Social evolution, economic development and culture

Author: Ronald Philip Dore

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781950032

Category:

Page: 317

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Social Evolution, Economic Development and Culture brings together Ronald Dore's key writings for the first time, making his work accessible across a wide range of social science disciplines. It produces a distinctive perspective with four interlinking themes - technology-driven social evolution, late development, culture and polemics. These are highly topical in the current context of rapid technological innovation and socio-economic change, globalization and accompanying policy choices.

Japan

Wirtschaft - Gesellschaft - Politik

Author: Paul Kevenhörster,Werner Pascha,Karen Shire

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322995666

Category: Political Science

Page: 439

View: 3026

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Das Buch bestimmt im Rahmen eines internationalen Vergleichs Standort und Perspektiven der Weltwirtschaftsmacht Japan neu mit dem Instrumentarium der Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Soziologie und Politikwissenschaft. Der rasche Wandel in Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Politik stellt unser traditionelles Japanbild immer wieder in Frage. Das Ende der "Seifenblasenwirtschaft" lässt die Frage nach der Leistungsfähigkeit der japanischen Wirtschaft in einem zweifelhaften Licht erscheinen. Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Politik stehen drängenden Problemen gegenüber: dem schwindenden Vertrauen in die Managementfähigkeit des Staates, einem reformbedürftigen Erziehungssystem und der Wandlungsfähigkeit einer vergreisenden Gesellschaft. Der damit verbundenen Herausforderung, von einem exotischen Japanbild Abstand zu nehmen und Standort und Perspektiven der fernöstlichen Weltwirtschaftsmacht neu zu bestimmen, stellen sich im Buch eine Soziologin, ein Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und ein Politikwissenschaftler. So ergibt sich ein neues, differenziertes Japanbild auf einer interdisziplinären Grundlage und im Rahmen eines internationalen Vergleichs mit anderen Industriestaaten.


The Eighth Day

Social Evolution as the Self-organization of Energy

Author: Richard Newbold Adams

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 292

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Japanese Religion and Society

Paradigms of Structure and Change

Author: Winston Davis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791408391

Category: Religion

Page: 327

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From case studies of Japanese life, distills theories to explore how the religion, culture, and values are related to society, social change, and economic development. Draws on the methodologies of sociology, anthropology, history, and other disciplines, and on interviews and observations, as well as on published literature. Paper edition (unseen),$16.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


The East Asian Welfare Model

Welfare Orientalism and the State

Author: Roger Goodman,Huck-Ju Kwon,Gordon White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134692897

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6431

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For many politicians and observers in the West, East Asia has provided a broad range of positive images of the state's intervention in society. Neoliberals grew excited by popular welfare systems that cost little in expenditure and bureaucracy. Social-democrats thought they had found a model for social cohesion and equality. In fact the reality in East Asia is rather different from these stereotypes. In this book six specialists of six different societies in East Asia (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Singapore and Hong Kong) examine the role of the state in their welfare systems. There are detailed case studies on pensions, health insurance, housing and personal social services. They provide an up-to-date detailed account of how these systems have developed as well as an examination of the question of whether these welfare regimes are the natural outgrowth of cultural traditions or the result of economic and political conditions. This broad-ranging and detailed study will be welcomed by both students and policy makers as the first proper academic study in English to have such a wide coverage of this topic. Its clarity and authority should come as a welcome alternative to the more common misconceptions about Asian society.

Language Planning and Language Change in Japan

East Asian Perspectives

Author: Tessa Carroll

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113677484X

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 551

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Highlights the shift in language planning and language change in Japan at the end of the 20th century against a background of significant socio-cultural, political, and economic change and places them in a comparative context. Issues investigated include the concept of disorder in language; changes in official language; changing attitudes to regional dialects; and the impact of globalisation and technological advances.

Integrated Architecture

Author: Liangyong Wu

Publisher: Edizioni Nuova Cultura

ISBN: 8868121433

Category: Architecture

Page: 170

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Integrated Architecture is both a historical and contemporary work. The book was fi rst published in 1989 by Wu Liangyong, one of contemporary China’s most infl uential architects and theoreticians with the title A General Theory on Architecture. His eminence is also recognised by the international architectural community, above all, the group of architectural and urban planning theoreticians battling for a more decisive reform to the concepts, methodologies and practices presiding over the construction and requalifi cation of the contemporary metropolis. I fi rst met professor Wu Liangyong in 2005 at the Faculty of Architecture at the Tsinghua University of Beijing; his Faculty. Wu Liangyong founded the school in 1949 – at the age of 24 – together with Liang Sicheng, the father of modern Chinese architectural studies. From this moment – more than sixty-seven years ago – professor Liangyong has remained a central fi gure in Beijing’s academic community. He remains a constant source of inspiration, not only national, to education reforms and, above all, theoretical, methodological and operative research into architecture, the city and the territory. He is a rare fi gure, present throughout a lengthy historical period witness the world over to tumultuous upheavals in society and its cities. A period whose most dramatic and exalting manifestations were perhaps to be found in China; a period of war, of hope, of revolutions, of great leaps forward, of presumptions, horrors, errors, new leaps forward and incomprehensible economic growth; of irreversible social and cultural metamorphoses and – what interests us most as architects – of staggering urban growth and territorial transformations. The intellect of this minute and genteel fi gure held fast against the storms of history. The observation of events and the humanist and scientifi c principles of his personal culture continuously nourished an increasingly more effective refl ection on the meaning of architecture in today’s world. He also clearly saw its inextricable ties to the substance of the city and the impossibility to substitute the fi gure of the architect – scientist, humanist and artist. A few years after our meeting, having absorbed direct lessons from Wu’s work as an architect and theoretician, I proposed an Italian translation of an anthology of his writings. The material was to be drawn from his many books and essays on architecture and the city published continuously over the course of his incomparable career. Professor Wu Liangyong responded with a challenge: in lieu of this anthology of texts he proposed a full translation, in Italian and English, of a book published twenty years ago: 1989’s A General Theory on Architecture. Given the pace of cultural debate it would not have been out of place to imagine a book fi rmly sedimented in history. I understood, instead, that it was a milestone in the expression of Wu Liangyong’s ideas; a benchmark that, in all likelihood, served as the starting point for his later theories, even the most recent. Published in other fundamental essays, they range across the vast fi eld of human settlements, touching on all components of the man-made environment (Lucio Valerio Barbera).

Environmental Management and Institutions in OECD Countries

Lessons from Experience

Author: Magda Lovei,Charles Weiss

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821342046

Category: Political Science

Page: 53

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As environmental protection is attracting increasing political attention and public support, many developing countries are designing and putting into practice environmental institutions. This study analyzes the experience of several OECD countries in order to identify factors that influence the role and success of environmental management; possible causes of the discrepancy between national environmental objectives and actual performance; and implications of lessons learned and recommendations for countries that are in the process of establishing or redesigning their environmental management systems.

The Logic of Japanese Politics

Leaders, Institutions, and the Limits of Change

Author: Gerald L. Curtis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502540

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

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Widely recognized both in America and Japan for his insider knowledge and penetrating analyses of Japanese politics, Gerald Curtis is the political analyst best positioned to explore the complexities of the Japanese political scene today. Curtis has personally known most of the key players in Japanese politics for more than thirty years, and he draws on their candid comments to provide invaluable and graphic insights into the world of Japanese politics. By relating the behavior of Japanese political leaders to the institutions within which they must operate, Curtis makes sense out of what others have regarded as enigmatic or illogical. He utilizes his skills as a scholar and his knowledge of the inner workings of the Japanese political system to highlight the commonalities of Japanese and Western political practices while at the same time explaining what sets Japan apart. Curtis rejects the notion that cultural distinctiveness and consensus are the defining elements of Japan's political decision making, emphasizing instead the competition among and the profound influence of individuals operating within particular institutional contexts on the development of Japan's politics. The discussions featured here—as they survey both the detailed events and the broad structures shaping the mercurial Japanese political scene of the 1990s—draw on extensive conversations with virtually all of the decade's political leaders and focus on the interactions among specific politicians as they struggle for political power. The Logic of Japanese Politics covers such important political developments as the Liberal Democratic Party's egress from power in 1993, after reigning for nearly four decades, and their crushing defeat in the "voters' revolt" of the 1998 upper-house election; the formation of the 1993 seven party coalition government led by prime minister Morihiro Hosokawa and its collapse eight months later; the historic electoral reform of 1994 which replaced the electoral system operative since the adoption of universal manhood suffrage in 1925; and the decline of machine politics and the rise of the mutohaso—the floating, nonparty voter. Scrutinizing and interpreting a complex and changing political system, this multi-layered chronicle reveals the dynamics of democracy at work—Japanese-style. In the process, The Logic of Japanese Politics not only offers a fascinating picture of Japanese politics and politicians but also provides a framework for understanding Japan's attempts to surmount its present problems, and helps readers gain insight into Japan's future.

State of the World 2010

Transforming Cultures From Consumerism to Sustainability

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916298

Category: Nature

Page: 266

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Like a tsunami, consumerism has engulfed human cultures and Earth’s ecosystems. Left unaddressed, we risk global disaster. But if we channel this wave, intentionally transforming our cultures to center on sustainability, we will not only prevent catastrophe, but may usher in an era of sustainability—one that allows all people to thrive while protecting, even restoring, Earth. In State of the World 2010, sixty renowned researchers and practitioners describe how we can harness the world’s leading institutions—education, the media, business, governments, traditions, and social movements—to reorient cultures toward sustainability.

Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective

Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo

Author: Nicolas Fieve,Paul Waley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136624821

Category: History

Page: 432

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Japan's ability to develop its own brand of modernity has often been attributed in part to the sophistication of its cities. Concentrating on Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo, the contributors to this volume weave together the links between past and future, memory and vision, symbol and structure, between marginality and power, and between Japan's two great capital cities.

U. S. Trade Policy

History, Theory and the WTO

Author: William A. Lovett,Alfred E. Eckes, Jr.,Richard L. Brinkman

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765631879

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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This is a fully updated edition of the bestselling text on U.S. trade policy from colonial times to the current controversial trade imbalances affecting long-term national interests. New coverage for this edition includes the WTO panels and conflicts, the battle in Seattle, struggles over Doha rounds and conflicts, growing tensions among major powers, splits between advanced and developing nations, increased terrorism, and risks of war.

East Asian Democratization

Impact of Globalization, Culture, and Economy

Author: Robert W. Compton

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275964467

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

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What is the future of Asian democracy? The Asian Crisis and ongoing globalization suggest that traditional governance is increasingly questioned. Compton explores Asian politics through a cultural lens, and he tests an Asian political development model through quantitative analysis and comparative case studies of Japan, South Korea, and Thailand.

Community and State in the Japanese Farm Village

Farm Tenancy Conciliation, 1924-1938

Author: Dimitri Vanoverbeke

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9789058673077

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 5216

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In fact, this is the first book-length study on the farm tenancy conciliation procedure and analysis of the Japanese government's wish to maintain tradition at al cost in the farmer community.

The Central Liberal Truth

How Politics Can Change a Culture and Save It from Itself

Author: Lawrence E. Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199839840

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

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Which cultural values, beliefs, and attitudes best promote democracy, social justice, and prosperity? How can we use the forces that shape cultural change, such as religion, education, and political leadership, to promote these values in the Third World--and for underachieving minorities in the First World? In this book, Lawrence E. Harrison offers intriguing answers to these questions, in a valuable follow-up to his acclaimed Culture Matters. Drawing on a three-year research project that explored the cultural values of dozens of nations--from Botswana, Sweden, and India to China, Egypt, and Chile--Harrison offers a provocative look at values around the globe, revealing how each nation's culture has propelled or retarded their political and economic progress. The book presents 25 factors that operate very differently in cultures prone to progress and those that resist it, including one's influence over destiny, the importance attached to education, the extent to which people identify with and trust others, and the role of women in society. Harrison pulls no punches, and many of his findings are controversial. Contradicting the arguments of multiculturalists, this book contends that when it comes to promoting human progress, some cultures are clearly more effective than others. It convincingly shows which values, beliefs, and attitudes work and how we can foster them. "Harrison takes up the question that is at the center of politics today: Can we self-consciously change cultures so they encourage development and modernization?" --David Brooks, New York Times "I can think of no better entrance to the topic, both for what it teaches and the way it invites and prepares the reader to continue. A gateway study." --David S. Landes, author of The Wealth and Poverty of Nations

Educational Facilities and Risk Management Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926402834X

Category:

Page: 120

View: 8258

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Earthquakes and other natural disasters are unpredictable, and often deadly. In developed and developing countries alike, the cost in human life and infrastructure is very high. The danger to schools is of particular concern, given the concentration ...

Japan's Quiet Transformation

Social Change and Civil Society in 21st Century Japan

Author: Jeff Kingston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134478275

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1367

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The 1990s have been termed as 'Japan's lost decade' to describe how the phenomenal growth in the Japanese economy ground to a halt and the country was crippled by enormous and ongoing political, economic and social problems. In responding to these unprecedented difficulties, wide-ranging reforms have been adopted including NPO, information disclosure and judicial reform legislation. Controversially, this book argues that such reforms are creating a more robust civil society and demonstrate that Japan is far more dynamic than is generally recognized.

A World Without Meaning

The Crisis of Meaning in International Politics

Author: Zaki Laidi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134705433

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1494

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This sophisticated book by internationally renowned theorist Zaki Laidi, tackles the problem of individual identity in a rapidly changing global political environment. He argues that it is increasingly hard to find meaning in our ever-expanding world, especially after the collapse of political ideologies such as communism. With the breakup of countries such as the former Yugoslavia, it is clear that people are now looking to old models like nationalism and ethnicity to help them forge an identity. But how effective are these old certainties in a globalized world in a permanent state of flux?