Dream of a Red Factory

The Legacy of High Stalinism in China

Author: Deborah A. Kaple

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195359459

Category: History

Page: 192

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Drawing on previously unknown primary sources in both Chinese and Russian, Deborah A. Kaple has written a powerful and absorbing account of the model of factory management and organization that the Chinese communists formulated in the 1949-1953 period. She reveals that their "new" management techniques were adapted from Soviet propaganda during the harsh period of Stalin's post-war reconstruction. The idealized Stalinist management system consisted mainly of strict Communist Party control of all aspects of workers' lives, which is the root of such strong Party control over Chinese society today. Dream of a Red Factory is a rare and revealing look at the consolidation rule in China; told through the prism of the development of new "socialist" factories and enterprises. Kaple completely counters the old myth of the "Soviet monolith" in China, and carefully reconstructs how the Chinese communists came to rely on an idealized, propagandistic version of the Soviet model instead.

The Management of Human Resources in the Asia Pacific Region

Convergence Revisited

Author: Chris Rowley,John Benson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135755469

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

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These papers focus upon the need to update knowledge and understanding of Asian human resource management. A model is included that can be used to make a comparative analysis of HRM in the region and to establish the various levels of change that need to be assessed.

China Learns from the Soviet Union, 1949–Present

Author: Hua-Yu Li

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0739142240

Category: History

Page: 562

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In this book an international group of scholars examines China's acceptance and ultimate rejection of Soviet models and practices in economic, cultural, social, and other realms.

Workers’ Democracy in China's Transition from State Socialism

Author: Stephen E. Philion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135898057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 178

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This fascinating book is among the first to examine state workers’ protests against privatization in China. Philion discusses how Chinese state enterprise workers have engaged a discourse of ‘workers democracy’ in the process of struggle with the new social relations of work that are engendered by privatization oriented policies in China today. By the 1990s, this discourse was being deployed by the state in an effort to minimize the social obligations of the Party and enterprise to state workers and to win the latter over to faith in markets. Philion reveals that Chinese workers have recently engaged this discourse in order to do something they never envisioned having to do: fight for what Chinese state socialism had always promised them as the ‘masters of the factory’, namely the right to a job and basic social security.

Managers and Management in Vietnam

25 Years of Economic Renovation (Doi moi)

Author: Vincent Edwards,Anh Phan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136233210

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 132

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This book presents a comprehensive overview of managers and management in Vietnam, based on extensive original research, including interviews with a large number of managers in Vietnam. It shows how management in Vietnam is best understood from the perspective of Vietnamese managers themselves, rather than in terms of Western or Asian models of management. It discusses the range of enterprises in the Vietnamese economy, which, until 1986, was dominated by large state-owned enterprises and Soviet-style central economic planning, and where there is now a much greater variety, with a mix of privatised state-owned enterprises, foreign-owned companies, joint ventures and a very large number of relatively small private companies, all operating in a social market economy where Party ideology emphasises a balance between economic growth and workers’ rights. The book demonstrates how the tensions arising from this economic landscape are reflected in the views and actions of managers as they balance economic and social goals in their work, and how their activities are constrained further by the enduring influence of local culture which is not always amenable to imported ideas and methods. As many managers have worked in different kinds of companies, the book also reveals a great deal about management in different contexts and also about how companies have changed as the reform process has evolved.

Rising China and Its Postmodern Fate

Memories of Empire in a New Global Context

Author: Charles Horner

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820333344

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

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As China debates its past, how will it define its future? In this work, Horner offers a different interpretation of how China's changed view of its modern historical experience has also changed China's understanding of its long intellectual and cultural tradition.

Organizing China: The Problem of Bureaucracy, 1949-1976

Author: Harry Harding

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804766274

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

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Since the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949, Chinese Communist leaders have constructed an administrative apparatus that has exercised broader and tighter control over Chinese society than any previous government in the country's history. This is a history of the development of Chinese organizational policy - a topic of constant concern and often strident debate - from 1949 to the death of Mao Tse-tung in 1976. The author argues that Chinese organizational policy has been controversial because of the complexity of administrative problems, the effects of policy changes on the distribution of power and status, and the philosophical dilemma of whether the efficiency of modern bureaucracy outweighs its social and political costs. He also shows how extreme approaches, such as demands during the Cultural Revolution that bureaucracy be destroyed altogether or proposals during the 1950s that the bureaucracy be rationalized, have been repeatedly rejected in favor of a policy more in keeping with much of Chinese tradition: to recruit officials on the basis of their political views, subject them to ideological indoctrination, and rely on mass campaigns to implement Party policy.

The Accidental Factory

The Evolution of Labor Management in China, 1927-1966

Author: Martin Wood Frazier

Publisher: N.A


Category: Labor economics

Page: 558

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Mao and the Economic Stalinization of China, 1948-1953

Author: Hua-Yu Li

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780742540538

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

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In the first systematic study of its kind, Hua-yu Li explains why, in 1953, Mao suddenly changed direction in economic policy and launched China on a Stalinist road to socialism. In so doing, he profoundly changed the country's economic and political landscape. Including rich archival materials recently released from China and Russia, this book carefully examines Mao's ideological orientation and his relationship with Stalin. Li argues that Mao made this policy shift for two reasons: his commitment to Stalin's ideas as expressed in an influential historical text compiled under Stalin's guidance on the Soviet experience of building socialism and his competitive zeal to surpass Stalin by building socialism in China faster than Stalin had achieved it in the Soviet Union. The timing of the change arose from Mao's belief that China was ready to begin building socialism and from his interpreting an ambiguous statement Stalin made in October 1952 as an endorsement of the policy shift. Situating its analysis within the larger context of the world communist movement, this carefully researched book will have a profound impact on the fields of communist studies and Sino-Soviet relations and in studies of Mao, Stalin, and their relationship.

Workers at War

Labor in the Nationalist Arsenals of Chongqing, 1937-1949

Author: Joshua Harrison Howard

Publisher: N.A



Page: 1162

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Re-examining the Cold War

U.S.-China diplomacy, 1954-1973

Author: Robert S. Ross

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: History

Page: 504

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The twelve essays in this volume underscore the similarities between Chinese and American approaches to bilateral diplomacy and between their perceptions of each other's policy-making motivations. Much of the literature on U.S.-China relations posits that each side was motivated either by ideologically informed interests or by ideological assumptions about its counterpart. But as these contributors emphasize, newly accessible archives suggest rather that both Beijing and Washington developed a responsive and tactically adaptable foreign policy. Each then adjusted this policy in response to changing international circumstances and changing assessments of its counterpart's policies. Motivated less by ideology than by pragmatic national security concerns, each assumed that the other faced similar considerations.