Principles of Human Evolution

Author: Robert Andrew Foley,Roger Lewin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868799X

Category: Science

Page: 576

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Principles of Human Evolution presents an in-depthintroduction to paleoanthropology and the study of human evolution.Focusing on the fundamentals of evolutionary theory and how theseapply to ecological, molecular genetic, paleontological andarcheological approaches to important questions in the field, thistimely textbook will help students gain a perspective on humanevolution in the context of modern biological thinking. The second edition of this successful text features the additionof Robert Foley, a leading researcher in Human EvolutionaryStudies, to the writing team. Strong emphasis on evolutionarytheory, ecology and behavior and scores of new examples reflect thelatest evolutionary theories and recent archaeological finds. Morethan a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue ratherthan chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation and anatomy. Anew design and new figure references make this edition moreaccessible for students and instructors. New author, Robert Foley – leading figure in HumanEvolutionary Studies – joins the writing team. Dedicated website – www.blackwellpublishing.com/lewin– provides study resources and artwork downloadable forPowerpoint presentations. Beyond the Facts boxes – explore key scientific debatesin greater depth. Margin Comments – indicate the key points in eachsection. Key Questions – review and test students’ knowledgeof central chapter concepts and help focus the way a studentapproaches reading the text. New emphasis on ecological and behavioral evolution – inkeeping with modern research. Fully up to date with recent fossil finds and interpretations;integration of genetic and paleoanthropological approaches.

Principles of Human Evolution: A Core Textbook

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780865425422

Category: Science

Page: 526

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This long awaited core textbook in the study of evolution takes a similar approach to the subject as does Roger Lewin's classic text, Human Evolution, but goes a step further. The many important discoveries and new evidence that have emerged since the last edition of Human Evolution make this new text a timely and necessary addition to any introductory evolution course. Coverage of the three new species of early human discovered in recent years. Discussion of the new fossil and genetic evidence on the origin of modern humans. An entire chapter on the Neanderthals. A full treatment of modern evolutionary theory. Extensive coverage of recent advances in molecular and morphological systematics.

Principles of Human Evolution

A Core Textbook

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632061044

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 5638

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This long awaited core textbook in the study of evolution takes a similar approach to the subject as Roger Lewin's classic HUMAN EVOLUTION text, but incorporates important discoveries and new evidence that have come to light since publication of the earlier versions. 154 illustrations.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Author: Alan Beedle,Mark Hanson,Tatjana Buklijas,Felicia Low

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199663920

Category:

Page: 400

View: 1580

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Evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. This revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. It is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. The general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. The second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. The two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. The final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. A number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. This second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Evolutionary principles of human adolescence

Author: Glenn Weisfeld

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 401

View: 6714

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"An exploration of human adolescence, this book is unique because of its ethological perspective. The author presents a comprehensive treatment of adolescent development from a functional, evolutionary point of view, providing a research-based description of human adolescence. He also offers a comparative perspective, describing adolescence in other species, human cultures, and historical periods."--BOOK JACKET.

The Evolution of Human Language

Scenarios, principles, and cultural dynamics

Author: Wolfgang Wildgen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 902729545X

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 4500

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Wolfgang Wildgen presents three perspectives on the evolution of language as a key element in the evolution of mankind in terms of the development of human symbol use. (1) He approaches this question by constructing possible scenarios in which mechanisms necessary for symbolic behavior could have developed, on the basis of the state of the art in evolutionary anthropology and genetics. (2) Non-linguistic symbolic behavior such as cave art is investigated as an important clue to the developmental background to the origin of language. Creativity and innovation and a population's ability to integrate individual experiments are considered with regard to historical examples of symbolic creativity in the visual arts and natural sciences. (3) Probable linguistic 'fossils' of such linguistic innovations are examined. The results of this study allow for new proposals for a 'protolanguage' and for a theory of language within a broader philosophical and semiotic framework, and raises interesting questions as to human consciousness, universal grammar, and linguistic methodology. (Series B)

The Evolution of the Human Head

Author: Daniel Lieberman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674046366

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 9138

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Dan Lieberman has written an innovative, exhaustively researched and carefully argued book dealing with the evolution of the human head. In it he addresses three interrelated questions. First, why does the human head look the way it does? Second, why did these transformations occur? And third, how is something as complex and vital as the head so variable and evolvable? This book addresses these questions in three sections. The first set of chapters review how human and ape heads grow, both in terms of individual parts (organs and regions) and as an integrated whole. The second section reviews how the head performs its major functions: housing the brain, chewing, swallowing, breathing, vocalizing, thermoregulating, seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and balancing during locomotion. The final set of chapters review the fossil evidence for major transformations of the head during human evolution from the divergence of the human and ape lineages through the origins of Homo sapiens. These chapters use developmental and functional insights from the first two sections to speculate on the developmental and selective bases for these transformations.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Author: Peter Gluckman,Alan Beedle,Mark Hanson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199236380

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1426

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This is the first integrated and comprehensive textbook to explain the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and to focus on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary biology.

Landscape of the Mind

Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought

Author: John F. Hoffecker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151848X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 731

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In Landscape of the Mind, John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the human mind, drawing on archaeology, history, and the fossil record. He suggests that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools that evolved into the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thoughts as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups became integrated into a "neocortical Internet," or super-brain, giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence of the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher order consciousness, is a product of the superbrain. He equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and created alternative realities through tools, language, and art. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. Subsequent human history reflects to varying degrees the suppression of the mind's creative powers by the rigid hierarchies of nationstates and empires, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged after 1200 from the fragments of the Roman Empire, whose collapse had eliminated a central authority that could thwart innovation. Hoffecker concludes with speculation about the possibility of artificial intelligence and the consequences of a mind liberated from its organic antecedents to exist in an independent, nonbiological form.

Scientific Discovery

Logic and Tinkering

Author: Aharon Kantorovich

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791414781

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 1864

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Kantorovich analyzes the notion of discovery. He views the process as inference and questions whether there is logic or method to discovery. He provides an alternative perspective on scientific discovery that explains the difficulties in finding a satisfactory method of discovery. Within the framework of evolutionary epistemology, discovery is treated as a phenomenon in its own right having psychological and social dimensions. Science is viewed as a continuation of the evolutionary process whereby creative discovery plays a role similar to blind mutation in biological evolution. From this perspective, serendipity and tinkering are key notions in understanding the creative process.

Wiley-Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution

Author: Bernard Wood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118335740

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 301

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Not so long ago, all a student studying human evolution needed was a familiarity with the relatively sparse fossil record and what limited information there was about the context of the sites, a basic knowledge of gross anatomy and archeology, and an understanding of simple analytical methods. Times have changed. The fossil record has grown exponentially, imaging techniques have advanced dramatically, quantitative methods have burgeoned, and molecular biology has revolutionized our understanding of genetics, evolutionary history, and development. Added to this are advances in the archeological, biological, and earth sciences that help interpret the context of the fossil evidence and reconstruct behavior. But presently there is nowhere students of human evolution cna easily find out about topics as disparate as ameloblast, Coopers Cave, daily secretion rate, the effect hypothesis, homeobox genes, insolation, phylogenetically independent contrasts, quantitative trait locus, semicircular canals, and tephrostratigraphy. The Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution contains upwards of 2500 entries, all drafted with an eye on the student user. It is an indispensable source for those studying human evolution.

Reinventing Organizations

Ein Leitfaden zur Gestaltung sinnstiftender Formen der Zusammenarbeit

Author: Frederic Laloux

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800649144

Category: Fiction

Page: 356

View: 1470

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Bahnbrechend. Inspirierend. Eines der faszinierendsten Bücher zur Organisationsentwicklung des letzten Jahrzehnts. Dies ist ein sehr wichtiges Buch, bedeutsam in vielerlei Hinsicht: Sowohl angesichts der bahnbrechenden Forschungsergebnisse, Einsichten, Ratschläge und Empfehlungen, die es enthält, als auch aufgrund der genauso wichtigen Fragen und Herausforderungen, auf die es hinweist.“ Ken Wilber aus dem Nachwort „Die programmatische Aufforderung ‚Reinventing Organizations‘ mündet in einem Organisationsmodell, das Strukturen wie Praktiken nach neuartigen, evolutionär-integralen Prinzipien ausrichtet. Im Ergebnis steht die Erkenntnis, dass das Leben und Arbeiten in Organisationen, ebenso wie deren Leistungsbeiträge für die Gesellschaft, radikal zum Positiven verändert werden können. Aber hierzu muss nicht zuletzt die Führung eine fortgeschrittene Entwicklungsebene erreichen.“ Prof. Dr. Jürgen Weibler, Autor des Standardwerkes „Personalführung“ „Das Buch gibt Hoffnung und ganz konkrete Hilfe zur Lösung der Probleme, die wir an der Schwelle von der Postmoderne zu einem neuen Zeitalter erleben, in denen die traditionellen oder modernen Organisationsformen den Anforderungen und Bedürfnissen der Menschen nicht mehr gerecht werden.“ Eine Leserin auf Amazon.com Frederic Laloux hat mit Reinventing Organizations das Grundlagenbuch für die integrale Organisationsentwicklung verfasst. Die Breite sowie Tiefe seiner Analyse und Beschreibung – ganzheitlich, selbstorganisierend und sinnerfüllend operierender Unternehmen – ist einzigartig. Das erste Kapitel des Buches gibt einen Überblick über die historische Entwicklung von Organisationsparadigmen, bevor im zweiten Kapitel Strukturen, die Praxis und die Kultur von Organisationen, die ein erfüllendes und selbstbestimmtes Handeln der Menschen ermöglichen, anhand von ausgewählten Beispielen vorgestellt werden. Auf die Bedingungen, Hindernisse sowie Herausforderungen bei der Entwicklung dieser evolutionären Organisationen wird in Kapitel 3 eingegangen. Hier entwirft Frederic Laloux einen Leitfaden für den Weg hin zu einer ganzheitlich orientierten und sinnstiftenden Organisation. Frederic Laloux ist auch aufgrund dieses Buches ein mittlerweile gefragter Berater und Coach für Führungskräfte, die nach fundamental neuen Wegen der Organisation eines Unternehmens suchen. Er war Associate Partner bei McKinsey & Company und hält einen MBA vom INSEAD.

The Chosen Species

The Long March of Human Evolution

Author: Juan Luis Arsuaga,Ignacio Martínez,Mauricio Antón

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405115327

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 8916

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This engaging book tells the story of human evolution, asking if man is indeed the “chosen species” or merely an evolutionary accident. Written by world-renowned paleoanthropologists who are co-directors of the excavations at Atapuerca---a World Heritage Site and Europe’s oldest known burial site---where a new human species, homo antecessor, was discovered Discusses various hypotheses of human evolution, drawing conclusions from verifiable facts and well-founded argument Offers a compelling narrative written for nonspecialists and students of human evolution Includes over 60 illustrations Sold over 100,000 copies in the original Spanish-language edition

Ancestors and Relatives

Genealogy, Identity, and Community

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912319

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3863

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Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8020

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Handbook of Paleoanthropology

Vol I:Principles, Methods and Approaches Vol II:Primate Evolution and Human Origins Vol III:Phylogeny of Hominids

Author: Winfried Henke,Ian Tattersall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540324747

Category: Science

Page: 2069

View: 9203

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This 3-volume handbook brings together contributions by the world ́s leading specialists that reflect the broad spectrum of modern palaeoanthropology, thus presenting an indispensable resource for professionals and students alike. Vol. 1 reviews principles, methods, and approaches, recounting recent advances and state-of-the-art knowledge in phylogenetic analysis, palaeoecology and evolutionary theory and philosophy. Vol. 2 examines primate origins, evolution, behaviour, and adaptive variety, emphasizing integration of fossil data with contemporary knowledge of the behaviour and ecology of living primates in natural environments. Vol. 3 deals with fossil and molecular evidence for the evolution of Homo sapiens and its fossil relatives.

Evolution

eine Einführung

Author: Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150187050

Category:

Page: 211

View: 2304

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Evolution auf den Punkt gebracht. Eine kurze Einführung in die Prinzipien und Fragen der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens auf unserem Planeten.

Evolution

What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511426

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 2048

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Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before. The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.

Theoretical Principles of Sociology, Volume 3

Mesodynamics

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441962212

Category: Social Science

Page: 434

View: 8226

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The meso-level realm of social reality is structured by corporate and categoric units, along with their respective cultures. Unlike the macro and micro realms of social reality, the meso-level does not reveal its own unique forces. Rather, the dynamics of meso-structures and cultures are driven by macro- and micro-level forces pushing on individual and collective actors as they build corporate units and develop parameters defining membership in particular social categories.

Sense and Nonsense

Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour

Author: Kevin N. Laland,Gillian R. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199586969

Category: Medical

Page: 270

View: 9179

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This book asks whether evolution can help us to understand human behaviour and explores diverse evolutionary methods and arguments. It provides a short, readable introduction to the science behind the works of Dawkins, Dennett, Wilson and Pinker. It is widely used in undergraduate courses around the world.