Introduction to Lie Algebras

Author: K. Erdmann,Mark J. Wildon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846284902

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 7611

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Lie groups and Lie algebras have become essential to many parts of mathematics and theoretical physics, with Lie algebras a central object of interest in their own right. This book provides an elementary introduction to Lie algebras based on a lecture course given to fourth-year undergraduates. The only prerequisite is some linear algebra and an appendix summarizes the main facts that are needed. The treatment is kept as simple as possible with no attempt at full generality. Numerous worked examples and exercises are provided to test understanding, along with more demanding problems, several of which have solutions. Introduction to Lie Algebras covers the core material required for almost all other work in Lie theory and provides a self-study guide suitable for undergraduate students in their final year and graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics.

Matrix Groups

An Introduction to Lie Group Theory

Author: Andrew Baker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447101839

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 877

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This book offers a first taste of the theory of Lie groups, focusing mainly on matrix groups: closed subgroups of real and complex general linear groups. The first part studies examples and describes classical families of simply connected compact groups. The second section introduces the idea of a lie group and explores the associated notion of a homogeneous space using orbits of smooth actions. The emphasis throughout is on accessibility.

Representations of Lie Algebras

An Introduction Through gln

Author: Anthony Henderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139561367

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6406

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This bold and refreshing approach to Lie algebras assumes only modest prerequisites (linear algebra up to the Jordan canonical form and a basic familiarity with groups and rings), yet it reaches a major result in representation theory: the highest-weight classification of irreducible modules of the general linear Lie algebra. The author's exposition is focused on this goal rather than aiming at the widest generality and emphasis is placed on explicit calculations with bases and matrices. The book begins with a motivating chapter explaining the context and relevance of Lie algebras and their representations and concludes with a guide to further reading. Numerous examples and exercises with full solutions are included. Based on the author's own introductory course on Lie algebras, this book has been thoroughly road-tested by advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students and it is also suited to individual readers wanting an introduction to this important area of mathematics.


Algebras and Representation Theory

Author: Karin Erdmann,Thorsten Holm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319919989

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 8138

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This carefully written textbook provides an accessible introduction to the representation theory of algebras, including representations of quivers. The book starts with basic topics on algebras and modules, covering fundamental results such as the Jordan-Hölder theorem on composition series, the Artin-Wedderburn theorem on the structure of semisimple algebras and the Krull-Schmidt theorem on indecomposable modules. The authors then go on to study representations of quivers in detail, leading to a complete proof of Gabriel's celebrated theorem characterizing the representation type of quivers in terms of Dynkin diagrams. Requiring only introductory courses on linear algebra and groups, rings and fields, this textbook is aimed at undergraduate students. With numerous examples illustrating abstract concepts, and including more than 200 exercises (with solutions to about a third of them), the book provides an example-driven introduction suitable for self-study and use alongside lecture courses.

Difference Equations by Differential Equation Methods

Author: Peter E. Hydon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991701

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5825

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Most well-known solution techniques for differential equations exploit symmetry in some form. Systematic methods have been developed for finding and using symmetries, first integrals and conservation laws of a given differential equation. Here the author explains how to extend these powerful methods to difference equations, greatly increasing the range of solvable problems. Beginning with an introduction to elementary solution methods, the book gives readers a clear explanation of exact techniques for ordinary and partial difference equations. The informal presentation is suitable for anyone who is familiar with standard differential equation methods. No prior knowledge of difference equations or symmetry is assumed. The author uses worked examples to help readers grasp new concepts easily. There are 120 exercises of varying difficulty and suggestions for further reading. The book goes to the cutting edge of research; its many new ideas and methods make it a valuable reference for researchers in the field.


Lie-Gruppen und Lie-Algebren

Author: Joachim Hilgert,Karl-Hermann Neeb

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322802701

Category: Education

Page: 361

View: 7388

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Dieses Buch versteht sich als Einführung in die Theorie der Lie-Gruppen. Der Begriff der Lie-Gruppen wird ausgehend von den einfachsten Beispielen, den Matrizengruppen, entwickelt. Eine große Anzahl von Problemen für Lie-Gruppen kann man durch Übertragung auf die zugehörigen Lie-Algebren lösen. Dies ist der Leitgedanke des Buches. Vorausgesetzt werden Kenntnisse in der Linearen Algebra, der Differentialrechnung mehrerer Variablen und der elementaren Gruppentheorie.





Mathematical Physics

A Modern Introduction to Its Foundations

Author: Sadri Hassani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319011952

Category: Science

Page: 1205

View: 1446

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The goal of this book is to expose the reader to the indispensable role that mathematics plays in modern physics. Starting with the notion of vector spaces, the first half of the book develops topics as diverse as algebras, classical orthogonal polynomials, Fourier analysis, complex analysis, differential and integral equations, operator theory, and multi-dimensional Green's functions. The second half of the book introduces groups, manifolds, Lie groups and their representations, Clifford algebras and their representations, and fibre bundles and their applications to differential geometry and gauge theories. This second edition is a substantial revision with a complete rewriting of many chapters and the addition of new ones, including chapters on algebras, representation of Clifford algebras, fibre bundles, and gauge theories. The spirit of the first edition, namely the balance between rigour and physical application, has been maintained, as is the abundance of historical notes and worked out examples that demonstrate the "unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" in modern physics.

Partielle Differentialgleichungen

Eine Einführung

Author: Walter A. Strauss

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366312486X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 4777

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Dieses Buch ist eine umfassende Einführung in die klassischen Lösungsmethoden partieller Differentialgleichungen. Es wendet sich an Leser mit Kenntnissen aus einem viersemestrigen Grundstudium der Mathematik (und Physik) und legt seinen Schwerpunkt auf die explizite Darstellung der Lösungen. Es ist deshalb besonders auch für Anwender (Physiker, Ingenieure) sowie für Nichtspezialisten, die die Methoden der mathematischen Physik kennenlernen wollen, interessant. Durch die große Anzahl von Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben eignet es sich gut zum Gebrauch neben Vorlesungen sowie zum Selbststudium.

Endliche Gruppen

Eine Einführung in die Theorie der endlichen Gruppen

Author: H. Kurzweil

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642953131

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 3314

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Moderne Algebra

Author: Bartel Eckmann L. Van der van der Waerden,Emil Artin,Emmy Noether

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662364344

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 5487

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.



Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319020994

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 9317

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This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, and elsewhere. The exposition carefully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, and include straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material that motivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experience with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- and multi-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to form the core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximum Principle, financial models, dispersion and solutions, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems, and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes are an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the two most basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements.