Five to Rule Them All

The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World

Author: David L. Bosco

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195328760

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 6961

Release On

From the Berlin Airlift to the Iraq War, the UN Security Council has stood at the heart of global politics. Part public theater, part smoke-filled backroom, the Council has enjoyed notable successes and suffered ignominious failures, but it has always provided a space for the five great powers to sit down together. Five to Rule Them All tells the inside story of this remarkable diplomatic creation. Drawing on extensive research, including dozens of interviews with serving and former ambassadors on the Council, the book chronicles political battles and personality clashes as it opens the closed doors of its meeting room. What emerges here is a revealing portrait of the most powerful diplomatic body in the world. When the five permanent members are united, David Bosco points out, the Council can wage war, impose blockades, redraw borders, unseat governments, and levy sanctions. There are almost no limits to its authority. Yet the Council exists in a world of realpolitik. Its members are, above all, powerful states with their own diverging interests. Time and again, the Council's performance has dashed the hope that its members would somehow work together to establish a more peaceful world. But if these lofty hopes have been unfulfilled, the Council has still served an invaluable purpose: to prevent conflict between the Great Powers. In this role, the Council has been an unheralded success. As Bosco reminds us, massacres in the Balkans and chaos in Iraq are human tragedies, but conflicts between the world's great powers in the nuclear age would be catastrophic. In this lively, fast-moving, and often humorous narrative, Bosco illuminates the role of the Security Council in the postwar world, making a compelling case for the enduring importance of the five who rule them all.

Der VN Sicherheitsrat und seine Reform

Zum Scheitern verurteilt?

Author: Johannes Bullmann

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 3842873514

Category: Political Science

Page: 108

View: 8289

Release On

Seit ihrer Gründung im Jahr 1945 haben die Vereinten Nationen (VN) zahlreiche epochale Veränderungen miterlebt, etwa den Ost-West-Konflikt, sein Ende oder den Krieg gegen den Terror. Im Laufe dieser historischen Einschnitte sah sich auch die Weltorganisation der Notwendigkeit kontinuierlicher Anpassungen ausgesetzt. Dies betraf und betrifft einerseits die neuen globalen Herausforderungen, wie die zunehmende Ungleichverteilung von Gütern zwischen der Ersten und der Dritten Welt, und andererseits teilweise damit einhergehende Veränderungen der VN-Strukturen. So hat sich beispielsweise seit ihrer Gründung die Mitgliederzahl mehr als verdreifacht, was fortwährende Anpassungen an die Organisation von Abläufen und Prozessen innerhalb der Gremien und einzelnen Arbeitsbereiche der VN notwendig gemacht hat. Eines der wichtigsten Organe, das bislang von jeglichem Wandel nahezu unangetastet geblieben ist, stellt der Sicherheitsrat (SR) der VN dar. Es wird untersucht, warum die von verschiedenen Seiten innerhalb der VN vorgetragenen Forderungen einer grundlegenden Reformierung des VN-Sicherheitsrates bislang nicht umgesetzt worden sind. Konkret geht es um die Reformbemühungen 1997, 2005 und die Debatte seit 2007.

The Congress of Vienna and its Legacy

War and Great Power Diplomacy After Napoleon

Author: Mark Jarrett

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1784530565

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 7827

Release On

Two centuries ago, Europe emerged from one of the greatest crises in its history. In September 1814, the rulers of Europe and their ministers descended upon Vienna to reconstruct Europe after two decades of revolution and war, with the major decisions made by the statesmen of the great powers - Castlereagh, Metternich, Talleyrand, Hardenberg and Emperor Alexander of Russia. The territorial reconstruction of Europe, however, is only a part of this story. It was followed, in the years 1815 to 1822, by a bold experiment in international cooperation and counter-revolution, known as the 'Congress System'. The Congress of Vienna and subsequent Congresses constituted a major turning point - the first genuine attempt to forge an 'international order', to bring long-term peace to a troubled Europe, and to control the pace of political change through international supervision and intervention. In this book, Mark Jarrett argues that the decade of the European Congresses in fact marked the beginning of our modern era, with a profound impact upon the course of subsequent developments. Based upon extensive research, this book provides a fresh look at a pivotal but often neglected period.

The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War

Author: Artemy M. Kalinovsky,Craig Daigle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134700652

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 7003

Release On

This new Handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of current scholarship on the Cold War, with essays from many leading scholars. The field of Cold War history has consistently been one of the most vibrant in the field of international studies. Recent scholarship has added to our understanding of familiar Cold War events, such as the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and superpower détente, and shed new light on the importance of ideology, race, modernization, and transnational movements. The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War draws on the wealth of new Cold War scholarship, bringing together essays on a diverse range of topics such as geopolitics, military power and technology and strategy. The chapters also address the importance of non-state actors, such as scientists, human rights activists and the Catholic Church, and examine the importance of development, foreign aid and overseas assistance. The volume is organised into nine parts: Part I: The Early Cold War Part II: Cracks in the Bloc Part III: Decolonization, Imperialism and its Consequences Part IV: The Cold War in the Third World Part V: The Era of Detente Part VI: Human Rights and Non-State Actors Part VII: Nuclear Weapons, Technology and Intelligence Part VIII: Psychological Warfare, Propaganda and Cold War Culture Part IX: The End of the Cold War This new Handbook will be of great interest to all students of Cold War history, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.

Global Politics and the Responsibility to Protect

From Words to Deeds

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868631

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9169

Release On

This book provides an in-depth introduction to, and analysis of, the issues relating to the implementation of the recent Responsibility to Protect principle in international relations The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) has come a long way in a short space of time. It was endorsed by the General Assembly of the UN in 2005, and unanimously reaffirmed by the Security Council in 2006 (Resolution 1674) and 2009 (Resolution 1894). UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has identified the challenge of implementing RtoP as one of the cornerstones of his Secretary-Generalship. The principle has also become part of the working language of international engagement with humanitarian crises and has been debated in relation to almost every recent international crisis – including Sudan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Georgia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and Somalia. Concentrating mainly on implementation challenges including the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities, strengthening the UN’s capacity to respond, and the role of regional organizations, this book introducing readers to contemporary debates on R2P and provides the first book-length analysis of the implementation agenda. The book will be of great interest to students of the responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, human rights, foreign policy, security studies and IR and politics in general.

When International Law Works

Realistic Idealism After 9/11 and the Global Recession

Author: Tai-Heng Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195370171

Category: LAW

Page: 341

View: 5325

Release On

When International Law Works stands to change the way that governments and scholars look at this contentious topic. In this seminal work, Professor Tai-Heng Cheng presents a new framework that nations should consider when they confront an international problem that implicates the often competing interests of their own communities and the global legal order. To demonstrate how his new proposal for approaching international law would work in a real crisis, Cheng provides numerous case studies from contemporary history. By thus combining theory with practice, When International Law Works gives policymakers, academics, and students 'real world' guidance on how to face new global problems.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7569

Release On

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Rough Justice

The International Criminal Court's Battle to Fix the World, One Prosecution at a Time

Author: David Bosco

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199844135

Category: History

Page: 297

View: 8279

Release On

The story of the movement to establish the International Criminal Court, its tumultuous first decade, and the challenges it will continue to face in the future.

The United Nations Security Council and War

The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

Author: Vaughan Lowe,Adam Roberts,Jennifer Welsh,Dominik Zaum

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191614939

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 9482

Release On

This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been - and was never equipped to be - the centre of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945. This study examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees. The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information - much of it not previously brought together in this form - of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities. This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.

Parlament der Menschheit

die Vereinten Nationen und der Weg zur Weltregierung

Author: Paul M. Kennedy

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406563287

Category: International relations

Page: 400

View: 9035

Release On


The Thin Justice of International Law

A Moral Reckoning of the Law of Nations

Author: Steven R. Ratner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191009113

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 6208

Release On

In a world full of armed conflict and human misery, global justice remains one of the most compelling missions of our time. Understanding the promises and limitations of global justice demands a careful appreciation of international law, the web of binding norms and institutions that help govern the behaviour of states and other global actors. This book provides a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice, one that integrates the work and insights of international law and contemporary ethics. It asks whether the core norms of international law are just, appraising them according to a standard of global justice derived from the fundamental values of peace and the protection of human rights. Through a combination of a careful explanation of the legal norms and philosophical argument, Ratner concludes that many international law norms meet such a standard of justice, even as distinct areas of injustice remain within the law and the verdict is still out on others. Among the subjects covered in the book are the rules on the use of force, self-determination, sovereign equality, the decision making procedures of key international organizations, the territorial scope of human rights obligations (including humanitarian intervention), and key areas of international economic law. Ultimately, the book shows how an understanding of international law's moral foundations will enrich the global justice debate, while exposing the ethical consequences of different rules.

Demain, qui gouvernera le monde ?

Author: Jacques Attali

Publisher: Fayard

ISBN: 2213665079

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 7458

Release On

L'Union européenne (UE) est devenue une forteresse ultralibérale. D'élargissement en élargissement, de guerre économique en ouverture des marchés, le piège de la construction européenne s'est refermé sur les peuples, priés d'accepter cet eurolibéralisme à marche forcée. Devant le mécontentement grandissant des citoyens, certains partis appellent à réformer « l'Europe » de l'intérieur, sans jamais dire comment y parvenir. Rien de surprenant, puisque les institutions furent verrouillées pour, justement, interdire tout changement d'orientation. Des gouvernements traînent parfois des pieds, et retardent la transcription de directive quitte à se faire tirer l'oreille. Mais ils finissent toujours par se plier aux exigences libérales du droit communautaire. Pour rompre avec cette Europe du capitalisme, il faut assumer une autre position : celle de la désobéissance européenne. Mettre en place des politiques sociales et environnementales nécessitera souvent de construire un droit national en rupture avec le droit européen. Il faudra inverser la hiérarchie des normes pour que ce droit national prime à nouveau sur le droit communautaire. Tout le monde le sait, mais personne ne le dit. C'est la raison pour laquelle les programmes politiques de nombreux partis progressistes sont totalement incohérents et conduisent à l'échec électoral. Face au plus grand tabou politique de notre époque, ce livre met les pieds dans le plat : des États courageux, à commencer par la France, doivent provoquer une crise institutionnelle salutaire en désobéissant à l'UE.

Donald J. Trump: Great again!

Wie ich Amerika retten werde

Author: Donald J. Trump

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864703859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 3972

Release On

Zieht "The Donald" ins Weiße Haus? Für seine Fans verheißt er die Rückkehr goldener Zeiten. Für seine Gegner ist er wahlweise ein Lügner, ein Großmaul, ein Demagoge, ein Rassist oder vieles mehr. Ganz egal, wie man zu ihm steht – der Immobilien-Tycoon ist dem mächtigsten Amt der Welt bereits näher gekommen, als alle es für möglich gehalten hätten. Zeit also, sich zumindest einmal mit seinen Ansichten vertraut zu machen. Diese finden sich in seinem aktuellen Buch, in dem er, wen wundert's, darlegt, wie er sein geschundenes Land wieder zu alter Größe führen kann. Ein Buch das polarisieren wird. Ein Buch, das man gelesen haben sollte, um über die Person Donald Trump mitreden zu können.

Die 4-Stunden-Woche

Mehr Zeit, mehr Geld, mehr Leben

Author: Timothy Ferriss

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843704457

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 1520

Release On

Warum arbeiten wir uns eigentlich zu Tode? Haben wir nichts Besseres zu tun? Und ob! - sagt Timothy Ferriss. Der junge Unternehmer war lange Workaholic mit 80-Stunden-Woche. Doch dann erfand er MBA- Management by Absence- und ist seitdem freier, reicher, glücklicher. Mit viel Humor, provokanten Denkanstößen und erprobten Tipps erklärt Ferriss, wie sich die 4-Stunden-Woche bei vollem Lohnausgleich verwirklichen lässt. Der Wegweiser für eine Flucht aus dem Hamsterrad und ein Manifest für eine neue Gewichtung zwischen Leben und Arbeiten.


The History of the Antient Abbeys, Monasteries, Hospitals, Cathedral and Collegiate Churches

Being Two Additional Volumes to Sir William Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum: Containing the Original and First Establishment of All the Religious Orders that Ever Were in Great Britain ... Not Spoken of by Sir William Dugdale, and Mr. Dodsworth. The Foundations of Their Several Monasteries ...

Author: John Stevens

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cathedrals

Page: N.A

View: 7811

Release On


Human Rights

Between Idealism and Realism

Author: Christian Tomuschat

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191506699

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 8293

Release On

This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavours to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.

Afghanistan from the Cold War through the War on Terror

Author: Barnett R. Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199970416

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9122

Release On

One of our foremost authorities on modern Afghanistan, Barnett R. Rubin has dedicated much of his career to the study of this remote mountain country. He served as a special advisor to the late Ambassador Richard Holbrooke during his final mission to the region and still serves the Obama administration under Holbrooke's successor, Ambassador Marc Grossman. Now Rubin distills his unmatched knowledge of Afghanistan in this invaluable book. He shows how the Taliban arose in resistance to warlords some of whom who were raping and plundering with impunity in the vacuum of authority left by the collapse of the Afghan state after the Soviet withdrawal. The Taliban built on a centuries-old tradition of local leadership by students and teachers at independent, rural madrasas--networks that had been marginalized by the state-building royal regime that was itself destroyed by the Soviets and radicalized by the resistance to the invasion. He examines the arrival of Arab Islamists, the missed opportunities after the American-led intervention, the role of Pakistan, and the challenges of reconstruction. Rubin provides first-hand accounts of the bargaining at both the Bonn Talks of 2001 and the Afghan Constitutional Loya Jirga of 2003-2004, in both of which he participated as a UN advisor. Throughout, he discusses the significance of ethnic rivalries, the drug trade, human rights, state-building, US strategic choices, and international organizations, analyzing the missteps in these areas taken by the international community since 2001. The book covers events till the start of the Obama administration, and the final chapters provide an inside look at some of the thinking that is shaping today's policy debates inside the administration. Authoritative, nuanced, and sweeping in scope, Afghanistan in the Post-Cold War Era provides deep insight into the greatest foreign policy challenge facing America today.

Ich bin Malala

Das Mädchen, das die Taliban erschießen wollten, weil es für das Recht auf Bildung kämpft

Author: Malala Yousafzai

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426424231

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 1328

Release On

Am 9. Oktober 2012 wird die junge Pakistanerin Malala Yousafzai auf ihrem Schulweg überfallen und niedergeschossen. Die Fünfzehnjährige hatte sich den Taliban widersetzt, die Mädchen verbieten, zur Schule zu gehen. Wie durch ein Wunder kommt Malala mit dem Leben davon. Als im Herbst 2013 ihr Buch "Ich bin Malala" erscheint, ist die Resonanz enorm: Weltweit wird über ihr Schicksal berichtet. Im Juli 2013 hält sie eine beeindruckende Rede vor den Vereinten Nationen. Barack Obama empfängt sie im Weißen Haus, und im Dezember erhält sie den Sacharow-Preis für geistige Freiheit, verliehen vom Europäischen Parlament. Malala Yousafzai lebt heute mit ihrer Familie in England, wo sie wieder zur Schule geht. Malala Yousafzai wird mit dem Friedensnobelpreis 2014 ausgezeichnet. »Dieses Memoir unterstreicht ihre besten Eigenschaften. Ihren Mut und ihre Entschlossenheit kann man nur bewundern. Ihr Hunger nach Bildung und Neugestaltung ist authentisch. Sie wirkt so unschuldig, und da ist diese unverwüstliche Zuversicht. Sie spricht mit einem solchen Gewicht, dass man vergisst, dass Malala erst 16 ist.« The Times »Niemand hat das Recht auf Bildung so knapp, so einprägsam und überzeugend zusammengefasst wie Malala Yousafzai, die tapferste Schülerin der Welt.« Berliner Zeitung »Der mutigste Teenager der Welt« Bild »Bewegend erzählt Malala Yousafzai ihr Schicksal.« Brigitte