Crime and Muslim Britain

Race, Culture and the Politics of Criminology Among British Pakistanis

Author: Marta Bolognani

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857711717

Category: History

Page: 288

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The Britain of the early twenty-first century has become consumed by heightened concerns about violent crime as well as terrorism. Muslim men, and Muslim communities more widely, seem particularly susceptible to negative stereotyping, at the same time that many media accounts focus on alleged ‘dysfunctionalities’ of certain groups. However, little is known about the complex relations between ethnicity and criminality; knowledge held by minority ethnic groups on these matters is still much overlooked, and academic criminological accounts tend to neglect minorities’ views and their cultural specificities. _x000D_ _x000D_ Here Marta Bolognani fills a major gap in criminology and diaspora studies through an exhaustive cross-generational and cross-gender investigation into crime among British Pakistanis. Avoiding ill-fitting generalisations and stereotypes, she analyses Bradford Pakistanis’ perceptions of crime and its production, construction, sanctioning and prevention. These perceptions are analyzed in their specific reality, rather than by imposing abstract, universal categories. She also examines local and national state policies that are geared to preventing crime as well as people’s responses to them. In so doing, she shows us how crime comes to be understood by participants as well as institutional actors, and offers a counterpoint to the ‘taboo’ of talking about crime and race in cultural terms. _x000D_ _x000D_ Through detailed ethnographic observation and interview data, Bolognani shows how Bradford Pakistanis’ perceptions of crime and control are a combination of the formal and informal, or British and ‘traditional’ Pakistani, that are no longer separable in the diasporic context. Bradford Pakistanis engage with mainstream criminological and policy discourses in a way that reflects the position of their diaspora: ‘community’ for them includes their traditional structures but also all the intra-communal and inter-communal relations that are meaningful, as resources and as constraints. ‘Crime in Muslim Britain’ is essential for all those interested in criminology, ethnicity and the predicaments of Muslim communities today._x000D_ _x000D_

Islam, Race, and Pluralism in the Pakistani Diaspora

Author: Craig Considine

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315462761

Category:

Page: N.A

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This book explores the Pakistani diaspora in a transatlantic context, enquiring into the ways in which young first- and second-generation Pakistani Muslim and non-Muslim men resist hegemonic identity narratives and respond to their marginalised conditions. Drawing on rich documentary, ethnographic and interview material gathered in Boston and Dublin, Islam, Race, and Pluralism in the Pakistani Diaspora introduces the term 'Pakphobia', a dividing line that is set up to define the places that are safe and to distinguish 'us' and 'them' in a Pakistani diasporic context. With a multiple case study design, which accounts for the heterogeneity of Pakistani populations, the author explores the language of fear and how this fear has given rise to a 'politics of fear' whose aim is to distract and divide communities. A rich, cross-national study of one of the largest minority groups in the US and Western Europe, this book will appeal to sociologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and geographers with interests in race and ethnicity, migration and diasporic communities.

Muslims and Political Participation in Britain

Author: Timothy Peace

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317931971

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

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This new volume showcases the latest research into Muslim political participation both in terms of electoral politics and civil society initiatives. Muslims play a prominent role in British political life yet what do we actually know about the involvement of British Muslims beyond the existence of a handful of Muslim MPs? What is unique about political participation in Muslim communities? All the major parties actively seek to court a ‘Muslim electorate’ but does such a phenomenon exist? Despite the impact that Muslims have had on election campaigns and their roles in various political institutions, research on this topic remains scant. Indeed, much of the existing work was couched within the broader areas of the participation of ethnic minorities or the impact of race on electoral politics. The chapters in this volume address this lacuna by highlighting different aspects of Muslim participation in British politics. They investigate voting patterns and election campaigns, civil society and grassroots political movements, the engagement of young people and the participation of Muslims in formal political institutions. Written in an accessible style, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of political participation and religious studies.

British Pakistani Boys, Education and the Role of Religion

In the Land of the Trojan Horse

Author: Karamat Iqbal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351021044

Category: Education

Page: 212

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British Pakistani children are the second largest ethnic group in UK schools, yet little of their education and wider needs have been researched. British Pakistani Boys, Education and the Role of Religion seeks to rectify this, by investigating the educational achievement of British Pakistani boys and the importance of education both in the Pakistani community and in the wider religion of Islam. The book draws on research undertaken by the author in three British state secondary schools, to respond to the national policy on the education of ethnic minority children. It considers the meaning of education for Pakistanis, where religion plays an integral role, the gaps in education as well as the issue of representation - in governance and in the teaching workforce. The author concludes by discussing the possibility of responsive education better meeting the needs of Pakistani children by integrating Islamic religious education and education of the world. British Pakistani Boys, Education and the Role of Religion will be vital reading for academics and both undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of Education and Sociology and specifically those studying inclusion, equality and diversity, or Asian, Muslim or Pakistani education. It would also appeal to education practitioners, policy makers and community activists.

Refugees and the Politics of the Everyday State in Pakistan

Resettlement in Punjab, 1947-1962

Author: Elisabetta Iob

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351395998

Category: History

Page: 174

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The Partition of India in 1947 involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities. The Partition displaced between 10 and 12 million people along religious lines. This book provides a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the resettlement and rehabilitation of Partition refugees in Pakistani Punjab between 1947 and 1962. It weaves a chronological and thematic plot into a single narrative, and focuses on the Punjabi refugee middle and upper-middle class. Emphasising the everyday experience of the state, the author challenges standard interpretations of the resettlement of Partition refugees in the region and calls for a more nuanced understanding of their rehabilitation. The book argues the universality of the so-called 'exercise in human misery', and the heterogeneity of the rehabilitation policies. Refugees’ stories and interactions with local institutions reveal the inability of the local bureaucracy to establish its own 'polity' and the viable workability of Pakistan as a state. The use of Pakistani documents, US and British records and a careful survey of both the judicial records and the Urdu and English-language dailies of the time, provides an invaluable window onto the everyday life of a state, its institutions and its citizens. A carefully researched study of both the state and the everyday lives of refugees as they negotiated resettlement, through both personal and official channels, the book offers an important reinterpretation of the first years of Pakistani history. It will be of interest to academics working in the field of refugee resettlement ?and South Asian History and Politics.

Lives of Muslims in India

Politics, Exclusion and Violence

Author: Abdul Shaban

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351227602

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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The fast-consolidating identities along religious and ethnic lines in recent years have considerably ‘minoritised’ Muslims in India. The wide-ranging essays in this volume focus on the intensified exclusionary practices against Indian Muslims, highlighting how, amidst a politics of violence, confusing policy frameworks on caste and class lines, and institutionalised riot systems, the community has also suffered from the lack of leadership from within. At the same time, Indian Muslims have emerged as a ‘mass’ around which the politics of ‘vote bank’, ‘appeasement’, ‘foreigners’, ‘Pakistanis within the country’, and so on are innovated and played upon, making them further apprehensive about asserting their legitimate right to development. The important issues of the double marginalisation of Muslim women and attempts to reform the Muslim Personal Law by some civil society groups is also discussed. Contributed by academics, activists and journalists, the articles discuss issues of integration, exclusion and violence, and attempt to understand categories such as ‘identity’, ‘minority’, ‘multiculturalism’ and ‘nationalism’ with regard to and in the context of Indian Muslims. This second edition, with a new introduction, will be of great interest to scholars and researchers in sociology, politics, history, cultural studies, minority studies, Islamic studies, policy studies and development studies, as well as policymakers, civil society activists and those in media and journalism.

Indonesia, Islam, and the International Political Economy

Clash Or Cooperation?

Author: Mark S. Williams

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351839926

Category: Political Science

Page: 156

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The Republic of Indonesia is a rising great power in the Asia-Pacific, set to become the eighth largest economy in the world in the coming decades. It is the most populous Muslim majority country in the world. The largest Islamic organizations and parties have supported Indonesia’s participation with global markets, but this has not come from an ideological support for capitalism or economic liberalization. Islamic political culture has denounced the injustices caused by global capitalism and its excesses. In fact, support for Indonesia’s engagement with the international political economy is born from political pragmatism, and from Indonesia’s struggles to achieve economic development. This book examines the role of Islamic identity in Indonesia’s foreign economic relations and in its engagement with the world order. There is no single expression of Islam in Indonesia, the politics espoused by Islamic parties and organizations are far from monolithic. Islamic sentiment has been invoked by the state to justify heinous acts of brutality, as well as by violent, subnational revolutionary groups. However, these expressions of Islam have deviated from the dominant narrative, which is in favour of international cooperation and economic development. Economic exploitation, political alienation, financial volatility, and aggression toward Muslims around the world that has caused some Islamic groups to radicalize. The political culture of Islam in Indonesia is a social force that is helping to foster a peaceful rise for Indonesia. However, a peaceful expression of Islam is not inevitable for the republic, nor can it be assumed that Islamic identity in Indonesia will unwaveringly support the global economic order, regardless of what might occur in global politics.


Muslims and Crime

A Comparative Study

Author: Muzammil Quraishi

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754642336

Category: Social Science

Page: 149

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In the aftermath of 9/11 a critical analysis of offending and victimisation by Asian Muslims is desperately required. Muslims and Crime addresses this need by means of a comparative criminological evaluation of British and Pakistani South Asian Muslims. In addition to providing a succinct review of contemporary studies in the field, Muzammil Quraishi evaluates issues of offending and victimization amongst South Asian Muslims; develops an understanding of Islamic criminal law and its influence on crime and social control by means of a comparative evaluation between Britain and Pakistan; explores the nature of Islamophobia and its impact on South Asian Muslims in Britain and Pakistan; explores the American 'Critical Race Theory' perspective within British and Pakistani contexts; and examines the construction of racial stereotypes during colonial encounters and how far these may be traced into the post-colonial social terrain.

Race, Gender and Sport

The Politics of Ethnic 'Other' Girls and Women

Author: Aarti Ratna,Samaya F. Samie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317266870

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

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The experiences of ethnic ‘Other’ females have – until recently – been widely overlooked in the study of sport. There continues to be a need to produce critical scholarship about ethnic 'Other' girls and women in sport and physical culture, in order to represent their complex, multifarious and dynamic lived realities. This international collection of critical essays provides compelling insight into the lived realities of ethnic ‘Other’ females in sport. Throughout the book, contributors either draw on the political consciousnesses of ‘Other’ feminisms, or privilege the voices of ethnic 'Other' girls and women so as to broaden, diversify and advance critical thinking pertaining to ethnic ‘Other’ females in sport and physical culture. The purpose of the collection is both to produce knowledge and privilege otherwise subjugated knowledges, which individually and collectively present counter-narratives that better speak to the lived realities of racially oppressed groups of women and girls. Race, Gender and Sport: The Politics of Ethnic 'Other' Girls and Women is important reading for all students and scholars with an interest in the sociology of sport, gender studies, or race and ethnicity studies.

Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups

Theory, Research, and Prevention

Author: Mark S. Hamm

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437929591

Category:

Page: 245

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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Examines terrorists¿ involvement in a variety of crimes ranging from motor vehicle violations, immigration fraud, and mfg. illegal firearms to counterfeiting, armed bank robbery, and smuggling weapons of mass destruction. There are 3 parts: (1) Compares the criminality of internat. jihad groups with domestic right-wing groups. (2) Six case studies of crimes includes trial transcripts, official reports, previous scholarship, and interviews with law enforce. officials and former terrorists are used to explore skills that made crimes possible; or events and lack of skill that the prevented crimes. Includes brief bio. of the terrorists along with descriptions of their org., strategies, and plots. (3) Analysis of the themes in closing arguments of the transcripts in Part 2. Illus.

Imagining Muslims in South Asia and the Diaspora

Secularism, Religion, Representations

Author: Claire Chambers,Caroline Herbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317654129

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 222

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Literary, cinematic and media representations of the disputed category of the ‘South Asian Muslim’ have undergone substantial change in the last few decades and particularly since the events of September 11, 2001. Here we find the first book-length critical analysis of these representations of Muslims from South Asia and its diaspora in literature, the media, culture and cinema. Contributors contextualize these depictions against the burgeoning post-9/11 artistic interest in Islam, and also against cultural responses to earlier crises on the subcontinent such as Partition (1947), the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war and secession of Bangladesh, the 1992 Ayodhya riots , the 2002 Gujarat genocide and the Kashmir conflict. Offering a comparative approach, the book explores connections between artists’ generic experimentalism and their interpretations of life as Muslims in South Asia and its diaspora, exploring literary and popular fiction, memoir, poetry, news media, and film. The collection highlights the diversity of representations of Muslims and the range of approaches to questions of Muslim religious and cultural identity, as well as secular discourse. Essays by leading scholars in the field highlight the significant role that literature, film, and other cultural products such as music can play in opening up space for complex reflections on Muslim identities and cultures, and how such imaginative cultural forms can enable us to rethink secularism and religion. Surveying a broad range of up-to-date writing and cultural production, this concise and pioneering critical analysis of representations of South Asian Muslims will be of interest to students and academics of a variety of subjects including Asian Studies, Literary Studies, Media Studies, Women’s Studies, Contemporary Politics, Migration History, Film studies, and Cultural Studies.

Media, Crime and Racism

Author: Monish Bhatia,Scott Poynting,Waqas Tufail

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319717766

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

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Media, Crime and Racism draws together contributions from scholars at the leading edge of their field across three continents to present contemporary and longstanding debates exploring the roles played by media and the state in racialising crime and criminalising racialised minorities. Comprised of empirically rich accounts and theoretically informed analysis, this dynamic text offers readers a critical and in-depth examination of contemporary social and criminal justice issues as they pertain to racialised minorities and the media. Chapters demonstrate the myriad ways in which racialised ‘others’ experience demonisation, exclusion, racist abuse and violence licensed – and often induced – by the state and the media. Together, they also offer original and nuanced analysis of how these processes can be experienced differently dependent on geography, political context and local resistance. This collection critically reflects on a number of globally significant topics including the vilification of Muslim minorities, the portrayal of the refugee ‘crisis’ and the representations and resistance of Indigenous and Black communities. This volume demonstrates that processes of racialisation and criminalisation in media and the state cannot be understood without reference to how they are underscored and inflected by gender and power. Above all, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the resistance of racialised minorities in localised contexts across the globe: against racialisation and criminalisation and in pursuit of racial justice.

Crime and Criminology

Author: Sue Titus Reid

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 1454896469

Category: Social Science

Page: 650

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Known for its unique blend of social science and legal research, Crime and Criminology, Fifteenth Edition uses an interdisciplinary approach to bring a sprawling subject into sharp relief. From the history and theory of criminal law to today’s hot-button topics, leading scholar Reid clearly explains to students how criminology affects and relates to criminal justice policies. Key Features: An effective and unique balance of social science and legal research. Media Focus and Global Focus boxes that give context to theories with discussions of current, real-life events. Student-friendly chapter outlines, chapter summaries, key terms, exhibits, study questions, and Internet assignments. Case excerpts and related material organized in a supplement to make the book more flexible for a variety of class structures. New material on: medical marijuana, mental illness, cybercrime, crimes by and against the police, and the impact of gender and race in sentencing decisions.

Young, Muslim and Criminal

Experiences, Identities and Pathways Into Crime

Author: Mohammed Qasim

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447341503

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

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Qasim gained unique first-hand insight into the multifaceted lives of a group of young British male Muslims who offend after spending 4 years studying them. He unwraps their lives, explores their identities and explains what role religion and Pakistani culture play in their criminal behaviour.

Race, Ethnicity and Football

Persisting Debates and Emergent Issues

Author: Daniel Burdsey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136726896

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

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Elucidating the linkages between race, ethnicity, gender and masculinity in football, this volume addresses topics such as the experience of Muslim players, recruitment of African players, devolution and national identities, minority ethnic clubs, "mixed-race" players, sectarianism, and foreign club ownership.

Social Integration and Intermarriage in Europe

Islam, Partner-Choices and Parental Influence

Author: Dr Sarah Carol

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472447433

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

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Intergroup friendships and marriages are regarded as the most important indicators of immigrants’ social integration, as they represent the most intimate ties that can exist between minority and majority group members. Drawing on unique, large-scale, cross-national survey data, encompassing natives as well as Turkish, Moroccan, Pakistani and ex-Yugoslav migrants across several Western European countries, this book offers extensive analyses of intermarriage, as well as attitudes towards intermarriage and intergroup dating in general. Conceptualising the willingness or otherwise to marry outside one’s ethnic or religious group in terms of social distance, Social Integration and Intermarriage in Europe provides new evidence that different conceptions of family life, gender relations and religiosity are crucial for understanding why individuals can be reluctant to engage in intergroup relationships. With attention to the question of the role played by state policies in explaining immigrant social integration, the book explores differences across Western Europe and the ways in which each state regulates immigration and the accommodation of Islam. A detailed and rigorous study of attitudes to intermarriage, social integration and the role of the state, Social Integration and Intermarriage in Europe will appeal to policy makers and scholars of within the social sciences, with interests in migration, interethnic relations and social integration.

Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior

Author: Hans-Dieter Klingemann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199270125

Category: Political Science

Page: 992

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Assembles the world's leading scholars on public opinion and political behaviour to describe the state-of-the-art research on the beliefs, values and behaviours of contemporary politics.

Commodities and Culture in the Colonial World

Author: Supriya Chaudhuri,Josephine McDonagh,Brian H. Murray,Rajeswari Sunder Rajan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351620002

Category: History

Page: 228

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Commodity, culture and colonialism are intimately related and mutually constitutive. The desire for commodities drove colonial expansion at the same time that colonial expansion fuelled technological invention, created new markets for goods, displaced populations and transformed local and indigenous cultures in dramatic and often violent ways. This book analyses the transformation of local cultures in the context of global interaction in the period 1851–1914. By focusing on episodes in the social and cultural lives of commodities, it explores some of the ways in which commodities shaped the colonial cultures of global modernity. Chapters by experts in the field examine the production, circulation, display and representation of commodities in various regional and national contexts, and draw on a range of theoretical and disciplinary approaches. An integrated, coherent and urgent response to a number of key debates in postcolonial and Victorian studies, world literature and imperial history, this book will be of interest to researchers with interests in migration, commodity culture, colonial history and transnational networks of print and ideas.