Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 7160

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Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.


Virtuous Imbalance

Political Philosophy between Desirability and Feasibility

Author: Francesca Pasquali

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317001451

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2237

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Which kind of methodology should political philosophy endorse to jointly meet its theoretical and practical commitments? Virtuous Imbalance: Political Philosophy between Desirability and Feasibility assesses three paradigmatic cases to explore and explain political philosophy's attempts to answer this important question. Rawls's realistic utopianism, Machiavelli's realism, and Plato's utopianism are examined and explored as Francesca Pasquali presents the proper methodology political philosophy should endorse when attempting to attain equilibrium between the practical and the theoretical. These models are investigated with reference to desirability and feasibility; the former concerning the adequacy of normative principles, the latter the practical possibility of enacting them. Both realism and utopianism are shown to perform important and relevant functions with utopianism providing the criteria for judging political practices and realism developing principles for orienting political actors' conduct. An innovative version of realistic utopianism develops, avoiding the shortfalls detected in previous formulations whilst presenting a methodological strategy that enables political philosophy to play a proper public role, without dismissing theoretical concerns.

Rawls's Political Liberalism

Author: Thom Brooks,Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527721

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 4538

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Widely hailed as one of the most significant works in modern political philosophy, John Rawls's Political Liberalism (1993) defended a powerful vision of society that respects reasonable ways of life, both religious and secular. These core values have never been more critical as anxiety grows over political and religious difference and new restrictions are placed on peaceful protest and individual expression. This anthology of original essays suggests new, groundbreaking applications of Rawls's work in multiple disciplines and contexts. Thom Brooks, Martha Nussbaum, Onora O'Neill (University of Cambridge), Paul Weithman (University of Notre Dame), Jeremy Waldron (New York University), and Frank Michelman (Harvard University) explore political liberalism's relevance to the challenges of multiculturalism, the relationship between the state and religion, the struggle for political legitimacy, and the capabilities approach. Extending Rawls's progressive thought to the fields of law, economics, and public reason, this book helps advance the project of a free society that thrives despite disagreements over religious and moral views.

Über John Rawls' politischen Liberalismus

zur Rolle des Vernünftigen in Rawls' Begründung einer politischen Gerechtigkeitstheorie

Author: Thomas M. Besch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783631322536

Category: Justice

Page: 153

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John Rawls' Begründung des politischen Liberalismus steht vor dem Problem, daß sich liberale Inhalte erst dann durch einen faktischen Konsens begründen lassen, wenn die Adressaten dieser Begründung über passende liberale Wertperspektiven verfügen. Rawls reagiert auf dieses Problem, indem er den legitimitätstheoretisch geforderten Konsens über die Grundlagen politischer Macht auf die exklusive Wertperspektive einer substantiellen Tugend der Vernünftigkeit zuschneidet. Doch diese tugendethische Begründung des politischen Liberalismus ist ihrerseits unvernünftig. Disharmonien praktischer Vernunft geben vernünftigen Bürgern Gründe, politische Legitimität nicht verwirklicht zu sehen, wenn die Grundlagen politischer Macht allein aus ihrer Perspektive akzeptabel sind.

Political Liberalism

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231527538

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 1146

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This book continues and revises the ideas of justice as fairness that John Rawls presented in A Theory of Justice but changes its philosophical interpretation in a fundamental way. That previous work assumed what Rawls calls a "well-ordered society," one that is stable and relatively homogenous in its basic moral beliefs and in which there is broad agreement about what constitutes the good life. Yet in modern democratic society a plurality of incompatible and irreconcilable doctrines—religious, philosophical, and moral—coexist within the framework of democratic institutions. Recognizing this as a permanent condition of democracy, Rawls asks how a stable and just society of free and equal citizens can live in concord when divided by reasonable but incompatible doctrines? This edition includes the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited," which outlines Rawls' plans to revise Political Liberalism, which were cut short by his death. "An extraordinary well-reasoned commentary on A Theory of Justice...a decisive turn towards political philosophy." —Times Literary Supplement

Liberalism and Islam

Practical Reconciliation Between the Liberal State and Shiite Muslims

Author: Hamid Hadji Haidar

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230605251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

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This book examines the possibility of reconciliation between liberalism and Shiite Islam. By examining two key liberal theories, this book shows that secular liberalism is not justifiable in the view of Shiite Islamic thought. Yet, since the liberal state is tolerant of Shiite Muslim citizens, at the practical level, there is no ground for conflict between liberal societies and Shiite Muslim minorities. Therefore, whilst Shiite Muslims at home should refrain from constructing the basic structure of their societies in accordance with liberal theory, Shiite Muslim minorities of liberal societies should accept the basic structure of these societies in return for receiving freedoms, protections, and opportunities.

Rawls and Religion

The Case for Political Liberalism

Author: Daniel A. Dombrowski

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791490467

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 7153

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Employs the political philosophy of John Rawls to address controversies involving politics and religion.


Gerechtigkeit als Versöhnung

John Rawls' politischer Liberalismus

Author: Jörg Schaub

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593390451

Category: Justice

Page: 336

View: 9654

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Können wir Mitglieder demokratischer Gesellschaften uns auf eine politische Gerechtigkeitskonzeption verständigen, obwohl unsere religiösen und säkularen Weltbilder unvereinbar sind? Darf ich von meinen Mitbürgern erwarten, dass sie eine gerechte Demokratie bereitwillig und dauerhaft unterstützen? Und wie ist der Pluralismus der Weltanschauungen selbst zu bewerten? Diese Fragen stehen im Zentrum von John Rawls' politischem Liberalismus. Wie Bürger sie beantworten, prägt nach seiner Auffassung nicht nur ihre Einstellung zur liberalen Demokratie, sondern auch ihre Haltung zur Politik und hat somit Einfluss darauf, wie sie sich an politischen Prozessen beteiligen. Jörg Schaub rekonstruiert John Rawls' ambitioniertes Projekt der Versöhnung mit der liberalen Demokratie, unterzieht es einer umfassenden Kritik und legt seine hegelianischen Wurzeln frei. (Quelle: Text Verlagseinband / Verlag).


The Radical Critique of Liberalism

In Memory of a Vision

Author: Toula Nicolacopoulos

Publisher: re.press

ISBN: 0980666562

Category: Electronic books

Page: 294

View: 5524

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There are many books about liberalism, but no defence of radical critique that treats liberal theory with the depth, breadth and intensity of this work. Rigorously examining Rawls, Waldron, Larmore and Kymlicka, the book demonstrates that an adequate appreciation of the deep structural ?aws of liberal theory presupposes the application of a critical philosophical methodology that has the power to reveal the systemic interconnections within and between the varieties of liberal inquiring practices.

The Idea of a Political Liberalism

Essays on Rawls

Author: Victoria Davion,Clark Wolf

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847687947

Category: Philosophy

Page: 295

View: 2318

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In this unique volume, some of today's most eminent political philosophers examine the thought of John Rawls, focusing in particular on his most recent work. These original essays explore diverse issues, including the problem of pluralism, the relationship between constitutive commitment and liberal institutions, just treatment of dissident minorities, the constitutional implications of liberalism, international relations, and the structure of international law. The first comprehensive study of Rawls's recent work, The Idea of Political Liberalism will be indispensable for political philosophers and theorists interested in contemporary political thought.

The Legacy of John Rawls

Author: Thom Brooks,Fabian Freyenhagen

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847141099

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 8139

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John Rawls was unquestionably the most important moral and political philosopher of the last one hundred years. His A Theory of Justice published in 1971 is already a classic text, and his political philosophy is more widely studied than that of any other theorist. Interest in Rawls's work has increased still further since his recent death and the publication of his complete works, but until now, there has been no single volume that explores the legacy of his work. This book fills the void, making a substantial contribution not only to work on Rawls's thought but to contemporary debates in ethics and justice as well. The book will be of great interest to academics and students in philosophy, politics, and law departments alike.


Pluralism and Liberal Politics

Author: Robert Talisse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136635505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

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In this book, Robert Talisse critically examines the moral and political implications of pluralism, the view that our best moral thinking is indeterminate and that moral conflict is an inescapable feature of the human condition. Through a careful engagement with the work of William James, Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, and their contemporary followers, Talisse distinguishes two broad types of moral pluralism: metaphysical and epistemic. After arguing that metaphysical pluralism does not offer a compelling account of value and thus cannot ground a viable conception of liberal politics, Talisse proposes and defends a distinctive variety of epistemic pluralism. According to this view, certain value conflicts are at present undecidable rather than intrinsic. Consequently, epistemic pluralism countenances the possibility that further argumentation, enhanced reflection, or the acquisition of more information could yield rational resolutions to the kinds of value conflicts that metaphysical pluralists deem irresolvable as such. Talisse’s epistemic pluralism hence prescribes a politics in which deep value conflicts are to be addressed by ongoing argumentation and free engagement among citizens; the epistemic pluralist thus sees liberal democracy is the proper political response to ongoing moral disagreement.

The New Social Theory Reader

Contemporary Debates

Author: Steven Seidman,Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415188074

Category: Social Science

Page: 409

View: 7813

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This comprehensive reader provides students and academics with access to the writers and perspectives that are shaping some of the most exciting social thinking today, with the editors placing key figures in lively debate with each other. The first section sets out some of the main schools of thought, including Habermas and Honneth on New Critical Theory, Jameson and Hall on Cultural Studies, and Foucault and Laclau and Mouffe on poststructuralism. The sections that follow trace theory debates as they become more issues-based and engaged, looking at: concepts such as justice and truth the social meaning of nationalism, multiculturalism, globalization identity debates around gender, sexuality, race, post-coloniality. This carefully selected collection of articles has been fine tuned to ensure readers have the right selection in the best structure to get to grips with the recent dramatic shift in the nature of social theory


Democracy After Liberalism

Pragmatism and Deliberative Politics

Author: Robert B. Talisse

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415950183

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 8794

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This book critically evaluates liberalism, the dominant attempt in the tradition of political philosophy to provide a philosophical foundation for democracy, and argues for a conception of deliberative democracy to meet this need.