Classics in Total Synthesis

Targets, Strategies, Methods

Author: K. C. Nicolaou,E. J. Sorensen

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527292318

Category: Science

Page: 821

View: 4504

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K.C. Nicolaou - Winner of the Nemitsas Prize 2014 in Chemistry This book is a must for every synthetic chemist. With didactic skill and clarity, K. C. Nicolaou and E. Sorensen present the most remarkable and ingenious total syntheses from outstanding synthetic organic chemists. To make the complex strategies more accessible, especially to the novice, each total synthesis is analyzed retrosynthetically. The authors then carefully explain each synthetic step and give hints on alternative methods and potential pitfalls. Numerous references to useful reviews and the original literature make this book an indispensable source of further information. Special emphasis is placed on the skillful use of graphics and schemes: Retrosynthetic analyses, reaction sequences, and stereochemically crucial steps are presented in boxed sections within the text. For easy reference, key intermediates are also shown in the margins. Graduate students and researchers alike will find this book a gold mine of useful information essential for their daily work. Every synthetic organic chemist will want to have a copy on his or her desk.

Classics in Total Synthesis

Targets, Strategies, Methods

Author: K. C. Nicolaou,E. J. Sorensen

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527292844

Category: Science

Page: 821

View: 1550

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This book is a must for every synthetic chemist. With didactic skill and clarity, K. C. Nicolaou and E. Sorensen present the most remarkable and ingenious total syntheses from outstanding synthetic organic chemists. To make the complex strategies more accessible, especially to the novice, each total synthesis is analyzed retrosynthetically. The authors then carefully explain each synthetic step and give hints on alternative methods and potential pitfalls. Numerous references to useful reviews and the original literature make this book an indispensable source of further information. Special emphasis is placed on the skillful use of graphics and schemes: Retrosynthetic analyses, reaction sequences, and stereochemically crucial steps are presented in boxed sections within the text. For easy reference, key intermediates are also shown in the margins. Graduate students and researchers alike will find this book a gold mine of useful information essential for their daily work. Every synthetic organic chemist will want to have a copy on his or her desk.


Classics in Total Synthesis II

More Targets, Strategies, Methods

Author: K. C. Nicolaou,S. A. Snyder

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527306848

Category: Science

Page: 658

View: 622

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Classics in Total Synthesis II is the long awaited sequel to Classics in Total Synthesis, a book that has made its mark as a superb tool for educating students and practitioners alike in the art of organic synthesis since its introduction in 1996. In this highly welcomed new volume, K. C. Nicolaou and Scott A. Snyder discuss in detail the most impressive accomplishments in natural product total synthesis during the 1990s and the first years of the 21st century. While all of the features that made the first volume of Classics so popular and unique as a teaching tool have been maintained, in this new treatise the authors seek to present the latest techniques and advances in organic synthesis as they beautifully describe the works of some of the most renowned synthetic organic chemists of our time. ? domino reactions, cascade sequences, biomimetic strategies, and asymmetric catalysis are systematically developed through the chosen synthesis ? cutting edge synthetic technologies are discussed in terms of mechanism and scope ? new reactions, such as olefin metathesis, are presented in mini-review style ? abundant references are given for further reading Graduate students, educators, and researchers in the fields of synthetic and medicinal chemistry will wish to have a copy of this book in their collection as an indispensable companion that both augments and supplements the original Classics in Total Synthesis. From reviews of "Classics in Total Synthesis": "... a volume, (..) which any chemist with an interest in synthetic organic chemistry will wish to acquire." JACS "...this superb book (..) will be an essential purchase for many organic chemists." Nature

Elements of Synthesis Planning

Author: R. W. Hoffmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540792208

Category: Science

Page: 227

View: 726

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Synthesis is at the core of organic chemistry. In order for compounds to be studied—be it as drugs, materials, or because of their physical properties— they have to be prepared, often in multistep synthetic sequences. Thus, the target compound is at the outset of synthesis planning. Synthesis involves creating the target compound from smaller, readily available building blocks. Immediately, questions arise: From which bui- ing blocks? In which sequence? By which reactions? Nature creates many highly complex “natural products” via reaction cascades, in which an asso- ment of starting compounds present within the cell is transformed by speci c (for each target structure) combinations of modular enzymes in speci c - quences into the target compounds [1, 2]. To mimic this ef ciency is the dream of an ideal synthesis [2]. However, we are at present so far from - alising such a “one-pot” operation that actual synthesis has to be achieved via a sequence of individual discrete steps. Thus, we are left with the task of planning each synthesis individually in an optimal fashion. Synthesis planning must be conducted with regard for certain speci - tions, some of which are due to the structure of the target molecule, and some of which relate to external parameters such as costs, environmental compatibility, or novelty. We will not consider these external aspects in this context. Planning of a synthesis is based on a pool of information regarding chemical reactions that can be executed reliably and in high chemical yield.

Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Reactions, Principles, and Techniques

Author: Stéphane Caron

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118093569

Category: Science

Page: 898

View: 7054

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A hands-on guide to assist in the planning and execution of synthetic reactions in the laboratory Despite the maturity of organic chemistry, it can still be very challenging to identify optimal methods for synthetic transformations that perform as well in real-world manufacturing processes as they do in the laboratory. This detailed and accessible guide attempts to address this vexing issue and deliver proven methodologies practicing synthetic chemists will find valuable for identifying reaction conditions that work reliably over the broadest possible range of substrates. Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry: Provides a practical guide to strategically planning and executing chemical syntheses for the bench chemist in industry Discusses information that is not common knowledge beyond the boundaries of process chemistry groups, such as the synthetic routes of selected contemporary pharmaceutical drugs and practical solvents, as well as green chemistry concepts Highlights key reactions, including substitutions, additions, eliminations, rearrangements, oxidations, and reductions Addresses basic principles, mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages of the methodology, and techniques for achieving laboratory success Incorporating such an extraordinary wealth of information on organic chemistry and its related fields into one complete volume distinguishes Practical Synthetic Organic Chemistry as an incomparable desktop reference for professionals—and an invaluable study aid for students.

Strategic Applications of Named Reactions in Organic Synthesis

Author: Laszlo Kurti,Barbara Czako

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080575412

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 6652

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Kurti and Czako have produced an indispensable tool for specialists and non-specialists in organic chemistry. This innovative reference work includes 250 organic reactions and their strategic use in the synthesis of complex natural and unnatural products. Reactions are thoroughly discussed in a convenient, two-page layout--using full color. Its comprehensive coverage, superb organization, quality of presentation, and wealth of references, make this a necessity for every organic chemist. * The first reference work on named reactions to present colored schemes for easier understanding * 250 frequently used named reactions are presented in a convenient two-page layout with numerous examples * An opening list of abbreviations includes both structures and chemical names * Contains more than 10,000 references grouped by seminal papers, reviews, modifications, and theoretical works * Appendices list reactions in order of discovery, group by contemporary usage, and provide additional study tools * Extensive index quickly locates information using words found in text and drawings

The Way of Synthesis

Evolution of Design and Methods for Natural Products

Author: Tomas Hudlicky,Josephine W. Reed

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1032

View: 6906

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This two-colored textbook presents not only synthetic ways to design organic compounds, it also contains a compilation of the most important total synthesis of the last 50 years with a comparative view of multiple designs for the same targets. It explains different tactics and strategies, making it easy to apply to many problems, regardless of the synthetic question in hand. Following a historical view of the evolution of synthesis, the book goes on to look at principles and issues impacting synthesis and design as well as principles and issues of methods. The sections on comparative design cover classics in terpenes and alkaloid synthesis, while a further section covers such miscellaneous syntheses as Maytansine, Palytoxin, Brevetoxin B and Indinavir. The whole is rounded off with a look at future perspectives and, what makes this textbook extraordinairy, with personal recollections of the chemists, who synthesized these fascinating compounds. With its attractive layout highlighting key parts and tactics using a second color, this is a useful tool for organic chemists, lecturers and students in chemistry, as well as those working in the chemical industry. "I think, as will many organic chemists, that the Hudlicky book will be the Bible of synthetic organic chemistry, the past, the present and the future. A hallmark publication." (Victor Snieckus)


Greene's Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis

Author: Peter G. M. Wuts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118905121

Category: Science

Page: 1400

View: 5401

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An indispensable reference for any practicing synthetic organic or medicinal chemist, this book continues the tradition of Greene’s as comprehensive in the overall scope of coverage, providing the most relevant and useful examples to illustrate each methodology. • Presents valuable material, on the application of protective groups in organic chemistry, that is not easily found by casual searching • Helps chemists to plan, investigate, and carry out organic syntheses in an efficient manner • Adds over 2800 new references to update since the publication of the last edition • Reviews of the prior edition: "An essential bible for the library or personal bookshelf of chemists performing complex synthesis." (CHOICE, May 2007) "...the most up-to-date compilation available...should be an integral part of all institutional libraries...it is also highly recommended that individuals...maintain their own copy..." (Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, March 8, 2007) "...continues to be a comprehensive guide to the techniques for the formation and cleavage of protective groups." (Journal of the American Chemical Society, January 31, 2007)

Enantioselective Chemical Synthesis

Methods, Logic and Practice

Author: E. J. Corey,László Kürti

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780615395159

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 4806

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Written by world-renowned and best-selling experts, Nobel Laureate E. J. Corey and Laszlo Kurti, Enantioselective Chemical Synthesis offers an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the field's progress; the processes and tools for key formations; future development for complex, stereocontrolled (enantiomeric or diastereoisomeric) molecules; and valuable examples of multi-step syntheses. Utilizing a color-coded scheme to illustrate chemical transformations, Enantioselective Chemical Synthesis provides clear explanation and guidance through vital asymmetrical syntheses and insight into the next steps for the field. Researchers, professionals, and academics will benefit from this valuable, thorough, and unique resource. In Part I, the authors present clearly, comprehensively and concisely the most useful enantioselective processes available to synthetic chemists. Part II provides an extensive discussion of the most logical ways to apply these new enantioselective methods to the planning of syntheses of stereochemically complex molecules. This hitherto neglected area is essential for the advancement of enantioselective synthesis to a more rational and powerful level. Part III describes in detail many reaction sequences which have been used successfully for the construction of a wide variety of complex target molecules Clearly explains stereochemical synthesis in theory and practice Provides a handy tool box for scientists wishing to understand and apply chiral chemical synthesis Describes almost 50 real life examples of asymmetric synthesis in practice and examines how the chiral centers were introduced at key synthetic stages

Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis

Author: Laurie S. Starkey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119347238

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 309

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Bridging the Gap Between Organic Chemistry Fundamentals and Advanced Synthesis Problems Introduction to Strategies of Organic Synthesis bridges the knowledge gap between sophomore-level organic chemistry and senior-level or graduate-level synthesis to help students more easily adjust to a synthetic chemistry mindset. Beginning with a thorough review of reagents, functional groups, and their reactions, this book prepares students to progress into advanced synthetic strategies. Major reactions are presented from a mechanistic perspective and then again from a synthetic chemist’s point of view to help students shift their thought patterns and teach them how to imagine the series of reactions needed to reach a desired target molecule. Success in organic synthesis requires not only familiarity with common reagents and functional group interconversions, but also a deep understanding of functional group behavior and reactivity. This book provides clear explanations of such reactivities and explicitly teaches students how to make logical disconnections of a target molecule. This new Second Edition of Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis: Reviews fundamental organic chemistry concepts including functional group transformations, reagents, stereochemistry, and mechanisms Explores advanced topics including protective groups, synthetic equivalents, and transition-metal mediated coupling reactions Helps students envision forward reactions and backwards disconnections as a matter of routine Gives students confidence in performing retrosynthetic analyses of target molecules Includes fully-worked examples, literature-based problems, and over 450 chapter problems with detailed solutions Provides clear explanations in easy-to-follow, student-friendly language Focuses on the strategies of organic synthesis rather than a catalogue of reactions and modern reagents The prospect of organic synthesis can be daunting at the outset, but this book serves as a useful stepping stone to refresh existing knowledge of organic chemistry while introducing the general strategies of synthesis. Useful as both a textbook and a bench reference, this text provides value to graduate and advanced undergraduate students alike.

Organic Synthetic Methods

Author: James Ralph Hanson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046829

Category: Education

Page: 175

View: 4557

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This book introduces the major methods of creating carbon-carbon and carbon-nitrogen bonds, along with functional group interconversions.

Organic Synthesis

The Disconnection Approach

Author: Stuart Warren,Paul Wyatt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965535

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 8702

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One approach to organic synthesis is retrosynthetic analysis. With this approach a chemist will start with the structure of their target molecule and progressively cut bonds to create simpler molecules. Reversing this process gives a synthetic route to the target molecule from simpler starting materials. This “disconnection” approach to synthesis is now a fundamental part of every organic synthesis course. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition introduces this important technique, to help students to design their own organic syntheses. There are forty chapters: those on the synthesis of given types of molecules alternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learnt are placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapters cover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, and develop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designed for difficult problems. Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, natural products, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds, dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advanced synthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound are given. This second edition has been fully revised and updated with a modern look. Recent examples and techniques are included and illustrated additional material has been added to take the student to the level required by the sequel, “Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control”. Several chapters contain extensive new material based on courses that the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceutical industry. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd edition provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis for chemistry and biochemistry students and a refresher for organic chemists working in industry and academia.

Elegant Total Synthesis

Targets in Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry

Author: Karl J. Hale

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 9783527323531

Category: Organic compounds

Page: 400

View: 8942

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In contrast to other books on this topic, the editor has chosen a top selection of target molecules not previously covered, many of them taken from chemical biology and including syntheses from bioorganic chemistry. Inspiration not only for organic chemists but also bioorganic chemists in industry and academia to develop their own synthesis routes.

Classics in Stereoselective Synthesis

Author: Erick M. Carreira,Lisbet Kvaerno

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527324521

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 3334

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This book provides a noteworthy compilation of the groundbreaking methods of stereoselective synthesis, belonging to the repertoire of every modern practitioner of synthetic organic chemistry. The general principles underlying these processes are highlighted as they form the basis for the rapid and continuing developments in the field. The work also features illustrative examples of drug and natural product syntheses, resulting in a rich source of stimulating ideas for the efficient use of asymmetric reactions in the construction of stereochemically complex structures. From the contents: "Macrocyclic stereocontrol "Carbonyl addition reactions "alpha-Functionalization of enolates "Aldol and allylation reactions "Chiral acetals "Alkene hydroboration, reduction, and oxidation "Additions to C=N bonds and synthesis of amino acids "Conjugate additions "Chiral carbanions "Metal-catalyzed allylations "Cyclopropanations and CH-insertion reactions "Sigmatropic rearrangements "Diels-Alder and hetero-Diels-Alder reactions "[3+2]- and [2+2]-cycloaddition reactions

Polymer Syntheses

Author: Stanley Sandler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 032315140X

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 8041

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Polymer Syntheses, Volume II presents detailed laboratory instructions for the preparation of different types of polymers. This book provides information pertinent to useful polymer synthesis. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of resins derived from urea, melamine, or benzoguanamine. This text then examines the reaction of formaldehyde with hydrogen chloride, which has been shown to lead to the spontaneous production of carcinogen bis(chloromethyl) ether. Other chapters consider the topic of silicone resins or polyorganosiloxanes, as well as the uses of vinyl ether polymers in lacquer resins, adhesives, plasticizers, paints, and copolymer compositions. This book discusses as well the methods of polymerization of acrylic and of methacrylic acid. The final chapter deals with the health and safety aspects of the production of the monomer vinyl chloride. This book is a valuable resource for industrial and polymer chemists. Students of polymer chemistry will also find this book useful.

Modern Physical Organic Chemistry

Author: Eric V. Anslyn,Dennis A. Dougherty

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389313

Category: Science

Page: 1095

View: 3703

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Making explicit the connections between physical organic chemistry and critical fields such as organometallic chemistry, materials chemistry, bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry, this book escorts the reader into an area that has been thoroughly updated in recent times.


Designing Organic Syntheses

A Programmed Introduction to the Synthon Approach

Author: Stuart Warren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471996125

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 7732

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"This book confronts the student with the problem of synthesizing molecules given nothing but their structure. The synthon approach is used: disconnections breaking the molecule into useable fragments (synthons) are introduced to the student, who then teaches himself how to use them by solving a series of problems of steadily increasing difficulty"--Cover.