Introduction to Lie Algebras

Author: K. Erdmann,Mark J. Wildon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846284902

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

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Lie groups and Lie algebras have become essential to many parts of mathematics and theoretical physics, with Lie algebras a central object of interest in their own right. This book provides an elementary introduction to Lie algebras based on a lecture course given to fourth-year undergraduates. The only prerequisite is some linear algebra and an appendix summarizes the main facts that are needed. The treatment is kept as simple as possible with no attempt at full generality. Numerous worked examples and exercises are provided to test understanding, along with more demanding problems, several of which have solutions. Introduction to Lie Algebras covers the core material required for almost all other work in Lie theory and provides a self-study guide suitable for undergraduate students in their final year and graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics.

Introduction to Lie Algebras

Author: K. Erdmann,Mark J. Wildon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846280405

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 1715

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Lie theory is essential to many parts of mathematics and theoretical physics, and lie algebras have become a central subject in their own right. This is the first and only book to provide a basic algebraic introduction that has been designed specifically for undergraduates, and that covers all the core material required for all other work in Lie theory. Everything is kept as simple as possible so the only mathematics required is linear algebra, and there are plenty of worked examples and exercises making it ideal for self-study. This will be an essential text for lecturers and undergraduates in mathematics and theoretical physics.

Introduction to Lie Algebras and Representation Theory

Author: J.E. Humphreys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461263980

Category: Mathematics

Page: 173

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This book is designed to introduce the reader to the theory of semisimple Lie algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0, with emphasis on representations. A good knowledge of linear algebra (including eigenvalues, bilinear forms, euclidean spaces, and tensor products of vector spaces) is presupposed, as well as some acquaintance with the methods of abstract algebra. The first four chapters might well be read by a bright undergraduate; however, the remaining three chapters are admittedly a little more demanding. Besides being useful in many parts of mathematics and physics, the theory of semisimple Lie algebras is inherently attractive, combining as it does a certain amount of depth and a satisfying degree of completeness in its basic results. Since Jacobson's book appeared a decade ago, improvements have been made even in the classical parts of the theory. I have tried to incor porate some of them here and to provide easier access to the subject for non-specialists. For the specialist, the following features should be noted: (I) The Jordan-Chevalley decomposition of linear transformations is emphasized, with "toral" subalgebras replacing the more traditional Cartan subalgebras in the semisimple case. (2) The conjugacy theorem for Cartan subalgebras is proved (following D. J. Winter and G. D. Mostow) by elementary Lie algebra methods, avoiding the use of algebraic geometry.

Matrix Groups

An Introduction to Lie Group Theory

Author: Andrew Baker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447101839

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 8127

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This book offers a first taste of the theory of Lie groups, focusing mainly on matrix groups: closed subgroups of real and complex general linear groups. The first part studies examples and describes classical families of simply connected compact groups. The second section introduces the idea of a lie group and explores the associated notion of a homogeneous space using orbits of smooth actions. The emphasis throughout is on accessibility.

Lie Groups

A Problem Oriented Introduction Via Matrix Groups

Author: Harriet Pollatsek

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883857595

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 3705

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The work of the Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie extends ideas of symmetry and leads to many applications in mathematics and physics. Ordinarily, the study of the "objects" in Lie's theory (Lie groups and Lie algebras) requires extensive mathematical prerequisites beyond the reach of the typical undergraduate. By restricting to the special case of matrix Lie groups and relying on ideas from multivariable calculus and linear algebra, this lovely and important material becomes accessible even to college sophomores. Working with Lie's ideas fosters an appreciation of the unity of mathematics and the sometimes surprising ways in which mathematics provides a language to describe and understand the physical world.Lie Groups is an active learning text that can be used by students with a range of backgrounds and interests. The material is developed through 200 carefully chosen problems. This is the only book in the undergraduate curriculum to bring this material to students so early in their mathematical careers.

Structure and Geometry of Lie Groups

Author: Joachim Hilgert,Karl-Hermann Neeb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387847948

Category: Mathematics

Page: 746

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This self-contained text is an excellent introduction to Lie groups and their actions on manifolds. The authors start with an elementary discussion of matrix groups, followed by chapters devoted to the basic structure and representation theory of finite dimensinal Lie algebras. They then turn to global issues, demonstrating the key issue of the interplay between differential geometry and Lie theory. Special emphasis is placed on homogeneous spaces and invariant geometric structures. The last section of the book is dedicated to the structure theory of Lie groups. Particularly, they focus on maximal compact subgroups, dense subgroups, complex structures, and linearity. This text is accessible to a broad range of mathematicians and graduate students; it will be useful both as a graduate textbook and as a research reference.


Lie Groups

An Approach through Invariants and Representations

Author: Claudio Procesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387289291

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 538

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Lie groups has been an increasing area of focus and rich research since the middle of the 20th century. In Lie Groups: An Approach through Invariants and Representations, the author's masterful approach gives the reader a comprehensive treatment of the classical Lie groups along with an extensive introduction to a wide range of topics associated with Lie groups: symmetric functions, theory of algebraic forms, Lie algebras, tensor algebra and symmetry, semisimple Lie algebras, algebraic groups, group representations, invariants, Hilbert theory, and binary forms with fields ranging from pure algebra to functional analysis. By covering sufficient background material, the book is made accessible to a reader with a relatively modest mathematical background. Historical information, examples, exercises are all woven into the text. This unique exposition is suitable for a broad audience, including advanced undergraduates, graduates, mathematicians in a variety of areas from pure algebra to functional analysis and mathematical physics.

Lie Algebras

Author: Nathan Jacobson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136795

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 518

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DIVDefinitive treatment of important subject in modern mathematics. Covers split semi-simple Lie algebras, universal enveloping algebras, classification of irreducible modules, automorphisms, simple Lie algebras over an arbitrary field, etc. Index. /div

Lie Groups, Physics, and Geometry

An Introduction for Physicists, Engineers and Chemists

Author: Robert Gilmore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946907X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2746

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Describing many of the most important aspects of Lie group theory, this book presents the subject in a 'hands on' way. Rather than concentrating on theorems and proofs, the book shows the applications of the material to physical sciences and applied mathematics. Many examples of Lie groups and Lie algebras are given throughout the text. The relation between Lie group theory and algorithms for solving ordinary differential equations is presented and shown to be analogous to the relation between Galois groups and algorithms for solving polynomial equations. Other chapters are devoted to differential geometry, relativity, electrodynamics, and the hydrogen atom. Problems are given at the end of each chapter so readers can monitor their understanding of the materials. This is a fascinating introduction to Lie groups for graduate and undergraduate students in physics, mathematics and electrical engineering, as well as researchers in these fields.

Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations

An Elementary Introduction

Author: Brian Hall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319134671

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 3543

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This textbook treats Lie groups, Lie algebras and their representations in an elementary but fully rigorous fashion requiring minimal prerequisites. In particular, the theory of matrix Lie groups and their Lie algebras is developed using only linear algebra, and more motivation and intuition for proofs is provided than in most classic texts on the subject. In addition to its accessible treatment of the basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, the book is also noteworthy for including: a treatment of the Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula and its use in place of the Frobenius theorem to establish deeper results about the relationship between Lie groups and Lie algebras motivation for the machinery of roots, weights and the Weyl group via a concrete and detailed exposition of the representation theory of sl(3;C) an unconventional definition of semisimplicity that allows for a rapid development of the structure theory of semisimple Lie algebras a self-contained construction of the representations of compact groups, independent of Lie-algebraic arguments The second edition of Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations contains many substantial improvements and additions, among them: an entirely new part devoted to the structure and representation theory of compact Lie groups; a complete derivation of the main properties of root systems; the construction of finite-dimensional representations of semisimple Lie algebras has been elaborated; a treatment of universal enveloping algebras, including a proof of the Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem and the existence of Verma modules; complete proofs of the Weyl character formula, the Weyl dimension formula and the Kostant multiplicity formula. Review of the first edition: This is an excellent book. It deserves to, and undoubtedly will, become the standard text for early graduate courses in Lie group theory ... an important addition to the textbook literature ... it is highly recommended. — The Mathematical Gazette

Representations of Lie Algebras

An Introduction Through Gln

Author: Anthony Henderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107653614

Category: Mathematics

Page: 156

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Written specifically to introduce advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students to an important area of mathematics, this book is far more accessible than previous books on Lie algebras. The emphasis is on special cases and explicit calculation, with many examples and exercises with full solutions provided.

Naive Lie Theory

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387782157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 217

View: 2584

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In this new textbook, acclaimed author John Stillwell presents a lucid introduction to Lie theory suitable for junior and senior level undergraduates. In order to achieve this, he focuses on the so-called "classical groups'' that capture the symmetries of real, complex, and quaternion spaces. These symmetry groups may be represented by matrices, which allows them to be studied by elementary methods from calculus and linear algebra. This naive approach to Lie theory is originally due to von Neumann, and it is now possible to streamline it by using standard results of undergraduate mathematics. To compensate for the limitations of the naive approach, end of chapter discussions introduce important results beyond those proved in the book, as part of an informal sketch of Lie theory and its history. John Stillwell is Professor of Mathematics at the University of San Francisco. He is the author of several highly regarded books published by Springer, including The Four Pillars of Geometry (2005), Elements of Number Theory (2003), Mathematics and Its History (Second Edition, 2002), Numbers and Geometry (1998) and Elements of Algebra (1994).

An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series

Author: Phil Dyke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447163958

Category: Mathematics

Page: 318

View: 2759

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In this book, there is a strong emphasis on application with the necessary mathematical grounding. There are plenty of worked examples with all solutions provided. This enlarged new edition includes generalised Fourier series and a completely new chapter on wavelets. Only knowledge of elementary trigonometry and calculus are required as prerequisites. An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series will be useful for second and third year undergraduate students in engineering, physics or mathematics, as well as for graduates in any discipline such as financial mathematics, econometrics and biological modelling requiring techniques for solving initial value problems.

Knots and Primes

An Introduction to Arithmetic Topology

Author: Masanori Morishita

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447121589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 191

View: 6472

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This is a foundation for arithmetic topology - a new branch of mathematics which is focused upon the analogy between knot theory and number theory. Starting with an informative introduction to its origins, namely Gauss, this text provides a background on knots, three manifolds and number fields. Common aspects of both knot theory and number theory, for instance knots in three manifolds versus primes in a number field, are compared throughout the book. These comparisons begin at an elementary level, slowly building up to advanced theories in later chapters. Definitions are carefully formulated and proofs are largely self-contained. When necessary, background information is provided and theory is accompanied with a number of useful examples and illustrations, making this a useful text for both undergraduates and graduates in the field of knot theory, number theory and geometry. ​

Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Some of Their Applications

Author: Robert Gilmore

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131564

Category: Mathematics

Page: 608

View: 624

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This text introduces upper-level undergraduates to Lie group theory and physical applications. It further illustrates Lie group theory's role in several fields of physics. 1974 edition. Includes 75 figures and 17 tables, exercises and problems.

Lie Algebras and Algebraic Groups

Author: Patrice Tauvel,Rupert W. T. Yu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540274278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 769

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Devoted to the theory of Lie algebras and algebraic groups, this book includes a large amount of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry so as to make it as self-contained as possible. The aim of the book is to assemble in a single volume the algebraic aspects of the theory, so as to present the foundations of the theory in characteristic zero. Detailed proofs are included, and some recent results are discussed in the final chapters.

Basic Linear Algebra

Author: Thomas S. Blyth,Edmund F. Robertson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447134966

Category: Mathematics

Page: 201

View: 1082

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Basic Linear Algebra is a text for first year students, working from concrete examples towards abstract theorems, via tutorial-type exercises. The book explains the algebra of matrices with applications to analytic geometry, systems of linear equations, difference equations, and complex numbers. Linear equations are treated via Hermite normal forms, which provides a successful and concrete explanation of the notion of linear independence. Another highlight is the connection between linear mappings and matrices, leading to the change of basis theorem which opens the door to the notion of similarity. The authors are well known algebraists with considerable experience of teaching introductory courses on linear algebra to students at St Andrews. This book is based on one previously published by Chapman and Hall, but it has been extensively updated to include further explanatory text and fully worked solutions to the exercises that all 1st year students should be able to answer.

Compact Lie Groups

Author: Mark R. Sepanski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387491589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 201

View: 2626

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Blending algebra, analysis, and topology, the study of compact Lie groups is one of the most beautiful areas of mathematics and a key stepping stone to the theory of general Lie groups. Assuming no prior knowledge of Lie groups, this book covers the structure and representation theory of compact Lie groups. Coverage includes the construction of the Spin groups, Schur Orthogonality, the Peter-Weyl Theorem, the Plancherel Theorem, the Maximal Torus Theorem, the Commutator Theorem, the Weyl Integration and Character Formulas, the Highest Weight Classification, and the Borel-Weil Theorem. The book develops the necessary Lie algebra theory with a streamlined approach focusing on linear Lie groups.