Ethics in Quantitative Finance

A Pragmatic Financial Market Theory

Author: Timothy Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319610392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

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This book presents an ethical theory for financial transactions that underpins the stability of modern economies. It combines elements from history, ethics, economics and mathematics to show how these combined can be used to develop a pragmatic theory of financial markets. Written in three sections; section one examines the co-evolution of finance and mathematics in an ethical context by focusing on three periods: pre-Socratic Greece, Western Europe in the thirteenth century and North-western Europe in the seventeenth century to demonstrate how the historical development of markets and finance were critical in the development of European ideas of science and democracy. Section two interprets the evidence presented in section one to provide examples of the norms reciprocity, sincerity and charity and introduce the pragmatic theory. Section three uses the pragmatic theory to interpret recent financial crises, address emergent phenomena and relate the theory to alternative contemporary theories of markets. Presenting a unique synthesis of mathematical and behavioural approaches to finance this book provides explicit ethical guidance that will be of interest to academics and practitioners alike.

Aristoteles’ Konzeption der Zurechnung

Author: Béatrice Lienemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110516888

Category: Philosophy

Page: 584

View: 2845

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Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass Aristoteles eine originelle Konzeption der Zurechnung entwickelt, auch wenn er noch über keinen Ausdruck für Zurechnung verfügt. Die Frage nach der Zurechnung ist zu verstehen als die Frage danach, (i) unter welchen Bedingungen und zu welchem Grad Handlungen einem Akteur als seine eigenen Handlungen, für die er (moralisch) verantwortlich ist, zurechenbar sind und (ii) inwieweit ein Akteur auch für seine Dispositionen, die seinen Handlungen zugrunde liegen, verantwortlich ist. Aristoteles’ Konzeption ist innovativ, weil er Willentlichkeit weder als notwendige noch als hinreichende Bedingung für Zurechenbarkeit erweist und weil er nicht nur Handlungen, sondern auch Dispositionen, die Handlungen zugrunde liegen, als Zurechnungsgegenstände auffasst. Die Studie macht die Vielschichtigkeit und Graduierbarkeit des aristotelischen Zurechnungsbegriffs sichtbar, indem sie die Konzeption der Zurechnung auf besondere Arten von Handlungen wie z.B. plötzliche Handlungen, Handlungen aus Zorn (thymos) oder akratische Handlungen anwendet. In systematischer Hinsicht stellt die Studie Bezüge zu Gegenwartspositionen her und zeigt, dass die aristotetelische Position auch für aktuelle Debatten anschlussfähig ist.

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Author: Ronald Polansky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991426

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is the first and arguably most important treatise on ethics in Western philosophy. It remains to this day a compelling reflection on the best sort of human life and continues to inspire contemporary thought and debate. This Cambridge Companion includes twenty essays by leading scholars of Aristotle and ancient philosophy that cover the major issues of this text. The essays in this volume shed light on Aristotle's rigorous and challenging thinking on questions such as: can there be a practical science of ethics? What is happiness? Are we responsible for our character? How does moral virtue relate to good thinking? Can we act against our reasoned choice? What is friendship? Is the contemplative life the highest kind of life? Covering all sections of the Nicomachean Ethics and selected topics in Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics and Protrepticus, this volume offers the reader a solid foundation in Aristotle's ethical philosophy.

Nicomachean Ethics

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 162466119X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

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An excellent new translation and commentary. It will serve newcomers as an informative, accessible introduction to the Nicomachean Ethics and to many issues in Aristotle’s philosophy, but also has much to offer advanced scholars. The commentary is noteworthy for its frequent citations of relevant passages from other works in Aristotle’s corpus, which often shed new light on the texts. Reeve’s translation is meticulous: it hits the virtuous mean--accurate and technical, yet readable--between translation’s vicious extremes of faithlessness and indigestibility.--Jessica Moss, New York University

The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Author: Gerard J Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136181245

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 477

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Written by one of the most important founding figures of Western philosophy, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics represents a critical point in the study of ethics which has influenced the direction of modern philosophy. The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics introduces the major themes in Aristotle’s great book and acts as a companion for reading this key work, examining: The context of Aristotle’s work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Aristotle’s work to modern philosophy, its legacy and influence. With further reading included throughout, this text is essential reading for all students of philosophy, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.

Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books II--IV

Translated with an introduction and commentary

Author: N.A

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198250661

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

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C. C. W. Taylor presents a clear and faithful new translation of one of the most famous and influential texts in the history of Western thought, accompanied by an analytical and critical commentary focusing on philosophical issues. In Books II to IV of the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle gives his account of virtue of character, which is central to his ethical theory as a whole and a key topic in much modern ethical writing.


The Routledge Companion to Virtue Ethics

Author: Lorraine L Besser,Michael Slote

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135096694

Category: Philosophy

Page: 558

View: 4217

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Virtue ethics is on the move both in Anglo-American philosophy and in the rest of the world. This volume uniquely emphasizes non-Western varieties of virtue ethics at the same time that it includes work in the many different fields or areas of philosophy where virtue ethics has recently spread its wings. Just as significantly, several chapters make comparisons between virtue ethics and other ways of approaching ethics or political philosophy or show how virtue ethics can be applied to "real world" problems.

The Nicomachean ethics

Author: Aristotle,Hippocrates George Apostle

Publisher: D. Reidel

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 6827

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Of Aristotleas works, few have had as lasting an influence on subsequent Western thought as "The Nicomachean Ethics," In it, he argues that happiness consists in aactivity of the soul in accordance with virtue, a defining avirtuea as both moral (courage, generosity, and justice) and intellectual (knowledge, wisdom, and insight). Aristotle also discusses the nature of practical reasoning, the different forms of friendship, and the relationship between individual virtue and the state. Featuring a lucid translation, a new introduction, updated suggestions for further reading, and a chronology of Aristotleas life and works, this is the authoritative edition of a seminal intellectual masterpiece.

Counseling Ethics

Philosophical and Professional Foundations

Author: Christin Jungers, PhD, LPCC-S, NCC,Jocelyn Gregoire, CSSP, EdD, LPC, NCC, ACS

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108520

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 9481

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How can philosophy guide our understanding of and approach to counseling ethics and techniques? Moving beyond the standard review of ethical issues and basic problem solving, this highly engaging new text for counseling professionals features innovative, experiential activities and case studies that promote in-depth thinking about the ethical, moral, and legal issues often confronted by counseling professionals. The book is designed to help counselors develop an appreciation for and confidence in their preferred set of philosophical ethics and become ethically autonomous professionals. To this end, it examines a full range of philosophical approaches to ethics, such as the well-known concepts of ethics codes and laws, as well as the less familiar ideas of existential phenomenology, care ethics, and virtues. Featuring contributions from leading counselor educators and practitioners representing a wide range of expertise in counseling specialties and ethical practice, this text presents ethical practice from a positive, proactive point of view rather than from a reactive or fear-based stance. It provides a solid foundation in ethical decision making, critical thinking, and best practices that will enable counseling professionals to navigate the maze of ethical codes and standards of care, while confidently practicing in a consistently ethical manner. The accompanying Instructorís Manual offers step-by-step guidance on how to facilitate classroom activities and case study discussions, as well as a sample syllabus and a selection of quiz and essay questions to enhance studentsí understanding of each chapter. The text is congruent with relevant ethical codes and CACREP curriculum standards. Key Features: Provides activity-based learning regarding all the ethical standards and legal issues counselors will face Promotes in-depth critical thinking and a proactive, postitive approach to ethical and moral dilemmas Includes examples across all counseling settings and specialties Offers students multiple case examples that make ethical issues realistic and engaging Features Instructorís Manual offering sample syllabus and resources for course activities


Love in Motion

Erotic Relationships in Film

Author: Reidar Due

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231850514

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 192

View: 5933

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This is a book about how film encountered love in the course of its history. It is also a book about the philosophy of love. Since Plato, erotic love has been praised for leading the soul to knowledge. The vast tradition of poetry devoted to love has emphasized that love is a feeling. Love in Motion presents a new metaphysics and ontology of love as a reciprocal erotic relationship. The book argues that film has been particularly well suited for depicting love in this way, in virtue of its special narrative language. This is a language of expression that has developed in the course of film history. The book spans this history from early silent directors such as Joseph von Sternberg to contemporary filmmakers like Sophia Coppola. At the centre of this study is a comparison between Classical French and American love films of the forties and a series of modernist films by Luis Buñuel, François Truffaut and Wong Kar Wai.

Aquinas’s Philosophical Commentary on the Ethics

A Historical Perspective

Author: J.C. Doig

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401597715

Category: Philosophy

Page: 316

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Is Aquinas's Sententia libri Ethicorum an interpretation of Aristotle based on `principles of Christian ethics'? Or do we have in that work a presentation of the foundation of Aquinas's moral philosophy? Professor Doig answers these questions through an examination of the historical context within which the Sententia was composed. In Chapters 1-2, the work's role as a corrective of earlier commentaries is established. Chapter 3, by examining philosophy at Paris between 1215 and 1283, reveals that the proposal by Aquinas of a moral philosophy would have been unexceptional. Chapter 4's investigation of the principles underlying the moral theory of the Sententia makes apparent that they were regarded by Aquinas as both philosophical and Aristotelian. The date to be assigned the composition of the Sententia is studied in Chapter 5, and the conclusion is drawn, that with some probability, the Sententia is its author's final proposal of moral doctrines. The closing Chapter offers a summary of that moral philosophy against the historical background brought out earlier.

Commentary on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Author: Pietro Martire Vermigli

Publisher: Davenant Institute

ISBN: 9781931112550

Category: Philosophy

Page: 439

View: 8348

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Peter Martyr Vermigli (1499-1562) was a scriptural exegete, but also an Aristotelian philosopher. His voluminous commentaries on Old and New Testament books are complemented by this volume, the only one of its kind in his corpus. As such it provides a window into the complex world of early modern European philosophical translation and commentary, as well as the theology and ethics of the Reformed camp. Theological commentaries on Aristotle are an important part of the history of the philosophy-theology connection. Thomas Aquinas is an outstanding example, and Peter Martyr Vermigli follows in his steps. It reflects Martyr's years at Padua studying the "practical Aristotle." This lecture series, given at Strasbourg 1553-56, provides a running commentary, showing the positive take on The Philosopher, along with the decisive criterion of Scripture. It is a major contribution to the debate on "Reformed Scholasticism," which casts Beza, Martyr, and Zanchi as protagonists. It supports the thesis of Richard Muller and others that scholasticism is a method rather than a position, a pedagogical mode of organizing doctrine in behalf of clarity and interior logic.

Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus, Anonymous: On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 8-9

Author: Michael of Ephesus,Aspasius,

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1780939094

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2600

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Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing three kinds: a primary kind motivated by the other's character; and other kinds motivated by utility or pleasure. He takes up Plato's idea that one knows oneself better as reflected in another's eyes, as providing one of the benefits of friendship, and he also sees true friendship as modelled on true self-love. He further compares friendship with justice, and illustrates the ubiquity of friendship by referring to the way in which we help wayfarers as if they were kin (oikeion), a word he takes from Plato's discussion of love. In many of these respects he probably influenced the Stoic theory of justice as based on the natural kinship (oikeiotes) one feels initially for oneself at birth and, eventually, for lost wayfarers. Of the three commentaries translated here, that by the second-century AD Aristotelian Aspasius is the earliest extant commentary on Aristotle; the second is by Michael of Ephesus in the twelfth century; the third is of unknown date and authorship. Aspasius worries whether there is only one kind of friendship with a single definition.But he plumps for a verdict not given by Aristotle, that the primary kind of friendship serves as a focal point for defining the other two. Aspasius picks up connections with his Stoic contemporaries. Michael cites Christians and draws from Neoplatonists the idea that there is a self-aware part of the soul, and that Aristotle saw individuals as bundles of properties.

Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061221

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7113

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This new edition of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is an accurate, readable and accessible translation of one of the world's greatest ethical works. Based on lectures Aristotle gave in Athens in the fourth century BCE, Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most significant works in moral philosophy, and has profoundly influenced the whole course of subsequent philosophical endeavour. It offers seminal, practically oriented discussions of many central ethical issues, including the role of luck in human well-being, moral education, responsibility, courage, justice, moral weakness, friendship and pleasure, with an emphasis on the exercise of virtue as the key to human happiness. This second edition offers an updated editor's introduction and suggestions for further reading, and incorporates the line numbers as well as the page numbers of the Greek text. With its emphasis on accuracy and readability, it will enable readers without Greek to come as close as possible to Aristotle's work.

Magna Moralia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050048751

Category: Philosophy

Page: 484

View: 9910

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Mit diesem Band liegt neben der Nikomachischen und der Eudemischen die dritte Version der Ethik des Aristoteles vor. Im Unterschied zu den beiden anderen Ethiken geht es hier um eine Tugend- und Güterlehre, nicht um ein umfassendes Konzept einer Eudämonie. Über die zeitliche Reihenfolge der ethischen Texte des Aristoteles besteht bisher keine Einigkeit. Somit schien es dem Bearbeiter zweckmäßig, Satz für Satz der Gedankendarstellung nachzugehen und auf diese Weise den ersten vollständigen Kommentar zu schaffen. Er kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die "Magna Moralia" nicht als nacharistotelische Kompilation aus Nikomachischer und Eudemischer Ethik begriffen werden könne, sie sich auch nicht zeitlich als "Mittlere Ethik" einreihen lasse, sondern die früheste Skizze des Aristoteles selbst sei. Wenn irgendwo, so ist also innerhalb der Ethik die Möglichkeit gegeben, Aristoteles sukzessive am Werk zu sehen.


De Motu and the Analyst

A Modern Edition, with Introductions and Commentary

Author: G. Berkeley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401125929

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 386

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Berkeley's philosophy has been much studied and discussed over the years, and a growing number of scholars have come to the realization that scientific and mathematical writings are an essential part of his philosophical enterprise. The aim of this volume is to present Berkeley's two most important scientific texts in a form which meets contemporary standards of scholarship while rendering them accessible to the modern reader. Although editions of both are contained in the fourth volume of the Works, these lack adequate introductions and do not provide com plete and corrected texts. The present edition contains a complete and critically established text of both De Motu and The Analyst, in addi tion to a new translation of De Motu. The introductions and notes are designed to provide the background necessary for a full understanding of Berkeley's account of science and mathematics. Although these two texts are very different, they are united by a shared a concern with the work of Newton and Leibniz. Berkeley's De Motu deals extensively with Newton's Principia and Leibniz's Specimen Dynamicum, while The Analyst critiques both Leibnizian and Newto nian mathematics. Berkeley is commonly thought of as a successor to Locke or Malebranche, but as these works show he is also a successor to Newton and Leibniz.