Evidence-Based Decision Making in Dentistry

Multidisciplinary Management of the Natural Dentition

Author: Eyal Rosen,Carlos E. Nemcovsky,Igor Tsesis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319457330

Category: Medical

Page: 141

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This clinically oriented book covers all aspects of the evidence-based decision making process in multidisciplinary management of the natural dentition. The book opens by clarifying the principles of evidence-based decision making and explaining how these principles should be applied in daily practice. Individual chapters then focus specifically, and in detail, on endodontic, periodontal, and prosthetic considerations, identifying aspects that need to be integrated into decision making and treatment planning. Evidence-based decision making with regard to preservation of the natural tooth versus extraction and implant placement is then discussed, and a concluding chapter examines likely future trends in dentistry and how they may affect clinical decision making. The authors include leading endodontists, periodontists, and prosthodontists. Given the multidisciplinary and comprehensive nature of the book, it will be relevant and interesting to the entire dental community.

Orthodontic Treatment of Impacted Teeth

Author: Adrian Becker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444336754

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 5073

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Orthodontic Treatment of Impacted Teeth provides its readers with a gold–standard resource to tackle common, complex and multi–factorial clinical scenarios. Rooted firmly in the scientific reality, it also provides a valuable repository of the evidence–base for this subject area. The third edition of this classic text has been fully revised and updated to reflect the latest advances in research and clinical practice. It discusses recent developments in the periodontal outcome of surgical exposure of impacted teeth, and also incorporates more protocols for routine cases. This enables clinicians to develop their skills in the simpler cases, as well as to improve their understanding of complex and rare presentations. An especially useful chapter looks at failure and impending failure, providing a valuable insight into the real life management of impacted teeth. The author describes how to recognize failure and proposes ways to avoid it, frequently illustrating them with cases from his own clinic. KEY FEATURES • Fully revised and updated classic • Coverage expanded to include protocols for routine, as well as complex cases • Includes new chapter on extreme tooth displacement and complicating factors • Provides unparalleled coverage of the evidence base • Highly illustrated in full colour

Tooth Whitening

An Evidence-Based Perspective

Author: Jorge Perdigão

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319388495

Category: Medical

Page: 268

View: 8562

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This book reviews the evidence relating to the mechanisms, clinical efficacy, safety/toxicity, and clinical application of tooth whitening techniques and materials. All clinical techniques are profusely illustrated step by step. The book is divided into four parts, the first of which explains how tooth whitening with peroxides works and examines the overall safety of peroxides and potential complications. The findings of clinical trials with peroxide-based materials for clinical practice are then examined, with discussion of a wide range of issues in at-home whitening and in-office whitening. The third part focuses on the techniques of enamel microabrasion and resin infiltration, which entail removal of a microscopic layer of enamel and may be used to improve tooth color either alone or in combination with peroxides. The concluding part includes a variety of informative clinical cases using combined bleaching and restorative techniques for discolored teeth. Tooth Whitening — An Evidence-Based Perspective will be of interest for dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants, and others with an interest in the subject

Evidence-Based Periodontal and Peri-Implant Plastic Surgery

A Clinical Roadmap from Function to Aesthetics

Author: Leandro Chambrone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319139754

Category: Medical

Page: 323

View: 6464

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This atlas, featuring numerous superb illustrations and vivid photographs, aims to create a bridge between research and practice in the field of periodontal plastic surgery and cosmetic dentistry with a view to enabling optimal decision making in daily practice. After an opening overview of evidence-based decision making and discussion of treatment planning, subsequent chapters address the surgical treatment of recession-type defects, use of soft tissue substitutes, aesthetic clinical crown lengthening and peri-implant plastic surgery. Illustrated case studies depict application of the described surgical procedures in daily practice and advice is provided on clinical indications and contraindications and basics of the surgical sequence. In addition, critical summaries of the results of systematic reviews are provided. Further chapters consider aspects of multidisciplinary decision-making and present decision trees for soft tissue augmentation procedures proposed by the American Academy of Periodontology. The atlas will be a valuable clinical guide for general dentists and specialists in periodontology/periodontics and implantology.

Rehabilitation in Movement Disorders

Author: Robert Iansek,Meg E. Morris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110701400X

Category: Medical

Page: 268

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Provides a broad overview of current rehabilitation approaches, emphasizing the need for interdisciplinary management and focussing on deliverable outcomes.

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

Author: Claudine Burton-Jeangros,Stéphane Cullati,Amanda Sacker,David Blane

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331920484X

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 6623

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This open access book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time. The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations. Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Decision Making in Dental Implantology

Atlas of Surgical and Restorative Approaches

Author: Mauro Tosta,Gastão Soares de Moura Filho,Leandro Chambrone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119225949

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 362

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Decision Making in Dental Implantology: Atlas of Surgical and Restorative Approaches offers an image-based resource to both the surgical and restorative aspects of implant therapy, presenting more than 2,000 color images with an innovative case-by-case approach. Takes a highly pictorial approach to all aspects of implant dentistry Discusses both the surgical and restorative aspects of implant therapy in a single resource Describes a wide range of clinical scenarios likely to be encountered in daily practice Covers anterior, posterior, and full-mouth restorations Presents more than 2,000 color images showing the basic concepts and clinical cases

Functional Occlusion in Restorative Dentistry and Prosthodontics

Author: Iven Klineberg,Steven Eckert

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723438463

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 7148

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A thorough understanding of occlusion - although absolutely crucial for safe clinical practice - affords a particular challenge for many dental students and practitioners. Particularly relevant to the practise of restorative dentistry and prosthodontics, this subject is also highly applicable to orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery. Within this context, this brand new volume provides an accessible, comprehensive guide to this highly complex field accompanied by on-line clinical videos and dynamic MRI scans which are designed to support the text and further explain the principles involved.

Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: Ugur Erdemir,Esra Yildiz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319243616

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 2006

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​This book offers detailed guidance on integrated orthodontic, periodontal, and restorative solutions for the treatment of diastema, highlighting the advantages of such a multidisciplinary approach and presenting suitable clinical protocols for esthetic reconstruction and functional improvement. The coverage includes discussion of diagnosis and explanation of important elements of dentofacial, dentolabial, and dental analysis and relevant soft tissue aspects. Clear advice is provided on treatment planning, and the various treatment options are fully described, with consideration of new materials and techniques and attention to timing and sequencing. The book benefits from the inclusion of numerous clinical case photos. It will be an excellent aid to the management of patients in whom correction of diastemas is only possible through multidisciplinary interventions.

Communicating Risks and Benefits

An Evidence Based User's Guide

Author: Baruch Fischhoff

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160901799

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 5603

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Effective risk communication is essential to the well-being of any organization and those people who depend on it. Ineffective communication can cost lives, money and reputations. Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide provides the scientific foundations for effective communications. The book authoritatively summarizes the relevant research, draws out its implications for communication design, and provides practical ways to evaluate and improve communications for any decision involving risks and benefits. Topics include the communication of quantitative information and warnings, the roles of emotion and the news media, the effects of age and literacy, and tests of how well communications meet the organization’s goals. The guide will help users in any organization, with any budget, to make the science of their communications as sound as the science that they are communicating.

Vertical Root Fractures in Dentistry

Author: Aviad Tamse,Igor Tsesis,Eyal Rosen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319168479

Category: Medical

Page: 133

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In this book, leading experts provide a comprehensive overview of vertical root fractures (VRFs) in endodontically treated teeth, which may be associated with potentially severe damage to the supporting bone. A helpful categorization of the various tooth and root fractures is presented and etiological factors are identified, with discussion of anatomical and biomechanical aspects and the dynamics of root fracture. The clinical and radiographic features of VRFs are described and illustrated in detail in order to help the clinician to achieve accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Management of the tooth and the socket after extraction is fully explained, and novel treatment alternatives for the preservation of VRF teeth are proposed. The book concludes by considering medicolegal aspects. Both endodontists and general dentists will benefit greatly from the guidance offered on the common and clinically challenging phenomenon of VRFs.

Guideline: Sugars Intake for Adults and Children

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241549025

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 50

View: 1448

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This guideline provides updated global, evidence-informed recommendations on the intake of free sugars to reduce the risk of NCDs in adults and children, with a particular focus on the prevention and control of unhealthy weight gain and dental caries. The recommendations in this guideline can be used by policy-makers and programme managers to assess current intake levels of free sugars in their countries relative to a benchmark. They can also be used to develop measures to decrease intake of free sugars, where necessary, through a range of public health interventions. Examples of such interventions and measures that are already being implemented by countries include food and nutrition labelling, consumer education, regulation of marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages that are high in free sugars, and fiscal policies targeting foods and beverages that are high in free sugars. This guideline should be used in conjunction with other nutrient guidelines and dietary goals, in particular those related to fats and fatty acids (including saturated fatty acids and trans-fatty acids), to guide development of effective public health nutrition policies and programmes to promote a healthy diet.

Decision Making in Periodontology

Author: Walter B. Hall

Publisher: Mosby Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 293

View: 767

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DECISION MAKING IN PERIODONTOLOGY illustrates the thought precesses in the field of periodontics that determine optimal therapy for an individual patient. The approach entails the use of a decision tree for each clinical problem or situation; this is accompanied by a brief explanation of the basis for each decision. The chapters present common clinical problems in a format that enables the reader to find solutions more easily than in traditional texts. In addition, several readily available references are included with each chapter. The text is organized into eleven sections from the most basic to the most complex for assistance with problem solving in dental practices. Sections include: History Taking, Indications for Collecting and Recording Data, Signs and Symptoms, Initial Therapy Evaluation, and Detecting and Recording Findings, Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Planning (among others) that focus on clinician's concerns. * Each chapter includes several readily available references, organized into sections from most basic to most complex. * Decision tree format is provided for each clinical problem or situation. * Signs and symptoms section presents unique diagnostic approach options shown in the algorithms. * Includes decision trees that address periodontal treatment for impacted third molars and five different types of implants.

Oral health of Australian children

The National Child Oral Health Study 2012–14

Author: Loc G. Do,A. John Spencer

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 1925261417

Category: Medical

Page: 367

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This collaborative work provides a detailed snapshot of child oral health in Australia. In doing so, it describes the levels of dental caries and its components, dental fluorosis and other oral health conditions and how they vary by social characteristics. It also describes protective factors such as toothbrushing, the use of fluoridated toothpastes and making dental visits. The 2012–14 National Child Oral Health Study (NCOHS) was a cross-sectional study of the child population aged 5 to 14 years in Australia. A total of 24,664 children from 841 participating schools completed the study. The study sample was selected in a complex multistage, stratified sampling design. Sophisticated weighting procedure was employed to adjust for variations in probabilities of selection and response rates. Therefore, this report presents estimates as representative of child oral health in Australia. Information was collected via a parental questionnaire and a detailed dental examination by trained dental professionals.

Dentine Hypersensitivity

Developing a Person-centred Approach to Oral Health

Author: Peter Glenn Robinson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128016582

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 3066

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Dentine Hypersensitivity: Developing a Person-Centred Approach to Oral Health provides a detailed and integrated account of interdisciplinary research into dentine hypersensitivity. The monograph will be of interest to all those working on person centred oral health related research because it provides not only an account of the findings of a series of studies into dentine hypersensitivity drawing on the research traditions of epidemiology, sociology psychology, and dental public health but an integrated study of the benefits of exploring a single oral condition from this range of disciplines. Provides an introduction to Dentine Hypersensitivity, and uses a multidisciplinary approach to detail interdisciplinary research on the subject Outlines the clinical presentation of Dentine Hypersensitivity and the underlying physiological mechanisms Presents a case study of how social and behavioral science can bright new insights into the experience, treatment, and fundamental knowledge of an important dental condition Written by prominent dentists, psychologists, sociologists, and industry scientists working specifically on the topic of Dentine Hypersensitivity and its subsequent research

Pregnancy and Oral Health

The Critical Connection Between Your Mouth and Your Baby

Author: Sheila Wolf

Publisher: Radcliffe Pub

ISBN: 9780974052809

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 167

View: 2429

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Four out of five Americans, and a similar proportion of people around the world, suffer from gum disease. In addition to increasing the risks of heart attack, stroke, diabetic complications and other life-threatening health problems, gum infections pose a particular risk to mothers-to-be. Pregnant women with severe gum infections are seven times more likely to have a premature or low birth weight baby, prone to serious illness and even death. Of the four million babies born each year in the US, more than 460,000 are born too early or too small. Drawing on more than thirty years' experience as a dental hygienist at the forefront of non-surgical periodontal care, Sheila is bringing a crucial message to expectant mothers. Pregnancy and Oral Health contains vital information and a simple, anti-bacterial self-care program that safeguards mother and baby against the dangerous consequences of oral infections, succeeding where the outdated methods of traditional dentistry fail.

The Future of Nursing

Leading Change, Advancing Health

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309208955

Category: Medical

Page: 700

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The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.

Evaluation and Management of Cleft Lip and Palate

A Developmental Perspective

Author: David J. Zajac,Linda D. Vallino

Publisher: Plural Publishing

ISBN: 1597569569

Category: Medical

Page: 418

View: 9115

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Evaluation and Management of Cleft Lip and Palate: A Developmental Perspectiveprovides fundamental knowledge of cleft palate anomalies and the current state of evidence-based practice relative to evaluation and management. This text contains information on the standard of care for children born with craniofacial anomalies from a developmental perspective along with clinical case studies to help facilitate understanding of the material. This graduate-level text targets speech-language pathology students, as well as audiology students, medical students, and graduate students studying communication disorders. Why adopt this textbook: Provides a developmental focus that provides a better understanding of the nature of craniofacial problems and the timetable for management and treatmentCovers material in a data-driven and evidenced based format, blending scholarly and clinical informationWell-illustrated with clear colored pictures-many of which are actual structures and people rather than line drawings-including pre- and post-treatment resultsPresents the role of the speech-language pathologist in all aspects of care (i.e., before and after surgery from infancy to adulthood)Emphasizes oral conditions (dental and occlusal) that impact speech in the school-aged childFull color text with more than 200 images Compared with other textbooks this book covers: An entire chapter devoted to adults with cleft lip and palate underscoring quality of lifeAn entire chapter on the school-aged childA detailed chapter devoted to alveolar bone graft with detailed photo illustration and discussion of treatment outcomeDetailed chapter on maxillary advancement with detailed photos, discussion of treatment outcomes related to speech, airway, and hearingPresentation of surgical treatment based on development ageChapter on hearing offers a practical approach to ear problems and hearing loss associated with cleft and craniofacial anomalies, and provides a summary of hearing tests that should be familiar to the reader and suggestions about counseling familiesChapters on Speech Characteristics and Assessment are written from a speech science perspective and evidence-based

Pediatric Endodontics

Current Concepts in Pulp Therapy for Primary and Young Permanent Teeth

Author: Anna B. Fuks,Benjamin Peretz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319275534

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 8620

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This book provides dental professionals with a clear understanding of current clinical and scientific knowledge on the various aspects of pulp treatment for both primary and young permanent teeth. Diagnostic parameters are clearly presented, along with step-by-step descriptions of clinical procedures, including indirect and direct pulp treatments, pulpotomy, and pulpectomy. The rationale for the materials used in each technique and their individual merits and disadvantages are examined in detail. In the case of pulpotomy, all the materials used since the introduction of this treatment modality are discussed (e.g., formocresol, glutaraldehyde, ferric sulfate, and MTA) and the roles of sodium hypochlorite, electrofulguration, and laser therapy are elucidated. Special attention is devoted to pulpectomy and root canal treatment, with consideration of debriding and obturation techniques, rinsing solutions, and root-filling pastes. A further individual chapter is dedicated to restorations of teeth treated with the different types of pulp therapy. The various conservative treatment modalities are also presented, including specific treatments for immature nonvital permanent teeth. The concluding chapter looks to the future and the potential value of stem cells in pulp therapy.​

Dental Education at the Crossroads

Challenges and Change

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 19

View: 9628

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Six dental schools have closed in the last decade and others are in jeopardy. This book offers specific recommendations on oral health assessment, access to dental care, dental school curricula, financing for education, research priorities, examinations and licensing, and other key areas. It explores the relationship of dental education to the university, the dental profession, and society at large.