a clear understanding of how to measure key variables in the analysis, such as health outcomes, health expenditures, need, and living standards. It also requires set quantitative methods for measuring inequality and inequity, progressivity, catastrophic expenditures, poverty impact, and so on. This book provides an overview of the key issues that arise in the measurement of health variables and living standards, outlines and explains essential tools and methods for distributional analysis, and, using worked examples, shows how these tools and methods can be applied in the health sector. The book seeks to provide the reader with both a solid grasp of the principles underpinning distributional analysis, while at the same time offering hands-on guidance on how to move from principles to practice.