Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: David Darmofal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521888263

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

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This book shows how to model the spatial interactions between actors that are at the heart of the social sciences.

Time Series Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier,John R. Freeman,Matthew P. Hitt,Jon C. W. Pevehouse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316060500

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Time series, or longitudinal, data are ubiquitous in the social sciences. Unfortunately, analysts often treat the time series properties of their data as a nuisance rather than a substantively meaningful dynamic process to be modeled and interpreted. Time Series Analysis for the Social Sciences provides accessible, up-to-date instruction and examples of the core methods in time series econometrics. Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier, John R. Freeman, Jon C. Pevehouse and Matthew P. Hitt cover a wide range of topics including ARIMA models, time series regression, unit-root diagnosis, vector autoregressive models, error-correction models, intervention models, fractional integration, ARCH models, structural breaks, and forecasting. This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students who have taken at least one course in multivariate regression. Examples are drawn from several areas of social science, including political behavior, elections, international conflict, criminology, and comparative political economy.


Event History Modeling

A Guide for Social Scientists

Author: Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier,Janet M.. Box-Steffensmeier,Bradford S. Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546737

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 3375

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Event History Modeling provides an accessible, up-to-date guide to event history analysis for researchers and advanced students in the social sciences. The authors explain the foundational principles of event-history analysis, and analyse numerous examples which they estimate and interpret using standard statistical packages, such as STATA and S-Plus. They review recent and critical innovations in diagnostics, including testing the proportional hazards assumption, identifying outliers, and assessing model fit. They also discuss common problems encountered with time-to-event data, and make recommendations regarding the implementation of duration modeling methods.

Counterfactuals and Causal Inference

Methods and Principles for Social Research

Author: Stephen L. Morgan,Christopher Winship

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139465908

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5627

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Did mandatory busing programs in the 1970s increase the school achievement of disadvantaged minority youth? Does obtaining a college degree increase an individual's labor market earnings? Did the use of the butterfly ballot in some Florida counties in the 2000 presidential election cost Al Gore votes? If so, was the number of miscast votes sufficiently large to have altered the election outcome? At their core, these types of questions are simple cause-and-effect questions. Simple cause-and-effect questions are the motivation for much empirical work in the social sciences. This book presents a model and set of methods for causal effect estimation that social scientists can use to address causal questions such as these. The essential features of the counterfactual model of causality for observational data analysis are presented with examples from sociology, political science, and economics.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

Author: Kai L. Chung

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642670334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 5940

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Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1


Bruchmechanik

Mit einer Einführung in die Mikromechanik

Author: Dietmar Gross

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540371141

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 4911

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Grundlegende Prinzipien und Arbeitsmethoden der Bruch- und Mikromechanik: Im Vordergrund steht die mechanische Beschreibung, wobei diese Einführung auch materialspezifische Aspekte diskutiert. Auf kontinuumsmechanische Grundlagen folgt ein Einblick in die klassischen Bruch- und Versagenshypothesen sowie in makro- und mikroskopische Phänomene des Bruchs. Ein umfangreicher Teil ist der linearen und elastisch-plastischen Bruchmechanik gewidmet.

Neue Trends in den Sozialwissenschaften

Innovative Techniken für qualitative und quantitative Forschung

Author: Sebastian Jäckle

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658171898

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 6601

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Dieses Buch stellt einige wichtige und zukunftsträchtige neuere Methoden in den Sozialwissenschaften vor. Ziel des Buches ist, einerseits deren Grundlogik zu klären und andererseits zu zeigen, inwiefern sie den klassischen Methodenkatalog sinnvoll ergänzen können. Dazu wird das Spektrum an mit diesen Techniken bearbeitbaren Fragestellungen aufgezeigt, Beispielarbeiten diskutiert, nötige Voraussetzungen z.B. in Bezug auf die Datenqualität angesprochen, und damit insgesamt das Potential dieser Verfahren veranschaulicht. Zudem gibt jeder Beitrag praktische Tipps für die Umsetzung eigener Forschungsarbeiten und anhand kommentierter Literaturempfehlungen Ansatzpunkte für die intensivere Beschäftigung mit den Methoden. Daneben wird (sofern angebracht) kurz diskutiert welche Softwarepakete sich für die Anwendung eignen.

In Search of a Pedagogy of Conflict and Dialogue for Mathematics Education

Author: Renuka Vithal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402015045

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 3666

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In Search of a Pedagogy for Conflict and Dialogue for Mathematics Education is of interest to mathematics educators, researchers in mathematics education, gender, social justice, equity and democracy in education; and practitioners/teachers interested in the use of project work in mathematics teaching and learning. This book brings together diverse recent developments exploring social, cultural political dimensions in mathematics education. It builds theoretical ideas from a careful substantial description of practice, in the attempt to improve both theory and practice in mathematics education. In doing so it interrogates and develops theoretical research tools for mathematics education and simultaneously provides ideas for practice in mathematics classrooms.

SPSS Step by Step

Essentials for Social and Political Science

Author: Cole Davis

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447306279

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 7825

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A logically ordered guide to analysing everyday problems, SPSS Step by Step is distinctive in being both easy to grasp and readable.

Statistik für Dummies

Author: Deborah Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527705945

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 7810

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Entdecken Sie mit "Statistik für Dummies" Ihren Spaß an der Statistik und werfen Sie einen Blick hinter die Kulissen der so beliebten Manipulation von Zahlenmaterial! Deborah Rumsey zeigt Ihnen das nötige statistische Handwerkszeug wie Stichprobe, Wahrscheinlichkeit, Bias, Median, Durchschnitt und Korrelation. Sie lernen die verschiedenen grafischen Darstellungsmöglichkeiten von statistischem Material kennen und werden über die unterschiedlichen Methoden der Auswertung erstaunt sein. Schärfen Sie mit diesem Buch Ihr Bewusstsein für Zahlen und deren Interpretation, so dass Ihnen keiner mehr etwas vormachen kann!

Linguistic Fuzzy Logic Methods in Social Sciences

Author: Badredine Arfi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642133428

Category: Computers

Page: 185

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The book, titled “Linguistic Fuzzy-Logic Methods in Social Sciences,” is a first in its kind. Linguistic fuzzy logic theory deals with sets or categories whose boundaries are blurry or, in other words, “fuzzy,” and which are expressed in a formalism that uses “words” to compute, not numbers, termed in engineering as “soft computing.” This book presents an accessible introduction to this linguistic fuzzy logic methodology, focusing on its applicability to social sciences. Specifically, this is the first book to propose an approach based on linguistic fuzzy-logic and the method of computing with words to the analysis of decision making processes, strategic interactions, causality, and data analysis in social sciences. The project consists of systematic, theoretical and practical discussions and developments of these new methods as well as their applications to various substantive issues of interest to international relations scholars, political scientists, and social scientists in general.

Mathematics Education as a Research Domain: A Search for Identity

An ICMI Study

Author: Anna Sierpinska,Jeremy Kilpatrick

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401151946

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 9174

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No one disputes how important it is, in today's world, to prepare students to un derstand mathematics as well as to use and communicate mathematics in their future lives. That task is very difficult, however. Refocusing curricula on funda mental concepts, producing new teaching materials, and designing teaching units based on 'mathematicians' common sense' (or on logic) have not resulted in a better understanding of mathematics by more students. The failure of such efforts has raised questions suggesting that what was missing at the outset of these proposals, designs, and productions was a more profound knowledge of the phenomena of learning and teaching mathematics in socially established and culturally, politically, and economically justified institutions - namely, schools. Such knowledge cannot be built by mere juxtaposition of theories in disci plines such as psychology, sociology, and mathematics. Psychological theories focus on the individual learner. Theories of sociology of education look at the general laws of curriculum development, the specifics of pedagogic discourse as opposed to scientific discourse in general, the different possible pedagogic rela tions between the teacher and the taught, and other general problems in the inter face between education and society. Mathematics, aside from its theoretical contents, can be looked at from historical and epistemological points of view, clarifying the genetic development of its concepts, methods, and theories. This view can shed some light on the meaning of mathematical concepts and on the difficulties students have in teaching approaches that disregard the genetic development of these concepts.

A Mathematics Course for Political and Social Research

Author: Will H. Moore,David A. Siegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691159171

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 4460

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Political science and sociology increasingly rely on mathematical modeling and sophisticated data analysis, and many graduate programs in these fields now require students to take a "math camp" or a semester-long or yearlong course to acquire the necessary skills. Available textbooks are written for mathematics or economics majors, and fail to convey to students of political science and sociology the reasons for learning often-abstract mathematical concepts. A Mathematics Course for Political and Social Research fills this gap, providing both a primer for math novices in the social sciences and a handy reference for seasoned researchers. The book begins with the fundamental building blocks of mathematics and basic algebra, then goes on to cover essential subjects such as calculus in one and more than one variable, including optimization, constrained optimization, and implicit functions; linear algebra, including Markov chains and eigenvectors; and probability. It describes the intermediate steps most other textbooks leave out, features numerous exercises throughout, and grounds all concepts by illustrating their use and importance in political science and sociology. Uniquely designed and ideal for students and researchers in political science and sociology Uses practical examples from political science and sociology Features "Why Do I Care?" sections that explain why concepts are useful Includes numerous exercises Complete online solutions manual (available only to professors, email david.siegel at duke.edu, subject line "Solution Set") Selected solutions available online to students

Migration und Integration

Eine Einführung

Author: Kirsten Hoesch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658097361

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 4862

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Dieses Buch gibt einen breit angelegten und anschaulichen Überblick über internationale Migration und Integration. Im Mittelpunkt stehen die unterschiedlichen Erscheinungsformen von Migration wie Flucht, Arbeitsmigration, Familienmigration etc. In drei in sich abgeschlossenen Teilen werden Triebfedern und politische Gestaltung von Migration und Integration auf drei Ebenen dargestellt: einer abstrakten konzeptionellen, einer international vergleichenden sowie der Ebene der Migrationspolitik in Deutschland seit 1945. Dabei wird das Geschehen aus der Perspektive der zentralen Akteurinnen und Akteure analysiert, nämlich der Migrantinnen und Migranten selbst, der aufnehmenden und entsendenden Staaten sowie der nicht-staatlichen Akteurinnen und Akteure (Unternehmen, Zivilgesellschaft, Netzwerke).

Sociocultural Research on Mathematics Education

An International Perspective

Author: Bill Atweh,Helen Forgasz,Ben Nebres

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135653119

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 7495

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This volume--the first to bring together research on sociocultural aspects of mathematics education--presents contemporary and international perspectives on social justice and equity issues that impact mathematics education. In particular, it highlights the importance of three interacting and powerful factors--gender, social, and cultural dimensions. Sociocultural Research on Mathematics Education: An International Perspective is distinguished in several ways: * It is research based. Chapters report on significant research projects; present a comprehensive and critical summary of the research findings; and offer a critical discussion of research methods and theoretical perspectives undertaken in the area. * It is future oriented, presenting recommendations for practice and policy and identifying areas for further research. * It deals with all aspects of formal and informal mathematics education and applications and all levels of formal schooling. As the context of mathematics education rapidly changes-- with an increased demand for mathematically literate citizenship; an increased awareness of issues of equity, inclusivity, and accountability; and increased efforts for globalization of curriculum development and research-- questions are being raised more than ever before about the problems of teaching and learning mathematics from a non-cognitive science perspective. This book contributes significantly to addressing such issues and answering such questions. It is especially relevant for researchers, graduate students, and policymakers in the field of mathematics education.