The Autistic Brain

Thinking Across the Spectrum

Author: Temple Grandin,Richard Panek

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547858183

Category: Science

Page: 304

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A cutting-edge account of the latest science of autism, from the best-selling author and advocate When Temple Grandin was born in 1947, autism had only just been named. Today it is more prevalent than ever, with one in 88 children diagnosed on the spectrum. And our thinking about it has undergone a transformation in her lifetime: Autism studies have moved from the realm of psychology to neurology and genetics, and there is far more hope today than ever before thanks to groundbreaking new research into causes and treatments. Now Temple Grandin reports from the forefront of autism science, bringing her singular perspective to a thrilling journey into the heart of the autism revolution. Weaving her own experience with remarkable new discoveries, Grandin introduces the neuroimaging advances and genetic research that link brain science to behavior, even sharing her own brain scan to show us which anomalies might explain common symptoms. We meet the scientists and self-advocates who are exploring innovative theories of what causes autism and how we can diagnose and best treat it. Grandin also highlights long-ignored sensory problems and the transformative effects we can have by treating autism symptom by symptom, rather than with an umbrella diagnosis. Most exciting, she argues that raising and educating kids on the spectrum isn’t just a matter of focusing on their weaknesses; in the science that reveals their long-overlooked strengths she shows us new ways to foster their unique contributions. From the “aspies” in Silicon Valley to the five-year-old without language, Grandin understands the true meaning of the word spectrum. The Autistic Brain is essential reading from the most respected and beloved voices in the field.

Als ich die nackte Dame im Kopfstand fand

Ein Psychiater erzählt

Author: Gigi Vorgan,Gary Small

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3838710428

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 400

View: 3936

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Der Psychiater Gary Small öffnet seine Türen und zeigt uns eine Welt, in der nichts so ist wie wir es kennen: Menschen, die hysterisch erblinden, eine Schulklasse, die in Ohnmacht fällt, Männer, deren Penis schrumpft - oder Damen, die nackt auf dem Kopf stehen. In seinen 30 Berufsjahren hat Dr. Gary Small alles gesehen. Die Geschichten, die er davon erzählt, machen süchtig. Sie nehmen uns mit auf eine inspirierende Reise zu uns selbst - und am Ende werden wir begreifen, dass uns erst unsere Verschrobenheiten zu dem machen, was wir sind: menschliche Wesen.

Durch die gläserne Tür - Lebensbericht einer Autistin

Author: Temple Grandin

Publisher: Verlag Rad und Soziales

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 187

View: 8183

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Der große amerikanische Kinoerfolg „Rain Man“ erzählt die Geschichte des Autisten Raymond mit anrührender Unmittelbarkeit und unpathetischer Leichtigkeit. Ebenso eindringlich und geradeaus ist die Geschichte der Autistin Temple Grandin, die übrigens mithalf, „Rain Man“ - Hauptdarsteller Dustin Hoffman auf seine anspruchsvolle Rolle vorzubereiten. Aus ihrer außergewöhnlichen Perspektive schildert Temple Grandin ihren zähen Kampf gegen die bizarren Symptome des Autismus: etwa das Unvermögen, ihre Bewegungen zu kontrollieren, die Besessenheit mit einer Beschäftigung, ihre Geräuschempfindlichkeit, die Überreiztheit ihres Nervensystems überhaupt, oder ihre anfängliche totale Unfähigkeit, mittels Sprache oder auch nur Körperkontakt eine Verbindung zur Außenwelt herzustellen - obwohl sie gerade dies sehnlichst wünschte. Dass es ihr schließlich dennoch glückte, sich aus ihrem gläsernen Gefängnis zu befreien, verdankt sie ihrem eigenen Erfindungsreichtum: Sie konstruierte einen Apparat, mit dessen Hilfe sie körperliche Berührung zulassen, aber auch kontrollieren konnte. Diese „Zaubermaschine“ wie auch die liebevolle Zuwendung einiger weniger Menschen öffneten ihr den Weg durch die gläserne Tür in die reale Welt.

Changing the Autistic Brain

Author: L. D. Miller

Publisher: Hillcrest Publishing Group

ISBN: 1934937746

Category:

Page: 264

View: 7342

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Over the course of eleven years, my son was diagnosed with dysgraphia, ADD, extreme anxiety, and Asperger's syndrome. During this period, my son endured numerous hours of therapy and took myriad medications to treat the symptoms that accompany the disorders he was diagnosed as having. After many years of scrupulously following the recommendations of the various specialists who had assessed my son, it was obvious to me that not only did he not benefit from the treatments, his symptoms were exacerbated by the medications. The confusion, frustration, and despair I suffered compelled me to learn as much as possible about how the brain functions, and what causes it to dysfunction. After years of research I learned about a medication that had not previously been prescribed for my son, which treated the symptoms he seemed to have been plagued with for his entire life. Fortunately I was able to convince the psychiatrist, who was treating my son at that time, to prescribe the medication since it has so few adverse side-effects. The medication has certainly changed my son's life, and mine as well. This book chronicles the journey I took as I navigated my way through the world of neurobiology and psychology in an attempt to help my son function as a regular child. I encountered numerous pitfalls and disappointments in my travails, but was undeterred in my pursuit of a cure for my son. In fact, the barriers to my progress only served to strengthen my resolve. Through sheer tenacity and unconditional love for my son, I was able to end the dark journey. I hope that the knowledge that I gained will help people better understand the nonplussed realm of brain function. I decided to write this book to offer hope to all of the parents who are overcome by the same frustration, despair, and fear that gripped me for the better part of fourteen years. I hope that this book will shed some light on an extremely complex subject.

The Independent Woman's Handbook for Super Safe Living on the Autistic Spectrum

Author: Robyn Steward

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 0857007653

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 4237

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Certain characteristics of autism, such as difficulty understanding social cues, may make women vulnerable to potentially dangerous situations. Robyn Steward has written this supportive guide to help all women on the autistic spectrum live independently, make their own choices in life, and be safe whilst doing so. This book will provide you with the knowledge to recognise potential risks to your personal safety and the skills and strategies required to avoid and overcome them. Informed by a survey of, and interviews with, women on and off the autistic spectrum, it explores common safety issues encountered by women and offers practical advice to help you stay safe and supported in your independence. Topics covered include friendships, relationships and sex, alcohol and drugs, money and employment and staying safe outside the home and online. This handbook is your guide to super safe living as an independent woman and will help you to stay safe whilst living life to the full. It may also be of interest to your family, friends and carers, giving them insight into life on the spectrum and confidence that you will enjoy your independence in an informed and safe manner.

Understanding Autism For Dummies

Author: Stephen Shore,Linda G. Rastelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118053133

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 384

View: 8725

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Autism affects more than 1 million children and adults in the United States, and parents may be confused by the behavior of autistic children. This book provides help-and hope-by explaining the differences between various types of autism and delivering the lowdown on behavioral, educational, medical, other interventions. Featuring inspiring autism success stories as well as a list of organizations where people who support those with autism can go for additional help, it offers practical advice on how to educate children as well as insights on helping people with autism use their strengths to maximize their potential in life. Stephen Shore, EdD (Brookline MA), serves on the board for several autism spectrum-related organizations and he has written Beyond the Wall: Personal Experiences with Autism and Asperger Syndrome (1-931282-00-5) and edited Ask and Tell: Self Advocacy and Disclosure For People on the Autism Spectrum (1-931282-58-7). Linda G. Rastelli (Middletown, NJ) is a veteran journalist who specializes in health and business. Temple Grandin, PhD (Fort Collins, CO) is the author of the bestselling Thinking in Pictures (0-679-77289-8) and Emergence: Labeled Autistic (0-446-67182-7).

Supporting pupils on the Autism Spectrum in Secondary Schools

A Practical Guide for Teaching Assistants

Author: Carolyn Canavan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317667298

Category: Education

Page: 189

View: 5724

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Written to meet the needs of teaching assistants and learning support assistants, this book provides a practical toolkit for supporting students on the autistic spectrum in mainstream secondary schools. The book offers a clear, jargon free explanation of autism spectrum conditions and examines the difficulties arising from these conditions and how they can impact on students’ learning. Addressing issues which arise on a daily basis, it is full of practical advice and strategies for supporting students socially and academically across all areas of the curriculum. Features include: templates to scaffold students’ comprehension and learning in different subject areas forms to help with information collection and evaluation advice on supporting students through examinations examples and case studies to illustrate how the strategies described work in practice Packed with photocopiable resources that can be adapted to suit individual students’ needs, this book is essential reading for teaching assistants that want to help their students’ on the autistic spectrum to reach their full potential.

Autism, Brain, and Environment

Author: Richard Lathe

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1843104385

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 1996

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In this controversial new book, Lathe contends that the recent rise in cases of autism spectrum disorders--ASDs--is a result of increased exposure to environmental toxicity combined with genetic predisposition.

Die Poesie der Primzahlen

Author: Daniel Tammet

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446439277

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 4552

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Daniel Tammet ist einer von nur 100 Inselbegabten und der vielleicht intelligenteste Mensch der Welt. Sein Gehirn leistet Unvorstellbares. Er lernt fremde Sprachen binnen einer Woche und rechnet fast so schnell wie ein Computer. Tammets Kosmos besteht aus Zahlen, die Farben, Formen und Charaktereigenschaften haben. Für ihn ist Mathematik keine trockene Wissenschaft, sondern bunt und lebendig, eine eigene Welt, der ein poetischer Zauber innewohnt. In diesem Buch lässt er uns erstmals an seiner "Poesie der Primzahlen" teilhaben und zeigt eindrucksvoll, dass die Mathematik Antworten auf die universellen Fragen des Lebens zu geben vermag: nach Zeit, Tod oder Liebe. "'Die Poesie der Primzahlen' lässt die Bewunderung für Tammets Geist ins Unermessliche steigen." Oliver Sacks

Der Funke

Die Geschichte eines autistischen Jungen, der es allen gezeigt hat

Author: Kristine Barnett

Publisher: Kailash Verlag

ISBN: 3641093279

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 1553

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In jedem Kind verbirgt sich der »Funke«. Kristines Sohn Jacob hat einen höheren IQ als Einstein und verfügt über ein fotografisches Gedächtnis. Und er ist Autist. »Der Funke« erzählt die Geschichte einer Mutter, die gegen den Rat aller Experten darum kämpft, ihrem Sohn ein normales, glückliches Leben zu ermöglichen, indem sie ihn ermutigt, seinem »Funken« zu folgen, sich auf das zu konzentrieren, was er liebt, statt auf das, was ihn hindert. Großartige Möglichkeiten können sich eröffnen, wenn wir lernen, das wahre Potenzial zu erwecken, das in jedem Kind ruht – und in jedem von uns.

Teaching Music to Students with Autism

Author: Alice M. Hammel,Ryan M. Hourigan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199316538

Category: Music

Page: 208

View: 8648

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Teaching Music to Students with Autism is a comprehensive resource for everyone who works with students with autism within the music classroom. The authors focus on understanding autism, advocating for students and music programs, and creating and maintaining a team approach by working together with colleagues effectively. A significant portion of the book is focused on understanding and overcoming the communication, cognition, behavior, sensory, and socialization challenges inherent in working with students with autism. The authors suggest ways to structure classroom experiences and learning opportunities for all students. The book includes vignettes and classroom snapshots from experienced music teachers which provide additional opportunities to transfer theory to real-life application.

Recent Developments in Autism Research

Author: Manuel F. Casanova

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594544972

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 7439

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Autism is a condition that hits the patient in places that can't be hidden; in his/her behaviour. It is a condition worn for public scrutiny, blending personal aspects of the patient's life with his/her social environment. It provides for guilt in patients and for Job-like ponderings in their parents. How do you measure the extent of damage to a patient's life or that of the parent's? Present day thinking portrays the problem of autism in the context of a triangle. In this triangle each interconnected vertex alternatively represents the autistic person, pathophysiological theories on causation, and symptoms. This book focuses on certain themes: those physical aspects which make an individual autistic. Although we are willing to entertain both psychological and biological explanations, this book will deal primarily with the biological. Even when these explanations overlap, ultimately, they perform different functions; one biased towards the need to know and the other towards the need to cure.

Autism and the Brain

Neurophenomenological Interpretation

Author: Tatyana B Glezerman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461441129

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 5770

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For years, the typical presentation of autism—the developmental delays, the social and linguistic deficits—has been well known. Despite great variation among children with this condition, certain symptoms are considered hallmarks of the disorder. Less understood is why these symptoms come together to construct autism. And as autism rates continue to rise, this information is ever more vital to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Autism and the Brain offers answers by showing a new neuropsychology of the autistic spectrum, reviewing general brain organization, and relating specific regions and structures to specific clinical symptoms. The author identifies deficiencies in areas of the left-hemisphere associated with the self and identity as central to autism. From this primary damage, the brain further reorganizes to compensate, explaining the diverse behaviors among low- and high-functioning individuals as well as autistic savants. The result is a unique three-dimensional view of brain structure, function, and pathology, with in-depth focus on how the autistic brain: Perceives the world. Understands and uses words. Perceives faces. Understands spatial relations and numbers. Understands feelings and registers emotions. Perceives the self as separate from others. Acts in the world. Challenging readers to re-think their assumptions, Autism and the Brain is breakthrough reading for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in fields as varied as child and adolescent psychiatry; clinical child, school, and developmental psychology; neuroscience/neurobiology; special education and educational psychology; social work; communication disorders; and public health and policy.

The Biology of the Autistic Syndromes

Author: Christopher Gillberg,Mary Coleman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781898683223

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 6636

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This completely reworked and updated third edition addresses all the difficulties the autistic syndrome presents for the clinician.

Autismus als Kontextblindheit

Author: Peter Vermeulen

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647490105

Category: Psychology

Page: 333

View: 5002

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Untersuchungen in Europa, Kanada und den USA ergaben, dass bei sechs bis sieben von tausend Personen eine Autismus-Spektrum-Störung (ASS) diagnostiziert wird. Was bedeutet das? Mit »Autismus als Kontextblindheit« beschreibt Peter Vermeulen eine neue Sichtweise zum Autismus-Verständnis. Seine Kernaussage lautet: Menschen mit Autismus zeigen in der Wahrnehmung ihrer objektbezogenen und sozialen Umwelt Probleme bei der schnellen, vorbewussten, intuitiven Erfassung und Nutzung von Kontextinformation. Dieses im Vergleich zu anderen Menschen herabgesetzte Gespür für Kontext ist hirnorganisch begründet und erklärt die autistischen Besonderheiten in Wahrnehmung, sozialer Interaktion, Kommunikation und Denken. Peter Vermeulen knüpft (kritisch) an viele bestehende neurokognitive Erklärungsansätze an und untermauert und belegt seine Thesen mit zahlreichen wissenschaftlichen Untersuchungsergebnissen, aber auch mit Beispielen aus seiner langjährigen praktischen Erfahrung mit Menschen aus dem Autismus-Spektrum. Allgemeinverständlich und unterhaltsam geschrieben eröffnet das Buch Betreuern, Lehrern, Begleitern und Eltern von Menschen mit Autismus neue Sichtweisen. Es zeigt Strategien zur Kompensation bzw. Hinweise und Beispiele für eine autismusfreundliche Gestaltung der Umwelt und gibt so neue Impulse für den Alltag der Betroffenen.

The Neurobiology of Autism

Author: Margaret L. Bauman,Thomas L. Kemper

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801880476

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 5335

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For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

The World of the Autistic Child

Understanding and Treating Autistic Spectrum Disorders

Author: Bryna Siegel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195119176

Category: Psychology

Page: 351

View: 2133

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For thousands of loving and concerned parents of autistic children, the suspicion that something may be wrong comes long before the clinical diagnosis of autism, PDD (pervasive developmental disorder), or Asperger's syndrome. When rounds of testing and consultations confirm parents' worst fears, their emotional turmoil is matched by an overriding practical concern: What do we do next? The World of the Autistic Child is by far the most complete and comprehensive book ever written for the parents of autistic children, and for the teachers, child specialists, and other professionals that care for them. Written by Dr. Bryna Siegel, a developmental psychologist and director of a large university clinic for autistic children, it provides help and hope not only for the children, but for their families--the parents, grandparents, siblings, and other caregivers who must come to grips with their own grief and confusion following a diagnosis of autism or other related disorder. Dr. Siegel believes that parents' best defense is to acquire, as early as possible, the knowledge and the parenting skills they will need to work with professionals to help their child fulfill his or her potential. This book, therefore, is about understanding the diagnosis of autism, the available treatments, and how to decide what is best for a particular child with autism or PDD. Straightforward and sympathetic, Dr. Siegel guides readers through the thicket of symptoms and labels, explaining the crucial importance of intensive early education, and how to find the resources and help that are available. Behavior modification, the development of daily living skills, guidelines for selecting and designing schooling, mainstreaming, the role for traditional academics in educating higher functioning children and young people, building effective parent-teacher relationships, psychoactive medications, and dealing with the possibility of residential placement are all covered. Dr. Siegel teaches parents and professionals to use their own common sense and personal observations in evaluating the many highly publicized but unorthodox and often untested treatments for autism, including the much-touted facilitated communication (F/C), holding therapy, auditory training, "Options" therapy, allergy treatments, and special diets. Pulling together a wealth of long-needed information on the latest educational and medical advances, The World of the Autistic Child is a superb guide and resource that no one who cares about autistic or developmentally disabled young people will want to be without.

Autism and Spirituality

Psyche, Self and Spirit in People on the Autism Spectrum

Author: Olga Bogdashina

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 085700591X

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5299

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Olga Bogdashina argues persuasively that, contrary to popular belief, spirituality plays a vital role in the lives of many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Drawing on interdisciplinary research from fields as diverse as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, linguistics, neuroscience and religion, as well as first-hand experiences of people on the spectrum, she shows how people with ASD experience their inner worlds and sense of self, and how this shapes the spiritual dimension of their lives and vice versa. She presents a coherent framework for understanding the routes of spiritual development and 'spiritual giftedness' within this group, offering insights that will inform understanding of how to support and nurture spiritual wellbeing in people with ASDs. This book gives a voice to both verbal and non-verbal individuals on the autism spectrum whose spiritual experiences, though often unconventional, are meaningful and profound. It is essential reading for all those interested in the spiritual wellbeing of this group, including pastoral carers and counsellors, ministers of religion, spiritual leaders, parents and carers and individuals on the autism spectrum.