Germs

Biological Weapons and America's Secret War

Author: Judith Miller,William J Broad,Stephen Engelberg

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439128154

Category: History

Page: 416

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In the wake of the anthrax letters following the attacks on the World Trade Center, Americans have begun to grapple with two difficult truths: that there is no terrorist threat more horrifying -- and less understood -- than germ warfare, and that it would take very little to mount a devastating attack on American soil. In Germs, three veteran reporters draw on top sources inside and outside the U.S. government to lay bare Washington's secret strategies for combating this deadly threat. Featuring an inside look at how germ warfare has been waged throughout history and what form its future might take (and in whose hands), Germs reads like a gripping detective story told by fascinating key figures: American and Soviet medical specialists who once made germ weapons but now fight their spread, FBI agents who track Islamic radicals, the Iraqis who built Saddam Hussein's secret arsenal, spies who travel the world collecting lethal microbes, and scientists who see ominous developments on the horizon. With clear scientific explanations and harrowing insights, Germs is a masterfully written -- and timely -- work of investigative journalism.


Biosecurity

Understanding, Assessing, and Preventing the Threat

Author: Ryan Burnette

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047061417X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 303

View: 5564

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"This book defines the concepts of biosecurity, biosafety, and biosurety and shows how they relate to one another under the overall framework of biodefense. The book also addresses biosecurity strategies for non-laboratory settings, including private sector facilities, the transportation infrastructure, and the food and agriculture sector including insurance, healthcare, the global supply chain, and agriculture. Discussions also include bioterrorism, biosecurity operations, various existing biosecurity programs, and biosecurity ethics. Designed to reach a wide variety of professionals, this resource provides a balanced and accessible look at biodefense and its applications"--

Germs, Biological Warfare, Vaccinations

What You Need to Know

Author: Gary Null,James Feast

Publisher: Seven Stories Press

ISBN: 9781583225189

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 7039

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In response to deepening concerns of the threat of germ warfare and bioterrorism, this is the first book to discuss traditional methods of combating germ warfare while also offering simple, natural alternative approaches to preventing and treating diseases caused by biological agents. Including a historical review of the use of biological weapons from 400 BC to today, a comprehensive listing of bacteria, viruses, fungi and toxins, as well as symptoms and treatment options, plus a full discussion of traditional versus alternative treatment options and full resource guide.

Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism, Second Edition

Author: Tushar K. Ghosh,Mark A. Prelas,Dabir S. Viswanath,Sudarshan K. Loyalka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439875618

Category: Social Science

Page: 604

View: 3178

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Traditionally, resources on terrorism and counterterrorism tend to focus on the social, behavioral, and legal aspects of the subject, with minimal emphasis on the scientific and technological aspects. Taking into account these practical considerations, the second edition of Science and Technology of Terrorism and Counterterrorism discusses the nature of terrorism and the materials used by terrorists. It describes how intelligence professionals and law enforcement personnel can detect and destroy these materials, and how they can deal with terrorist groups. This volume begins by introducing the shift in analysis of terrorist attacks after September 11, 2001 and summarizes selected case studies. It discusses the origin and nature of terrorism and the factors involved in diplomacy. Covering a broad range of topics, the book examines: Aerosol dispersion of toxic materials Bioterrorism and the manufacture, detection, and delivery of biological agents Agricultural terrorism Nuclear terrorism and nuclear weapons systems, threats, and safeguards Chemical terrorism, including manufacture, detection, delivery, and decontamination Cyber-terrorism Personal protective equipment The role of government at federal, state, and local levels The role of international agencies and their resources, capabilities, and responsibilities The National Infrastructure Protection Plan As terrorist activities increase globally, it is critical that those charged with protecting the public understand the myriad of ways in which terrorists operate. While we cannot predict where, when, and how terrorists will strike, our vigilance in staying abreast of the terrorist threat is the only way to have a fighting chance against those who seek to destroy our world.

Biological Weapons

From the Invention of State-Sponsored Programs to Contemporary Bioterrorism

Author: Jeanne Guillemin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509170

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3965

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Until the events of September 11 and the anthrax attacks of 2001, biological weapons had never been a major public concern in the United States. Today, the possibility of their use by terrorists against Western states looms large as an international security concern. In Biological Weapons, Jeanne Guillemin provides a highly accessible and compelling account of the circumstances under which scientists, soldiers, and statesmen were able to mobilize resources for extensive biological weapons programs and also analyzes why such weapons, targeted against civilians, were never used in a major conflict. This book is essential for understanding the relevance of the historical restraints placed on the use of biological weapons for today's world. It serves as an excellent introduction to the problems biological weapons pose for contemporary policymakers and public officials, particularly in the United States. How can we best deter the use of such weapons? What are the resulting policies of the Department of Homeland Security? How can we constrain proliferation? Jeanne Guillemin wisely points out that these are vitally important questions for all Americans to consider and investigate—all the more so because the development of these weapons has been carried out under a veil of secrecy, with their frightening potential open to exploitation by the media and government. Public awareness through education can help calm fears in today's tension-filled climate and promote constructive political action to reduce the risks of a biological weapons catastrophe. Biological Weapons is required reading for every concerned citizen, government policymaker, public health official, and national security analyst who wants to understand this complex and timely issue.


Angst in den Zeiten der Cholera

Seuchen-Cordon

Author: Olaf Briese

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050081554

Category: History

Page: 1351

View: 4218

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Die Grundthese der Arbeit ist zu wiederholen: Kochs Bakteriologie und Pasteurs Mikrobiologie gewannen so umfassende Überzeugungskraft und hatten so folgenreiche Wirkungen, weil im Bakterienmodell naturale und soziale Determinanten, die vorher in der Regel nebeneinanderliefen oder einander ausschlossen, synthetisiert wurden. Sie wurden plausibel zusammengeführt. Das jedoch war kein rein wissenschaftsinterner Vorgang. Diese Synthese ist nicht losgelöst von kulturellen Rahmenbedingungen zu verstehen: Wissenschaftsgeschichte ist Wissensgeschichte.

Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents

Author: Dana A. Shea,Frank Gottron

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594542008

Category: Political Science

Page: 119

View: 4188

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This book presents a means of assessing the relative threat from terrorist-use of individual chemical, biological, and toxin agents. It focuses on small-scale, targeted chemical and biological attacks, rather than mass-casualty attacks. The framework considers the elements of access, public health impact, medical treatment, prophylaxis, and dissemination. Other factors that may affect potential use by terrorists include the range of lethality, covert employment of an agent, and the availability of dual-use technologies. The results of this book may be useful in addressing the threat these agents pose, for example by indicating priorities for countermeasure funding. Other uses include weighing the potential effectiveness of policy options, assessing threat reduction approaches to specific agents, and serving as a resource for developing other specialised frameworks.

Issues in Terrorism and Homeland Security

Selections From CQ Researcher

Author: Cq Researcher

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412979897

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 5424

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Issues in Terrorism and Homeland Security is a supplemental book for undergraduate and graduate courses on terrorism and terrorism/homeland security. It's unique features and benefits include: * Introductions and Overviews * Photos * Key Questions for important issues * Current Situation viewpoints * Pro-Con debates with experts in the field * An Outlook on what the future may hold

The Global Genome

Biotechnology, Politics, and Culture

Author: Eugene Thacker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250306

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8457

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How global biotechnology is redefining "life itself." In the age of global biotechnology, DNA can exist as biological material in a test tube, as a sequence in a computer database, and as economically valuable information in a patent. In The Global Genome, Eugene Thacker asks us to consider the relationship of these three entities and argues that—by their existence and their interrelationships—they are fundamentally redefining the notion of biological life itself. Biological science and the biotech industry are increasingly organized at a global level, in large part because of the use of the Internet in exchanging biological data. International genome sequencing efforts, genomic databases, the development of World Intellectual Property policies, and the "borderless" business of biotech are all evidence of the global intersections of biology and informatics—of genetic codes and computer codes. Thacker points out the internal tension in the very concept of biotechnology: the products are more "tech" than "bio," but the technology itself is fully biological, composed of the biomaterial labor of genes, proteins, cells, and tissues. Is biotechnology a technology at all, he asks, or is it a notion of "life itself" that is inseparable from its use in the biotech industry? The three sections of the book cover the three primary activities of biotechnology today: the encoding of biological materials into digital form—as in bioinformatics and genomics; its recoding in various ways—including the "biocolonialism" of mapping genetically isolated ethnic populations and the newly pervasive concern over "biological security"; and its decoding back into biological materiality—as in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Thacker moves easily from science to philosophy to political economics, enlivening his account with ideas from such thinkers as Georges Bataille, Georges Canguilhem, Michel Foucault, Antonio Negri, and Paul Virilio. The "global genome," says Thacker, makes it impossible to consider biotechnology without the context of globalism.

Biosecurity Interventions

Global Health and Security in Question

Author: Andrew Lakoff,Stephen J Collier

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511779

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 4155

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In recent years, new disease threats such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

American War

Roman

Author: Omar El Akkad

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104908109

Category: Fiction

Page: 32

View: 9381

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Gleich hier die kostenlose XXL-Leseprobe lesen! »American War« - das Buch der Stunde. »Ein gewaltiger Roman«, schreibt die renommierteste Literaturkritikerin der USA, Michiko Kakutani. Ein Roman über den nächsten amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg und das dramatische Schicksal einer Familie. Was wird sein, wenn die erschütternde Realität der Gegenwart - Drohnenangriffe, Folter, Selbstmordattentate und die Folgen von Umweltkatastrophen - mit aller Gewalt in die USA zurückkehrt? Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet Omar El Akkad mit großer erzählerischer Kraft den dramatischen Kampf der jungen Sarat Chestnut, die beschließt, mit allen Mitteln für das Überleben zu kämpfen. »American War« ist in den USA ein literarisches Ereignis, das schon jetzt mit Cormac McCarthy »Die Straße« und Philip Roth »Verschwörung gegen Amerika« verglichen wird.

The Harbinger Theory

How the Post-9/11 Emergency Became Permanent and the Case for Reform

Author: Robert Diab

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190243252

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 1187

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North American law has been transformed in ways unimaginable before 9/11. Laws now authorize and courts have condoned indefinite detention without charge based on secret evidence, mass secret surveillance, and targeted killing of US citizens, suggesting a shift in the cultural currency of a liberal form of legality to authoritarian legality. The Harbinger Theory demonstrates that extreme measures have been consistently embraced in politics, scholarship, and public opinion, not in terms of a general fear of the greater threat that terrorism now poses, but a more specific belief that 9/11 was the harbinger of a new order of terror, giving rise to the likelihood of an attack on the same scale as 9/11 or greater in the near future, involving thousands of casualties and possibly weapons of mass destruction. It explains how the harbinger theory shapes debates about rights and security by virtue of rhetorical strategies on the part of political leaders and security experts, and in works of popular culture, in which the theory is often invoked as a self-evident truth, without the need for supporting evidence or authority. It also reveals how liberal advocates tend to be deferential to the theory, aiding its deeper entrenchment through the absence of a prominent public critique of it. In a unique overview of a range of skeptical evidence about the likelihood of mass terror involving WMD or conventional means, this book contends that a potentially more effective basis for reform advocacy is not to dismiss overstated threat claims as implausible or psychologically grounded, but to challenge the harbinger theory directly through the use of contrary evidence.

Nuclear Authority

The IAEA and the Absolute Weapon

Author: Robert L. Brown

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626161844

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 7324

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Once dismissed as ineffectual, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has in the past twenty years emerged as a powerful international organization. Member states allow the IAEA to render judgment on matters vital to peace and security while nations around the globe comply with its rules and commands on proliferation, safety, and a range of other issues. Robert L. Brown details the IAEA’s role in facilitating both control of nuclear weapons and the safe exploitation of nuclear power. As he shows, the IAEA has acquired a surprising amount of power as states, for political and technological reasons, turn to it to supply policy cooperation and to act as an agent for their security and safety. The agency’s success in gaining and holding authority rests in part on its ability to apply politically neutral expertise that produces beneficial policy outcomes. But Brown also delves into the puzzle of how an agency created by states to aid cooperation has acquired power over them.

The Ethics of Coercion in Mass Casualty Medicine

Author: Griffin Trotter

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801885518

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

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The dynamics of coercion in mass casualty medicine -- Public health and its ethical basis -- Legitimacy -- Public policy and the role of experts -- Public deliberation and strategic leadership -- Tactical leadership -- Decisions for particular coercive actions.

The Iraq War Reader

History, Documents, Opinions

Author: Christopher Cerf

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743255929

Category: Political Science

Page: 736

View: 5886

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Despite the torrent of coverage devoted to war with Iraq, woefully little attention has been paid to the history of the region, the policies that led to the conflict, and the daunting challenges that will confront America and the Middle East once the immediate crisis has ended. In this collection, Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf, coeditors of the acclaimed Gulf War Reader, have assembled essays and documents that present an eminently readable, up-to-the-moment guide -- from every imaginable perspective -- to the continuing crisis in the Gulf and Middle East. Here, in analysis and commentary from some of the world's leading writers and opinion makers -- and in the words of the key participants themselves -- is the engrossing saga of how oil economics, power politics, dreams of empire, nationalist yearnings, and religious fanaticism -- not to mention naked aggression, betrayal, and tragic miscalculation -- have conspired to bring us to the fateful collision of the West and the Arab world over Iraq. Contributors include: Fouad Ajami George W. Bush Richard Butler John le Carré Noam Chomsky Ann Coulter Thomas Friedman Al Gore Seymour Hersh Christopher Hitchens Arianna Huffington Saddam Hussein Terry Jones Robert Kagan Charles Krauthammer William Kristol Nicholas Lemann Kanan Makiya Kevin Phillips Kenneth Pollack Colin Powell Condoleezza Rice Arundhati Roy Edward Said William Safire Jonathan Schell Susan Sontag George Will

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5061

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.


Amerithrax

Author: Robert Graysmith

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101127929

Category: True Crime

Page: 528

View: 5306

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More information to be announced soon on this forthcoming title from Penguin USA.