The Sacred Canopy

Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215379

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

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“The most important contribution to the sociology of religion since Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” (Commonweal). Acclaimed scholar and sociologist Peter L. Berger carefully lays out an understanding of religion as a historical, societal mechanism in this classic work of social theory. Berger examines the roots of religious belief and its gradual dissolution in modern times, applying a general theoretical perspective to specific examples from religions throughout the ages. Building upon the author’s previous work, The Social Construction of Reality, with Thomas Luckmann, this book makes Berger’s case that human societies build a “sacred canopy” to protect, stabilize, and give meaning to their worldview.

Karl Marx

Die Biographie

Author: Gareth Stedman Jones

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104905584

Category: Fiction

Page: 896

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»Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre«, so urteilt Bestseller-Autor Christopher Clark über Gareth Stedman Jones‘ hochgelobte Studie »Karl Marx: Die Biographie«. Denn Karl Marx war kein Marxist – zum Marxisten haben ihn andere gemacht. Indem Gareth Stedman Jones Leben und Werk von Marx konsequent aus ihrem Kontext im 19. Jahrhundert beschreibt, gelingt ihm eine faszinierende neue Deutung dieses epochemachenden Denkers. Endlich verstehen wir Marx‘ Entwicklung aus seiner Zeit heraus und wie er die Gedanken von Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, Ricardo und anderen zu neuen Ideen schmiedete. Und wir verstehen Marx‘ grundlegende Begriffe wie z.B. »Mehrwert«, »Kapital« »Entfremdung«, »Ausbeutung«, »Proletarier«, »Revolution« usw. In einer Epoche des industriellen und politischen Umbruchs erscheint Marx als Zeitgenosse, der versucht, Antworten auf die neuen Herausforderungen zu finden. Antworten, von denen er nicht ahnen konnte, wie sehr sie die Welt verändern würden. »Eine profunde Neubewertung von Marx und eine fesselnde Lektüre.« Christopher Clark

Erlösendes Lachen

Das Komische in der menschlichen Erfahrung

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110359049

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

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Ubiquitär, relativ und brüchig zugleichist Humor eine sehr spezifische menschliche Denk- und Ausdrucksform. In diesem Buch geht Peter L. Berger der Natur des Komischen und dessen Bezug zu anderen menschlichen Erfahrungen nach. Erstmals 1997 veröffentlicht, beinhaltet diese zweite Auflage ein neues Vorwort, in dem Berger Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von Modernität und Humor anstellt.

Migration und Traditionsbildung

Author: Ursula Apitzsch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322916227

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 2593

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Der Blick auf Tradition ist in der in Bewegung geratenen Geschichte nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges, der Neukonstitution Europas und der universalen Globalisierung weniger ein Blick auf Konserviertes oder Überkommenes, sondern ein plötzliches Innewerden der "Notwendigkeit des steten Tradierens der akkumulierten Kulturgüter" und damit auch auf die Möglichkeit für einen "neuartigen" Zugang neuer Kulturträger (im Sinne Karl Mannheims). Dies bedingen nicht nur der kontinuierliche Generationenwechsel und das Auf- und Absteigen neuer sozialer Gruppen, die den Prozeß des Tradierens zu allen Zeiten prägten, sondern vor allem die seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg andauernden und sich verändernden Migrationsprozesse.

Religiöser Pluralismus im Fokus quantitativer Religionsforschung

Author: Detlef Pollack,Ingrid Tucci,Hans-Georg Ziebertz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3531186965

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 5430

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Die religiöse Vielfalt hat in Europa in den letzten Jahren stark zugenommen. Dazu haben nicht nur Prozesse der Pluralisierung innerhalb des Christentums sowie das zunehmende Interesse an Formen alternativer New-Age Spiritualität beigetragen. Bunter geworden ist das religiöse Spektrum vor allem durch die Zuwanderung von Menschen mit nichtchristlicher Identität aus allen Teilen der Welt. Die leitenden Fragen dieses Bandes lauten: – Was ist religiöser Pluralismus und wie lässt er sich sozialwissenschaftlich erfassen? – Unter welchen sozialen und politisch-rechtlichen Bedingungen ist die Emergenz religiösen Pluralismus wahrscheinlich? – Worin bestehen die sozialen Folgen religiösen Pluralismus in der Zivilgesellschaft und auf dem religiösen Feld? – Wie wird gesellschaftlich mit Phänomenen religiöser Pluralität umgegangen? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen bedienen sich die Beiträge des Bandes der Methoden der quantitativen Sozialforschung.

Peter Berger and the Study of Religion

Author: Paul Heelas,David Martin,Linda Woodhead

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134608691

Category: Religion

Page: 224

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Peter Berger is the most influential contemporary sociologist of religion. This collection of essays is the first in-depth study of his contribution to the field, providing a comprehensive introduction to his work and to current thought in the study of religion. Themes addressed include: * Berger on religion and theology * Religion, spirituality and the discontents of modernity * Secularization and de-secularization A postscript by Peter Berger, responding to the essays, completes this overview of this major figure's work.


The Sacred and Its Scholars

Comparative Methodologies for the Study of Primary Religious Data

Author: Thomas A. Idinopulos,Edward A. Yonan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004106239

Category: Religion

Page: 192

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This volume of essays is devoted to a careful examination of the importance of methodology in the study of primary religious data. The essays focus on the 'Sacred' as an ultimate object of descriptive analysis and critical scrutiny on the part of a select number of North American and European methodologists in the study and teaching of the history of religions and its allied disciplines. The central question to which the contributors respond are these: What is the Sacred? Is it a being or a concept of a being; is it a mental state or an objective reality or something else entirely? Can the Sacred be described as an empirical fact, or as a formal rule for religious inquiry? If the Sacred is a valid category in the study and teaching of religion, then what can be said about the antithesis of the sacred, namely the profane or the secular? This volume probes these questions with great care in order to justify a number of ways the Sacred can be construed as an indispensable notion for the study and teaching of religion.

Religions in Movement

The Local and the Global in Contemporary Faith Traditions

Author: Robert W Hefner,John Hutchinson,Sara Mels,Christiane Timmerman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136681000

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 8812

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There has long been a debate about implications of globalization for the survival of the world of sovereign nation-states, and the role of nationalism as both an agent of and a response to globalization. In contrast, until recently there has been much less debate about the fate of religion. ‘Globalization’ has been viewed as part of the rationalization process, which has already relegated religion to the dustbin of history, just as it threatens the nation, as the world moves toward a cosmopolitan ethics and politics. The chapters in this book, however, make the case for the salience and resilience of religion, often in conjunction with nationalism, in the contemporary world in several ways. This book highlights the diverse ways in which religions first and foremost make use of the traditional power and communication channels available to them, like strategies of conversion, the preservation of traditional value systems, and the intertwining of religious and political power. Nevertheless, challenged by a more culturally and religiously diversified societies and by the growth of new religious sects, contemporary religions are also forced to let go of these well known strategies of preservation and formulate new ways of establishing their position in local contexts. This collection of essays by established and emerging scholars brings together theory-driven and empirically-based research and case-studies about the global and bottom-up strategies of religions and religious traditions in Europe and beyond to rethink their positions in their local communities and in the world.

Katholische Kirche und Sozialwissenschaften 1945–1975

Author: Benjamin Ziemann

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647351563

Category: History

Page: 396

View: 4511

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Seit 1945 griff die katholische Kirche in rascher Folge auf eine Reihe sozialwissenschaftlicher Methoden zurück. Diese sollten dabei helfen, Räume der Entkirchlichung mit neuem missionarischen Eifer zu erfüllen, die Einstellungen der Gläubigen demoskopisch zu beobachten und die kirchliche Organisationsstruktur an veränderte Bedingungen der Seelsorge anzupassen. Gruppendynamische und therapeutische Konzepte eröffneten neue Möglichkeiten für die religiöse Selbstthematisierung des Individuums. Mit Hilfe der Sozialwissenschaften ließen sich Folgen funktionaler Differenzierung als ›Säkularisierung‹ beobachten, ohne dass damit umstandslos eine größere Rationalität des kirchlichen Handelns erreichbar war.Die Rezeption und praktische Anwendung dieser Methoden in der Kirche ist ein anschauliches Beispiel für die zunehmende ›Verwissenschaftlichung des Sozialen‹. Die Sozialwissenschaften sollten dabei helfen, die Botschaft des Evangeliums auf neue Weise zu verkünden. Doch sie drohten zugleich, den Glauben zu entleeren. Die historische Analyse dieses Prozesses ermöglicht faszinierende Einblicke in die Religions- und Kirchengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie ist zugleich eine Kritik allzu glatt geratener Erfolgsgeschichten der Bundesrepublik, und interpretiert diese vielmehr als eine Periode ›gefährlicher Modernität‹.

Scientific Explanation and Religious Belief

Science and Religion in Philosophical and Public Discourse

Author: Michael G. Parker,Thomas M. Schmidt

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161487118

Category: Religion

Page: 189

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Contributions from an international conference held December 11-13, 2002, at the Institute for Philosophy of Religion at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 376

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Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Deeper Shades of Purple

Womanism in Religion and Society

Author: Stacey M. Floyd-Thomas

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814727530

Category: Religion

Page: 331

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The second wave of feminism was one of the most significant political and cultural developments of the 1960s and 1970s. Yet the role radical feminism played within the women's movement remains hotly contested. For some, radical feminism has made a lasting contribution to our understanding of male privilege, and the ways the power imbalance between men and women affects the everyday fabric of women's lives. For others, radical feminism represents a reflexive hostility toward men, sex, and heterosexuality, and thus is best ignored or forgotten. Rather than have the movement be interpreted by others, Radical Feminism permits the original work of radical feminists to speak for itself. Comprised of pivotal documents written by U.S. radical feminists in the 1960s and 1970s, Radical Feminism combines both unpublished and previously published manifestos, position papers, minutes of meetings, and newsletters essential to an understanding of radical feminism. Consisting of documents unavailable to the general public, and others in danger of being lost altogether, this panoramic collection is organized around the key issues of sex and sexuality, race, children, lesbianism, separatism, and class. Barbara A. Crow rescues the groundbreaking original work of such groups as The Furies, Redstockings, Cell 16, and the Women's Liberation Movement. Contributors include Kate Millet, Susan Brownmiller, Shulamith Firestone, Rosalyn Baxandall, Toni Morrison, Ellen Willis, Anne Koett, and Vivan Gornick. Gathered for the first time in one volume, these primary sources of radical feminism fill a major gap in the literature on feminism and feminist thought. Radical Feminism is an indispensable resource for future generations of feminists, scholars, and activists. "This valuable anthology may well change the way many of us view radical feminism." --Resources for Feminist Research, Winter/Spring 2001, Vol. 28, No. 3/4

Walking with God through Pain and Suffering

Author: Timothy Keller

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698138279

Category: Religion

Page: 288

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New York Times bestselling author of The Prodigal Prophet Timothy Keller—whose books have sold millions of copies to both religious and secular readers—explores one of the most difficult questions we must answer in our lives: Why is there pain and suffering? Walking with God through Pain and Suffering is the definitive Christian book on why bad things happen and how we should respond to them. The question of why there is pain and suffering in the world has confounded every generation; yet there has not been a major book from a Christian perspective exploring why they exist for many years. The two classics in this area are When Bad Things Happen to Good People by Rabbi Harold S. Kushner, which was published more than thirty years ago, and C. S. Lewis’s The Problem of Pain, published more than seventy years ago. The great secular book on the subject, Elisabeth Ku¨bler-Ross’s On Death and Dying, was first published in 1969. It’s time for a new understanding and perspective, and who better to tackle this complex subject than Timothy Keller? As the pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in Manhattan, Timothy Keller is known for the unique insights he shares, and his series of books has guided countless readers in their spiritual journeys. Walking with God through Pain and Suffering will bring a much-needed, fresh viewpoint on this important issue.

The Spiritual-Industrial Complex

America's Religious Battle against Communism in the Early Cold War

Author: Jonathan P. Herzog

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199832013

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8823

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In his farewell address, Dwight D. Eisenhower warned the nation of the perils of the military-industrial complex. But as Jonathan Herzog shows in this insightful history, Eisenhower had spent his presidency contributing to another, lesser known, Cold War collaboration: the spiritual-industrial complex. This fascinating volume shows that American leaders in the early Cold War years considered the conflict to be profoundly religious; they saw Communism not only as godless but also as a sinister form of religion. Fighting faith with faith, they deliberately used religious beliefs and institutions as part of the plan to defeat the Soviet enemy. Herzog offers an illuminating account of the resultant spiritual-industrial complex, chronicling the rhetoric, the programs, and the policies that became its hallmarks. He shows that well-known actions like the addition of the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance were a small part of a much larger and relatively unexplored program that promoted religion nationwide. Herzog shows how these efforts played out in areas of American life both predictable and unexpected--from pulpits and presidential appeals to national faith drives, military training barracks, public school classrooms, and Hollywood epics. Millions of Americans were bombarded with the message that the religious could not be Communists, just a short step from the all-too-common conclusion that the irreligious could not be true Americans. Though the spiritual-industrial complex declined in the 1960s, its statutes, monuments, and sentiments live on as bulwarks against secularism and as reminders that the nation rests upon the groundwork of religious faith. They continue to serve as valuable allies for those defending the place of religion in American life.