Harem Years

The Memoirs of an Egyptian Feminist (1879-1924)

Author: Hudá Shaʻrāwī,Hudā aš- Šaʿrāwī

Publisher: Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 9780935312706

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 158

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   In this rare first-hand account of the private world of a Cairo harem during the years before Egypt declared independence in 1922, Shaarawi recalls her childhood and early adult life in the seclusion of an upper-class Egyptian household, including her marriage at age thirteen. Her subsequent separation from her husband gave her time for an extended formal education, as well as an unexpected taste of independence and a critical understanding of the price of confinement. Shaarawi's feminist activism grew along with her involvement in Egypt's nationalist struggle and culminated in 1923 in a daring act of defiance,when she publicly removed her veil in a Cairo railroad station.

Gender, Modernity and Liberty

Middle Eastern and Western Women's Writings: A Critical Sourcebook

Author: Reina Lewis,Nancy Micklewright

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860649578

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 259

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This book presents a dialogue between Western and Middle Eastern women that is often presumed never to have happened. Not only were women from the Middle East imagined to be shut up in a harem all day without access to education, ideas or the outside world, but the extent to which Western women travelers were able to engage with women in the regions they visited has often been overlooked. This pioneering collection provides substantial extracts from Ottoman, Egyptian and British and American writers - each with a biographical and literary introduction - that trace the development of an intellectual, personal and critical dialogue between women over a period of accelerated social change marked by Arab nationalism and Egypt's move to independence, and the establishment of the Turkish Republic at the end of the Ottoman Empire. The ways in which the role of woman as either guardian of tradition or in the vanguard of change was hotly contested in both countries and by all sides of the political spectrum is explained in an editors' introduction and photo-essay that set up the common themes of the collection.

The History of Egypt

Author: Glenn E. Perry

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313058423

Category: History

Page: 216

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For all the significance that Egypt's history possesses, the role that Egypt has played in civilization has been a very inconsistent one. In ancient times it occupied a sustained and elevated place as a world leader, while after the Arab-Islamic conquest of the 7th century it has been almost continually dominated by various foreign rulers. And yet, despite its variable political status, Egypt has never ceased to play a central role in the development of the Arab and Islamic world. Anyone interested in the history of Egypt over the past half century, and in the dynamic situations, the people, and events behind it, will benefit from Perry's accessible and engaging investigation. Egypt's national development through successive periods is traced throughout this work, with four full chapters dedicated to the liberal period, Nasir, Sadat, and Mubarak. Perry also discusses Egypt's more general role in the development of the larger Arab-Islamic community. Biographical sketches, a timeline, a glossary and a biographical essay further augment this work, which is ideal for students as well as for the general reader interested in Egypt's history.

Egypt Awakening in the Early Twentieth Century

Mayy Ziyadah’s Intellectual Circles

Author: B. Khaldi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137106662

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

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Through a detailed study of Mayy Ziy?dah's literary salon, Boutheina Khaldi sheds light on salon and epistolary culture in early twentieth-century Egypt and its role in Egypt's Nahdah (Awakening). Bringing together history, women's studies, Arabic literature, post-colonial literature, and media studies, she highlights the important and previously little-discussed contribution of Arabic women to the project of modernity.

Religion and the Politics of Peace and Conflict

Author: Linda Hogan,Dylan Lehrke

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630878235

Category: Religion

Page: 262

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The connections between religion and violence are complex and multifaceted. From the conflicts in Middle East and the Balkans to those in Southeast Asia and beyond, religion frames and legitimates political violence. Moreover, in international relations since 9/11, religious language and metaphors have acquired a new significance. In this context the emerging consensus appears to be not only that violence is intrinsic to religion, but also that religions incite, legitimate, and intensify political violence. However, such an unambiguous indictment of religions is incomplete in that it fails both to appreciate significant counter examples and to recognize the diversity that exists within religions on the issue of violence, particularly the religious roots of pacifism and the ethics of non-violence. This collection explores aspects of this ambivalence between religion and violence. It focuses on traditions of legitimation and pacifism within the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and concludes with an examination of this ambivalence as it unfolds in each tradition's engagement with the politics of gender.

Islam Through Western Eyes

From the Crusades to the War on Terrorism

Author: Jonathan Lyons

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231528140

Category: History

Page: 272

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Despite the West's growing involvement in Muslim societies, conflicts, and cultures, its inability to understand or analyze the Islamic world threatens any prospect for East–West rapprochement. Impelled by one thousand years of anti-Muslim ideas and images, the West has failed to engage in any meaningful or productive way with the world of Islam. Formulated in the medieval halls of the Roman Curia and courts of the European Crusaders and perfected in the newsrooms of Fox News and CNN, this anti-Islamic discourse determines what can and cannot be said about Muslims and their religion, trapping the West in a dangerous, dead-end politics that it cannot afford. In Islam Through Western Eyes, Jonathan Lyons unpacks Western habits of thinking and writing about Islam, conducting a careful analysis of the West's grand totalizing narrative across one thousand years of history. He observes the discourse's corrosive effects on the social sciences, including sociology, politics, philosophy, theology, international relations, security studies, and human rights scholarship. He follows its influence on research, speeches, political strategy, and government policy, preventing the West from responding effectively to its most significant twenty-first-century challenges: the rise of Islamic power, the emergence of religious violence, and the growing tension between established social values and multicultural rights among Muslim immigrant populations. Through the intellectual "archaeology" of Michel Foucault, Lyons reveals the workings of this discourse and its underlying impact on our social, intellectual, and political lives. He then addresses issues of deep concern to Western readers—Islam and modernity, Islam and violence, and Islam and women—and proposes new ways of thinking about the Western relationship to the Islamic world.


Author: June Hannam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317861086

Category: History

Page: 200

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The sheer number of publications on Feminism make it difficult for students who approach the subject for the first time to gain a sense of what the main issues and interpretations are. This book addresses this by offering students an overview of feminism and its history across several countries and time periods, along with an annotated guide to direct them in their further reading. Feminism by June Hannam provides comprehensive coverage right from how feminists began to write the history of their movement as early as the late nineteenth century to the impact feminism has had on higher education. The text also looks in depth at propaganda and the cult of the heroine in suffrage campaigning and how ‘first wave’ feminists constructed their own history which then affected future generations of historians, and activists.

Islam, Peace and Social Justice

A Christian Perspective

Author: A. Christian Van Gorder

Publisher: James Clarke & Co

ISBN: 0227902009

Category: Religion

Page: 300

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Our world is fraught with horrific expressions of violence and injustice, which are often justified by religious rhetoric. 'Islam, Peace, and Social Justice: A Christian Perspective' is a relevant, comprehensive, and empathetic examination of some of these social-justice challenges within the Muslim world. Sadly, many non-Muslims only learn about Muslim views on social-justice issues from biased and inaccurate media portrayals. This book, written by a non-Muslim friend of Muslims, offers a more sympathetic and nuanced treatment, focusing especially on points of convergence and divergence between Islam and Christianity and exploring ways in which social-justice partnerships can be forged between adherents of these two great faith traditions. The book is filled with concrete and specific examples - often quoting directly from the Qur'an and the Bible as well as the newspaper - and is practical in its approach rather than loftily sermonic. The work seeks above all to foster more substantive and constructive contexts of interfaith dialogue and action for the purposes of addressing injustice.

On Time

Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt

Author: On Barak

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956567

Category: History

Page: 364

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In this pioneering history of transportation and communication in the modern Middle East, On Barak argues that contrary to accepted wisdom technological modernity in Egypt did not drive a sense of time focused on standardization only. Surprisingly, the introduction of the steamer, railway, telegraph, tramway, and telephone in colonial Egypt actually triggered the development of unique timekeeping practices that resignified and subverted the typical modernist infatuation with expediency and promptness. These countertempos, predicated on uneasiness over "dehumanizing" European standards of efficiency, sprang from and contributed to non-linear modes of arranging time. Barak shows how these countertempos formed and developed with each new technological innovation during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, contributing to a particularly Egyptian sense of time that extends into the present day, exerting influence over contemporary political language in the Arab world. The universal notion of a modern mechanical standard time and the deviations supposedly characterizing non-Western settings "from time immemorial," On Time provocatively argues, were in fact mutually constitutive and mutually reinforcing.

A Sounding of Women

Autobiographies from Unexpected Places

Author: Martha Coonfield Ward

Publisher: Pearson College Division


Category: Social Science

Page: 194

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KEY BENEFIT: So often it is difficult to find a collection of autobiographical stories from uniquely different women of varied cultures. Generally, women's stories are untold, unheard, or unrecorded; however, no more elegant tool exists to describe the human condition than narrative. Written by an anthropologist who designed the first official Women's Studies course in Louisiana, this book has been fueled by the explosion of fascinating research on women since the 1970s. Collected Wisdom explores and validates the experiences of women around the world through the autobiographical stories of seven women from different cultures. The author has taken each of these stories, put them into perspective, and related them to larger themes and issues. Fascinating autobiographies of interest to: anthropologists, psychologists, sociologists, and women from all walks of life.

Understanding Near Eastern literatures

a spectrum of interdisciplinary approaches

Author: Verena Klemm,Beatrice Gruendler

Publisher: Reichert Verlag


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 283

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English summary: The book offers an interdisciplinary perspective on Near Eastern Literatures and participates in their ongoing dialogue with literary theory. It presents 19 different readings of Arabic, Persian and Turkish works from the classical and modern periods, throwing new light on the texts as well as discussing chosen theoretical models, their applicability, and interconnection. German description: In einem Spektrum von Beitragen zur arabischen, persischen und turkischen Literatur wird interdisziplinares Arbeiten in der Orientalistik vorgestellt und reflektiert. Der Band bietet neue Perspektiven auf orientalische Literaturen und ist ein Pladoyer zur fachubergreifenden Vermittlung und Zusammenarbeit.


Author: Ragai N. Makar

Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated


Category: History

Page: 306

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The radicalism handbook

radical activists, groups and movements of the twentieth century

Author: John Button

Publisher: Abc-Clio Inc

ISBN: 9780874368383

Category: Radicalism

Page: 460

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Discusses the progress of radicalism throughout the twentieth century, profiling freethinkers, suffragists, pacifists, liberationists, and environmentalists

The Postcolonial Arabic Novel

Debating Ambivalence

Author: Muḥsin Jāsim Mūsawī

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789004125865

Category: Arabic fiction

Page: 430

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This is the first study of its kind to tackle the postcolonial in Arabic fiction. In ten chapters, a lengthy preface and an extensive bibliography, the author discusses and questions a large number of novels that demonstrate cultural diversity and richness in the Arab World. Using current methodologies and discourse analysis, the author highlights engagements with postcolonial issues that relate to identity formation, the modern nation-state, individualism, nationalism, gender and class demarcations, and micro-politics. With this intention, the book locates Arabic narrative in the mainstream of world literature, and establishes the modern Arabic novel in the contemporary literary critical world of postcolonial studies. The author's lucid style and thorough knowledge of the field should recommend the book to students and scholars alike, as it comes in time to meet the needs of the academy for solid writing on Islam and the Arabs.