Cochlear and Brainstem Implants

Author: Aage R. Møller

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805581572

Category: Medical

Page: 228

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Today cochlear implants are the most successful of all prostheses of the nervous system. They are used in individuals who are deaf or suffer from a severe hearing deficiency caused by loss of cochlear hair cells. Auditory brainstem implants provide stimulation of the cochlear nucleus and are used in patients with an auditory nerve dysfunction, a deformed cochlea which does not allow cochlear implantation, or traumatic auditory nerve injury. In this volume different aspects of cochlear implantation such as the role of neural plasticity, the interaction with the development of the auditory system, and the optimal time of implantation in children (sensitive periods) are discussed in detail. Further, the processors and the algorithms used in modern cochlear implants are described The second part is devoted to auditory brainstem implants. It describes surgical techniques, methods for intraoperative testing as well as speech processing. It also deals with electrical stimulation of neural tissue and the neurophysiologic basis for cochlear and brainstem implants. The publication provides the latest scientific and clinical knowledge on cochlear and brainstem implants and is highly recommended to audiologists, otolaryngologists and also neurosurgeons.

Surgery for Cochlear and Other Auditory Implants

Author: Mario Sanna,Rolien Free,Paul Merkus

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 3131764511

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 5329

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Hearing loss is one of the leading contributors to the global disease burden. In particular, the increasing population of people aged 65 years and older is expected to be a key driver. In children, hearing screening programs are becoming a worldwide standard, improving auditory rehabilitation options from a very young age. Implantable auditory technology–which, apart from cochlear implants, includes auditory brainstem implants, bone anchored hearing aids, and implantable middle ear devices–is an emerging field, and these devices represent a new era in hearing rehabilitation. However, cochlear implantation is still the biggest segment in the hearing implants market. Cochlear implantation is performed in a growing number of patients worldwide, and the indications are widening, helped by technological advances. This comprehensive, high-level surgical reference and atlas is tailored for surgeons who are undertaking training for cochlear implant procedures and implantable auditory devices and for experienced surgeons who would like to expand their knowledge, improve their skills and outcomes, and learn advanced surgical techniques. Following the principle underlying Professor Sanna's other successful publications, Surgery for Cochlear and Other Auditory Implants takes an integrated approach to anatomy, imaging, technology, decision making, surgical procedures described step by step, and clinical cases. This allows readers to: Improve the efficiency and outcomes of cochlear implantation and other auditory implant surgeries Learn the required basic and advanced surgical techniques Evaluate different surgical options and types of implants Review common and uncommon variations of anatomy and malformations Understand issues and surgical modifications unique to pediatric cochlear implantation, to revision surgery, and in postmeningitis, otosclerosis, and NF2 cases Find decision-making algorithms for difficult pathologies Examine common and not so common intraoperative dilemmas and identify strategies to resolve them Review preoperative assessment and set up and outcomes Find out about classification systems in cochlear implant failure, malformations, otosclerosis, and post meningitis Supplementing the 1200 images within the book are 15 outstanding videos available on Thieme's MediaCenter demonstrating the implantation of the different cochlear implantation devices that are currently available and the application of brainstem implants in these situations: tumor removal, malformation (missing auditory nerve in children), and cochlear ossification.

Hearing

Its Physiology and Pathophysiology

Author: Aage R. Møller

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0125042558

Category: Medical

Page: 515

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There is a new trend in the education of audiologists that emphasizes the basics of hearing--Hearing: Its Physiology and Pathophysiology addresses this trend. It covers not only the basics of hearing but also the basics of pathophysiology, which is not covered in a comprehensive way in any other text today. This book recognizes the fact that the diseased auditory system does indeed function, but in a different way than the normal system. Few books have addressed the pathophysiology of the ear and the auditory nervous system. Most books on hearing begin with a detailed description of the physics of sound, which scares many readers away because they believe they need to understand acoustics to understand how the ear functions. Hearing: Its Physiology and Pathophysiology does not assume that the readers are physicists, which would be analogous to assuming that visual physiologists would need to know quantum mechanics to understand how the visual nervous system functions. * This book provides a thorough understanding of the anatomy and function of the auditory system * To the basic scientist, it will provide an understanding of the auditory system and how it works * To the clinician, it will provide insight into the normal and diseased auditory system

Implantable Hearing Devices other than Cochlear Implants

Author: Gauri Mankekar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132219104

Category: Medical

Page: 109

View: 5262

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Hearing loss can vary in type ranging from conductive, mixed to sensorineural, as well as in degree from mild, moderate, severe to profound. There could also be multiple permutations and combinations like moderate mixed hearing loss or severe conductive hearing loss. In addition, the hearing loss could be unilateral or bilateral. While cochlear implants were devised for bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, various other devices have been invented for other types of hearing losses. Research continues to design a suitable implant which would amplify sound for patients who cannot be candidates for cochlear implants.


Pädiatrische HNO-Heilkunde

Author: Karl Götte,Thomas Nicolai

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 3437181904

Category:

Page: 584

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Informieren Sie sich über die Besonderheiten in Diagnostik und Therapie kindlicher HNO-Erkrankungen! Sie erfahren alles über Otitis media, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis, Paukenergüsse und andere klinisch wichtige Themen. Sie werden mit typischen erworbenen und angeborenen Krankheitsbildern wie Fehlbildungen, Sprach- und Hörstörungen, Infektionen, Tumoren und Traumafolgen vertraut gemacht. Informationen zu wichtigen Leitsymptomen sind übersichtlich mit Merkekästen aufbereitet. Darüber hinaus beantwortet Ihnen das Buch wichtige Fragen wie z.B.: Wie behandelt man die kindlich obstruktive Schlafapnoe? Wie sieht das Cochlea-Implantat bei Kindern aus? Welche konkreten Maßnahmen müssen bei akuter Mastoiditis, Fremdkörperaspiration oder bei atypischer Krupp-Symptomatik eingeleitet werden? Pädiatrische HNO-Heilkunde – das ideale Nachschlagwerk für Pädiater, HNO-Ärzte und Allgemeinmediziner, die auch Kinder behandeln.

Cochlear Implants

Principles & Practices

Author: John K. Niparko

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781777490

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 8418

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Thoroughly updated for its Second Edition, this book provides an in-depth discussion on prosthetic restoration of hearing via implantation. The text succinctly discusses the scientific principles behind cochlear implants, examines the latest technology, and offers practical advice on how to assess candidates, how to implant the devices, and what rehabilitation is most effective. The authors thoroughly examine the outcomes of cochlear implantation, the impact on the patient's quality of life, the benefits in relation to the costs, and the implications of cochlear implants for language and speech acquisition and childhood education.

Otologic Surgical Procedures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481690817

Category: Medical

Page: 65

View: 3395

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Otologic Surgical Procedures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Otologic Surgical Procedures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Otologic Surgical Procedures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

Devices and Applications

Author: David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387772615

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 9439

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Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany

Vol. 25/IX Neuroengineering, Neural Systems, Rehabilitation and Prosthetics

Author: Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642038891

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 601

View: 8976

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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery - E-Book

Author: Alejandro A. Rabinstein,Maj Paul Klimo, Jr.

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323089674

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 3745

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The Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in neurology and neurosurgery, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice. There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! Readers will find information on a range of topics, including Movement Disorders, Infectious Diseases of the Nervous System, Neoplastic Disease, Pediatric Neurology and Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular, Neuro-oncology, and Spine. The Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery is published annually in June.

Biomechanical Systems Technology

Author: Cornelius T. Leondes

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812709843

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 1714

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Because of rapid developments in computer technology and computational techniques, advances in a wide spectrum of technologies, coupled with cross-disciplinary pursuits between technology and its application to human body processes, the field of biomechanics continues to evolve. Many areas of significant progress include dynamics of musculoskeletal systems, mechanics of hard and soft tissues, mechanics of bone remodeling, mechanics of blood and air flow, flow-prosthesis interfaces, mechanics of impact, dynamics of man-machine interaction, and more. Thus, the great breadth and significance of the field in the international scene require a well integrated set of volumes to provide a complete coverage of the exciting subject of biomechanical systems technology. World-renowned contributors tackle the latest technologies in an in-depth and readable manner.



Central Auditory Implants

Author: Johannes Kuchta

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3842300344

Category:

Page: 134

View: 7977

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Einige tausend Menschen sind weltweit an einer Leitungsunterbrechung des Hrnerven im Hirnstamm erkrankt. Dies fhrt in vielen Fllen zum Verlust des Hrens, d.h. zur Taubheit. Inzwischen ist es mglich, im Rahmen einer Gehirnoperation alltagsrelevante Teile des Hrvermgens wieder herzustellen. Dies geschieht durch Elektroden, die im Mittelhirn eingesetzt werden und die mit einem implantierten Mikroprozessor verbunden sind. Im vorliegenden Buch werden hierzu einige grundstzliche berlegungen, Laborstudien, sowie erstmalig klinische Ergebnisse dargestellt. Diese mikroskopische Implantation im akkustischen Teil des Gehirns ist das erfolgreichste Beispiel der neuroprothetischen Wiederherstellung eines zerstrten Sinnesorganes. Die vorgestellte Studie wurde im Rahmen einer Habilitationsarbeit angefertigt. Frderung erfolgte (2001) durch Mittel der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), der Max-Kade Stiftung, sowie durch ein Reisestipendium der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO). (Buchtext in englischer Sprache)

Sensors in Medicine and Health Care

Author: P. Ake Oberg,Tatsuo Togawa,Francis A. Spelman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527604863

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 9337

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Taken as a whole, this series covers all major fields of application for commercial sensors, as well as their manufacturing techniques and major types. As such the series does not treat bulk sensors, but rather places strong emphasis on microsensors, microsystems and integrated electronic sensor packages. Each of the individual volumes is tailored to the needs and queries of readers from the relevant branch of industry. A review of applications for point-of-care diagnostics, their integration into portable systems and the comfortable, easy-to-use sensors that allow patients to monitor themselves at home. The book covers such advanced topics as minimal invasive surgery, implantable sensors and prostheses, as well as biocompatible sensing.

Re-Engineering of the Damaged Brain and Spinal Cord

Evidence-Based Neurorehabilitation

Author: Klaus R.H. Wild

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211275770

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 9902

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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can lead to loss of skills and to mental cognitive behavioural deficits. Paraplegia after Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) means a life-long sentence of paralysis, sensory loss, dependence and in both, TBI and SCI, waiting for a miracle therapy. Recent advances in functional neurosurgery, neuroprosthesis, robotic devices and cell transplantation have opened up a new era. New drugs and reconstructive surgical concepts are on the horizon. Social reintegration is based on holistic rehabilitation. Psychological treatment can alleviate and strengthen affected life. This book reflects important aspects of physiology and new trans-disciplinary approaches for acute treatment and rehabilitation in neurotraumatology by reviewing evidence based concepts as they were discussed among bio and gene-technologists, physicians, neuropsychologists and other therapists at the joint international congress in Brescia 2004.

Head and Neck Imaging

A Teaching File

Author: Anthony A. Mancuso,Sharat Bidari,Bruno Termote,Berit M. Verbist,Reordan DeJesus

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1451154313

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 6279

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Teaching Files are one of the hallmarks of radiology education, providing the kind of personal consultation with experts normally found only in the setting of a teaching hospital. This teaching file contains 164 cases, covering all areas of head and neck imaging. A consistent format is used to present each case. Chapters are organized by anatomical region. Included are cases on the temporal bone, skull base, eye and orbit, sinuses and nasal cavity, neck, trachea, salivary glands, hypopharynx and cervical esophagus, oropharynx and larynx. The book can be used both as an independent study and review tool for board-exam preparation and as a companion to Dr. Mancuso's majesterial, two-volume text, "Head and Neck Radiology" (2010), chapters from which are referenced following each case for further reading. The cases follow a standard format popular with residents and fellows: clinical presentation, questions, findings, differential diagnosis, diagnosis, discussion, questions for further thought, reporting responsibilities, and a section on what the treating physician needs to know. Cases conclude with answers to the questions. This format emphasizes critical thinking within a clinical context, to build medical decision-making skills. A password-protected companion website, free to purchasers of the book, includes all of the cases for online review.

Reprogramming the Brain

Author: Aage R. Moller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465913

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 8766

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The brain is plastic and it can change its function to adapt to changing demands of various kinds. The brain can also re-organize and change its function to better utilize its resources when parts of the brain have been damaged through injuries and diseases. This means that the brain is not “hard wired but can be reprogrammed when needed. This book describes different aspects of how the plasticity can become activated and how it can benefit the individual person. This book provides in-depth coverage of many important aspects of neural plasticity and how it applies to trauma, including strokes and disorders of the central nervous system that affect memory and cognition. The book also discusses how neural plasticity is involved in aphasia, pain and tinnitus. The roles of neural plasticity in motor rehabilitation and in adaptation to prostheses such as cochlear and cochlear nucleus implants are also topics of the book. * Provides in-depth coverage of many important aspects of neural plasticity and how it applies to trauma, including strokes and disorders of the central nervous system that affect memory and cognition * Discusses how neural plasticity is involved in aphasia, pain and tinnitus * Explains the roles of neural plasticity in motor rehabilitation and prosthesis such as cochlear and cochlear nucleus implants

Hearing Loss

Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Disability Determination for Individuals with Hearing Impairments

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309092965

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5088

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Millions of Americans experience some degree of hearing loss. The Social Security Administration (SSA) operates programs that provide cash disability benefits to people with permanent impairments like hearing loss, if they can show that their impairments meet stringent SSA criteria and their earnings are below an SSA threshold. The National Research Council convened an expert committee at the request of the SSA to study the issues related to disability determination for people with hearing loss. This volume is the product of that study. Hearing Loss: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits reviews current knowledge about hearing loss and its measurement and treatment, and provides an evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the current processes and criteria. It recommends changes to strengthen the disability determination process and ensure its reliability and fairness. The book addresses criteria for selection of pure tone and speech tests, guidelines for test administration, testing of hearing in noise, special issues related to testing children, and the difficulty of predicting work capacity from clinical hearing test results. It should be useful to audiologists, otolaryngologists, disability advocates, and others who are concerned with people who have hearing loss.