Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Author: Jared Diamond

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393609294

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6701

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"Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history."—Bill Gates In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion --as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war --and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize, and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal.

Arm und reich

die Schicksale menschlicher Gesellschaften

Author: Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596149674

Category: Kontinent - Gesellschaft - Entwicklung - Umweltfaktor - Vor- und Frühgeschichte

Page: 550

View: 4492

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Guns, Germs, and Steel

The Fates of Human Societies

Author: Jared M. Diamond,Professor of Geography Jared Diamond

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393038910

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 8986

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An intriguing study of the rise of civilization argues that human development is not based on race or ethnic differences but rather is linked to biological diversity, discussing the evolution of agriculture, technology, writing, political systems, and religious belief. Tour.


Kollaps

warum Gesellschaften überleben oder untergehen

Author: Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596192588

Category:

Page: 722

View: 2694

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Guns, Germs And Steel

Author: Jared Diamond

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448180201

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 9078

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'A book of big questions, and big answers' Yuval Noah Harari, bestselling author of Sapiens WITH A NEW AFTERWORD FROM THE AUTHOR Why has human history unfolded so differently across the globe? In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Jared Diamond puts the case that geography and biogeography, not race, moulded the contrasting fates of Europeans, Asians, Native Americans, sub-Saharan Africans, and aboriginal Australians. An ambitious synthesis of history, biology, ecology and linguistics, Guns, Germs and Steel remains a ground-breaking and humane work of popular science.

Critical Summary of Guns, Germs, and Steel - The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond

Author: Dennis Bergot

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638254704

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 16

View: 1092

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Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Economy - Environment economics, grade: 1,0 (A), University of Hamburg (Centre for Sea and Climate Research), course: Seminar Contemporary Environmental Problems, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The starting point of Diamond’s book “Guns, Germs, And Steel” is a question he was asked by an indigenious New Guinean friend of his called Yali. His question was: “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?”1, adressing the obvious inequality in wealth and power of today’s world. With his book, Diamond tries to provide an answer for this question. According to Diamond, the immediate causes for the inequalities in the world today are to be found in the different stages of development between the continents as of around A.D. 1500. By that time, only societies of Eurasia, the landmass that constitutes Asia and Europe, and there especially the Western Europeans, possessed ocean-going ships, population-decimating germs, steel weapons, horses usable for warefare, easy spread of information by an efficient writing system and many other means that come in handy decimating, subjugating or in some cases even exterminating the originial inhabitants of other continents. Diamond calls these advantages the proximate factors of differing developments that led to the inequalities. The book’s title “Guns, Germs, And Steel” can be understood as a summary of these proximate causes. In chapter three of his book, Diamond cites as a prominent example of the inequalities the conquest by the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro and a few hundred soldiers over the Inca emperor Atahuallpa at Cajamarca/Peru in A.D. 1532. The Spanish got there and won because they possessed the above stated proximate factors. He then turns the point around and asks why, for instance, the Native Americans or Aboriginal Australians were not the ones who possessed these proximate factors and used them to conquer Europe. [...]


Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8535

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt

Author: Tim Marshall

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423428562

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6570

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Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

Big History

From the Big Bang to the Present

Author: Cynthia Stokes Brown

Publisher: New Press/ORIM

ISBN: 1595588450

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9610

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Extend the human story backward for the five thousand years of recorded history and it covers no more than a millionth of a lifetime of the Earth. Yet how do we humans take stock of the history of our planet, and our own place within it? A “vast historical mosaic” (Publishers Weekly) rendered engaging and accessible, Big History interweaves different disciplines of knowledge to offer an all-encompassing account of history on Earth. Since its publication, Cynthia Brown’s “world history on a grand scale” (Kirkus) has been translated into nine languages and has helped propel the “big history” concept to viral status. This new edition of Brown’s seminal work is more relevant today than ever before, as we increasingly must grapple with accelerating rates of change and, ultimately, the legacy we will bequeath to future generations. Here is a pathbreaking portrait of our world, from the birth of the universe from a single point the size of an atom to life on a twenty-first-century planet inhabited by 7 billion people.

Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers

The Past and Future of Human-Animal Relationships

Author: Richard W. Bulliet

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503962

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 456

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Richard W. Bulliet has long been a leading figure in the study of human-animal relations, and in his newest work, Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers, he offers a sweeping and engaging perspective on this dynamic relationship from prehistory to the present. By considering the shifting roles of donkeys, camels, cows, and other domesticated animals in human society, as well as their place in the social imagination, Bulliet reveals the different ways various cultures have reinforced, symbolized, and rationalized their relations with animals. Bulliet identifies and explores four stages in the history of the human-animal relationship-separation, predomesticity, domesticity, and postdomesticity. He begins with the question of when and why humans began to consider themselves distinct from other species and continues with a fresh look at how a few species became domesticated. He demonstrates that during the domestic era many species fell from being admired and even worshipped to being little more than raw materials for various animal-product industries. Throughout the work, Bulliet discusses how social and technological developments and changing philosophical, religious, and aesthetic viewpoints have shaped attitudes toward animals. Our relationship to animals continues to evolve in the twenty-first century. Bulliet writes, "We are today living through a new watershed in human-animal relations, one that appears likely to affect our material, social, and imaginative lives as profoundly as did the original emergence of domestic species." The United States, Britain, and a few other countries are leading a move from domesticity, marked by nearly universal familiarity with domestic species, to an era of postdomesticity, in which dependence on animal products continues but most people have no contact with producing animals. Elective vegetarianism and the animal-liberation movement have combined with new attitudes toward animal science, pets, and the presentation of animals in popular culture to impart a distinctive moral, psychological, and spiritual tone to postdomestic life.

The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Author: David C. Rose

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199781745

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 558

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This book explains why moral beliefs can and likely do play an important role in the development and operation of market economies. It provides new arguments for why it is important that people genuinely trust others-even those whom they know don't particularly care about them-because in key circumstances institutions are incapable of combating opportunism. It then identifies specific characteristics that moral beliefs must have for the people who possess them to be regarded as trustworthy. When such moral beliefs are held with sufficient conviction by a sufficiently high proportion of the population, a high trust society emerges that supports maximum cooperation and creativity while permitting honest competition at the same time. Such moral beliefs are not tied to any particular religion and have nothing to do with moral earnestness or the set of moral values-what matters is how they affect the way people think about morality. Such moral beliefs are based on abstract ideas that must be learned so they are matters of culture, not genes, and are therefore able to explain differences in economic performance across societies.

Dietary Considerations in Diabetes - ECAB

Author: Anoop Misra

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131232093

Category: Medical

Page: 108

View: 3698

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Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes, alone or in combination with insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs. The diabetic nutrition plan of an individual necessitates to be based upon, excepting the usual parameters, his/her socioeconomic status, ethnicity/religion, and local food habits. It is important that diet plan is individualized and also region based. Since there are a number of artificial sweeteners available now, it is necessary that physicians should take in account scientific data while prescribing any artificial sweetener. This issue in the ECAB Update Series: Diabetology reviews these issues in accordance with the Indian Dietary habits and available evidence to support the clinical decisions.

The Dominican Republic and the Beginning of a Revolutionary Cycle in the Spanish Caribbean

1861-1898

Author: Luis Álvarez-López

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761847154

Category: History

Page: 118

View: 6150

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In this book, Álvarez-López details the history of revolution in the Dominican Republic, an infant independent nation struggling to preserve its political independence from Haiti and from the expansionist policies of northern European countries and the United States.

Vermächtnis

Was wir von traditionellen Gesellschaften lernen können

Author: Jared Diamond

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104020140

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 2834

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Noch heute leben zahlreiche Stämme als Jäger und Sammler in unzugänglichen Teilen der Welt. Jared Diamond, Professor für Geographie und international erfolgreicher Bestsellerautor, kennt sie aus vielen Expeditionen, die er in den letzten Jahrzehnten geleitet hat. In seinem neuen Buch entfaltet er den ganzen Reichtum ihrer verblüffend anderen Lebensweise und zeigt anschaulich, was wir heute von ihnen lernen können. Eine überraschende und unterhaltsame Lektion über die Vielfalt der Kulturen – und eine Kritik unseres modernen Selbstverständnisses. »Jared Diamond schreibt mit Witz, Esprit und großem Sachverstand.« Die Welt »Die Zivilisation hat uns reich, satt und bequem gemacht, aber nicht rundum zufrieden. Jared Diamond hilft uns zu erkennen, woran das liegt. Und nicht nur das: Er sagt uns auch, was wir besser machen können. Vorbilder gibt es genug, von Afrika bis Neuguinea.« Stern »Eine Fundgrube und ein Gedankenanreger ohnegleichen.« Financial Times Deutschland »Auf Diamond passt das überstrapazierte Wort vom Universalgelehrten genau, dazu gehört auch, dass er Autodidakt geblieben ist, um Wissenslücken bald zu schließen, wenn die sich neu öffneten. Er ist die Lernfähigkeit selbst.« Die Zeit »Wichtige Einsichten in unser traditionelles wie modernes Menschsein.« Der Tagesspiegel

From History to Genealogy Plus DNA

Author: Ralph Champion

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 059548252X

Category: History

Page: 136

View: 331

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These historical stories are based on early explorations in the Americas, the Jamestown Colony of Virginia, Indians of the Americas, Colonial and U.S. history, and the U.S. Civil War. The Genealogy section is the author's research into his Champion and Bonner ancestors. The use of DNA is developed into this research, with great future usefulness as an important tool for the modern historian.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 5064

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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Stephen Florida

Author: Gabe Habash

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644001472

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 1453

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Gabe Habash erzählt eine Geschichte über das Alleinsein, die Besessenheit, das Ringen und den Wunsch, etwas Großes zu Schaffen. Sein Held Stephen Florida hat nicht sehr viel, er hat z.B. keine Eltern mehr. Aber er hat einen Sport, den er liebt, das Ringen. Eine letzte Saison noch liegt an seinem College in North Dakota vor ihm. Während Stephen sich müht, von Sieg zu Sieg zu eilen, gelingt ihm abseits der Matte gar nichts: Sein einziger Freund ist auf dem Sprung, seine Freundin eine Ablenkung, die er sich nicht erlauben kann. Als eine Verletzung ihn zu einer Winterpause zwingt, ringt er alleine mit sich und seinen Traumata.

Ökozidfaktoren und deren Zusammenwirken am Beispiel der Sahelkrise

Author: Nina Schweizer

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656691800

Category: Science

Page: 8

View: 9185

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Essay aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Geowissenschaften / Geographie - Meteorologie, Aeronomie, Klimatologie, Note: 5.5, Universität Basel (Departement Umweltwissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Physiogeographie, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Dürreperiode, die in den 70er Jahren die Sahelzone heimgesucht hat, löste eine lang andauernde Krise aus. Die daraus resultierende Desertifikation zwang viele Menschen ihre Lebensweise aufzugeben und in andere Regionen zu ziehen, vor allem in die Städte. Wie bei anderen Ökoziden, bewegten sich in diesem Fall Menschen aufgrund veränderter Umweltbedingungen von einem Gebiet weg. Inwiefern nun diese Veränderungen anthropogenen Ursprungs sind, soll im einem ersten Punkt anhand von verschiedenen Faktoren ermittelt werden, welche in einem zweiten Schritt den (untenstehenden) Ökozidfaktoren zugeordnet werden sollen. Ökozidfaktoren: 1) Umweltschäden durch Umweltnutzung 2) Freundliche Handelspartner 3) Feindliche Nachbarn 4) Externe Veränderungen 5) Reaktion der Gesellschaft auf die Umweltveränderungen