The Anthropology of Citizenship

A Reader

Author: Sian Lazar

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1118412915

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

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The Anthropology of Citizenship introduces thetheoretical foundations of and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world, in local, national andglobal contexts. Key readings provide a cross-cultural perspectiveon citizenship practices, and an individual citizen’srelationship with the state. Introduces a range of exciting and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world Provides key readings for students and researchers who wish togain an understanding of citizenship practices, and anindividual’s relationship with the state in a globalcontext Offers an anthropological perspective on citizenship, the selfand political agency, with a focus on encounters between citizensand the state in education, law, development, and immigrationpolicy Provides students with an understanding of the theoreticalfoundations of citizenship, as characterized by liberal and civicrepublican ideas of political belonging and exclusion Explores how citizenship is constructed at different scales andin different spaces Twenty-five key writings identify what is a new and vibrantsubfield within politics and anthropological research

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education

Author: Bradley A. Levinson,Mica Pollock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119111668

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

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A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes

The Anthropology of Europe

identity and boundaries in conflict

Author: Victoria A. Goddard,Josep R. Llobera,Cris Shore

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9780854969043

Category: History

Page: 310

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This is the first study of Europe post-1989 from an anthropological perspective. Thirteen distinguished authors examine the social, cultural and political implications of European integration with particular emphasis on changing European identities, concepts of citizenship and levels of participation. Their aim is to suggest an agenda for future research capable of addressing developing trends in contemporary Europe. The book is divided into two parts. The first deals with major theoretical issues that have characterized the anthropological study of Europe and includes a detailed introductory chapter which charts the history of anthropology in Europe and considers the prospects for an anthropology of Europe. This is followed by key themes in the study of European society and culture including kinship, gender, nationalism, immigration and changing patterns of production. The second section develops these themes further using different theoretical perspectives to explain complex issues such as nationalism, ethnic identities, and sectarian conflicts. Nine case studies cover a wide range of contemporary topics including European integration and Irish nationalism, the transmission of ethnic identity, and identity and conflict in the former Yugoslavia and post-colonial Gibraltar. This book fills a gap in the literature on European integration and will be of interest to anthropologists and sociologists as well as students of Political Science, Communications and European Studies.

The Anthropology of the State

A Reader

Author: Aradhana Sharma,Akhil Gupta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405155353

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

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This innovative reader brings together classic theoretical textsand cutting-edge ethnographic analyses of specific stateinstitutions, practices, and processes and outlines ananthropological framework for rethinking future study of “thestate”. Focuses on the institutions, spaces, ideas, practices, andrepresentations that constitute the “state”. Promotes cultural and transnational approaches to thesubject. Helps readers to make anthropological sense of the state as acultural artifact, in the context of a neoliberalizing,transnational world.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe

Author: Ullrich Kockel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119111625

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

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A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe offers a survey of contemporary Europeanist anthropology and European ethnology, and a guide to emerging trends in this geographical field of research. Providing a synthesis of the different traditions and contemporary approaches, the book is both thematic and fully cross–European in its approach. Provides an authoritative guide for researchers, instructors and students of anthropology and European studies Discusses important emerging trends in this broadening field of research Includes established names and rising stars who will shape the discipline in years to come

A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics

Author: David Nugent,Joan Vincent

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470692936

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 1900

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This Companion offers an unprecedented overview of anthropology’s unique contribution to the study of politics. Explores the key concepts and issues of our time - from AIDS, globalization, displacement, and militarization, to identity politics and beyond Each chapter reflects on concepts and issues that have shaped the anthropology of politics and concludes with thoughts on and challenges for the way ahead Anthropology’s distinctive genre, ethnography, lies at the heart of this volume


Flexible Citizenship

The Cultural Logics of Transnationality

Author: Aihwa Ong

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822322696

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

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Ethnographic and theoretical accounts of the transnational practices of Chinese elites, showing how they constitute a dispersed Chinese public, but also how they reinforce the strength of capital and the state.

The Anthropology of Sport

Bodies, Borders, Biopolitics

Author: Niko Besnier,Susan Brownell,Thomas F. Carter

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520963814

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

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Few activities bring together physicality, emotions, politics, money, and morality as dramatically as sport. In Brazil’s stadiums or China’s parks, on Cuba’s baseball diamonds or Fiji’s rugby fields, human beings test their physical limits, invest emotional energy, bet money, perform witchcraft, and ingest substances. Sport is a microcosm of what life is about. The Anthropology of Sport explores how sport both shapes and is shaped by the social, cultural, political, and historical contexts in which we live. Core themes discussed in this book include the body, modernity, nationalism, the state, citizenship, transnationalism, globalization, and gender and sexuality.

Reasonable Radicals and Citizenship in Botswana

The Public Anthropology of Kalanga Elites

Author: Richard Werbner

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253110246

Category: History

Page: 272

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Are self-interested elites the curse of liberal democracy in Africa? Is there hope against the politics of the belly, kleptocracies, vampire states, failed states, and Afro-pessimism? In Reasonable Radicals and Citizenship in Botswana, Richard Werbner examines a rare breed of powerful political elites who are not tyrants, torturers, or thieves. Werbner's focus is on the Kalanga, a minority ethnic group that has served Botswana in business and government since independence. Kalanga elites have expanded public services, advocated causes for the public good, founded organizations to build the public sphere and civil society, and forged partnerships and alliances with other ethnic groups in Botswana. Gathering evidence from presidential commissions, land tribunals, landmark court cases, and his lifetime relationship with key Kalanga elites, Werbner shows how a critical press, cosmopolitanism, entrepreneurship, accountability, and the values of patriarchy and elderhood make for an open society with strong, capable government. Werbner's work provides a refreshing alternative to those who envision no future for Africa beyond persistent agony and lack of development.

The Anthropology of Globalization

Cultural Anthropology Enters the 21st Century

Author: Ted C. Lewellen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897897389

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

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Presents the first and only critical overview of the anthropology of globalization, a subject area so new that previously it existed only as multiple, unintegrated ethnographies and theoretical positions.

The Anthropology Of Moralities

Author: Monica Heintz

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782383204

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

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Anthropologists have been keenly aware of the tension between cultural relativism and absolute norms, and nowhere has this been more acute than with regards to moral values. Can we study the Other’s morality without applying our own normative judgments? How do social anthropologists keep both the distance required by science and the empathy required for the analysis of lived experiences? The plurality of moralities has not received an explicit and focused attention until recently, when accelerated globalization often resulted in the collision of different value systems. Observing, describing and assessing values cross-culturally, the authors propose various methodological approaches to the study of moralities, illustrated with rich ethnographic accounts, thus offering a valuable guide for students of anthropology, sociology and cultural studies and for professionals concerned with the empirical and cross-cultural study of values.


The anthropology of Africa

challenges for the 21st century : proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the Pan African Anthropological Association : Yaoundé, Cameroon, August 30-September 2, 1999

Author: Pan African Anthropological Association. Conference,Pan African Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 423

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The Paradox of Relevance

Ethnography and Citizenship in the United States

Author: Carol J. Greenhouse

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812204573

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

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Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011 Between 1990 and 1996, the U.S. Congress passed market-based reforms in the areas of civil rights, welfare, and immigration in a series of major legislative initiatives. These were announced as curbs on excessive rights and as correctives to a culture of dependency among the urban poor—stock images of racial and cultural minorities that circulated well beyond Congress. But those images did not circulate unchallenged, even after congressional opposition failed. In The Paradox of Relevance, Carol J. Greenhouse provides a political and literary history of the anthropology of U.S. cities in the 1990s, where—below the radar—New Deal liberalism, with its iconic bond between society and security, continued to thrive. The Paradox of Relevance opens in the midst of anthropology's so-called postmodern crisis and the appeal to relevance as a basis for reconciliation and renewal. The search for relevance leads outward to the major federal legislation of the 1990s and the galvanic political tensions between rights- and market-based reforms. Anthropologists' efforts to inform those debates through "relevant" ethnography were highly patterned, revealing the imprint of political tensions in shaping their works' central questions and themes, as well as their organization, narrative techniques, and descriptive practices. In that sense, federal discourse dominates the works' demonstrations of ethnography's relevance; however, the authors simultaneously resist that dominance through innovations in their own literariness—in particular, drawing on diasporic fiction and sociolegal studies where these articulate more agentive meanings of identity and difference. The paradox of relevance emerges with the realization that in the context of the times, affirming the relevance of ethnography as value-neutral science required the textual practices of advocacy and art.

Cultural Citizenship in Island Southeast Asia

Nation and Belonging in the Hinterlands

Author: Renato Rosaldo

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520227484

Category: History

Page: 228

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"This important book, full of new and original perspectives, will be of great interest to students and specialists of Southeast Asia. It also makes important contributions to the anthropological and historical study of cultural citizenship, postcolonial nation building, and the dynamics of ethnic identity."--Suzanne Brenner, author of The Domestication of Desire: Women, Wealth, and Modernity in Java "This stimulating volume of essays makes a very strong contribution to an understanding of how pre-modern cultural diversity in some parts of Southeast Asia have been reconfigured as modern states have promoted distinctive and powerfully backed 'imagingings' of nation."--Charles Keyes, author of Social Memory and Crises of Modernity: Politics of Identity in Thailand and Laos "This tightly focused and high quality volume will make an important contribution to Southeast Asian studies, while connecting the rich ethnographic literature of that region with a set of contemporary theoretical questions that transcend geographic areas."--James Ferguson, author of Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt

The Anthropology of Globalization

A Reader

Author: Jonathan Xavier Inda,Renato Rosaldo

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405136138

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

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Updated with a fresh introduction and brand new selections, the second edition of The Anthropology of Globalization collects some of the decade’s finest work on globalization, focusing on the increasing interconnectedness of people around the world, and the culturally specific ways in which these connections are mediated. Provides a rich introduction to the subject Grounds the study of globalization ethnographically by locating global processes in everyday practice Addresses the global flow of capital, people, commodities, media, and ideologies Offers extensive geographic coverage: from Africa and Asia to the Caribbean, Europe, and North America Updated edition includes new selections, section introductions, and recommendations for further reading

An anthropology of the European Union

building, imagining and experiencing the new Europe

Author: Irène Bellier,Thomas M. Wilson

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859733240

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

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One of the problems facing Europe is that the building of institutional Europe and top-down efforts to get Europeans to imagine their common identity do not necessarily result in political and cultural unity. Anthropologists have been slow to consider the difficulties presented by the expansion of the EU model and its implications for Europe in the 21st Century. Representing a new trend in European anthropology, this book examines how people adjust to their different experiences of the new Europe. The role of culture, religion, and ideology, as well as insiders' social and professional practices, are all shown to shed light on the cultural logic sustaining the institutions and policies of the European Union. On the one hand, the activities of the European institutions in Brussels illustrate how people of many different nationalities, languages and cultures can live and work together. On the other hand, the interests of many people at the local, regional and national levels are not the same as the Eurocrats'. Contributors explore the issues of unity and diversity in 'Europe-building' through various European institutions, images, and programmes, and their effects on a variety of definitions of identity in such locales as France, Denmark, the United Kingdom, Ireland and Belgium. Adopting an anthropological approach, this book explores the quest to construct a sense of common identity at institutional level in the European Union (EU), and is particularly useful in identifying current research on the EU as project and object. The introductory essay by Ir ne Bellier and Thomas M. Wilson laments the marginalization of culture and identity in the EU and offers a useful overview of different approaches to the anthropology of Europe from American, British and French traditions. It examines the complexity of the concept of EU, which can refer to member states but also to a wider social system. Although Europe is currently in the process of defining and expanding a new public space, this project is severely hampered by the nation-state model, which dominates proceedings. Contributions to the book are divided in two parts. The first deals primarily with the institutional f0level in Europe. Marc Ab l s's contribution adopts an unusual approach by querying whether the construction of a harmonious Europe should be regarded as an indefinite, ongoing process, rather than an end product. Although in theory the EU is a borderless, post-national or perhaps supra-national region, its political practice has been rooted in a strong sense of territorial identity. The concept of a virtual Europe could serve as the catalyst for new perspectives on regional or national traditions. Ir ne Bellier explores the very interesting question of identity politics in the EU and the consequences of formal institutional recognition of many diverse interests. In the beginning, the European Common Market defended national interests and sustained sources of national identification among its civil servants. This process has been challenged by the identification of other sources of interest such as trans-national cultures or regional bodies, which also demand formal recognition of their interests. The change in the locus of representation from Parliament to specific lobby groups is impacting on the authority of individual nation-states. Gilbert Weiss and Ruth Wodak explore the globalization rhetoric of the EU with specific reference to unemployment policies. The central concern of this chapter is the linguistic nature of the decision-making process in the Competitiveness Advisory Group. Business-speak, location-speak and globalization rhetoric are used to construct an EU identity that differs significantly from other larger identities such as that of Japan or the USA. Essentially the EU is a collaborative project, which requires the input of all its member states. This is a process, which is not without tension as the EU has itself impacted on the authority of nation-states. Despite its constant reference to the principle of subsidiarity, the EU has implemented certain policy-making decisions at supra-national rather than national levels and created a new set of hierarchial relations. The principle of subsidiary is the focus of Douglas Holmes' essay, which examines the surrogate discourse of power in the EU. Holmes observes the significance of subsidiarity underlying the development of an increasingly federal EU but the principle also provides the substance of a complex moral discourse designed to sustain the European project and its relations with existing diversities. Four essays in part two of this book examine the concept of belonging and identity in the European Union. Catherine Neveu's contribution is particularly useful in its exploration of the potential contribution of anthropologists to the construction of European citizenship. Anthropologists can investigate different ways through which background models and representations regarding citizenship are invoked by European officials and lobbyists. They can investigate the negotiation process in deciding, implementing and evaluating policies and programmes. She suggests that an anthropological critique of European citizenship is increasingly necessary to address global questions of citizenship, issues of identity and the relative weight of representation and participation for the democratic process. Thomas Wilson examines the role of anthropology in EU scholarship on culture and identity. This chapter champions an approach exploring the impact of EU institutions as experienced on a day-to day basis. Wilson is a well-established authority on Northern Ireland and sets his argument in the context of Northern Ireland's borderlands where nationalist ideologies restrict the political and economic integration of Britain and Ireland. EU actions designed to alleviate this ethno-nationalist struggle are accepted or resisted within this context. Richard Jenkins's essay also emphasizes the benefits of an anthropological approach to everyday life in a local community. This contribution focuses on a small town in Jutland prior to the 1992 referendum on the Maastricht Treaty. Jenkins examines the complexity of the relationship between Danish identity and the EU, where a sense of Danish-ness has served both pro- and anti- EU camps. He examines the pro- and anti- positions to arrive at a complex picture of Danish-ness, which emphasizes similarity with the Nordic world and difference from Germany. It emphasizes equality of relationships within Denmark and positive feelings regarding ethnic-cultural homogeneity. Stacia Zabusky explores institutional discourses and practices of belonging in the European State Agency. She focuses in particular on European officials such as members of the European Parliament, Commission officials and civil servants of the Council who are frequently regarded as the new 'true Europeans' by individuals within and outside core EU institutions. These officials operate as 'architects' or 'engineers' of Europe's public space and have clear conceptions of a cultural and linguistic European identity at individual and collective levels. Although national boundaries are theoretically irrelevant in the EU, its citizens continue to feel strong loyalties to their member states. For this reason, Zabusky avails of the expression 'boundaries at work' to denote the significance of borders which are theoretically irrelevant. This book is extremely useful in its exploration of the construction of an EU in which centripedal and centrifugal forces are constantly at work. As the process of harmonization and integration gathers momentum, there is great potential for the proli

The Anthropology of Religious Conversion

Author: Andrew Buckser,Stephen D. Glazier

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742517783

Category: Religion

Page: 236

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This text paints a picture of conversion far more complex than its customary image in anthropology and religious studies.

City of God

Christian Citizenship in Postwar Guatemala

Author: Kevin Lewis O'Neill

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520260635

Category: Religion

Page: 278

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"A significant study of religion and power by a probing and caring anthropologist. Full of surprising insights, City of God is a must-read for anyone concerned with the possibilities and limits of political theology in a volatile 21st century."—João Biehl, author of Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment “City of God is a rich and gracefully written ethnography of Pentecostal Christians in today's Guatemala which shows how a disciplined self, constituted in daily devotional activities, is believed to be pertinent not only for individual well-being but the soul of the nation. With its concept of 'Christian citizenship,' it is also a significant theoretical contribution to the anthropology of religion. The book deserves to be read widely by students of anthropology, Central America, Christianity and religion more generally.”—Steve Caton, author of Yemen Chronicle: An Anthropology of War and Mediation “A groundbreaking ethnography of Christian citizenship and subject formation in the neo-liberal era. O'Neill focuses on what evangelical Christians in Guatemala City actually do, by way of a close study of Church ceremonies, cell group meetings, interviews, direct daily observation and close readings of the voluminous mass-media products. The result is a thoroughly innovative study of the way in which social circumstance and politics are internalized. We will be feeling the aftershocks of the movement that is so sensitively studied in this book for years to come.”—Claudio Lomnitz, author of Death and the Idea of Mexico