Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies

Author: Kirstie Ball,Kevin Haggerty,David Lyon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136711074

Category: Computers

Page: 460

View: 6172

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Surveillance is a central organizing practice. Gathering personal data and processing them in searchable databases drives administrative efficiency but also raises questions about security, governance, civil liberties and privacy. Surveillance is both globalized in cooperative schemes, such as sharing biometric data, and localized in the daily minutiae of social life. This innovative Handbook explores the empirical, theoretical and ethical issues around surveillance and its use in daily life. With a collection of over forty essays from the leading names in surveillance studies, the Handbook takes a truly multi-disciplinary approach to critically question issues of: surveillance and population control policing, intelligence and war production and consumption new media security identification regulation and resistance. The Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies is an international, accessible, definitive and comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing multi-disciplinary field of surveillance studies. The Handbook’s direct, authoritative style will appeal to a wide range of scholars and students in the social sciences, arts and humanities.

Surveillance

Author: Benjamin Goold

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415458191

Category: Social Science

Page: 1413

View: 5826

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Over the past fifty years, the apparatus of surveillance in modern societies has expanded to such an extent that almost every aspect of our public and private lives is now open to scrutiny and analysis. Each time we walk down a city street or pass through a shopping centre, CCTV cameras record our every move. Credit card and online purchases are logged and used to construct ever more detailed profiles of our consumption patterns and preferences. Personal information held by a bewildering array of state and private organizations is becoming increasingly centralized and searchable. As a result, modern life and citizenship is now intimately bound up with surveillance and the construction of data profiles, profiles that are largely beyond our power to alter or amend, and which may bear little resemblance to how we see ourselves (or want to be seen). Combining fear of crime and a desire for social control, surveillance is an inescapable fact of modern life. Research on surveillance—conducted by governments, academics, and the private sector—has exploded in recent years and this new title in the Routledge series, Critical Concepts in Criminology, addresses the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this rapidly growing and ever more complex corpus of interdisciplinary scholarly literature. Edited by Benjamin Goold of Oxford University's Centre for Criminology and organized into three principal parts, Surveillance is a four-volume collection of the foundational and the very best cutting-edge scholarship. Surveillance is fully indexed and includes a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context. An essential reference collection, it is destined to be valued by scholars and students of criminology—as well as those working in the allied fields of sociology, politics, and urban studies—as a vital one-stop research and pedagogic resource.

Raum – Weltbild – Kontrolle

Raumvorstellungen als Grundlage gesellschaftlicher Ordnung und ihrer Überwachung

Author: Nils Zurawski

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3863882202

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 5965

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Welche Zusammenhänge bestehen zwischen Raum, Kontrolle und Weltbild? Der Autor beantwortet diese Frage anhand des Konzepts des cognitive mapping, das er als theoretisches Konzept der Gesellschaftsanalyse sowie als empirisches Mittel der Forschung vorstellt und diskutiert. Überwachung – so seine These – macht die Überprüfung und Kontrolle von Weltbildern möglich und wird damit zu einer Form gesellschaftlicher Orientierung. Zugleich bieten Weltbilder auch eine Grundlage für das Verständnis von Einstellungen zu Überwachungsmaßnahmen. Überwachung in diesem Sinne ist kein Produkt der Moderne, sondern kommt in allen historischen Epochen vor und dient der Organisation von Realität. Raum und räumliche Vorstellungen von der Welt werden von der Umwelt und den Erfahrungen geformt, die Menschen in ihnen machen. Sozial-räumliche Vorstellungen sind Ursprungvon Diskursen der Überwachung und werden im Gegenzug durch Formen der Kontrolle beeinflusst. Über Weltbilder lassen sich Einstellungen u Überwachung und den dahinterstehenden Orientierungsmustern nachvollziehen. Das vorliegende Buch beschäftigt sich mit diesen Zusammenhängen anhand des Konzepts des cognitive mapping. Mit diesem Konzept werden Ursachen und Wirkungen analysiert und es wird erklärt, wie diese bei Prozessen sozialer Ausgrenzung/ Integration oder den Möglichkeiten von Identitätsformation eine wichtige Rolle spielen.


Criminology: The Key Concepts

Author: Martin O'Brien,Majid Yar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134089562

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9444

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Criminology: The Key Concepts is an authoritative and comprehensive study guide and reference resource that will take you through all the concepts, approaches, issues and institutions central to the study of crime in contemporary society. Topics covered in this easy to use A-Z guide include: policing, sentencing and the justice system types of crime, including corporate crime, cybercrime, sex and hate crimes feminist, marxist and cultural approaches to criminology terrorism, state crime, war crimes and human rights social issues such as anti-social behaviour, domestic violence and pornography criminal psychology and deviance Fully cross-referenced, with extensive suggestions for further reading and in-depth study of the topics discussed, this is an essential reference guide for students of Criminology at all levels.

Crime

Critical Concepts in Sociology

Author: Philip Bean

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415252676

Category: Crime

Page: 4

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Surveillance and Identity

Discourse, Subjectivity and the State

Author: Dr David Barnard-Wills

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409495051

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 4330

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Surveillance and Identity analyses the discourse of surveillance in the contemporary United Kingdom, drawing upon public language from central government, governmental agencies, activist movements, and from finance and banking. Examining the logics of these discourses and revealing the manner in which they construct problems of governance in the light of the insecurity of identity, this book shows how identity is fundamentally linked to surveillance, as governmental discourses privilege surveillance as a response to social problems. In drawing links between new technologies and national surveillance projects or concerns surrounding phenomena such as identity fraud, Surveillance and Identity presents a new understanding of identity - the model of 'surveillance identity' - demonstrating that this is often applied to individuals by powerful organisations at the same time as the concept is being actively contested in public language. The first comprehensive study of the discursive politics of surveillance in the UK, this book makes significant contributions to surveillance theory, governmentality theory, and to political and social identity theories. As such, it will be of interest to social scientists of all kinds working on questions of public discourse and political communication, identity, surveillance and the relationship between the individual and the state.

Critical voices in criminology

Author: Chris Powell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 927

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As more scholars in Criminology become aware that the author behind the scholarship is becoming just as important as the work itself, they are casting an ever increasing eye at the personal context in which the authors are writing. Critical Voices in Criminology provides an opportunity for figures in and around critical criminology to discuss their own intellectual journeys into and within the discipline.

Understanding Social Control

Crime and Social Order in Late Modernity

Author: Innes, Martin

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335209408

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

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This book investigates how the concept of social control has been used to capture the ways in which individuals, communities and societies respond to a variety of forms of deviant behaviour. In so doing, the book demonstrates how an appreciation of the meanings of the concept of social control is vital to understanding the dynamics and trajectories of social order in contemporary late-modern societies.


Criminological Perspectives

Essential Readings

Author: Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473952239

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 1007

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This revised and expanded Third Edition of the internationally acclaimed Criminological Perspectives is the most comprehensive reader available in the field. Wide-ranging and global in scope and coverage, Criminological Perspectives will enable you to critically engage with the various concepts and theoretical positions that you'll encounter throughout your studies. In addition to essays that have had a seminal influence on the development of criminology, new articles have been included to cover topics of contemporary criminological significance, including: - surveillance - digitized crime - terrorism and political violence - environmental crime - human trafficking - techno-social networks - narco-crime - global inequalities The 56 articles are organised thematically, complete with introductions that place them in context and to illustrate the approaches taken by different schools of criminological thought. Criminological Perspectives will prove an indispensible resource, whether you're studying criminology, criminal justice studies, socio-legal studies, penology, security studies, surveillance studies, or sociology.

Doing Criminological Research

Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,Victor Jupp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446242285

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 483

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The new edition of this best selling textbook brings research alive for students studying criminology and related subjects. Contextualising research with real-life examples of crime and criminal justice, the book looks at the processes, practicalities and problems of doing criminological research, ensuring students get to grips with preparing for and doing their own research. Thoroughly revised and updated, the book includes 12 new chapters and a revised 3-part structure designed around the core elements of a research project (preparing, doing and reflecting). It explores: o Designing Criminological Research o Undertaking a Criminological Literature Review o Crime Analysis and Survey Research o Longitudinal and Ethnographic Research o Researching the Media o Using the Internet to Research Crime and Justice o Ethics and Politics of Criminological Research o Doing Critical Criminological Research The book is also now equipped with student support features including chapter key points, summaries, study questions/activities and resources, further reading, and a comprehensive glossary. It is essential reading for students and researchers in criminology, criminal justice and community safety.

Security and Liberty

Restriction by Stealth

Author: Kate Moss

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230524675

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 8874

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"In considering the problems of legislating to reduce crime, this book highlights evidence of the veritable deluge of legislation which has reached the statute books over the last ten years and asks, what are the reasons for this? It provides an overview of some of the ways in which citizens are currently criminalized by legislation and gives specific examples of various other stealthy ways in which essential civil liberties have recently been restricted." --Book Jacket.

Erich Fromm and critical criminology

beyond the punitive society

Author: Kevin Anderson,Richard Quinney

Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 7074

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Linking the writings of the great humanist psychologist Erich Fromm to criminology, this collection shows how viewing crime patterns and the criminal justice system from Fromm's humanist perspective opens a path to more effective and more humane ways of understanding and dealing with crime and criminals. Contributors to Erich Fromm and Critical Criminology draw on Fromm's writings on alienation, sadomasochism, and patriarchal/matriarchal values to assess the kinds of crimes being committed and the kinds of people committing them. They explore the spiritual and intellectual sources of Fromm's thought--including Jewish theology, Freudian psychoanalysis, Marxism, and Buddhism--and demonstrate how his socialist humanism points toward a society free of crime and violence. This volume also includes translations of two of Fromm's early articles on criminal justice, never before available in English, in which he develops a psychoanalytic Marxist critique of the role of criminal justice in a class society.At a time when American society seems bent, to an unprecedented degree, on imprisonment, executions, and other violent responses to the problem of crime, Fromm's humanist critique offers a unique vantage point from which to renew and develop a critical criminology.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Thought, Policy, and Practice

Author: Mary Maguire,Dan Okada

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483350614

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 4320

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A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Criminalization, Representation, Regulation

Thinking Differently about Crime

Author: Deborah Brock,Amanda Glasbeek,Carmela Murdocca

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607130

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 9408

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What is a crime and how do we construct it? The answers to these questions are complex and entangled in a web of power relations that require us to think differently about processes of criminalization and regulation. This book draws on Foucault's concept of governmentality as a lens to analyze and critique how crime is understood, reproduced, and challenged. It explores the dynamic interplay between practices of representation, processes of criminalization, and the ways that these circulate to both reflect and constitute crime and "justice."

Kriminologie

Author: Hans-Dieter Schwind

Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH

ISBN: 3783208092

Category: Social Science

Page: 745

View: 7256

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Die Neuauflage: Für die Neuauflage wurden insbesondere die Kapitel "Migration" und "Familie" aus gegebenem Anlass wiederum erweitert. Viele neue Grafiken und aktuelle Zeitungsausschnitte lockern das Erscheinungsbild in der bewährten Form auf. Sämtliche Tabellen und Übersichten wurden auf den neuesten Stand der Kriminalstatistik gebracht Die Konzeption: Diese Einführung in die Kriminologie ist betont praxisorientiert. Der Verfasser bringt seine wissenschaftlichen und kriminalpolitischen Erfahrungen ein. Anhand von zahlreichen Beispielen aus Forschung und Praxis und in einer verständlichen Sprache wendet sich dieses Buch nicht nur an Jura-Studierende und Polizeibeamte, sondern an alle, die sich beruflich mit kriminologischen Fragestellungen auseinandersetzen müssen.


Closed Circuits

Screening Narrative Surveillance

Author: Garrett Stewart

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022620135X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 296

View: 4944

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The recent uproar over NSA dataveillance can obscure the fact that surveillance has been part of our lives for decades. And cinema has long been aware of its power—and potential for abuse. In Closed Circuits, Garrett Stewart analyzes a broad spectrum of films, from M and Rear Window through The Conversation to Déjà Vu, Source Code, and The Bourne Legacy, in which cinema has articulated—and performed—the drama of inspection’s unreturned look. While mainstays of the thriller, both the act and the technology of surveillance, Stewart argues, speak to something more foundational in the very work of cinema. The shared axis of montage and espionage—with editing designed to draw us in and make us forget the omnipresence of the narrative camera—extends to larger questions about the politics of an oversight regime that is increasingly remote and robotic. To such a global technopticon, one telltale response is a proliferating mode of digitally enhanced “surveillancinema.”