Biomechanics

Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues

Author: Y. C. Fung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475722575

Category: Medical

Page: 568

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The objective of this book remains the same as that stated in the first edition: to present a comprehensive perspective of biomechanics from the stand point of bioengineering, physiology, and medical science, and to develop mechanics through a sequence of problems and examples. My three-volume set of Bio mechanics has been completed. They are entitled: Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues; Biodynamics: Circulation; and Biomechanics: Motion, Flow, Stress, and Growth; and this is the first volume. The mechanics prerequisite for all three volumes remains at the level of my book A First Course in Continuum Mechanics (3rd edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc. , 1993). In the decade of the 1980s the field of Biomechanics expanded tremen dously. New advances have been made in all fronts. Those that affect the basic understanding of the mechanical properties of living tissues are described in detail in this revision. The references are brought up to date.

The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering, Second Edition

Author: Frank Kreith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849394188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2624

View: 7230

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During the past 20 years, the field of mechanical engineering has undergone enormous changes. These changes have been driven by many factors, including: the development of computer technology worldwide competition in industry improvements in the flow of information satellite communication real time monitoring increased energy efficiency robotics automatic control increased sensitivity to environmental impacts of human activities advances in design and manufacturing methods These developments have put more stress on mechanical engineering education, making it increasingly difficult to cover all the topics that a professional engineer will need in his or her career. As a result of these developments, there has been a growing need for a handbook that can serve the professional community by providing relevant background and current information in the field of mechanical engineering. The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering serves the needs of the professional engineer as a resource of information into the next century.

Biomechanics

Author: Manuel Doblare,Jose Merodio

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 178021023X

Category:

Page: 498

View: 2781

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Biomechanics is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The enormous progress in the field of health sciences that has been achieved in the 19th and 20th centuries would have not been possible without the enabling interaction and support of sophisticated technologies that progressively gave rise to a new interdisciplinary field named alternatively as bioengineering or biomedical engineering. Although both terms are synonymous, the latter is less general since it limits the field of application to medicine and clinical practice, while the former covers semantically the whole field of interaction between life sciences and engineering, thus including also applications in biology, biochemistry or the many '-omics'. We use in this book the second, with more general meaning, recalling the very important relation between fundamental science and engineering. And this also recognizes the tremendous economic and social impacts of direct application of engineering in medicine that maintains the health industry as one with the fastest growth in the world economy. Biomechanics, in particular, aims to explain and predict the mechanics of the different components of living beings, from molecules to organisms as well as to design, manufacture and use of any artificial device that interacts with the mechanics of living beings. It helps, therefore, to understand how living systems move, to characterize the interaction between forces and deformation along all spatial scales, to analyze the interaction between structural behavior and microstructure, with the very important particularity of dealing with adaptive systems, able to adapt their internal structure, size and geometry to the particular mechanical environment in which they develop their activity, to understand and predict alterations in the mechanical function due to injuries, diseases or pathologies and, finally, to propose methods of artificial intervention for functional diagnosis or recovery. Biomechanics is today a very highly interdisciplinary subject that attracts the attention of engineers, mathematicians, physicists, chemists, material specialists, biologists, medical doctors, etc. They work in many different topics from a purely scientific objective to industrial applications and with an increasing arsenal of sophisticated modeling and experimental tools but always with the final objectives of better understanding the fundamentals of life and improve the quality of life of human beings. One purpose in this volume has been to present an overview of some of these many possible subjects in a self-contained way for a general audience. This volume is aimed at the following major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, and Research Personnel.

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract

New Perspectives in Motility Research and Diagnostics

Author: Hans Gregersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852335205

Category: Medical

Page: 268

View: 2156

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Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract is an up-to-date book for researchers on the study of the mechanical properties and the motor system of the gastrointestinal tract. A well-illustrated book, it provides a comprehensive overview to relevant tissue geometry, morphology and biomechanical theory. Separate chapters cover smooth muscle and nerve function including the application to animal and human studies of motility, symptoms and pain, determination of the true resting state, history-dependent properties, and tissue remodelling in disease. Several methods and diagnostic applications such as determination of in vivo length-tension diagrams and multimodal pain testing are completely new but will undoubtedly be used by many in the future. New non-invasive imaging techniques based on ultrasound, MR- and CT-scanning in combination with balloon distension are emerging as the techniques for future in vivo studies.

Bioströmungsmechanik

Grundlagen, Methoden und Phänomene

Author: Herbert Oertel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834802057

Category:

Page: 294

View: 5110

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Dieses Lehrbuch beschreibt anschaulich die Grundlagen der Biostr mungsmechanik und Biomechanik. Es behandelt deren Anwendung auf das Fliegen und Schwimmen von Lebewesen sowie auf die Blutzirkulation des Menschen. Aus den biostr mungsmechanischen Erkenntnissen werden technische L sungen der Widerstandsreduzierung f r die Luft- und Schifffahrt sowie Operationstechniken f r den Menschen abgeleitet und dargestellt.

Theoretical, Experimental and Numerical Contributions to the Mechanics of Fluids and Solids

A Collection of Papers in Honor of Paul M. Naghdi

Author: Paul Mansour Naghdi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764351397

Category: Mathematics

Page: 847

View: 5539

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ZAMP special issue, Vol. 46 This is a comprehensive and up-to-date collection of papers on the mechanics of fluids and solids by leading researchers. It encompasses theoretical, experimental and numerical work on a variety of topics, including nonlinear elasticity, plastici- ty, dynamics, water waves, and turbulence. The collection is published in celebration of Professor Paul M. Naghdi's lifelong contributions to the field of mechanics. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in all branches of continuum mechanics.




Forensic Pathology Reviews

Author: Michael Tsokos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781592599103

Category: Medical

Page: 470

View: 9535

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A collection of cutting-edge accounts of special topics from various fields of forensic pathology and death scene investigation. The authors offer critical insight into the medicolegal investigation of bodies found in water, the forensic aspects of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection of the central nervous system, deaths in a head-down position, and forensic bitemark analysis. Additional chapters address taphonomic changes in human bodies during the early postmortem interval, arrhythmogenic ventricular dysplaisia that produces sudden death in young people, the postmortem diagnosis of death in anaphylaxis, and iatrogenici deaths. The forensic aspects of suicide, murder-suicide, and suicide trends in the United States are also discussed, along with the evaluation of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism and the use of radiology in medicolegal investigations.




Transportation--2004

Transportation and Environment : Presented at 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition : November 13-19, 2004, Anaheim, California, USA

Author: N.A

Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ISBN: 9780791847220

Category: Transportation

Page: 99

View: 7301

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Werde ein geschmeidiger Leopard – aktualisierte und erweiterte Ausgabe

Die sportliche Leistung verbessern, Verletzungen vermeiden und Schmerzen lindern

Author: Kelly Starrett,Glen Cordoza

Publisher: Riva Verlag

ISBN: 3959710240

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 480

View: 644

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Menschen wollen Leistung erbringen, aber fehlerhafte Bewegungsmuster können den Körper blockieren. Oft bleiben diese leistungslimitierenden Faktoren sogar erfahrenen Trainern verborgen. Werde ein geschmeidiger Leopard macht das Unsichtbare sichtbar. Kelly Starrett zeigt in diesem Buch seine revolutionäre Herangehensweise an Beweglichkeit und Erhalt der Leistungsfähigkeit und liefert den Masterplan für effektive und sichere Bewegungsabläufe in Sport und Alltag. Hunderte Schritt-für-Schritt-Fotos veranschaulichen nicht nur, wie Trainingsübungen wie Kniebeuge, Kreuzheben, Liegestütz, Kettlebell Swing oder Snatch, Clean und Jerk richtig ausgeführt werden, sondern auch wie die häufigsten Fehler vermieden oder korrigiert werden können. Kelly Starrett gliedert den menschlichen Körper in 14 Zonen und zeigt Mobilisationstechniken, mit denen man seine Beweglichkeit zurückgewinnen kann. Die überarbeitete und um 80 Seiten erweiterte Ausgabe des Bestsellers bietet Dutzende Strategien, mit denen gezielt auf einzelne Einschränkungen, eine Verletzung oder einen hartnäckigen Bewegungsfehler eingegangen werden kann. Mit einem 14-Tage-Programm lässt sich der ganze Körper in nur zwei Wochen neu mobilisieren.