Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology

Author: Klaus Buchholz,Volker Kasche,Uwe Theo Bornscheuer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527672001

Category: Science

Page: 626

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This second edition of a bestselling textbook offers an instructive and comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of biocatalysis and enzyme technology. The book now contains about 40% more printed content. Three chapters are completely new, while the others have been thoroughly updated, and a section with problems and solutions as well as new case studies have been added. Following an introduction to the history of enzyme applications, the text goes on to cover in depth enzyme mechanisms and kinetics, production, recovery, characterization and design by protein engineering. The authors treat a broad range of applications of soluble and immobilized biocatalysts, including wholecell systems, the use of non-aqueous reaction systems, applications in organic synthesis, bioreactor design and reaction engineering. Methods to estimate the sustainability, important internet resources and their evaluation, and legislation concerning the use of biocatalysts are also covered.

Enzyme Technologies

Metagenomics, Evolution, Biocatalysis and Biosynthesis

Author: Wu-Kuang Yeh,Hsiu-Chiung Yang,James R. McCarthy

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 1118125037

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 8877

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An authoritative review of the latest developments in thechemical biology of enzymes In the first decade of the twenty-first century, enzymes andtheir multiple applications have played a critical role in thediscovery and development of many new therapeutic agents.This bookis a coordinated compilation of research expertise and currentopinion uniquely focused on enzymes and their properties andapplications. Compiled by editors with a combined pharmaceutical experience ofover sixty years, the text provides in-depth reviews of recentdevelopments in selective topics on biosynthesis, biocatalysis, andchemical biology of enzymes as it applies to drug discovery,development, and manufacture. The first in a multi-part series on enzymes, this volumefeatures three sections: New Approaches to Find and Modify Enzymes describes the emergingfield of metagenomics, presents the practical applications ofdirected evolution to enzymes and pathways, and explores approachesfor the discovery and design of biocatalysts Biocatalytic Applications reviews specific applications ofdifferent reactions in producing active pharmaceutical ingredientsand surveys recent developments employing enzymes in organicsynthesis Biosynthetic Applications goes over successful drug discoveriesand developments by combinatorial biosynthesis and reviews theapplication of combinatorial biosynthesis among multiple compatiblehosts These timely discussions, which cover everything from chemicalbiology of enzymes, to the redesign of binding and catalyticspecificities of enzymes, make this volume a valuable tool forkeeping up to date. As such, it is an important read forresearchers, students, and professors in the study ofbiotechnology, life sciences, biochemistry, enzymology, medicinalchemistry, and natural products.

Immobilisierte Biokatalysatoren

Eine Einführung

Author: Winfried Hartmeier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662078627

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 1085

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Obwohl oder gerade weil eine kaum mehr überschaubare Zahl von Publi kationen auf dem Gebiet der Immobilisierung von Biokatalysatoren existiert, ist es für den Anfänger, der einen Einstieg sucht, auf diesem Gebiet oft schwer, geeignete Informationen aus der Flut von Originalarbeiten herauszufinden. Einige gute, fast immer aber eng lischsprachige Monographien sind entweder außerordentlich umfang reich und teuer, oder sie behandeln nur ausgewählte Teilaspekte der Immobilisierung. Dem will die vorliegende Einführung abhelfen. Sie soll dem Leser zu einem raschen Überblick verhelfen und ihm den inzwischen abgesicherten Kenntnisstand nach Art eines kurzen Lehr buches vermitteln. Das Buch ist aus Erfahrungen in Vorlesungen, Praktika und Kursen entstanden. Es soll sich maßgeblich an Lernende wenden, auch wenn "Immobilisierte Biokatalysatoren" bisher noch nicht zum Stan dardrepertoire der Lehre an deutschen Universitäten und Fachhoch schulen gehören. Es ist jedoch die Oberzeugung des Autors, daß sich dies in den kommenden Jahren mit der wachsenden Bedeutung dieses Gebietes und mit der allgemeinen Etablierung der Biotechnologie an den Hochschulen ändern wird. Ober den Kreis der Studenten und Dozen ten hinaus wendet sich die Einführung aber auch an die vielen Natur wissenschaftler und Techniker der industriellen Praxis, die sich mit immobilisierten Biokatalysatoren befassen und sich dazu ein ent sprechendes Grundwissen aneignen wollen.

Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes

Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications

Author: Goutam Brahmachari

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037466

Category: Medical

Page: 632

View: 3723

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Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes: Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications provides a complete survey of the latest innovations on microbial enzymes, highlighting biotechnological advances in their production and purification along with information on successful applications as biocatalysts in several chemical and industrial processes under mild and green conditions. Applications of microbial enzymes in food, feed, and pharmaceutical industries are given particular emphasis. The application of recombinant DNA technology within industrial fermentation and the production of enzymes over the last 20 years have produced a host of useful chemical and biochemical substances. The power of these technologies results in novel transformations, better enzymes, a wide variety of applications, and the unprecedented development of biocatalysts through the ongoing integration of molecular biology methodology, all of which is covered insightfully and in-depth within the book. Features research on microbial enzymes from basic science through application in multiple industry sectors for a comprehensive approach Includes information on metabolic pathway engineering, metagenomic screening, microbial genomes, extremophiles, rational design, directed evolution, and more Provides a holistic approach to the research of microbial enzymes

Enzyme Technologies for Pharmaceutical and Biotechnological Applications

Author: Herbert A Kirst,Wu-Kuang Yeh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420002348

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 4187

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A review of enzyme function in human and animal health, this book covers basic principles and applications in antibiotic biosynthesis, biocatalysis, and screening and assay optimization, as well as new and emerging technologies in the biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. It offers real-world examples of timely laboratory, pharmaceutical and manufacturing processes, including large-scale applications of enzyme manipulations.

Biocatalysis for Green Chemistry and Chemical Process Development

Author: Junhua (Alex) Tao,Romas Joseph Kazlauskas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118028292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 9763

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This book describes recent progress in enzyme-driven green syntheses of industrially important molecules. The first three introductory chapters overview recent technological advances in enzymes and cell-based transformations, and green chemistry metrics for synthetic efficiency. The remaining chapters are directed to case studies in biotechnological production of pharmaceuticals (small molecules, natural products and biologics), flavors, fragrance and cosmetics, fine chemicals, value-added chemicals from glucose and biomass, and polymeric materials. The book is aimed to facilitate the industrial applications of this powerful and emerging green technology, and catalyze the advancement of the technology itself.

Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry

Discovery, Development, and Manufacturing

Author: Junhua (Alex) Tao,Guo-Qiang Lin,Andreas Liese

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470823151

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 4336

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Biocatalysis is rapidly evolving into a key technology for the discovery and production of chemicals, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, where high yielding chemo-, regio-, and enantioselective reactions are critical. Taking the latest breakthroughs in genomics and proteomics into consideration, Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry concisely yet comprehensively discusses the modern application of biocatalysis to drug discovery, development, and manufacturing. Written by a team of leading experts, the book offers deep insight into this cutting edge field. Covers a wide range of topics in a systematic manner with an emphasis on industrial applications Provides a thorough introduction to the latest biocatalysts, modern expression hosts, state-of-the-art directed evolution, high throughput screening, and bioprocess engineering Addresses frontier subjects such as emerging enzymes, metabolite profiling, combinatorial biosynthesis, metabolic engineering, and autonomous enzymes for the synthesis and development of chiral molecules, drug metabolites, and semi-synthetic medicinal compounds and natural product analogs Highlights the impact of biocatalysis on green chemistry Contains numerous graphics to illustrate concepts and techniques Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry is an essential resource for scientists, engineers, and R&D policy makers in the fine chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. It is also an invaluable tool for academic researchers and advanced students of organic and materials synthesis, chemical biology, and medicinal chemistry.

Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations 2

Author: John Whittall,Peter W. Sutton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118307860

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 3883

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Biocatalysts are increasingly used by chemists engaged in finechemical synthesis within both industry and academia. Today, thereexists a huge choice of high-tech enzymes and whole cellbiocatalysts, which add enormously to the repertoire of syntheticpossibilities. Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations2 is a "how-to" guide that focuses on the practicalapplications of enzymes and strains of microorganisms that arereadily obtained or derived from culture collections. The sourcesof starting materials and reagents, hints, tips and safety advice(where appropriate) are given to ensure, as far as possible, thatthe procedures are reproducible. Comparisons to alternativemethodology are given and relevant references to the primaryliterature are cited. This second volume – which can be usedon its own or in combination with the first volume - concentrateson new applications and new enzyme families reported since thefirst volume. Contents include: introduction to recent developments and future needs inbiocatalysts and synthetic biology in industry reductive amination enoate reductases for reduction of electron deficientalkenes industrial carbonyl reduction regio- and stereo- selective hydroxylation oxidation of alcohols selective oxidation industrial hydrolases and related enzymes transferases for alkylation, glycosylation andphosphorylation C-C bond formation and decarboxylation halogenation/dehalogenation/heteroatom oxidation tandem and sequential multi-enzymatic syntheses Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations2 is an essential collection of biocatalytic methods forchemical synthesis which will find a place on the bookshelves ofsynthetic organic chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, and processR&D chemists in industry and academia.

Enzyme

Struktur, Kinetik und Anwendungen

Author: Hans Bisswanger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527695850

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 3036

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Hans Bisswanger präsentiert eine zugängliche Einführung in ein Gebiet, das zu den traditionellen Angstfächern der Studenten der Naturwissenschaften gehört. Kein anderes Buch bietet eine leichter verständliche Einführung in die Enzymkinetik und die verschiedenen Enzymfamilien.

Enzyme Biocatalysis

Principles and Applications

Author: Andrés Illanes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402083610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 6951

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This book was written with the purpose of providing a sound basis for the design of enzymatic reactions based on kinetic principles, but also to give an updated vision of the potentials and limitations of biocatalysis, especially with respect to recent app- cations in processes of organic synthesis. The ?rst ?ve chapters are structured in the form of a textbook, going from the basic principles of enzyme structure and fu- tion to reactor design for homogeneous systems with soluble enzymes and hete- geneous systems with immobilized enzymes. The last chapter of the book is divided into six sections that represent illustrative case studies of biocatalytic processes of industrial relevance or potential, written by experts in the respective ?elds. We sincerely hope that this book will represent an element in the toolbox of gr- uate students in applied biology and chemical and biochemical engineering and also of undergraduate students with formal training in organic chemistry, biochemistry, thermodynamics and chemical reaction kinetics. Beyond that, the book pretends also to illustrate the potential of biocatalytic processes with case studies in the ?eld of organic synthesis, which we hope will be of interest for the academia and prof- sionals involved in R&D&I. If some of our young readers are encouraged to engage or persevere in their work in biocatalysis this will certainly be our more precious reward.

Enzyme Technologies

Pluripotent Players in Discovering Therapeutic Agent

Author: Hsiu-Chiung Yang,Wu-Kuang Yeh,J. R. McCarthy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118739892

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 4137

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Sets the stage for advances in drug discovery using thelatest enzyme technology Reviewing new and emerging applications of enzyme technology indrug discovery, this book highlights some of the most promisingareas of pharmaceutical and biotechnology research. It coversenzyme assay technology, utilization of enzymology for prodrugdesign, and the application of enzymes as therapeutic agents.Expert reviews highlight how our latest understanding of enzymologyis used to develop new practical applications in drug discovery anddesign. Filled with case studies, Enzyme Technologies: PluripotentPlayers in Discovering Therapeutic Agents enables readers tobetter understand the diverse functions of enzymes and masterspecific applications in drug discovery research. In addition tosmall molecule drug discovery, the book explores new developmentsin enzymes as therapeutic agents for genetic disorders. Section A, Enzymes – Essential Workhorses inPharmaceutical Research, offers support in selecting the bestenzyme targets for drug discovery, designing enzyme inhibitors fortherapeutic agents, and evaluating selective enzymeinhibitors. Section B, Enzymes – Indispensable Tools for ImprovingDruggability, sets forth the principles alongside real-worldexamples of exploiting specific properties of enzymes to designsuccessful prodrugs. Section C, Enzymes – Powerful Weapons for CorrectingNature's Errors, provides new insights on applying enzymes astherapeutic agents or diagnostic tools to treat geneticdisorders. Chapters are contributed by leading experts from around theworld. Their contributions are based on a thorough review of thecurrent literature as well as their own research. Reviewing our latest understanding of the nature of enzymes andtheir role in drug discovery, this book is recommended forresearchers in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology as well as forresearchers in enzymology, biochemistry, molecular biology, andmedicinal chemistry.

Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations 3

Author: John Whittall,Peter W. Sutton,Wolfgang Kroutil

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118696298

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 5834

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Biocatalysts are increasingly used by chemists engaged in fine chemical synthesis within both industry and academia. Today, there exists a huge choice of high-tech enzymes and whole cell biocatalysts, which add enormously to the repertoire of synthetic possibilities. Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations 3 will be a companion book to Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations (2009) and Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations 2 (2012). Following the successful format of the two volumes, it will be a “how-to” guide focusing on commercially available enzymes and strains of microorganisms that are readily obtained from culture collections. The source of starting materials and reagents, hints, tips and safety advice (where appropriate) will be given to ensure, as far as possible, that the procedures are reproducible. Comparisons to alternative methodology will be given and relevant references to the primary literature will be cited. Contents include: Biotransformation Process Technology Industrial Biooxidation Hydrolase catalysed hydrolysis/synthesis Reduction Oxidation Halogenation Transferase catalysed glycosylation, methylation, etc C-C bond formation Tandem Biocatalytic Reactions Practical Methods for Biocatalysis and Biotransformations, Volume 3 is an essential collection of validated biocatalytic methods which will find a place on the bookshelves of synthetic organic chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, and process R&D chemists in industry and academia.

Technological Applications of Biocatalysts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 2197

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This book builds upon a knowledge of the properties of enzymes and shows how these important catalysts can be used in industry. The central theme demonstrates how proteins, especially enzymes and immunoglobins can be isolated, characterised and produced on a large scale. Specific examples are given and both practical and theoretical aspects are examined. Applications for a wide range of metabolites are described with particular emphasis on the design, performance and production of biosensors. * Step-by-step logical development * Student centered learning style * Texts planned by both industry and academia The need for a cost effective training scheme for new and existing staff at all levels has been met by the University of Greenwich (formerly Thames Polytechnic) and the Open University of the Netherlands. As part of the European Community Education and Technology Training initiative (COMETT) and in conjunction with a number of other leading UK and European universities, they are developing BIOTOL, a training scheme in biotechnology using open learning materials, which will provide tailor-made courses, flexible in content, pace and place. 'This is a particularly useful learning resource for people wanting to broaden their knowledge in biotechnology either informally or by extending their formal education in MScs and similar courses.' - Journal of Chemical Tech & Biotechnology, July 1995

Green Biocatalysis

Author: Ramesh N. Patel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118822358

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 792

View: 9421

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Green Biocatalysis presents an exciting green technology that uses mild and safe processes with high regioselectivity and enantioselectivity. Bioprocesses are carried out under ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure in aqueous conditions that do not require any protection and deprotection steps to shorten the synthetic process, offering waste prevention and using renewable resources. Drawing on the knowledge of over 70 internationally renowned experts in the field of biotechnology, Green Biocatalysis discusses a variety of case studies with emphases on process R&D and scale-up of enzymatic processes to catalyze different types of reactions. Random and directed evolution under process conditions to generate novel highly stable and active enzymes is described at length. This book features: A comprehensive review of green bioprocesses and application of enzymes in preparation of key compounds for pharmaceutical, fine chemical, agrochemical, cosmetic, flavor, and fragrance industries using diverse enzymatic reactions Discussion of the development of efficient and stable novel biocatalysts under process conditions by random and directed evolution and their applications for the development of environmentally friendly, efficient, economical, and sustainable green processes to get desired products in high yields and enantiopurity The most recent technological advances in enzymatic and microbial transformations and cuttingedge topics such as directed evolution by gene shuffling and enzyme engineering to improve biocatalysts With over 3000 references and 800 figures, tables, equations, and drawings, Green Biocatalysis is an excellent resource for biochemists, organic chemists, medicinal chemists, chemical engineers, microbiologists, pharmaceutical chemists, and undergraduate and graduate students in the aforementioned disciplines.

Applied Biocatalysis

Author: Adrie J.J. Straathof,Patrick Adlercreutz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203305638

Category: Medical

Page: 478

View: 2942

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This book describes the essential steps in the development of biocatalytic processes from concept to completion. It is a carefully integrated text which combines the fundamentals of biocatalysis with technological experience and in-depth commercial case studies. The book starts with an introductory look at the characteristics and present applications of biocatalysts, followed by more detailed overviews of these areas.

Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis and Control

A Reference of Theory and Best-Practice Methods

Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 6528

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Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

Biogas Production

Pretreatment Methods in Anaerobic Digestion

Author: Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111806285X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 6065

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"This book highlights the recent advances in the pretreatment and value addition of lignocellulosic wastes and other biomass forms"--

Microbial Enzyme Technology in Food Applications

Author: Ramesh C. Ray,Cristina M. Rosell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498749844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 9761

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The aim of food processing is to produce food that is palatable and tastes good, extend its shelf-life, increase the variety, and maintain the nutritional and healthcare quality of food. To achieve favorable processing conditions and for the safety of the food to be consumed, use of food grade microbial enzymes or microbes (being the natural biocatalysts) is imperative. This book discusses the uses of enzymes in conventional and non-conventional food and beverage processing as well as in dairy processing, brewing, bakery and wine making. Apart from conventional uses, the development of bioprocessing tools and techniques have significantly expanded the potential for extensive application of enzymes such as in production of bioactive peptides, oligosaccharides and lipids, flavor and colorants. Some of these developments include extended use of the biocatalysts (as immobilized/encapsulated enzymes), microbes (both natural and genetically modified) as sources for bulk enzymes, solid state fermentation technology for enzyme production. Extremophiles and marine microorganisms are another source of food grade enzymes. The book throws light on potential applications of microbial enzymes to expand the base of food processing industries.

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology

Author: Byong H. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118384911

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 3763

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Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnologicaltechniques to the manufacture and processing of food, for examplethrough fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnologicalprocess) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cellcultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technologicalprocesses, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, proteinengineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processesinvolving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorumsensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to foodbiotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientificdisciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is basedon the author’s 25 years of experience teaching on a foodbiotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book willappeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate andadvanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest excitingfood biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modifiedfoods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functionalfoods/nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing andquenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeastenzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools”section and selected references, questions and answers appear atthe end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten andrestructured to reflect the new technologies, products and trendsthat have emerged since the original book. Many new aspectshighlight the short and longer term commercial potential of foodbiotechnology.