Social Darwinism in American Thought

Author: Richard Hofstadter

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807054623

Category: Science

Page: 288

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Social Darwinism in American Thought portrays the overall influence of Darwin on American social theory and the notable battle waged among thinkers over the implications of evolutionary theory for social thought and political action. Theorists such as Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner adopted the idea of the struggle for existence as justification for the evils as well as the benefits of laissez-faire modern industrial society. Others such as William James and John Dewey argued that human planning was needed to direct social development and improve upon the natural order. Hofstadter's classic study of the ramifications of Darwinism is a major analysis of the social philosophies that animated intellectual movements of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era.




Der Ursprung Der Nationen

Author: Walter Bagehot

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3863828763

Category:

Page: 268

View: 4834

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Nachdruck des Originals von 1883. Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) war ein bedeutender britischer Okonom und einer breiteren Offentlichkeit als erster Herausgeber und Chefredakteur des "Economist" bekannt, Durch seine Schriften trug er insbesondere zum besseren Verstandnis von Parlamentarismus und Zentralbanksystem bei. In dem hier vorliegenden Buch versucht Bagehot aus den Uberlieferungen der Kulturvolker sich ein Bild von deren Entstehung zu verschaffen.


The Four

Die geheime DNA von Amazon, Apple, Facebook und Google

Author: Scott Galloway

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864705436

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7557

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"Die vier apokalyptischen Reiter" – so bezeichnet Marketing-Guru Galloway Amazon, Apple, Facebook und Google. Diese Tech-Giganten haben nicht nur neue Geschäftsmodelle entwickelt. Sie haben die Regeln des Wirtschaftslebens und die Voraussetzungen für Erfolg neu definiert. In dem respektlosen Stil, der Galloway zu einem der gefeiertsten Wirtschaftsprofessoren der Welt gemacht hat, zerlegt er die Strategien der Vier. Er führt vor, wie sie unsere grundlegenden emotionalen Bedürfnisse mit einer Schnelligkeit und in einem Ausmaß manipulieren, an die andere nicht herankommen. Und er zeigt, wie man die Lehren aus ihrem Aufstieg auf sein eigenes Unternehmen oder seinen eigenen Job anwenden kann. Ob man mit ihnen konkurrieren will, mit ihnen Geschäfte machen oder einfach in der Welt leben will, die von ihnen beherrscht wird – man muss die Vier verstehen.

Social Darwinism

Science and Myth in Anglo-American Social Thought

Author: Robert Bannister

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 143990605X

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 364

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"The most systematic and comprehensive effort yet made to assess the role played by Darwinian ideas in the writings of English-speaking social theorists of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries." --Isis "In seeking to set the record straight, Bannister cuts through the amalgam with an intellectual shredder, exposing the illogic and incompatibility involved in fusing Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species with Herbert Spencer's Social Statics.... Bannister's familiarity with relevant texts and their reception by contemporary social theorists, scholars, and critics on both sides of the Atlantic is impressive." --Journal of Interdisciplinary History "A fine contribution to Anglo-American intellectual history." --Journal of American History

Gesammelte Schriften in deutscher Sprache

Author: Friedrich August Hayek

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161480621

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 9823

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Der vorliegende Band ist Teil der "Gesammelten Schriften von Friedrich A. von Hayek in deutscher Sprache". Jeder Band enthalt ein bibliographisches Nachwort, in dem fur jeden Aufsatz die dem Abdruck zugrundeliegende Fassung, die eventuelle Vorfassung, sowie deren Editions- und Ubersetzungsgeschichte dargestellt werden. Jeder Band enthalt auch ein Namen- und Sachregister.Die Aufsatze in diesem Band behandeln wesentliche Probleme, die Hayek in seiner Kritik an sozialistischen Vorstellungen von Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft diskutiert hat. Die Aufsatze, die ursprunglich in den Jahren zwischen 1949 und 1976 veroffentlicht wurden, sind in drei Themengruppen eingeteilt und innerhalb der Themengruppen nach dem Jahr der Entstehung oder der Erstveroffentlichung geordnet.

Political Thought in America

Conversations and Debates, Fourth Edition

Author: Philip Abbott

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478607661

Category: Political Science

Page: 385

View: 1573

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Political Thought in America is based on the idea that there are three major languages or traditions of discourse that Americans have employed to interpret the national experience: biblical thought, republicanism, and liberalism, interpreted through the lens of two other languagesconservatism and radicalism. The authors engaging style brings the American political experience to life with clarity and vision, immersing readers into the politics surrounding eleven great crises in our nations history. Through the eyes of philosophers, writers, and orators of each period and the voices of commentators both historical and current, political theories are outlined in the context of the debates and conversations of the men and women who have struggled to extricate the nation from crisis. New to the fourth edition are an analysis of the impact of Barack Obama on contemporary American political discourse, recent developments in the war on terror, and a section on gay and lesbian protest. A new chapter has been added that discusses the phenomenon of globalization and its challenge to American exceptionalism. As in previous editions, each chapter ends with an insightful author commentary and contains an up-to-date and comprehensive bibliographical essay, along with a list of major works for each period.

American Socialists and Evolutionary Thought, 1870-1920

Author: Mark Pittenger

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299136048

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

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American Socialists and Evolutionary Thought, 1870-1920 demonstrates how evolutionary theories fundamentally shaped, and ultimately undercut, the American socialist movement. Mark Pittenger examines the attempts of radicals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to synthesise the evolutionary ideas of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer with socialist philosophy, social theory and political practice. In contrast to authors who have shown the influence of Darwinism on conservative and progressive political ideologies, Pittenger establishes that radicals also took scientific ideas seriously and wanted to link the public fascination with evolution to their own cause.

Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]

Author: Robert E. Weir

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598847198

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 6292

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This encyclopedia traces the evolution of American workers and labor organizations from pre-Revolutionary America through the present day. • Suggested reading for each entry, including both print and online resources • A chronology of important labor highlights • 350 entries covering key topics

400 Jahre Streit um die Wahrheit – Theologie und Naturwissenschaft

Author: Hans Schwarz

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525540132

Category: Religion

Page: 211

View: 8589

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Kein Wunder, dass unser Vertrauen in die Naturwissenschaften fast unbegrenzt scheint: Die Naturwissenschaft liefert Fakten, die Theologie Überzeugungen! Doch stimmt das überhaupt? Warum sollte Gentechnik ein Problem sein, wenn sie Menschenleben retten kann? Wie viel Getreide darf zu Brennstoff für unsere Autos verarbeitet werden? Diese und viele andere Fragen lassen sich weder durch naturwissenschaftliche Fakten noch durch ethische Argumente allein lösen. Vielmehr zeigen unsere aktuellen gesellschaftlichen Probleme, dass die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Theologie und Naturwissenschaft immer wichtiger wird. Doch können sie das? Statt auf Dialog scheinen beide Seiten weiterhin auf Konfrontation zu setzen. Hans Schwarz wirft einen Blick zurück auf die inzwischen über 400 Jahre alte Geschichte ihres Gesprächs, das selten friedlich verlief. Er beleuchtet die aktuellen Streitthemen und stellt die Gesprächspartner des internationalen Konflikts vor.

1877

America's Year of Living Violently

Author: Michael Bellesiles

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 159558594X

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 451

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In 1877, a decade after the Civil War, not only was the United States gripped by a deep depression, but the country was also in the throes of nearly unimaginable violence and upheaval marking the end of the brief period known as Reconstruction and a return to white rule across the South. In the wake of the contested presidential election of 1876, white supremacist mobs swept across the South, killing and driving out the last of the Reconstruction state governments. A strike involving millions of railroad workers turned violent as it spread from coast-to-coast, and for a moment seemed close to toppling the nation’s economic structure. In 1877, celebrated historian Michael Bellesiles reveals that the fires of that fated year also fueled a hothouse of cultural and intellectual innovation. Bellesiles relates the story of 1877 not just through dramatic events, but also through the lives of famous and little-known Americans.

Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism

Author: G. N. Cantor,Marc Swetlitz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226092763

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 8192

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Darwin’s theory of evolution transformed the life sciences and made profound claims about human origins and the human condition, topics often viewed as the prerogative of religion. As a result, evolution has provoked a wide variety of religious responses, ranging from angry rejection to enthusiastic acceptance. While Christian responses to evolution have been studied extensively, little scholarly attention has been paid to Jewish reactions. Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism is the first extended meditation on the Jewish engagement with this crucial and controversial theory. The contributors to Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism—from several academic disciplines and two branches of the rabbinate—present case studies showing how Jewish discussions of evolution have been shaped by the intersections of faith, science, philosophy, and ideology in specific historical contexts. Furthermore, they examine how evolutionary theory has been deployed when characterizing Jews as a race, both by Zionists and by anti-Semites. Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism addresses historical and contemporary, as well as progressive and Orthodox, responses to evolution in America, Europe, and Israel, ultimately extending the history of Darwinism into new religious domains.

Evolution

The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory

Author: Edward J. Larson

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 9781588365385

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7098

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“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

Economics in the Shadows of Darwin and Marx

Author: Geoffrey Martin Hodgson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178100756X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 265

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'Almost 150 years after their major works were published Darwin and Marx stand alone as the premier theorists of the evolution of complex living systems. Hodgson's unique contribution in these essays is to capture the spirit of these two great thinkers in their ability to see universal principles in particular contextual frameworks. Using an evolutionary and institutional approach to examine a variety of theoretical issues Hodgson avoids both the postmodern disease of extreme relativism and the rigidity of insisting on "one true religion" for economic theory. This book is a major contribution to the current revolution in economic theory.' - John M. Gowdy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, US Economics in the Shadows of Darwin and Marx examines the legacies of these two giants of thought for the social sciences in the twenty-first century.

Order and Control in American Socio-Economic Thought

Social Scientists and Progressive-Era Reform

Author: Charles McCann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136473602

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 2032

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The Progressive Era is generally regarded as a period of extraordinary social, political, and economic change, affecting virtually every aspect of American life. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, American social scientists, drawing on their experiences with the German social welfare system, became increasingly interested not merely in identifying problems, but in prescribing means by which to effect social change. This book is an effort to identify the various influences upon critical thinkers, and to examine their approaches to solving the social problems of the time.