Regression Analysis for Categorical Moderators

Author: Herman Aguinis

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572309692

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

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Does the stability of personality vary by gender or ethnicity? Does a particular therapy work better to treat clients with one type of personality disorder than those with another? Providing a solution to thorny problems such as these, Aguinis shows readers how to better assess whether the relationship between two variables is moderated by group membership through the use of a statistical technique, moderated multiple regression (MMR). Clearly written, the book requires only basic knowledge of inferential statistics. It helps students, researchers, and practitioners determine whether a particular intervention is likely to yield dissimilar outcomes for members of various groups. Associated computer programs and data sets are available at the author's website (http: //mypage.iu.edu/ haguinis/mmr).

Deutsche Kommunen im Demographischen Wandel

Eine Evaluation lokaler bevölkerungspolitischer Maßnahmen

Author: Christian Rademacher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658005475

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 5555

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​Das „Gespenst“ des Demographischen Wandels geht um in Europa. Geburtenrückgang und die prognostizierte Alterung und Schrumpfung der Gesellschaft wird im öffentlichen Diskurs häufig mit einer Überlastung des Sozialstaates oder katastrophalen ökonomischen Zukunftsszenarien gleichgesetzt. Christian Rademacher prüft die finanz- und arbeitsmarktpolitische Leistungsfähigkeit lokaler Daseinsfürsorge durch praktische externe Evaluationen von familien- und seniorenpolitischen Maßnahmen auf lokaler Ebene. Er zeigt, dass entgegen weit verbreiteter populationistischer Krisenannahmen deutsche Kommunen über erhebliche Gestaltungsspielräume in demographiesensiblen Handlungsfeldern verfügen. Die Gestaltbarkeit lokaler Bevölkerungsentwicklungen ist größer, wenn die politischen Entscheider bereits auf positive Erfahrungen bei der erfolgreichen Umsetzung solcher kommunalpolitischen Interventionen zurückblicken können. Ausgezeichnet mit dem "Allianz-Nachwuchspreis für Demografie" der DGD 2013

Applied Meta-Analysis for Social Science Research

Author: Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462525008

Category: Psychology

Page: 377

View: 5664

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Offering pragmatic guidance for planning and conducting a meta-analytic review, this book is written in an engaging, nontechnical style that makes it ideal for graduate course use or self-study. The author shows how to identify questions that can be answered using meta-analysis, retrieve both published and unpublished studies, create a coding manual, use traditional and unique effect size indices, and write a meta-analytic review. An ongoing example illustrates meta-analytic techniques. In addition to the fundamentals, the book discusses more advanced topics, such as artifact correction, random- and mixed-effects models, structural equation representations, and multivariate procedures. User-friendly features include annotated equations; discussions of alternative approaches; and "Practical Matters" sections that give advice on topics not often discussed in other books, such as linking meta-analytic results with theory and the utility of meta-analysis software programs. ÿ

Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences

A Model-Based Approach

Author: David B. Flora

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526421925

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 1946

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Statistical methods in modern research increasingly entail developing, estimating and testing models for data. Rather than rigid methods of data analysis, the need today is for more flexible methods for modelling data. In this logical, easy-to-follow and exceptionally clear book, David Flora provides a comprehensive survey of the major statistical procedures currently used. His innovative model-based approach teaches you how to: Understand and choose the right statistical model to fit your data Match substantive theory and statistical models Apply statistical procedures hands-on, with example data analyses Develop and use graphs to understand data and fit models to data Work with statistical modeling principles using any software package Learn by applying, with input and output files for R, SAS, SPSS, and Mplus. Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences: A Model Based Approach is the essential guide for those looking to extend their understanding of the principles of statistics, and begin using the right statistical modeling method for their own data. It is particularly suited to second or advanced courses in statistical methods across the social and behavioural sciences.

Advances in Meta-Analysis

Author: Terri Pigott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461422779

Category: Mathematics

Page: 155

View: 7198

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This book describes multivariate analyses for several indices commonly used in meta-analysis, outlines how to do power analysis for meta-analysis, and examines issues around research quality and research design and their roles in synthesis.


The Sage Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology

Author: Carol Sansone,Carolyn C Morf,A. T. Panter

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452261644

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 4942

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The genius of social psychology as a field has been its ability to investigate the seemingly complicated behaviors that characterize humans as social creatures. The SAGE Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology simplifies this complexity by providing researchers and students with an overview of the rich history of methodological innovation in both basic and applied research within social psychology. This Handbook is a vital resource for behavioral scientists in the academic and research settings who are interested in learning about modern perspectives on classic and innovative methodological approaches in social psychology. Also recommended for undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in social psychology methods courses.

Theory-Based Data Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Carol S. Aneshensel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412994357

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 4951

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This book presents a method for bringing data analysis and statistical technique into line with theory. The author begins by describing the elaboration model for analyzing the empirical association between variables. She then introduces a new concept into this model, the focal relationship. Building upon the focal relationship as the cornerstone for all subsequent analysis, two analytic strategies are developed to establish its internal validity: an exclusionary strategy to eliminate alternative explanations, and an inclusive strategy which looks at the interconnected set of relationships predicted by theory. Using real examples of social research, the author demonstrates the use of this approach for two common forms of analysis, multiple linear regression and logistic regression. Whether learning data analysis for the first time or adding new techniques to your repertoire, this book provides an excellent basis for theory-based data analysis.

Best Practices in Quantitative Methods

Author: Jason W. Osborne

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483333051

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 6473

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The contributors to Best Practices in Quantitative Methods envision quantitative methods in the 21st century, identify the best practices, and, where possible, demonstrate the superiority of their recommendations empirically. Editor Jason W. Osborne designed this book with the goal of providing readers with the most effective, evidence-based, modern quantitative methods and quantitative data analysis across the social and behavioral sciences. The text is divided into five main sections covering select best practices in Measurement, Research Design, Basics of Data Analysis, Quantitative Methods, and Advanced Quantitative Methods. Each chapter contains a current and expansive review of the literature, a case for best practices in terms of method, outcomes, inferences, etc., and broad-ranging examples along with any empirical evidence to show why certain techniques are better. Key Features: Describes important implicit knowledge to readers: The chapters in this volume explain the important details of seemingly mundane aspects of quantitative research, making them accessible to readers and demonstrating why it is important to pay attention to these details. Compares and contrasts analytic techniques: The book examines instances where there are multiple options for doing things, and make recommendations as to what is the "best" choice—or choices, as what is best often depends on the circumstances. Offers new procedures to update and explicate traditional techniques: The featured scholars present and explain new options for data analysis, discussing the advantages and disadvantages of the new procedures in depth, describing how to perform them, and demonstrating their use. Intended Audience: Representing the vanguard of research methods for the 21st century, this book is an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers who want a comprehensive, authoritative resource for practical and sound advice from leading experts in quantitative methods.


Cross-Cultural Research Methods in Psychology

Author: David Matsumoto,Fons J. R. van de Vijver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493140

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 7032

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Cross-cultural research is now an undeniable part of mainstream psychology and has had a major impact on conceptual models of human behavior. Although it is true that the basic principles of social psychological methodology and data analysis are applicable to cross-cultural research, there are a number of issues that are distinct to it, including managing incongruities of language and quantifying cultural response sets in the use of scales. Cross-Cultural Research Methods in Psychology provides state-of-the-art knowledge about the methodological problems that need to be addressed if a researcher is to conduct valid and reliable cross-cultural research. It also offers practical advice and examples of solutions to those problems and is a must-read for any student of culture.

Statistical Approaches to Measurement Invariance

Author: Roger E. Millsap

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136761128

Category: Education

Page: 367

View: 7972

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This book reviews the statistical procedures used to detect measurement bias. Measurement bias is examined from a general latent variable perspective so as to accommodate different forms of testing in a variety of contexts including cognitive or clinical variables, attitudes, personality dimensions, or emotional states. Measurement models that underlie psychometric practice are described, including their strengths and limitations. Practical strategies and examples for dealing with bias detection are provided throughout.

Regression Analysis and Linear Models

Concepts, Applications, and Implementation

Author: Richard B. Darlington,Andrew F. Hayes

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462521134

Category: Social Science

Page: 661

View: 9140

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Ephasizing conceptual understanding over mathematics, this user-friendly text introduces linear regression analysis to students and researchers across the social, behavioral, consumer, and health sciences. Coverage includes model construction and estimation, quantification and measurement of multivariate and partial associations, statistical control, group comparisons, moderation analysis, mediation and path analysis, and regression diagnostics, among other important topics. Engaging worked-through examples demonstrate each technique, accompanied by helpful advice and cautions. The use of SPSS, SAS, and STATA is emphasized, with an appendix on regression analysis using R. The companion website (www.afhayes.com) provides datasets for the book's examples as well as the RLM macro for SPSS and SAS. Pedagogical Features: *Chapters include SPSS, SAS, or STATA code pertinent to the analyses described, with each distinctively formatted for easy identification. *An appendix documents the RLM macro, which facilitates computations for estimating and probing interactions, dominance analysis, heteroscedasticity-consistent standard errors, and linear spline regression, among other analyses. *Students are guided to practice what they learn in each chapter using datasets provided online. *Addresses topics not usually covered, such as ways to measure a variable?s importance, coding systems for representing categorical variables, causation, and myths about testing interaction.

Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques

From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques

Author: Rebecca M. Warner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141299134X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1172

View: 3443

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Rebecca M. Warner's Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, Second Edition provides a clear introduction to widely used topics in bivariate and multivariate statistics, including multiple regression, discriminant analysis, MANOVA, factor analysis, and binary logistic regression. The approach is applied and does not require formal mathematics; equations are accompanied by verbal explanations. Students are asked to think about the meaning of equations. Each chapter presents a complete empirical research example to illustrate the application of a specific method. Although SPSS examples are used throughout the book, the conceptual material will be helpful for users of different programs. Each chapter has a glossary and comprehension questions.

Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis, Second Edition

A Regression-Based Approach

Author: Andrew F. Hayes

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462534651

Category: Social Science

Page: 692

View: 9593

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Lauded for its easy-to-understand, conversational discussion of the fundamentals of mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis, this book has been fully revised with 50% new content, including sections on working with multicategorical antecedent variables, the use of PROCESS version 3 for SPSS and SAS for model estimation, and annotated PROCESS v3 outputs. Using the principles of ordinary least squares regression, Andrew F. Hayes carefully explains procedures for testing hypotheses about the conditions under and the mechanisms by which causal effects operate, as well as the moderation of such mechanisms. Hayes shows how to estimate and interpret direct, indirect, and conditional effects; probe and visualize interactions; test questions about moderated mediation; and report different types of analyses. Data for all the examples are available on the companion website (www.afhayes.com), along with links to download PROCESS. New to This Edition *Chapters on using each type of analysis with multicategorical antecedent variables. *Example analyses using PROCESS v3, with annotated outputs throughout the book. *More tips and advice, including new or revised discussions of formally testing moderation of a mechanism using the index of moderated mediation; effect size in mediation analysis; comparing conditional effects in models with more than one moderat∨ using R code for visualizing interactions; distinguishing between testing interaction and probing it; and more. *Rewritten Appendix A, which provides the only documentation of PROCESS v3, including 13 new preprogrammed models that combine moderation with serial mediation or parallel and serial mediation. *Appendix B, describing how to create customized models in PROCESS v3 or edit preprogrammed models.

Advances in Configural Frequency Analysis

Author: Alexander von Eye,Patrick Mair,Eun Young Mun

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606237195

Category: Psychology

Page: 306

View: 4770

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Using real-world data examples, this authoritative book shows how to use the latest configural frequency analysis (CFA) techniques to analyze categorical data. Some of the techniques are presented here for the first time. In contrast to such methods as log-linear modeling, which focus on relationships among variables, CFA allows researchers to evaluate differences and change at the level of individual cells in a table. Illustrated are ways to identify and test for cell configurations that are either consistent with or contrary to hypothesized patterns (the types and antitypes of CFA); control for potential covariates that might influence observed results; develop innovative prediction models; address questions of moderation and mediation; and analyze intensive longitudinal data. The book also describes free software applications for executing CFA. This book will be invaluable to researchers and graduate students in psychology, education, management, public health, sociology, and other social, behavioral, and health science disciplines. It will also serve as a supplemental text in graduate-level courses on categorical data analysis, longitudinal analysis, and person-oriented research.

Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Individual Bases of Adolescent Development

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Laurence Steinberg, PhD

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470149218

Category: Psychology

Page: 823

View: 5882

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The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.

Applied Logistic Regression

Author: David W. Hosmer, Jr.,Stanley Lemeshow,Rodney X. Sturdivant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118548353

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 4758

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A new edition of the definitive guide to logistic regression modeling for health science and other applications This thoroughly expanded Third Edition provides an easily accessible introduction to the logistic regression (LR) model and highlights the power of this model by examining the relationship between a dichotomous outcome and a set of covariables. Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition emphasizes applications in the health sciences and handpicks topics that best suit the use of modern statistical software. The book provides readers with state-of-the-art techniques for building, interpreting, and assessing the performance of LR models. New and updated features include: A chapter on the analysis of correlated outcome data A wealth of additional material for topics ranging from Bayesian methods to assessing model fit Rich data sets from real-world studies that demonstrate each method under discussion Detailed examples and interpretation of the presented results as well as exercises throughout Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition is a must-have guide for professionals and researchers who need to model nominal or ordinal scaled outcome variables in public health, medicine, and the social sciences as well as a wide range of other fields and disciplines.

Ecological Statistics

Contemporary theory and application

Author: Gordon A. Fox,Simoneta Negrete-Yankelevich,Vinicio J. Sosa

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191652881

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4248

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The application and interpretation of statistics are central to ecological study and practice. Ecologists are now asking more sophisticated questions than in the past. These new questions, together with the continued growth of computing power and the availability of new software, have created a new generation of statistical techniques. These have resulted in major recent developments in both our understanding and practice of ecological statistics. This novel book synthesizes a number of these changes, addressing key approaches and issues that tend to be overlooked in other books such as missing/censored data, correlation structure of data, heterogeneous data, and complex causal relationships. These issues characterize a large proportion of ecological data, but most ecologists' training in traditional statistics simply does not provide them with adequate preparation to handle the associated challenges. Uniquely, Ecological Statistics highlights the underlying links among many statistical approaches that attempt to tackle these issues. In particular, it gives readers an introduction to approaches to inference, likelihoods, generalized linear (mixed) models, spatially or phylogenetically-structured data, and data synthesis, with a strong emphasis on conceptual understanding and subsequent application to data analysis. Written by a team of practicing ecologists, mathematical explanations have been kept to the minimum necessary. This user-friendly textbook will be suitable for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology who are interested in updating their statistical tool kits. A companion web site provides example data sets and commented code in the R language.

Propensity Score Analysis

Statistical Methods and Applications

Author: Shenyang Guo,Mark W. Fraser

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322521

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8620

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Fully updated to reflect the most recent changes in the field, the Second Edition of Propensity Score Analysis provides an accessible, systematic review of the origins, history, and statistical foundations of propensity score analysis, illustrating how it can be used for solving evaluation and causal-inference problems. With a strong focus on practical applications, the authors explore various strategies for employing PSA, discuss the use of PSA with alternative types of data, and delineate the limitations of PSA under a variety of constraints. Unlike existing textbooks on program evaluation and causal inference, this book delves into statistical concepts, formulas, and models within the context of a robust and engaging focus on application.