From Medical Marvel to Modern Menace in the United States, 1884-1920

Author: Joseph F. Spillane

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801862304

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 4020

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Challenging "traditional thinking about both the 'rise' and 'fall' of drug problems, Cocaine examines phenomena that have eluded earlier students of drug history. Joseph Spillane explores the role of American business in fostering consumer interest in cocaine during the years when no law proscribed its use, the ways in which authorities and social agents tried nonetheless to establish informal controls on the substance, and the mixed results they achieved.


Pharamacology, Physiology, and Clinical Strategies

Author: Matthew P. Galloway,Francis J. White

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849388132

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 4900

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This book brings together for the first time state-of-the-art research from both the basic sciences and the clinical fields to present an in-depth discussion of the numerous effects of cocaine. The issues discussed include metabolism and distribution of cocaine, behavioral and electrophysiological actions of cocaine, clinical aspects of cocaine associated with addiction and abuse on cardiovascular function, and exposure of infants to cocaine during gestation. The unique, multidisciplinary perspective of this book regarding on-going research on cocaine and drug abuse will be useful to researchers, clinicians, health care practitioners, and graduate students who need to stay abreast of the most current information available on this drug.


Author: Sean Connolly

Publisher: Franklin Watts

ISBN: 9780749682798

Category: Cocaine abuse

Page: 48

View: 8952

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Including many first hand accounts from users and their families and others involved, this series gives straightforward information about drug use, its effects and dangers.


Author: Rhoda McFarland

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9780823933112

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 3580

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Examines the harmful effects of cocaine use and addiction, and explains the dangers of teenage drug abuse in general.


Author: Michael A. Sommers

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404213791

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 9981

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Discusses the nature, effects, and dangers of cocaine and the damage it causes to the mind and body.


Author: Roger D. Weiss,Steven M. Mirin,Roxanne L. Bartel

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585621385

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 4710

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Sports heroes, executives, and the homeless -- cocaine permeates every inch of our society, with tragic results. Although casual use of cocaine has clearly declined, the number of daily users, in particular those using crack, continues to climb. Why do people continue to use cocaine? What is its appeal? How does it affect the body and mind? What can a person do if a family member or friend is using cocaine? In the past decade, the introduction of "crack" has increased the popularity of cocaine. Treatments have changed to adapt to this new, cheaper, more widely available drug. This Second Edition of Cocaine -- by three noted psychiatrists from Harvard University and the University of Utah -- highlights the tremendous research effort that has been mounted to discover the most effective way to help cocaine-dependent patients. It covers what cocaine is, the different methods of its use, its effects on the brain and other organs, and its psychological and social consequences for users and those around them -- both at home and in the workplace. This book also covers cocaine addiction -- how it happens, who is at risk, how to treat it, and how to find help. Cocaine includes a list of commonly asked questions about the drug and a self-test to determine if you or someone you love is dependent on cocaine.


Scientific and Social Dimensions

Author: Gregory R. Bock,Julie Whelan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470514256

Category: Self-Help

Page: 316

View: 9322

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Cocaine poses interesting problems for neurophysiologists and neuropharmacologists and there is important new data on the effects of cocaine on the brain (its initial site of action at the cellular level now appearing to be the dopamine transporter). Includes chapters on the far-reaching toxic effects of cocaine, on the epidemiology and the economics of drug addiction, on the past and present use of cocaine in the U.S. and in South America, and on the moral issues raised by drug use and abuse.


Coke and the War on Drugs

Author: Linda Bickerstaff

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1435850149

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 5185

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Describes the dangers of using cocaine, discussing the various effects it has on the human body and its impact on society.

The Emergence of Crack Cocaine Abuse

Author: Edith Fairman Cooper

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590335123

Category: Social Science

Page: 106

View: 9984

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Cocaine was once considered the elite's drug, with a price so high that only the very wealthy could afford it, and thought by many to be 'safe'. But during the 1980s, a dangerous and cheap derivative began appearing on the street. This drug, crack, is a cocaine free-base produced relatively safely and easily. Because of its low production costs, crack became popular among the lower classes, leading to an epidemic in the late 1980s, with estimates that over one million people used crack cocaine. The drug's name became synonymous with gangs, crime, and violence. Because of the intensity and apparent suddenness of the crack crisis, people began to wonder if there were any warning signs public officials missed and how exactly crack spread across the nation. Some even floated the theory that agencies like the CIA and FBI encouraged the use of crack in inner cities. No matter where it came from, crack is a menace that, though no longer 'epidemic', must be combated along with all other illegal drugs. This book makes a close examination of the development, responses to, and effect of the crack cocaine crisis in the United States. Included are descriptions of cocaine, crack, and the free-ba

Pharmacology and Abuse of Cocaine, Amphetamines, Ecstasy and Related Designer Drugs

A comprehensive review on their mode of action, treatment of abuse and intoxication

Author: Enno Freye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048124480

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 525

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Finally - a book that covers all aspects of the illicit use of cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy and/or designer drugs such as GHB, written by two experts in their field. The use of these drugs remains a continuous threat in health and medical care delivery, and this book will be an essential asset to the physician who may have to face the evaluation of patients whose use of these drugs compromises an effective treatment plan for other health issues. The book has been conceived to fill the void in existing physician reference materials, and provides a comprehensive review of the theoretical knowledge and scope of pharmacotherapy in individuals who are hooked on a psychoactive substance. While detailed scientific information is obtainable in other major articles, the book's straightforward format and style, along with its illustrations, will make for easy reading as emphasis is put on information specifically related to drugs that occur most abused in today’s society. The information provided is based on clinical practice rather than pure experimental data, which will give the physician more effective tools useful in their daily practice. Many mechanisms of action of abuse are described in detail and references are provided to direct the reader to further sources for additional information. As a special feature, the book incorporates uncluttered tables and charts, which result in immediate clarification of the mode of action on the central nervous system and the reason for misuse, thus avoiding usual long and fatiguing text in common reference books. The book aims to give the reader a clear and concise plan on what to do when being faced with an overdose situation. A well-organized Table of Contents rapidly leads the reader from general pharmacological issues to the specific overdose syndrome and its management. Additionally, significant emphasis is placed on the practical do's and don’ts for physicians, with special reference to the predictive signs of aberrant drug-related behavior and the identification of the drug diverter by using urine drug screening.

Cocaine Addiction

Theory, Research, and Treatment

Author: Jerome J. Platt

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674001787

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 7640

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It inspired written testimonials from William McKinley, Thomas Edison, and Sarah Bernhardt; merited a medal from Pope Leo XIII; produced "exhilaration and lasting euphoria" in Sigmund Freud. Once the stimulant of choice of the enlightened and the elite, cocaine has become, a century later, a plague, ravaging the lives of millions. This book is the first to draw together all the facts about this pervasive drug--from its natural occurrence in a tea-like native South American plant to its devastating appearance as crack in the inner cities of the United States. Drawing on the latest work in medicine, psychiatry, neuroscience, pharmacology, epidemiology, social work, and sociology, the volume is a highly accessible reference on the history and use of cocaine, its physical and psychological effects, and the etiology and epidemiology of cocaine addiction. It also provides a critical evaluation of the pharmaceutical agents and psychosocial interventions that have been used to treat this addiction. Author Jerome J. Platt answers such basic questions as: What is cocaine? What forms does it come in? How is it administered? What does it do? What are the medical complications of cocaine addiction? What are the treatments, and how successful are they? Uniquely comprehensive, Cocaine Addiction makes all the latest information on this urgent subject readily available to medical professionals and practitioners, social workers and scholars, and anyone who cares to know more about this perennially troubling drug.


Pharmacology, Effects, and Treatment of Abuse

Author: John Grabowski

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788107436


Page: 135

View: 9899

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Includes information on mechanisms of brain action, treatment methods, health consequences, and prevention strategies for cocaine. Extensive bibliography.

The Neurobiology of Cocaine

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms

Author: Ronald P. Hammer, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849383113

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8212

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Representing the latest data from active research groups, The Neurobiology of Cocaine is designed to educate students and inform experts in a rapidly changing field. This volume presents current research regarding the mechanisms of cocaine's action in the brain. Recent developments of cellular, molecular, and brain imaging methods provide new evidence that chemical and molecular substrates underlie cocaine reinforcement, dependence, and withdrawal. This book explores the biological bases of such effects, describing the brain circuits affected by cocaine, neuroendocrine and neurophysiological actions of cocaine, neurochemistry and pharmacology of cocaine, and cocaine effects on signal transduction, gene expression, and protein phosphorylation. This up-to-date text also describes the recently cloned class of neurotransporters affected by cocaine and characterizes their interaction with the drug. These reports focus on the effects of chronic exposure and subsequent withdrawal, which are differentiated from acute cocaine actions. Thus, they provide information on brain mechanisms likely active during long-term use and abuse in humans. Such commonalities are illustrated by a discussion of cocaine action in the human brain as visualized by positron emission tomography. This volume is a must for anyone interested in the mechanisms underlying cocaine abuse.

Cocaine Changes

The Experience of Using and Quitting

Author: Dan Waldorf,Craig Reinarman,Sheigla Murphy

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566390132

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 322

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"In an arena of public policy where misinformation and disinformation reigns, ... facts are desperately needed, and Cocaine Changes gives us a bucketful of them. Anyone who values rationality and is concerned about the harmful efforts of our misbegotten drug policy should read this book." ?Ira Glasser, Executive Director, ACLU"I know of no other book that offers so much information on the subject so clearly and calmly presented. For anyone interested in the natural history of cocaine use in America now, Cocaine Changes provides the best, most comprehensive available resource." ?Lester Grinspoon, M.D., Harvard Medical School "This book puts the cocaine scare of the 1980s to the test and places cocaine in a more realistic perspective. By examining the lives of hundreds of heavy users, it discovers that even among this group, cocaine use is not always cocaine abuse." ?Kevin B. Zeese, Drug Policy Foundation "This provocative study challenges many of the prevailing myths about cocaine and crack use, and is essential reading for any researchers, educators, policymakers, law enforcement personnel, or concerned citizens who wish to make informed judgments." ?Patricia G. Erickson, Ph.D., Head, Drug Policy Research Program (Canada) "This book puts the cocaine scare of the 1980s to the test and places cocaine in a more realistic perspective. By examining the lives of hundreds of heavy users, it discovers that even among this group, cocaine use is not always cocaine abuse." ?Kevin B. Zeese, Vice-President and Counsel, Drug Policy Foundation

Coca, Cocaine, and the Bolivian Reality

Author: Madeline Barbara Léons,Harry Sanabria

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791434819

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 3862

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Examines the impact of coca and the cocaine trade on the Latin American country most affected by it, Bolivia.

Cocaine Use in America

Author: Nicholas J. Kozel,Edgar H Adams

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788129681

Category: Cocaine

Page: 235

View: 2264

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An in-depth look at cocaine use in mid-1980's America. Analyzes trends and patterns of use in Americans and young adults. The effects of abuse: the neurochemistry, phenomenology, and rapid delivery systems are all discussed. Characteristics of cocaine abusers are given. Treatment options and perspectives are also provided.

Trafficking Cocaine

Colombian Drug Entrepreneurs in the Netherlands

Author: D. Zaitch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789041118820

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 9331

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This study is based on five years of ethnographic fieldwork with Colombian drug traffickers (traquetos) in The Netherlands and Colombia. The author has uncovered the social world of traquetos: how and why they get involved in illicit activities, the nature of their work, and how they organize their businesses. This book will be valued by criminologists, social scientists, drug researchers, policymakers, organized crime scholars, and by those interested in Colombia, Latino immigrants’ issues, and the cocaine business.

Cocaine and Heroin Trafficking in the Caribbean

The Case of Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica and Guyana

Author: Daurius Figueira

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595336329

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 8704

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Cocaine and Heroin Trafficking in the Caribbean exposes the nature and structures of illicit drug trafficking in the Caribbean. A complex reality is presented which is built upon the lies and deceptions of the war on drugs, the complicity of the elites of the Caribbean with the illicit trade and the failure of the agencies charged with interdicting the illicit trade in the Caribbean. The escalating levels of societal violence, instability, of crime and the stark contrasts of opulence in the midst of grinding poverty all linked to the illicit drug trade are dealt with. The underlying reality of failed states that facilitate illicit drug trafficking in the Caribbean with a future of violence and instability is the dominant reality of the Caribbean in the 21st century exposed and explained in this text.

Cocaine Trafficking in Latin America

EU and US Policy Responses

Author: Dr Sayaka Fukumi

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409498506

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 1540

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The post-Cold War world has seen the emergence of new kinds of security threats. Whilst traditionally security threats were perceived of in terms of military threats against a state, non-traditional security threats are those that pose a threat to various internal competencies of the state and its identity both home and abroad. The European Union and the United States have identified Latin American cocaine trafficking as a security threat, but their policy responses to it have differed. This book examines the ways in which the EU and the US have conceptualized this threat. Furthermore, it explores the impact of cocaine trafficking on four state functions - economic, political, public order and diplomatic – in order to explain why it has become 'securitized'. Appealing to a variety of university courses, this book is especially relevant to security studies and European and US policy analysis, as well as criminology and sociology.

Cocaine, Marijuana, Designer Drugs

Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Behavior

Author: Kinfe Redda,Charles A. Walker,Gene Barnett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439805220

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 4616

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A comprehensive review of the chemical, clinical, pharmaco-logical, medical and social aspects of the chemicals that are widely abused is presented in this highly informative publication. The contributing authors represent expertise in clinical medicine, pharmacy, chemistry, pharmacology, social work and psychiatry. The scientific discussion, phar-macokinetic, pharmacological, and analytical, is well tied to the behavioral aspects of substances of abuse, making this a unique publication. Forensic scientists, health care practitioners, sporting officials, social workers, and psy-chologists will find this book of great interest.