Social and Economic Networks

Author: Matthew O. Jackson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691148205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

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In this book, Matthew Jackson offers a comprehensive introduction to social and economic networks, drawing on the latest findings in economics, sociology, computer science, physics, and mathematics.



Social and Economic Networks in Cooperative Game Theory

Author: Marco Slikker,Anne van den Nouweland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461515696

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 898

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Social and Economic Networks in Cooperative Game Theory presents a coherent overview of theoretical literature that studies the influence and formation of networks in social and economic situations in which the relations between participants who are not included in a particular participant's network are not of consequence to this participant. The material is organized in two parts. In Part I the authors concentrate on the question how network structures affect economic outcomes. Part II of the book presents the formation of networks by agents who engage in a network-formation process to be able to realize the possible gains from cooperation.

Social and Economic Effects of Community Wireless Networks and Infrastructures

Author: Abdelaal, Abdelnasser

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466629983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 5474

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It is surprising to think that in today’s rapidly evolving world of technology, over half of the globe still does not have access to high speed internet. Creating community wireless networks has in the past been a way to provide remote communities with internet and network access. Social and Economic Effects of Community Wireless Networks and Infrastructures highlights the successes of community wireless networks but also boldly addresses the potential risk factors and broader socioeconomic concerns. This publication’s exploration of previous successes and failures, various designs, and potential challenges with CWNs makes it a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, vendors, and activists.

Economic Networks

Author: David Knoke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745662900

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 7282

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Social relations are crucial for understanding diverse economic actions and a network perspective is central to that explanation. Simple exchanges involving money, labor, and commodities combine into complexly connected systems. Economic networks span many levels of analysis, from persons (consumers, employees), to groups (households, workteams), organizations (corporations, interest groups), populations (industries, markets) and the rapidly expanding global economic system. David Knoke blends network theories from a range of disciplines and empirical studies of domestic and international economies to illuminate how economic activity is embedded in and constrained by social ties among economic actors. Social capital, in the form of connections to others holding valuable resources, is vital for finding a job, buying a car, creating a new industry, or triggering a global financial crisis. In nontechnical terms the author explicates the core network concepts, measures, and analysis methods behind these phenomena. The book also includes many striking network diagrams to provide visual insights into complex structural patterns. This accessible book offers an invaluable critique for both undergraduate and graduate students in economic sociology and social network analysis courses who seek a better understanding of the multifaceted economic webs in which we are all entangled.

The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks

Author: Yann Bramoullé,Andrea Galeotti,Brian Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190216832

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 9937

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The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks represents the frontier of research into how and why networks they form, how they influence behavior, how they help govern outcomes in an interactive world, and how they shape collective decision making, opinion formation, and diffusion dynamics. From a methodological perspective, the contributors to this volume devote attention to theory, field experiments, laboratory experiments, and econometrics. Theoretical work in network formation, games played on networks, repeated games, and the interaction between linking and behavior is synthesized. A number of chapters are devoted to studying social process mediated by networks. Topics here include opinion formation, diffusion of information and disease, and learning. There are also chapters devoted to financial contagion and systemic risk, motivated in part by the recent financial crises. Another section discusses communities, with applications including social trust, favor exchange, and social collateral; the importance of communities for migration patterns; and the role that networks and communities play in the labor market. A prominent role of networks, from an economic perspective, is that they mediate trade. Several chapters cover bilateral trade in networks, strategic intermediation, and the role of networks in international trade. Contributions discuss as well the role of networks for organizations. On the one hand, one chapter discusses the role of networks for the performance of organizations, while two other chapters discuss managing networks of consumers and pricing in the presence of network-based spillovers. Finally, the authors discuss the internet as a network with attention to the issue of net neutrality.

Networks and Groups

Models of Strategic Formation

Author: Bhaskar Dutta,Matthew O. Jackson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540247904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 9403

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When Murat Sertel asked us whether we would be interested in organizing a special issue of the Review of Economic Design on the formation of networks and groups, we were happy to accept because of the growing research on this important topic. We were also pleasantly surprised at the response to our request for submissions to the special issue, receiving a much larger number of sub missions than we had anticipated. In the end we were able to put together two special issues of insightful papers on this topic. Given the growing interest in this topic, we also decided (with encouragement from Murat) to combine the special issues in the form of a book for wider dissemination. However, once we had decided to edit the book, it was natural to move beyond the special issue to include at least some of the papers that have been influential in the literature on the formation of networks. These papers were published in other journals, and we are very grateful to the authors as well as the journals for permission to include these papers in the book.

Networks, Crowds, and Markets

Reasoning About a Highly Connected World

Author: David Easley,Jon Kleinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139490306

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

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Are all film stars linked to Kevin Bacon? Why do the stock markets rise and fall sharply on the strength of a vague rumour? How does gossip spread so quickly? Are we all related through six degrees of separation? There is a growing awareness of the complex networks that pervade modern society. We see them in the rapid growth of the Internet, the ease of global communication, the swift spread of news and information, and in the way epidemics and financial crises develop with startling speed and intensity. This introductory book on the new science of networks takes an interdisciplinary approach, using economics, sociology, computing, information science and applied mathematics to address fundamental questions about the links that connect us, and the ways that our decisions can have consequences for others.

Complex Networks and Dynamics

Social and Economic Interactions

Author: Pasquale Commendatore,Mariano Matilla-Garcia,Luis M. Varela,Jose S. Cánovas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319408038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 6087

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This volume sheds light on the current state of complex networks and nonlinear dynamics applied to the understanding of economic and social phenomena ranging from geographical economics to macroeconomics and finance, and its purpose is to give readers an overview of several interesting topics for research at an intermediate level. Three different and interdisciplinary, but complementary, aspects of networks are put together in a single piece, namely: (i) complex networks theory, (ii) applied network analysis to social and economic interrelations, and (iii) dynamical evolution of systems and networks. The volume includes contributions from excellent scholars in economics and social sciences as well as leading experts in the fields of complex networks and nonlinear dynamics.

Social and Economic Policies in Korea

Ideas, Networks and Linkages

Author: Dong-Myeon Shin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134467710

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 1423

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The sustained remarkable economic growth in the East Asian countries - Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore - has brought about a great deal of debate over the role of the state in the market and society. Shin analyses the dynamic process of state interventions in the economy and social affairs in Korea from the early 1960s until the present with special reference to five policy areas: macro-economic policy, industrial policy, social security policy, labour policy, and education and training policy. Social and Economic Policies in Korea develops a unique explanation about the development of Korean social policy using the concepts of 'policy idea', 'policy network', and 'policy-linkages' to examine the causes, patterns and consequences of state interventions in the economy and social affairs over time. It should interest students and researchers of East Asian studies, social policy and development studies.

Decoding Complexity

Uncovering Patterns in Economic Networks

Author: james glattfelder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642334245

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 2865

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Today it appears that we understand more about the universe than about our interconnected socio-economic world. In order to uncover organizational structures and novel features in these systems, we present the first comprehensive complex systems analysis of real-world ownership networks. This effort lies at the interface between the realms of economics and the emerging field loosely referred to as complexity science. The structure of global economic power is reflected in the network of ownership ties of companies and the analysis of such ownership networks has possible implications for market competition and financial stability. Thus this work presents powerful new tools for the study of economic and corporate networks that are only just beginning to attract the attention of scholars.

Complex Social Networks

Author: Fernando Vega-Redondo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521674096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 9455

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This 2007 book discusses the modern theory of complex networks in a systematic and self-contained fashion.

Connections

An Introduction to the Economics of Networks

Author: Sanjeev Goyal

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 289

View: 1617

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Written in a style that combines simple examples with formal models and complete mathematical proofs, 'Connections' is a concise and self-contained treatment of the economic theory of networks.

Social Network Analysis

Methods and Applications

Author: Stanley Wasserman,Katherine Faust

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139788612

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1558

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Social network analysis is used widely in the social and behavioral sciences, as well as in economics, marketing, and industrial engineering. The social network perspective focuses on relationships among social entities and is an important addition to standard social and behavioral research, which is primarily concerned with attributes of the social units. Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications reviews and discusses methods for the analysis of social networks with a focus on applications of these methods to many substantive examples. It is a reference book that can be used by those who want a comprehensive review of network methods, or by researchers who have gathered network data and want to find the most appropriate method by which to analyze it. It is also intended for use as a textbook as it is the first book to provide comprehensive coverage of the methodology and applications of the field.

The Missing Links

Formation and Decay of Economic Networks

Author: James E. Rauch

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444663

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9586

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Half of all workers are hired through personal referrals, and networks of social connections channel the flows of capital, technology, and international trade. Sociologists and economists alike recognize that economic exchange is shaped by social networks, which propagate information and facilitate trust, but each discipline brings a distinct theoretical perspective to the study of networks. Sociologists have focused on how networks shape individual behavior, economists on how individual choices shape networks. The Missing Links is a bold effort by an interdisciplinary group of scholars to synthesize sociological and economic theories of how economic networks emerge and evolve. Interweaving sophisticated theoretical models and concrete case studies, The Missing Links is both an introduction to the study of economic networks and a catalyst for further research. Economists Rachel Kranton and Deborah Minehart illustrate their field’s approach to modeling network formation, showing how manufacturers form networks of suppliers in ways that maximize profits. Exemplifying the sociological approach, Ronald Burt analyzes patterns of cooperation and peer evaluations among colleagues at a financial organization. He finds that dense connections of shared acquaintances lead to more stable reputations. In the latter half of the book, contributors combine the insights of sociology and economics to explore a series of case studies. Ray Reagans, Ezra Zuckerman, and Bill McEvily investigate an R & D firm in which employees participate in overlapping collaborative teams, allowing the authors to disentangle the effects of network structure and individual human capital on team performance. Kaivan Munshi and Mark Rosenzweig examine how economic development and rising inequality in India are reshaping caste-based networks of mutual insurance and job referrals. Their study shows that people’s economic decisions today are shaped both by the legacy of the caste hierarchies and by the particular incentives and constraints that each individual faces in an evolving labor market. Economic globalization is forging new connections between people in distant corners of the world, while unsettling long-standing social relations. Anyone interested in understanding the opportunities and challenges of this era of rapid change will find a highly informative guide in The Missing Links.

Networks of Privilege in the Middle East: The Politics of Economic Reform Revisited

Author: S. Heydemann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403982147

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 3595

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This volume explores the role of informal networks in the politics of Middle Eastern economic reform. The editor's introduction demonstrates how network-based models overcome limitations in existing approaches to the politics of economic reform. The following chapters show how business-state networks in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan have affected privatization programs and the reform of fiscal policies. They help us understand patterns and variation in the organization and outcome of economic reform programs, including the opportunities that economic reforms offered for reorganizing networks of economic privilege across the Middle East.

Handbook of Social Economics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080932444

Category: Social Science

Page: 940

View: 1733

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How can economists define social preferences and interactions? Culture, familial beliefs, religion, and other sources contain the origins of social preferences. Those preferences--the desire for social status, for instance, or the disinclination to receive financial support--often accompany predictable economic outcomes. Through the use of new economic data and tools, our contributors survey an array of social interactions and decisions that typify homo economicus. Their work brings order to the sometimes conflicting claims that countries, environments, beliefs, and other influences make on our economic decisions. Describes recent scholarship on social choice and introduces new evidence about social preferences Advances our understanding about quantifying social interactions and the effects of culture Summarizes research on theoretical and applied economic analyses of social preferences

Political Economy in Macroeconomics

Author: Allan Drazen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691188009

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

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Originally, economics was called political economy, and those studying it readily accepted that economic decisions are made in a political world. But economics eventually separated itself from politics to pursue rigorous methods of analyzing individual behavior and markets. Recently, an increasing number of economists have turned their attention to the old question of how politics shape economic outcomes. To date, however, this growing literature has lacked a cogent organization and a unified approach. Here, in the first full-length examination of how political forces affect economic policy decisions, Allan Drazen provides a systematic treatment, organizing the increasingly influential "new political economy" as a more established field at the highly productive intersection of economics and political science. Although he provides an extraordinarily helpful guide to the recent explosion of papers on political economy in macroeconomics, Drazen moves far beyond survey, giving definition and structure to the field. He proposes that conflict or heterogeneity of interests should be the field's essential organizing principle, because political questions arise only when people disagree over which economic policies should be enacted or how economic costs and benefits should be distributed. Further, he illustrates how heterogeneity of interests is crucial in every part of political economy. Drazen's approach allows innovative treatment--using rigorous economic models--of public goods and finance, economic growth, the open economy, economic transition, political business cycles, and all of the traditional topics of macroeconomics. This major text will have an enormous impact on students and professionals in political science as well as economics, redefining how decision makers on several continents think about the full range of macroeconomic issues and informing the approaches of the next generation of economists.