Metaphysics, I

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Loeb Classical Library

ISBN: 9780674992993

Category: Philosophy

Page: 473

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Nearly all the works Aristotle (384-322 BCE) prepared for publication are lost; the priceless ones extant are lecture-materials, notes, and memoranda (some are spurious). They can be categorized as practical; logical; physical; metaphysical; on art; other; fragments.

The Philosophy of Ontological Lateness

Merleau-Ponty and the Tasks of Thinking

Author: Keith Whitmoyer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350003980

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8079

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Addressing Merleau-Ponty's work Phenomenology of Perception, in dialogue with The Visible and the Invisible, his lectures at the Collège de France, and his reading of Proust, this book argues that at play in his thought is a philosophy of "ontological lateness†?. This describes the manner in which philosophical reflection is fated to lag behind its objects; therefore an absolute grasp on being remains beyond its reach. Merleau-Ponty articulates this philosophy against the backdrop of what he calls "cruel thought†?, a style of reflecting that seeks resolution by limiting, circumscribing, and arresting its object. By contrast, the philosophy of ontological lateness seeks no such finality-no apocalypsis or unveiling-but is characterized by its ability to accept the veiling of being and its own constitutive lack of punctuality. To this extent, his thinking inaugurates a new relation to the becoming of sense that overcomes cruel thought. Merleau-Ponty's work gives voice to a wisdom of dispossession that allows for the withdrawal of being. Never before has anyone engaged with the theme of Merleau-Ponty's own understanding of philosophy in such a sustained way as Whitmoyer does in this volume.

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics

Author: Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer,Nuno M.M.S. Coelho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319667033

Category: Law

Page: 473

View: 389

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In this book, experts from the fields of law and philosophy explore the works of Aristotle to illuminate the much-debated and fascinating relationship between emotions and justice. Emotions matter in connection with democracy and equity – they are relevant to the judicial enforcement of rights, legal argumentation, and decision-making processes in legislative bodies and courts. The decisive role that emotions, feelings and passions play in these processes cannot be ignored – not even by those who believe that emotions have no legitimate place in the public sphere. A growing body of literature on these topics recognizes the seminal insights contributed by Aristotle. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of his thinking in this context, as well as proposals for inspiring dialogues between his works and those written by a selection of modern and contemporary thinkers. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for students of law, philosophy, rhetoric, politics, ethics and history, but also for readers interested in the ongoing debate about legal positivism and the relevance of emotions for legal and political life in today’s world.

The Medieval Reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics (2 vol. set)

Vol. 1: Aristotle’s Ontology and the Middle Ages: The Tradition of Met., Book Zeta // Vol. 2: Pauli Veneti Expositio in duodecim libros Metaphisice Aristotelis, 'Liber VII'

Author: Gabriele Galluzzo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004235027

Category: History

Page: 1402

View: 2534

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Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes available to scholars one of the culminating points in the medieval reception of Aristotle’s metaphysical thought by presenting the first critical edition of Book VII of Paul of Venice’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics (1420-1424).”

Metaphysik

Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843046646

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 7924

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Aristoteles: Metaphysik Entstanden zwischen 348 und 322 v. Chr. Erstdruck: Venedig 1498. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Julius Rieckher, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Adolf Lasson von 1907, der die überlieferten Bücher der »Metaphysik« in folgender Anordnung wiedergegeben hat: II. Buch [α] S. 1-5. – I. Buch [Α] S. 6-35. – III. Buch [Β] S. 36-57. – IV. Buch [Γ] S. 58-84. – VI. Buch [Ε] S. 85-92. – VII. Buch [Ζ] S. 93-130. – VIII. Buch [Η] S. 131-141. – IX. Buch [Θ] S. 142-161. – XII. Buch [Λ] S. 162-181. – X. Buch [Ι] S. 185-206. – XI. Buch [Κ] S. 207-236. – XIII. Buch [Μ] S. 237-267. – XIV. Buch [Ν] S. 267-285. – V. Buch [Δ] S. 286-319. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016, 2. Auflage. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Aristoteles: Metaphysik. Ins Deutsche übertragen von Adolf Lasson, Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1907. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Aristoteles, seine Ethik haltend. Detail aus dem Fresko Die Schule von Athen von Raffael (1510–1511). Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: 384 v. Chr. als Sohn des Hofarztes Nikomachos in Stageira in Thrakien geboren, wird Aristoteles Mitglied von Platons »Akademie« in Athen und Lehrer des jungen Alexander (dem Großen), der ihn später in seinen Studien unterstützt. Seine Sytematisierung ist bis heute prägend, er ist neben seinem Lehrer Platon und dessen Lehrer Sokrates der dritte große Philosoph der Antike. Aristoteles stirbt 322 v. Chr. bei Chalkis auf Euböa.

PLOTINUS Ennead II.9

Against the Gnostics

Author: Sebastian Gertz

Publisher: Parmenides Publishing

ISBN: 1930972644

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 7354

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How was the universe created, and what is our place within it? These are the questions at the heart of Plotinus' Against the Gnostics. For the Gnostics, the universe came into being as a result of the soul's fall from intelligible reality-it is the evil outcome of a botched creation. Plotinus challenges this, and insists that the soul's creation of the world is the necessary consequence of its contemplation of the ideal forms. While the Gnostics claim to despise the visible universe, Plotinus argues that such contempt displays their ignorance of the higher realities of which the cosmos is a beautiful image.

Method and Metaphysics

Essays in Ancient Philosophy I

Author: Jonathan Barnes,Maddalena Bonelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019957751X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 621

View: 9222

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This volume presents twenty-six uncollected philosophical essays by Jonathan Barnes, one of the most admired and influential philosophers of his generation. Newly revised, augmented, and improved, the essays span four decades of his career and include many rare and relatively unknown works on ancient philosophical topics. Several essays are now translated from the original French and made available in English for the first time. Barnes explores a range of topicsincluding the interpretation of ancient philosophy, the methods of the ancient philosophers, the Stoic notion of eternal recurrence, and Platonic ontology. This invigorating body of scholarship will bevalued by all students and scholars of ancient philosophy.

METAPHYSICS

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: YouHui Culture Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 429

View: 2399

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METAPHYSICS by Aristotle translated by W. D. Ross Book I 1 ALL men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves; and above all others the sense of sight. For not only with a view to action, but even when we are not going to do anything, we prefer seeing (one might say) to everything else. The reason is that this, most of all the senses, makes us know and brings to light many differences between things. By nature animals are born with the faculty of sensation, and from sensation memory is produced in some of them, though not in others. And therefore the former are more intelligent and apt at learning than those which cannot remember; those which are incapable of hearing sounds are intelligent though they cannot be taught, e.g. the bee, and any other race of animals that may be like it; and those which besides memory have this sense of hearing can be taught. The animals other than man live by appearances and memories, and have but little of connected experience; but the human race lives also by art and reasonings. Now from memory experience is produced in men; for the several memories of the same thing produce finally the capacity for a single experience. And experience seems pretty much like science and art, but really science and art come to men through experience; for 'experience made art', as Polus says, 'but inexperience luck.' Now art arises when from many notions gained by experience one universal judgement about a class of objects is produced. For to have a judgement that when Callias was ill of this disease this did him good, and similarly in the case of Socrates and in many individual cases, is a matter of experience; but to judge that it has done good to all persons of a certain constitution, marked off in one class, when they were ill of this disease, e.g. to phlegmatic or bilious people when burning with fevers-this is a matter of art.

Maimonides on God and Duns Scotus on Logic and Metaphysics (Volume 12

Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics)

Author: Gyula Klima

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443881503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 205

View: 1741

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Moses Maimonides and John Duns Scotus are key figures as regards the thirteenth-century philosophical tradition that developed out of the Western Christian reception of the Neo-Platonized Aristotelianism of Islamic and Jewish thinkers. Whereas the writings of Maimonides count among the received works that inaugurate and shape this span, the variety of conceptual instruments developed by Scotus arguably signal its end, preparing the way for the emergence of diverse fourteenth-century philosophical worldviews. Maimonides on God and Duns Scotus on Logic and Metaphysics explores the eponymous thinkers’ work across a variety of fields. In the domain of natural theology, Maimonides presses for creation de novo, adapting from the Islamic Kalām tradition what has come to be known as the Argument from Particularity, which deduces intelligent design when science seems, in principle, unable to account for states of affairs that conceivably needn’t obtain (to take an example from modern physics, the strength of the four fundamental forces). Part one of this volume contrasts Maimonides’s and Aquinas’s parallel treatments of this and other proof strategies still employed by contemporary philosophers. Part two, on Scotus, includes discussion of the authenticity of the logical writings attributed to him, the evolution of his thought in this field against the backdrop of various thirteenth-century developments, the types of Aristotelian universals theorized by Scotus, his semantics of theological discourse and ontology of possible entities.


Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning

Author: Nathan U. Salmon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199281763

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 419

View: 837

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Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning brings together Nathan Salmon's influential papers on topics in the metaphysics of existence, non-existence, and fiction; modality and its logic; strict identity, including personal identity; numbers and numerical quantifiers; the philosophical significance of Godel's Incompleteness theorems; and semantic content and designation. Including a previously unpublished essay and a helpful new introduction to orient the reader, the volume offers rich and varied sustenance for philosophers and logicians. "

Apocalypse Now Volume 1: The Metaphysics of Truth

Author: Matthew A. Petti

Publisher: Two Sense Publications

ISBN: 0985685557

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: N.A

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Apocalypse, translated literally from Greek, is a disclosure of knowledge, hidden from humanity in an era dominated by falsehood and misconception, i.e., a lifting of the veil or revelation, although this sense did not enter English until the 14th century. In religious contexts it is usually a disclosure of something hidden. In the Apocalypse of John, the last book of the New Testament, the revelation which John receives is that of the ultimate victory of good over evil and the end of the present age, and that is the primary meaning of the term, one that dates to 1175. Today, it is commonly (and erroneously) used in reference to any prophetic End Time scenario or to the end of the world in general. The Metaphysics of Truth is an unobserved constant that helps us to see the book of Revelation for what it really is - a mirror to the inseparable bond between past and future, which is the cause and effect of our beliefs and choices. Only through an understanding of the Metaphysics of Truth, can new solutions be found for some of the oldest mysteries of our time and to the secrets of Revelation's cryptic prophecy. Where did we come from? What is our purpose? What is our destiny? Read each of the 5 volumes of the Apocalypse Now series for an unprecedented solution to the most fundamental and important questions to our human existence.

The Mahabharata, Volume 1

Book 1: The Book of the Beginning

Author: J. A. B. van Buitenen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226846637

Category: Religion

Page: 544

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The Mahabharata, an ancient and vast Sanskrit poem, is a remarkable collection of epics, legends, romances, theology, and ethical and metaphysical doctrine. The core of this great work is the epic struggle between five heroic brothers, the Pandavas, and their one hundred contentious cousins for rule of the land. This is the first volume in what will ultimately become a multi volume edition encompassing all eighteen books.

Symbol and Reality

Studies in the philosophy of Ernst Cassirer

Author: Carl H. Hamburg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401194610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 9237

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Since prefaces, for the most part, are written after a book is done, yet face the reader before he gets to it, it is perhaps not surprising that we usually find ourselves addressed by a more chastened and qualifying author than we eventually encounter in the ensuing pages. It is, after all, not only some readers, but the writer of a book himself who reads what he has done and failed to do. If the above is the rule, I am no exception to it. The discerning reader need not be told that the following studies differ, not only in the approaches they make to their unifying subject-matter, but also in their precision and thus adequacy of presentation. In addition to the usual reasons for this rather common shortcoming, there is an another one in the case of the present book. In spite of its comparative brevity, the time-span between its inception and termination covers some twenty years. As a result, some (historical and epistemological) sections reflect my preoccupation with CASSI RER'S eady works during student days in Germany and France. When, some ten years later, CASSIRER in a letter expressed "great joy" and anticipation for a more closely supervised con tinuation of my efforts (which, because of his untimely death, never came to pass), he gave me all the encouragement needed to go to work on a critical exposition of his "symbolic form" con cept.


The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science

Author: E. A. Burtt

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486165221

Category: Science

Page: 352

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Classic in the philosophy of science offers a fascinating analysis of the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Gilbert, Boyle, and Newton, tracing their influence on contemporary scientific thought.


Essays on Gödel’s Reception of Leibniz, Husserl, and Brouwer

Author: Mark van Atten

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319100319

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 8688

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This volume tackles Gödel's two-stage project of first using Husserl's transcendental phenomenology to reconstruct and develop Leibniz' monadology, and then founding classical mathematics on the metaphysics thus obtained. The author analyses the historical and systematic aspects of that project, and then evaluates it, with an emphasis on the second stage. The book is organised around Gödel's use of Leibniz, Husserl and Brouwer. Far from considering past philosophers irrelevant to actual systematic concerns, Gödel embraced the use of historical authors to frame his own philosophical perspective. The philosophies of Leibniz and Husserl define his project, while Brouwer's intuitionism is its principal foil: the close affinities between phenomenology and intuitionism set the bar for Gödel's attempt to go far beyond intuitionism. The four central essays are `Monads and sets', `On the philosophical development of Kurt Gödel', `Gödel and intuitionism', and `Construction and constitution in mathematics'. The first analyses and criticises Gödel's attempt to justify, by an argument from analogy with the monadology, the reflection principle in set theory. It also provides further support for Gödel's idea that the monadology needs to be reconstructed phenomenologically, by showing that the unsupplemented monadology is not able to found mathematics directly. The second studies Gödel's reading of Husserl, its relation to Leibniz' monadology, and its influence on his publishe d writings. The third discusses how on various occasions Brouwer's intuitionism actually inspired Gödel's work, in particular the Dialectica Interpretation. The fourth addresses the question whether classical mathematics admits of the phenomenological foundation that Gödel envisaged, and concludes that it does not. The remaining essays provide further context. The essays collected here were written and published over the last decade. Notes have been added to record further thoughts, changes of mind, connections between the essays, and updates of references.