Successful Cognitive and Emotional Aging

Author: Colin A. Depp,Dilip V. Jeste

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 1585629049

Category: Medical

Page: 441

View: 8473

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The critical importance of brain health to the well-being of older adults is becoming increasingly clear. However, an important aspect that interests most people relates to what clinicians and their adult patients and family members can do to retain and even improve cognitive and emotional functioning as they age. Successful Cognitive and Emotional Aging thoroughly discusses the neuroscience of healthy aging and presents effective strategies for staying lively, engaged, and positive. The book is organized into three parts. The first one, focusing on behavioral and psychosocial aspects, strives to place cognitive aging in a broad context. With chapters that explore such topics as the meaning of wisdom, the role of spirituality in healthy aging, and what centenarians can teach us about cognition and emotion, this section sets the stage for a rich, robust, yet nuanced treatment of its subject. The second part addresses the biological aspects and presents the scientific foundations of cognitive aging, as well as reviews the research on the role of factors such as stress, resilience, and diet. Finally, the third section addresses prevention and intervention strategies in a practical, down-to-earth fashion, addressing questions such as "What environments encourage physical activity?" and "How can we promote resilience?" Several features of the book are especially noteworthy: The book bridges the gap between popular science for a lay audience and the heavily theoretical, academic approach of other books on the aging brain, making it suitable not only for clinicians but for their patients and family members as well. The fascinating story of an innovative intergenerational school makes the case for meaningful activity -- not just for the older participants but for the entire community -- and is suggestive of the plethora of possible programs that might prove effective at keeping the older population engaged and contributing. Results from a 70-year longitudinal study are extensively reviewed and identify the coping strategies that seem to bring about well-being in older age. The most promising strategies for successful aging, applicable to a large majority of the population, are summarized by the editors so that clinicians as well as consumers of healthcare may implement them as they see fit. As the baby boomers reach what used to be considered "old age," the demand for evidence-based strategies for retaining and improving cognition will only increase. Fortunately, as the editors note, it is never too early or too late to start working toward the goal of improving brain health.

Psychotherapie mit älteren Menschen

Wertschätzende therapeutische Beziehungen aufbauen

Author: N.A

Publisher: Junfermann Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 395571201X

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5038

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Die Anzahl älterer Menschen in der Psychotherapie wird in den kommenden Jahren immer weiter zunehmen. Aufgabe der behandelnden Ärzte und Therapeuten wird es daher sein, nicht nur die Therapie auf die Bedürfnisse der Klienten abzustimmen, sondern auch ihre eigene Kompetenz, ihr Wissen über die jeweiligen (historischen) Hintergründe, zu erweitern. Das Buch von Marc E. Agronin geht stark praxisorientiert und feinfühlig auf die Besonderheiten der Therapie mit älteren Klienten ein. Agronin beschäftigt sich sowohl mit dem Wie der Therapie als auch mit dem Was. Sein Ansatz geht auf die Tatsache zurück, dass ein Verstehen des Alterns allein nicht ausreicht, um den Klienten in seiner jeweiligen Situation aufzufangen. Das gelingt vielmehr mit einem verstärkten Blick auf die interpersonellen Aspekte der Arbeit. Der Leser profitiert von den Erfahrungen des Autors und erkennt, wie wichtig die wertschätzende Beziehung für den Erfolg der Therapie ist.

Wenn das Gehirn älter wird

Was uns ängstigt. Was wir wissen. Was wir tun können

Author: André Aleman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 340665326X

Category: Self-Help

Page: 240

View: 2369

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Wir alle machen uns von Zeit zu Zeit Sorgen über die Funktionstüchtigkeit unseres Gedächtnisses und unseres Verstandes, insbesondere mit Überschreiten des fünfzigsten Lebensjahres. Wohltuend unaufgeregt und klar verständlich beschreibt der niederländische Neuropsychologe André Aleman, dass der Rückgang unserer Gehirnleistungen früher beginnt, als wir glauben, aber dass dies auch weniger schlimm ist, als wir befürchten. Während einige mentale Funktionen wie etwa die Denkgeschwindigkeit und die Konzentrationsfähigkeit nachweislich abnehmen, bleiben andere, darunter das Weltwissen und der Wortschatz, unangetastet oder verbessern sich sogar. Ein älteres Gehirn ist auch besser darin, Stress zu verkraften und mit komplexen Situationen zurechtzukommen, als ein junges. Das mit vielen Fallgeschichten und überzeugenden Beispielen aufwartende Buch schließt mit einem Fünf-Punkte-Plan, um beim Älterwerden die Leistungsfähigkeit des Gehirns zu erhalten: Ernährung, Bewegung, Herausforderungen, Offenheit für Neues und – last but not least – Liebe. «Ein überzeugendes Loblied auf die Kraft der grauen Zellen.» Douwe Draaisma

Cognitive Aging

Progress in Understanding and Opportunities for Action

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Public Health Dimensions of Cognitive Aging

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309368650

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 4590

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For most Americans, staying "mentally sharp" as they age is a very high priority. Declines in memory and decision-making abilities may trigger fears of Alzheimer's disease or other neurodegenerative diseases. However, cognitive aging is a natural process that can have both positive and negative effects on cognitive function in older adults - effects that vary widely among individuals. At this point in time, when the older population is rapidly growing in the United States and across the globe, it is important to examine what is known about cognitive aging and to identify and promote actions that individuals, organizations, communities, and society can take to help older adults maintain and improve their cognitive health. Cognitive Aging assesses the public health dimensions of cognitive aging with an emphasis on definitions and terminology, epidemiology and surveillance, prevention and intervention, education of health professionals, and public awareness and education. This report makes specific recommendations for individuals to reduce the risks of cognitive decline with aging. Aging is inevitable, but there are actions that can be taken by individuals, families, communities, and society that may help to prevent or ameliorate the impact of aging on the brain, understand more about its impact, and help older adults live more fully and independent lives. Cognitive aging is not just an individual or a family or a health care system challenge. It is an issue that affects the fabric of society and requires actions by many and varied stakeholders. Cognitive Aging offers clear steps that individuals, families, communities, health care providers and systems, financial organizations, community groups, public health agencies, and others can take to promote cognitive health and to help older adults live fuller and more independent lives. Ultimately, this report calls for a societal commitment to cognitive aging as a public health issue that requires prompt action across many sectors.

Successful Aging , An Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - E-Book

Author: Vincent Morelli,Mohamed Sidani

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455709336

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 2452

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This issue provides a unique perspective on the topic of Successful Aging whcih will cover article topics such as: Normal Aging: Theories, Aging and Disease Prevention, Aging, hormones and hormone replacement, Aging and Diet, Aging and the Effects of Vitamins and Supplements, Aging and Toxins, Aging and the Preservation of Neurologic Function, Aging and the Psychological Outlook, Aging and Exercise, State of the Art "Anti Aging Centers" Around the World, and Interviews, anecdotes and wisdom from centurions in the US.

Handbook of Life-Span Development

Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110800

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 4908

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"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

Geriatric Medicine, An Issue of Medical Clinics of North America - E-Book

Author: John E. Morley

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455712418

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 2344

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With the projected shortage of geriatricians over the next many years, it is essential for every internist and primary care physician to be equipped with the most current information and clinical skills for the treatment of older adults. This edition of Medical Clinics of North America brings the reader up to date on important issues in geriatrics including the following: treatment strategies for sarcopenia and frailty; congestive heart failure; revitalizing the aged brain; nutritional strategies for aging successfully; falls, osteoporosis and hip fractures; late-life Hypogonadism; hypertension in older persons; incontinence; delirium; weight loss; nursing homes and the physician; and diabetes and insulin resistance in older persons.

Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 32, 2012

Emerging Perspectives on Resilience in Adulthood and Later Life

Author: Bert Hayslip, Jr., PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610875X

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 4034

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"This collection is a timely and excellent contribution to the study of resilience and the field of gerontology."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics provides a comprehensive examination of critical issues on resilience in a variety of life domains central to the well-being of older persons. It examines the role of resilience in determining adjustment and function in the domains of health, grief and bereavement, physical activity and functioning, spirituality, work, retirement, intellectual/cognitive functioning, coping with life events, care giving, and mental health interventions. The first section of the book addresses such domains of resilience as immunological function, stress and mood disorders, emotional and cognitive resilience, adjustment to cultural and environmental changes, and spirituality. Section two is concerned with practical applications of resilience. A developmental family perspective is used to examine differences in adaptation to age-related challenges. The role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation is discussed as is adaptive coping in regard to loss and trauma. The text also explores resilience in regard to career management, retirement, and volunteerism, considers resilience as a component of health in regard to public policy, and examines exemplary public health programs and policies and the relationship of resilience to health care finance. Also addressed is resilience in caregiving as a mutually beneficial process, clinical interventions that enhance resilience, and resilience from a lifespan developmental perspective. Key Features: Synthesizes the best current research in the field, with direct practice implications Addresses resilience in regard to immunological function, emotional and cognitive resilience, and spirituality Explores the role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation, career management and retirement, person-environ fit, and public health and policy Examines directions for future research and resilience-oriented interventions

Geriatric Psychiatry, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics - E-Book

Author: George S. Alexopoulos,Dimitri Kiosses

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455709514

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 7109

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This issue covers a broad selection of topics critical to psychiatrist and any physician who treats older patients. Topics include: Epidemiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment of dementing disorders, late-life psychosis; suicide in late life; depression in primary care; structural neuroimaging of geriatric depression; gene-environment interactions in geriatric depression; treatment of geriatric depression; etiological Theories of Late-Life depression; geriatric bipolar disorder; psychotherapies in geriatric depression; home-based care of the elderly with mental disorders; functional neuroimaging in geriatric depression; models of treatment engagement of geriatric persons with mental disorders; and mental health service delivery to the elderly.

Healthy Brain Aging: Evidence Based Methods to Preserve Brain Function and Prevent Dementia, An issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - E-Book

Author: Abhilash K. Desai

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455700320

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 2062

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This issue examines what is a healthy aging brain and covers preventive measures for succesful cognitive aging. Topics covered include: A road map to healthy aging brain; Cardiovascular risk factors, cerebrovascular disease burden and healthy aging brain; Healthy aging brain: Impact of head injury, alcohol and environmental toxins; Healthy aging brain: What has sleep go to do with it?; Endocrine aspects of healthy aging brain; Healthy aging brain: Role of exercise and physically active lifestyle; Healthy aging brain: Role of nutrition and nutritional supplements; Healthy aging brain: Role of cognitive reserve, cognitive stimulation and cognitive exercises; Healthy aging brain: Impact of positive and negative emotions; Dementia risk predictor. Are we there yet?; Potential future neuroprotective therapies for neurodegenerative disorders and stroke; Healthy aging brain: Importance of promoting resilience and creativity.

The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood

Author: Paul Verhaeghen,Christopher Hertzog

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199383073

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 9295

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Over the last decade, the field of socio-emotional development and aging has rapidly expanded, with many new theories and empirical findings emerging. This trend is consistent with the broader movement in psychology to consider social, motivational, and emotional influences on cognition and behavior. The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood provides the first overview of a new field of adult development that has emerged out of conceptualizations and research at the intersections between socioemotional development, social cognition, emotion, coping, and everyday problem solving. This field roundly rejects a universal deficit model of aging, highlighting instead the dynamic nature of socio-emotional development and the differentiation of individual trajectories of development as a function of variation in contextual and experiential influences. It emphasizes the need for a cross-level examination (from biology and neuroscience to cognitive and social psychology) of the determinants of emotional and socio-emotional behavior. This volume also serves as a tribute to the late Fredda Blanchard-Fields, whose thinking and empirical research contributed extensively to a life-span developmental view of emotion, problem solving, and social cognition. Its chapters cover multiple aspects of adulthood and aging, presenting developmental perspectives on emotion; antecedents and consequences of emotion in context; everyday problem solving; social cognition; goals and goal-related behaviors; and wisdom. The landmark volume in this new field, The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood is an important resource for cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as researchers and graduate students in the field of aging, emotion studies, and social psychology.

Successful Aging and Adaptation with Chronic Diseases

Author: Betsy M. Sprouse, PhD,Sarah H. Gueldner, DSN, RN, FAAN, FGSA, FNAP, FAGHE,Leonard W. Poon, PhD, DPhil

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826119766

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 272

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For many people growing old means facing one or more chronic diseases. Successful Aging and Adaptation with Chronic Diseases reviews, coalesces, and expands what we know about how older adults successfully experience the aging process and how they feel about and live with chronic illnesses. Questions considered include: How do older adults approach and deal with everyday-life when affected by multiple health problems? What kind of impact do they feel diseases have on their successful aging? How do existent models and theories of coping address these issues? Presenting research funded by the AARP Andrus Foundation, this book brings together contributions by originators in the field, including Robert Kahn and Ann Whall. This volume is sure to be a seminal reference point for future research.

Handbook of Cognitive Aging

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Scott M. Hofer,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 145227892X

Category: Psychology

Page: 744

View: 521

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"Provides a unique perspective. I am particularly impressed with the sections on innovative design and methods to investigate cognitive aging and the integrative perspectives. None of the existing texts covers this material to the same level." —Donna J. La Voie, Saint Louis University "The emphasis on integrating the literature with theoretical and methodological innovations could have a far-reaching impact on the field." —Deb McGinnis, Oakland University The Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives clarifies the differences in patterns and processes of cognitive aging. Along with a comprehensive review of current research, editors Scott M. Hofer and Duane F. Alwin provide a solid foundation for building a multidisciplinary agenda that will stimulate further rigorous research into these complex factors. Key Features Gathers the widest possible range of perspectives by including cognitive aging experts in various disciplines while maintaining a degree of unity across chapters Examines the limitations of the extant literature, particularly in research design and measurement, and offers new suggestions to guide future research Highlights the broad scope of the field with topics ranging from demography to development to neuroscience, offering the most complete coverage available on cognitive aging

Hazzard's Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, 7E

Author: Jeffrey B. Halter,Joseph G. Ouslander,Stephanie Studenski,Kevin P. High,Sanjay Asthana,Nancy Woolard,Christine S. Ritchie,Mark A. Supiano

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071833463

Category: Medical

Page: 2304

View: 326

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The gold-standard text on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the elderly – completely updated with a new full-color presentation A Doody's Core Title for 2017! The definitive treatise on the subject of geriatrics, this comprehensive text combines gerontology principles with clinical geriatrics, offering a uniquely holistic approach to this ever-expanding area of medicine. Written by some of the world’s most respected geriatricians, Hazzard’s Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Seventh Edition presents up-to-date, evidence-based information in a rich new full-color design. Unmatched as a textbook, this classic is also valuable to fellows in geriatric medicine. Hazzards’s Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Seventh Edition is logically divided into five parts: Principles of Gerontology, Principles of Geriatrics, Geriatric Syndromes, Principles of Palliative Medicine, and Organ Systems and Diseases. Within its pages, you will find balanced, authoritative coverage of every essential topic – from evaluation and management to nutrition and palliative medicine. Here’s why the Seventh Edition is the best edition ever: • NEW full-color design with hundreds of color photographs • NEW chapters: Quality of Care in Older Adults, Common Non-Pain Symptoms in Older Adults, Strategies of Effective Communication Around Advanced Illness, Palliative Medicine in the Continuum of Care Including Hospice, Coagulation Disorders, and Plasma Cell Disorders • MORE chapters on Palliative Medicine • NEW Learning Objectives and Key Points added to each chapter • MORE tables, drawings, and clinical algorithms • EVIDENCE-BASED through the use of the latest clinical practice guidelines , references to systemic reviews, and critically appraised topics • UPDATED to reflect the most current clinical breakthroughs and advances for managing older adults in various settings

Die Berliner Altersstudie

Author: Ulman Lindenberger,Paul B. Baltes

Publisher: Akademie Verlag

ISBN: 9783050045085

Category: Older people

Page: 748

View: 996

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Gegenwart und Zukunft unserer Gesellschaft sind durch einen immer höheren Anteil alter und sehr alter Menschen geprägt. Die Berliner Altersstudie (BASE) ist weltweit einzigartig in der Breite des Spektrums der beteiligten Wissenschaften und der sowohl disziplinär als auch interdisziplinär bestimmten Untersuchungsgebiete, in dem Fokus auf das hohe Alter (70- bis über 100-Jährige) und in dem empirischen Bezug auf eine repräsentativ ausgewählte Stadtbevölkerung. Der Band berichtet unter anderem über geistige Leistungsfähigkeit, Persönlichkeit und soziale Beziehungen im Alter, über körperliche Gesundheit, medizinische Versorgung und zahnmedizinischen Status, über psychische Erkrankungen wie Demenz und Depression, über soziale und kulturelle Aktivitäten und die wirtschaftliche Situation, über Alltagskompetenz, subjektives Wohlbefinden und Unterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern. Da seit den ersten Erhebungen 20 Jahre vergangen sind, in denen die damaligen Studienteilnehmer bis zu sieben weitere Male befragt wurden, werden die damaligen Ergebnisse durch zwei Kapitel zur längsschnittlichen Fortführung der Berliner Altersstudie ergänzt. Der longitudinale BASE-Datensatz hat sich als sehr fruchtbares Feld für vielseitige Analysen des Alternsprozesses, inter- und intraindividuellen Unterschieden des Alterns und der kausalen Beziehungen zwischen Funktionsbereichen erwiesen. Die Studie wurde ursprünglich im Rahmen der Arbeitsgruppe "Altern und gesellschaftliche Entwicklung" der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften durchgeführt. Die Autorinnen und Autoren aus verschiedenen Disziplinen haben überwiegend am Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, an der Freien Universität Berlin und an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin gearbeitet, einige sind inzwischen im Ausland wissenschaftlich auf dem Gebiet der Gerontologie tätig.

Successful Aging

A Special Issue of research in Human Development

Author: Susan Krauss Whitbourne

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317759230

Category: Psychology

Page: 62

View: 5150

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As the Baby Boomer cohort moves from middle to later adulthood, it is likely this generation will redefine what it means to age. Growing older will no longer be synonymous with loss and decline. In fact, it is true that the majority of older adults today live fulfilling lives. This special issue discusses ways in which older adults can age successfully—that is—how individuals can maintain their physical and cognitive health, as well as maintain a healthy engagement with life. Also addressed are the universal challenges faced by older adults in their pursuit to age successfully. The objective of this collection is to serve as a stimulus to future research on aging and change in the later years of life. It presents an outstanding array of articles that cover a range of central issues in this area of study. Each author provides a unique insight into the mystery and challenge that awaits us all: the ability to age successfully.

Endocrine Aspects of Successful Aging: Genes, Hormones and Lifestyles

Author: P. Chanson,Y. Christen,Jacques Epelbaum,S.W.J. Lamberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540405733

Category: Medical

Page: 231

View: 5885

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At the beginning of the 20th century, life expectancy at birth in North America and Western Europe was around 50 years of age. Nowadays, women have gained more than 30 years of age and men are trailing closer. However, according to several scientists and sociologists, such as Louis Chauvel, the notion of a "greying society" is not entirely adequate since aging people are physically and socially younger and more active for a longer time. Of course, the other side of the medal is to tackle the challenge of preventing age-associated chronic diseases. In this book the extensive field of research on neuroendocrine aging has been reviewed, including data from molecular biology and on simple organisms as well as on the hormonal substitution strategies in humans. Aging is one of the most complex biological processes determined by the interactions between genetic and environmental factors.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Aging

Author: Marie-Christine Pardon,Mark W. Bondi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642238750

Category: Medical

Page: 362

View: 3892

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This volume discusses the current state of research findings related to healthy brain aging by integrating human clinical studies and translational research in animal models. Several chapters offer a unique overview of successful aging, age-related cognitive decline and its associated structural and functional brain changes, as well as how these changes are influenced by reproductive aging. Insights provided by preclinical studies in mouse models and advanced neuroimaging techniques in humans are also presented.

Creativity and Successful Aging

Theoretical and Empirical Approaches

Author: Carolyn Adams-Price

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826199102

Category: Psychology

Page: 348

View: 6820

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Creative expression in later life can be linked directly to successful aging. Beginning with theoretical models of creativity and life-span development, the contributors examine the factors that influence creative exploration: environmental, social, gender, cognitive, and personality. New theories on creative productivity in late life are presented which suggest that the potential for creativity is present in many older adults. Using longitudinal studies and qualitative interviews, the contributors look at the role creativity plays in the lives of elders, and the way that creativity aids in the adaptation to physical aspects of aging, problem-solving, and life reminiscing. A variety of viewpoints are presented from the perspectives of cognitive aging researchers, creativity researchers, and experts in a variety of creative domains. This text is a useful addition to courses in hermeneutics and critical gerontology.