A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics

Author: David Nugent,Joan Vincent

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470692936

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

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This Companion offers an unprecedented overview of anthropology’s unique contribution to the study of politics. Explores the key concepts and issues of our time - from AIDS, globalization, displacement, and militarization, to identity politics and beyond Each chapter reflects on concepts and issues that have shaped the anthropology of politics and concludes with thoughts on and challenges for the way ahead Anthropology’s distinctive genre, ethnography, lies at the heart of this volume

The Anthropology of Politics

A Reader in Ethnography, Theory, and Critique

Author: Joan Vincent

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631224402

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

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In The Anthropology of Politics: A Reader in Ethnography, Theory and Critique, editor Joan Vincent offers her readers a selection of classic and contemporary articles on the anthropology of politics. Her introduction, headnotes, and suggested readings make this an indispensable resource for students, scholars, and instructors alike.

Anthropology and Politics

Visions, Traditions, and Trends

Author: Joan Vincent

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816515103

Category: Social Science

Page: 570

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In considering how anthropologists have chosen to look at and write about politics, Joan Vincent contends that the anthropological study of politics is itself a historical process. Intended not only as a representation but also as a reinterpretation, her study arises from questioning accepted views and unexamined assumptions. This wide-ranging, cross-disciplinary work is a critical review of the anthropological study of politics in the English-speaking world from 1879 to the present, a counterpoint of text and context that describes for each of three eras both what anthropologists have said about politics and the national and international events that have shaped their interests and concerns. It is also an account of how intellectual, social, and political conditions influenced the discipline by conditioning both anthropological inquiry and the avenues of research supported by universities and governments. Finally, it is a study of the politics of anthropology itself, examining the survival of theses or schools of thought and the influence of certain individuals and departments.

Class, Nation and Identity

The Anthropology of Political Movements

Author: Jeff Pratt

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745316727

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

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Political movements across the world have such diverse characteristics and aims that it is difficult to examine them as a collective group. Movements that are class-based are usually portrayed as formed by economic categories of people driven by material interests. By contrast the study of ethnic or nationalist movements has concentrated on the complexities of identity formation within culturally defined groups driven by strong passions. In this unusual book, Jeff Pratt argues for the need to set up a new analytical framework that extends the study of identity formation, and the ethnographic analysis of economic and social processes, to all political movements. Setting up a new analytical framework, he argues that political processes involve two linked components: a 'discourse' (an identity narrative which positions us within social history) and a 'movement' (the process of organization whereby local social divisions are transformed by their incorporation into a wider movement). He illustrates his arguments with a vivid mix of case studies from across the last century including Basque nationalism, Andalusian anarchism, Italian communism, the break-up of Yugoslavia, to the 'newer' political movements in Europe, in French Occitania and the Italian Lega Nord.


Savage Money

The Anthropology and Politics of Commodity Exchange

Author: Chris A. Gregory

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9789057020919

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

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"This new era poses questions for the theory of value, which this book addresses from an anthropological perspective. Fieldwork-based essays on the household values associated with agricultural land, rural marketing and village money lending in Central India are located comparatively and historically by means of an analysis of money in the form of cowries, silver, gold and state tokens." "The author modifies and extends his previous work, Gifts and Commodities, by moving the ethnographic focus from Papua New Guinea to India and by considering the theoretical implications of the Subaltern Studies paradigm for anthropological theory."--BOOK JACKET.

Ebola, Culture and Politics: The Anthropology of an Emerging Disease

Author: Barry S. Hewlett,Bonnie L. Hewlett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111797315

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

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In this case study, readers will embark on an improbable journey through the heart of Africa to discover how indigenous people cope with the rapid-killing Ebola virus. The Hewletts are the first anthropologists ever invited by the World Health Organization to join a medical intervention team and assist in efforts to control an Ebola outbreak. Their account addresses political, structural, psychological, and cultural factors, along with conventional intervention protocols as problematic to achieving medical objectives. They find obvious historical and cultural answers to otherwise-puzzling questions about why village people often flee, refuse to cooperate, and sometimes physically attack members of intervention teams. Perhaps surprisingly, readers will discover how some cultural practices of local people are helpful and should be incorporated into control procedures. The authors shed new light on a continuing debate about the motivation for human behavior by showing how local responses to epidemics are rooted both in culture and in human nature. Well-supported recommendations emerge from a comparative analysis of Central African cases and pandemics worldwide to suggest how the United States and other countries might use anthropologists and the insights of anthropologists to mount more effective public health campaigns, with particular attention to avian flu and bioterrorism. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Syria-Palestine in The Late Bronze Age

An Anthropology of Politics and Power

Author: Emanuel Pfoh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317392302

Category: History

Page: 246

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Syria-Palestine in the Late Bronze Age presents an explicitly anthropological perspective on politics and social relationships. An anthropological reading of the textual and epigraphic remains of the time allows us to see how power was constructed and political subordination was practised and expressed. Syria-Palestine in the Late Bronze Age identifies a particular political ontology, native to ancient Syro-Palestinian societies, which informs and constitutes their social worlds. This political ontology, based on patronage relationships, provides a way of understanding the political culture and the social dynamics of ancient Levantine peoples. It also illuminates the historical processes taking place in the region, processes based on patrimonial social structures and articulated through patron-client bonds.

The Anthropology of Citizenship

A Reader

Author: Sian Lazar

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1118412915

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

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The Anthropology of Citizenship introduces thetheoretical foundations of and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world, in local, national andglobal contexts. Key readings provide a cross-cultural perspectiveon citizenship practices, and an individual citizen’srelationship with the state. Introduces a range of exciting and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world Provides key readings for students and researchers who wish togain an understanding of citizenship practices, and anindividual’s relationship with the state in a globalcontext Offers an anthropological perspective on citizenship, the selfand political agency, with a focus on encounters between citizensand the state in education, law, development, and immigrationpolicy Provides students with an understanding of the theoreticalfoundations of citizenship, as characterized by liberal and civicrepublican ideas of political belonging and exclusion Explores how citizenship is constructed at different scales andin different spaces Twenty-five key writings identify what is a new and vibrantsubfield within politics and anthropological research

Anthropology and Development

Culture, Morality and Politics in a Globalised World

Author: Emma Crewe,Richard Axelby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005922

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

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"In recent decades international development has grown into a world-shaping industry. But how do aid agencies work and what do they achieve? How does aid appear to those who receive it? And why has there been so little improvement in the position of the poor? Viewing aid and development from anthropological perspectives gives illuminating answers to questions such as these. This essential textbook reveals anthropologists' often surprising findings and details ethnographic case studies on the cultures of development. The authors use a fertile literature to examine the socio-political organisation of aid communities, agencies and networks as well as the judgements they make about each other. Exploring the spaces between policy and practice, success and failure, the future and the past, this book provides a rounded understanding of development work that suggests new moral and political possibilities for an increasingly globalised world"--

Changing Parties

An Anthropology of British Political Conferences

Author: F. Faucher-King

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230509886

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

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Party conferences are central to the life of political parties. They contribute to setting policy agendas, developing policy options, legitimizing policy choices, building party cohesion, motivating activists and publicizing party activities to the wider public. An analysis of their evolution in Britain helps us understand the ways in which political parties change. This book combines anthropological methods with political science to analyze changing power relationships, party organizations and political culture in British political parties: Labour, Conservative, Liberal Democrats, The Greens.

The Anthropology of Police

Author: Kevin G. Karpiak,William Garriott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317419081

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

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What are the potential contributions of anthropology to the study of police? Even beyond the methodological particularities and geographic breadth of cultural anthropology, there are a set of conceptual and analytical traditions that have much to bring to broader scholarship in police studies. Including original and international contributions from both senior and emerging scholars, this pioneering book represents a foundational document for a burgeoning field of study: the anthropology of police. The chapters in this volume open up the question of police in new ways: mining the disciplinary legacies of anthropology in order to discover new conceptual tools, methods, and pedagogies; reworking relationships between "police," "public," and "researcher" in ways that open up new avenues for exploration at the same time as they articulate new demands; and retracing a hauntology that, through interactions with individuals and collectives, constitutes a body politic through the figure of police. Illustrating the various ways that anthropology enables a reassessment of the police/violence relationship with a broad consideration of the human stakes at the center, this book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists, anthropologists, and the broad interdisciplinary field invested in the study of policing, order-making, and governance.

A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East

Author: Soraya Altorki

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118475615

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 542

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A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East presents a comprehensive overview of current trends and future directions in anthropological research and activism in the modern Middle East. Featuring contributions from a wide range of distinguished contemporary scholars of Middle East anthropology, chapters encompass the entire breadth of the region’s cultural, social, political, and religious diversity. Numerous issues covering various aspects of Middle Eastern anthropological concerns are addressed—topics drawn from religion, the arts, language, and politics to political economy, the law, human rights, multiculturalism, and globalization. Within each topic explored, individual authors focus on the most pressing methodological and theoretical concerns raised by contemporary scholars, along with key conceptual breakthroughs, gaps in the literature, and fruitful areas for further research. Timely and thought-provoking, A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East is an invaluable resource for anthropologists and other social scientists seeking a better understanding of the complex relationship between the East and West in our new global environments.

The Anthropology of Sport

Bodies, Borders, Biopolitics

Author: Niko Besnier,Susan Brownell,Thomas F. Carter

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520963814

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

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Few activities bring together physicality, emotions, politics, money, and morality as dramatically as sport. In Brazil’s stadiums or China’s parks, on Cuba’s baseball diamonds or Fiji’s rugby fields, human beings test their physical limits, invest emotional energy, bet money, perform witchcraft, and ingest substances. Sport is a microcosm of what life is about. The Anthropology of Sport explores how sport both shapes and is shaped by the social, cultural, political, and historical contexts in which we live. Core themes discussed in this book include the body, modernity, nationalism, the state, citizenship, transnationalism, globalization, and gender and sexuality.

Handbook of Political Anthropology

Author: Harald Wydra,Bjørn Thomassen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783479019

Category: Reference

Page: 512

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This Handbook engages the reader in the major debates, approaches, methodologies, and explanatory frames within political anthropology. Examining the shifting borders of a moving field of enquiry, it illustrates disciplinary paradigm shifts, the role of humans in political structures, ethnographies of the political, and global processes. Reflecting the variety of directions that surround political anthropology today, this volume will be essential reading to understanding the interactions of humans within political frames in a globalising world.

A Companion to the Anthropology of India

Author: Isabelle Clark-Decès

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390582

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

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A Companion to the Anthropology of India offers a broad overview of the rapidly evolving scholarship on Indian society from the earliest area studies to views of India’s globalization in the twenty-first century. Provides readers with an important new introduction to the anthropology of India Explores the larger global issues that have transformed India since the end of colonization, including demographic, economic, social, cultural, political, and religious issues Contributions by leading experts present up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of key topics such as population and life expectancy, civil society, social-moral relationships, caste and communalism, youth and consumerism, the new urban middle class, environment and health, tourism, public and religious cultures, politics and law Represents an authoritative guide for professional social and cultural anthropologists, and South Asian specialists, and an accessible reference work for students engaged in the analysis of India’s modern transformation

The Anthropology of the Name

Author: Sylvain Lazarus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780857422309

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

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The Anthropology of the Name—written almost twenty years ago but never translated into English, and updated here with a new preface by the author—works out a groundbreaking theory of the social function of political categorizations, exploring in the anthropological field what Alain Badiou and Jean-Claude Milner analysed, respectively, in the fields of philosophy, linguistics and psychoanalytic theory. Sylvain Lazarus calls the site of the book an 'enthusiastic site': enthusiastic about the fact that a new conception can be opposed to the end of the political and intellectual referents of the great period that extends from the Russian Revolution to today—a period that the author divides into different sequences. The enthusiasm is also about the invention of the 'sequentiality' of politics and of 'saturation' (a method of investigating past politics as intellectualities of politics); and it is about the problematic of 'historical modes of politics', which identifies the politics that has taken place or that is taking place as rare and sequential, that is to say, as existing for a lapse of time that is datable. This is an enthusiastic book about the investigation of thought, about the statement that 'people think', and about the statement that 'thought is relation of the real'.

The Anthropology of Numbers

Author: Thomas Crump

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521438070

Category: Mathematics

Page: 197

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Why do the Nuer stipulate forty cattle in brideprice? Why is the number ten so important in North American mythology? What does the anthropologist Clifford Geertz really mean to say when he talks about the correspondence of Balinese time cycles? Numbers play some part, often quite central, in almost all known cultures, yet until now the subject has never been examined in detail from an anthropological perspective. This book is the first attempt to find out how people in a wide range of diverse cultures and in different historical contexts, use and understand numbers. The opening chapters provide the basis for looking at the way numbers operate in different contexts, by looking at the logical, psychological and linguistic implications. The following eight chapters deal with specific themes: ethnoscience, politics, measurement, time, money, music, games and architecture. The final chapter relates such operations to social, economic and cultural factors.