Logics of Time and Computation

Author: Robert Goldblatt

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications

ISBN: 9780937073933

Category: Mathematics

Page: 180

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Sets out the basic theory of normal modal and temporal propositional logics; applies this theory to logics of discrete (integer), dense (rational), and continuous (real) time, to the temporal logic of henceforth, next, and until, and to the propositional dynamic logic of regular programs.

Situation Theory and Its Applications:

Author: Peter Aczel

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 9781881526087

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 6257

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Situation theory is the result of an interdisciplinary effort to create a full-fledged theory of information. Created by scholars and scientists from cognitive science, computer science and AI, linguistics, logic, philosophy, and mathematics, it aims to provide a common set of tools for the analysis of phenomena from all these fields. Unlike Shannon-Weaver type theories of information, which are purely quantitative theories, situation theory aims at providing tools for the analysis of the specific content of a situation (signal, message, data base, statement, or other information-carrying situation). The question addressed is not how much information is carried, but what information is carried.

Handbook of Logic and Language

Author: Johan F.A.K. van Benthem,Alice ter Meulen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444537270

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1168

View: 1359

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The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories

Incomplete Information: Rough Set Analysis

Author: Ewa Orlowska

Publisher: Physica

ISBN: 3790818887

Category: Computers

Page: 613

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In 1982, Professor Pawlak published his seminal paper on what he called "rough sets" - a work which opened a new direction in the development of theories of incomplete information. Today, a decade and a half later, the theory of rough sets has evolved into a far-reaching methodology for dealing with a wide variety of issues centering on incompleteness and imprecision of information - issues which playa key role in the conception and design of intelligent information systems. "Incomplete Information: Rough Set Analysis" - or RSA for short - presents an up-to-date and highly authoritative account of the current status of the basic theory, its many extensions and wide-ranging applications. Edited by Professor Ewa Orlowska, one of the leading contributors to the theory of rough sets, RSA is a collection of nineteen well-integrated chapters authored by experts in rough set theory and related fields. A common thread that runs through these chapters ties the concept of incompleteness of information to those of indiscernibility and similarity.

Handbook of Modal Logic

Author: Patrick Blackburn,Johan F.A.K. van Benthem,Frank Wolter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080466668

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1260

View: 4996

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The Handbook of Modal Logic contains 20 articles, which collectively introduce contemporary modal logic, survey current research, and indicate the way in which the field is developing. The articles survey the field from a wide variety of perspectives: the underling theory is explored in depth, modern computational approaches are treated, and six major applications areas of modal logic (in Mathematics, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, Game Theory, and Philosophy) are surveyed. The book contains both well-written expository articles, suitable for beginners approaching the subject for the first time, and advanced articles, which will help those already familiar with the field to deepen their expertise. Please visit: http://people.uleth.ca/~woods/RedSeriesPromo_WP/PubSLPR.html - Compact modal logic reference - Computational approaches fully discussed - Contemporary applications of modal logic covered in depth

The Situation in Logic

Author: Jon Barwise

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 9780937073322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 327

View: 8828

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Situation Theory and situation semantics are recent approaches to language and information, approaches first formulated by Jon Barwise and John Perry in Situations and Attitudes (1983). The present volume collects some of Barwise's papers written since then, those directly concerned with relations among logic, situation theory, and situation semantics. Several papers appear here for the first time.

Formal specification and synthesis of procedural controllers for process systems

Author: Arturo Sánchez

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 221

View: 484

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The operation of process plants involves a large number of event-driven activities, such as the start-up and shut-down of the plant, the execution of emergency procedures and equipment interlocking. These activities are normally carried out by procedural control systems (such as PLCs or DCSs). Despite the extent to which these control systems are used in practice, limited theoretical frameworks exist to support their analysis and design. This is particularly relevant in flexible production environments which are characterised by frequent changes in the product recipes, production modes and equipment configuration. The book outlines a formal framework for the synthesis of control systems employed in the automation of event-driven process operations. The approach used builds on other theories initially proposed in computing and control disciplines.

A Manual of Intensional Logic

Author: Johan F. A. K. van Benthem

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications

ISBN: 9780937073292

Category: Mathematics

Page: 145

View: 7434

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Intensional logic is the technical study of such intensional phenomena in human reasoning as modality, knowledge, or flow of time. These all require a richer semantic picture than standard truth values in one static environment. Such a picture is provided by so-called possible worlds semantics, a paradigm which is surveyed in this book, both as to its external sources of motivation and as to the internal dynamics of the resulting program. In particular, Manual of Intensional Logic presents the major classical topics, including modal logic, tense logic, and conditional logic, all of which illustrate motivations coming from philosophy and linguistics. The Book also discusses recent computational applications in computer science and AI. Finally, Manual of Intensional Logic takes up recent developments in the study of language and information making themselves felt in the area. The Book examines the role of partial information--with illustrations drawn from different branches of Intensional Logic--and various influences stemming from current theories of the semantics of natural language, involving generalized quantifiers and theories of types.

Research Centers Directory

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780810383579

Category: Learned institutions and societies

Page: N.A

View: 5878

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Research institutes, foundations, centers, bureaus, laboratories, experiment stations, and other similar nonprofit facilities, organizations, and activities in the United States and Canada. Entry gives identifying and descriptive information of staff and work. Institutional, research centers, and subject indexes. 5th ed., 5491 entries; 6th ed., 6268 entries.

Language, Proof, and Logic

Author: Dave Barker-Plummer,Jon Barwise,John Etchemendy

Publisher: Stanford Univ Center for the Study

ISBN: 9781575866321

Category: Computers

Page: 606

View: 6579

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Rev. ed. of: Language, proof, and logic / Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy.

Information processing 80

proceedings of IFIP Congress 80, Tokyo, Japan. October 6-9, 1980, Melbourne, Australia, October 14-17, 1980

Author: Simon Hugh Lavington,International Federation for Information Processing

Publisher: North-Holland Pub. Co.

ISBN: 9780444860347

Category: Computers

Page: 1070

View: 7517

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Reasoning Web: Logical Foundation of Knowledge Graph Construction and Query Answering

12th International Summer School 2016, Aberdeen, UK, September 5-9, 2016, Tutorial Lectures

Author: Jeff Z. Pan,Diego Calvanese,Thomas Eiter,Ian Horrocks,Michael Kifer,Fangzhen Lin,Yuting Zhao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319494937

Category: Computers

Page: 259

View: 4906

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This volume contains some lecture notes of the 12th Reasoning Web Summer School (RW 2016), held in Aberdeen, UK, in September 2016. In 2016, the theme of the school was “Logical Foundation of Knowledge Graph Construction and Query Answering”. The notion of knowledge graph has become popular since Google started to use it to improve its search engine in 2012. Inspired by the success of Google, knowledge graphs are gaining momentum in the World Wide Web arena. Recent years have witnessed increasing industrial take-ups by other Internet giants, including Facebook's Open Graph and Microsoft's Satori. The aim of the lecture note is to provide a logical foundation for constructing and querying knowledge graphs. Our journey starts from the introduction of Knowledge Graph as well as its history, and the construction of knowledge graphs by considering both explicit and implicit author intentions. The book will then cover various topics, including how to revise and reuse ontologies (schema of knowledge graphs) in a safe way, how to combine navigational queries with basic pattern matching queries for knowledge graph, how to setup a environment to do experiments on knowledge graphs, how to deal with inconsistencies and fuzziness in ontologies and knowledge graphs, and how to combine machine learning and machine reasoning for knowledge graphs.

DIGITAL LOGIC AND COMPUTER ORGANIZATION

Author: V. RAJARAMAN,T. RADHAKRISHNAN

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120329799

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 3161

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This introductory text on ‘digital logic and computer organization’ presents a logical treatment of all the fundamental concepts necessary to understand the organization and design of a computer. It is designed to cover the requirements of a first-course in computer organization for undergraduate Computer Science, Electronics, or MCA students. Beginning from first principles, the text guides students through to a stage where they are able to design and build a small computer with available IC chips. Starting with the foundation material on data representation, computer arithmetic and combinatorial and sequential circuit design, the text explains ALU design and includes a discussion on an ALU IC chip. It also discusses Algorithmic State Machine and its representation using a Hardware Description Language before shifting to computer organization. The evolutionary development of a small hypothetical computer is described illustrating hardware-software trade-off in computer organization. Its instruction set is designed giving reasons why each new instruction is introduced. This is followed by a description of the general features of a CPU, organization of main memory and I/O systems. The book concludes with a chapter describing the features of a real computer, namely the Intel Pentium. An appendix describes a number of laboratory experiments which can be put together by students, culminating in the design of a toy computer. Key Features • Self-contained presentation of digital logic and computer organization with minimal pre-requisites • Large number of examples provided throughout the book • Each chapter begins with learning goals and ends with a summary to aid self-study by students.


Frontier and Future Development of Information Technology in Medicine and Education

ITME 2013

Author: Shaozi Li,Qun Jin,Xiaohong Jiang,James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400776187

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3581

View: 8237

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IT changes everyday’s life, especially in education and medicine. The goal of ITME 2013 is to further explore the theoretical and practical issues of IT in education and medicine. It also aims to foster new ideas and collaboration between researchers and practitioners.

Innovations in Computer Science and Engineering

Proceedings of the Fourth ICICSE 2016

Author: H. S. Saini,Rishi Sayal,Sandeep Singh Rawat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 981103818X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 5993

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The book is a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Innovations in Computer Science and Engineering (ICICSE 2016) held at Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, India during 22 – 23 July 2016. The book discusses a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques. Researchers from academic and industry present their original work and exchange ideas, information, techniques and applications in the field of data science and analytics, artificial intelligence and expert systems, mobility, cloud computing, network security, and emerging technologies.



Semantic Properties of Diagrams and Their Cognitive Potentials

Author: Atsushi Shimojima

Publisher: Stanford Univ Center for the Study

ISBN: 9781575868493

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

View: 2019

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Why are diagrams sometimes so useful, facilitating our understanding and thinking, while at other times they can be unhelpful and even misleading? Drawing on a comprehensive survey of modern research in philosophy, logic, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and graphic design, Semantic Properties of Diagrams and Their Cognitive Potentials reveals the systematic reasons for this dichotomy, showing that the cognitive functions of diagrams are rooted in the characteristic ways they carry information. In analyzing the logical mechanisms behind the relative efficacy of diagrammatic representation, Atsushi Shimojima provides deep insight into the crucial question: What makes a diagram a diagram?