1-800-PRESIDENT

the report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992

Author: Twentieth Century Fund. Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992,Kathleen Hall Jamieson,Ken Auletta,Thomas E. Patterson

Publisher: Brookings Inst Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 119

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In 1-800-PRESIDENT, a fresh look of the television news industry is brought to light on why negative reporting is not a healthy contributor to American Politics.


Politics of Social Research

Author: Ralph Leon Beals

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367989

Category: Education

Page: 228

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Politics of Social Research addresses itself to the question of the behavior appropriate for social scientists conducting research sponsored by or otherwise involving government agencies--our own and those of other countries. The simple patriotism that suggests that social scientists, like other citizens, should not hesitate to put their skills at the service of their government is questioned here and by practitioners. This is partly because of outright disagreement with government policies and partly because of the threat to independence posed by massive government funding. As this book plainly shows, the problems are especially acute for social scientists working abroad, where they are viewed as de facto representatives of American policy while at the same time they must accommodate to the policies of foreign governments. Beals begins by describing specific and precipitating problems--Project Camelot and other research undertakings that met with difficulties--and a general review of the kinds of problems people engaged in social research encounter (concealment and misrepresentation, nationalism and colonialism, protection of subjects, etc.) These problems are then placed in historical and ideological perspective. This reveals differing views of the relationship between social scientists and government and the meanings and uses of various kinds of research. The book also contains a survey of the particular problems encountered by research social scientists in each of the major areas outside the United States. First published in 1969, and here reissued with a new introduction, this volume remains essential reading for all who are concerned with improving the responsible use of social research by governments, while safeguarding the freedom and integrity of the research and the researcher. Ralph L. Beals was chairman of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Alan Woolfolk is director, core curriculum at Oglethorpe University, Atlanta.

The New Presidential Elite

Men and Women in National Politics

Author: Jeane J. Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446577

Category: Political Science

Page: 628

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Explores the idea that a "new breed" of men and women are actively involved in the majority American political party, and that their motives, goals, ideals, and patterns of organizational behavior are different from those of the people who have dominated U.S. politics in the past. This book is based on interviews with 1,300 delegates to the 1972 Democratic and Republican National Conventions, and mail questionnaires completed by some 55 percent of the delegates. The author identifies women as one part of the new "presidential elite," and analyzes their social, cultural, psychological, and political characteristics. This study was funded jointly by Russell Sage Foundation and The Twentieth Century Fund.

American Foundations and the Coproduction of World Order in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Helke Rausch

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647310433

Category: History

Page: 300

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Wenn das 20. Jahrhundert in vielerlei Hinsicht als »American Century« gelten darf, dann haben die großen US-amerikanischen Stiftungen wie Carnegie, Rockefeller und Ford einen erheblichen Anteil daran. Deren globale Netzwerke wurden zu begehrten Instrumenten, um amerikanische Ideen und Werte nach außen zu tragen. Handelte es sich bei den Stiftungen also nur um Handlanger des US-amerikanischen Vorherrschaftsanspruchs? Ihre selbst gewählte Mission und die kritischen Erwartungen ihrer Förderkandidaten und Partner vor Ort stellten ungleich subtilere Ansprüche an das philanthropische Geschäft. Dieser zweisprachige Band zeigt, wie die US-Philanthropie vor allem im Zwischen- und Nachkriegseuropa zu einem politischen Schauplatz ständig ausgehandelter Wissens- und Ordnungsvorstellungen wurde.

Philanthropic Foundations in the Twentieth Century

Author: Joseph Charles Kiger

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313312236

Category: History

Page: 222

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Presents a readable, coherent, and succinct account of the changes in U.S. foundations in the 20th century and describes our foundations as they exist today.

Philanthropic Foundations

New Scholarship, New Possibilities

Author: Ellen Condliffe Lagemann

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253112941

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

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"Foundations are socially and politically significant, but this simple fact... has mostly been ignored by students of American history.... This collection represents an important contribution to an emerging field." -- Kenneth Prewitt, Social Science Research Council



Unlikely Partners

Philanthropic Foundations and the Labor Movement

Author: Richard Magat

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435522

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

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"For too long, the labor movement and philanthropic foundations have had little contact, even when their guiding principles are the same. The time is ripe for a new national conversation on where and how they can effectively work together. Richard Magat's new book focuses on the relationship between unions and foundations--its history, its dynamics, and its potential. This is a relationship that can and should be enormously valuable for both sides."--John J. Sweeney, President, AFL-CIO An investigation into the little-known history of relations between organized labor and philanthropic foundations in America, this book reveals curious connections linking these important institutions throughout the twentieth century. Richard Magat examines these relations--whether indirect or direct, confrontational, supportive, or collaborative--in a wide variety of areas: research, the condition and status of black and female workers, the struggle of farmworkers, workplace health and safety, the union democracy movement, and the stake of union members in the global marketplace. Unlikely Partners begins with the industrial and social ferment in which the great modern foundations arose in the early twentieth century. It covers such topics as the Russell Sage Foundation (the first to address labor conditions), the National Civic Federation, and manifestations of "enlightened" business practice, including welfare capitalism. The book lays out areas of future community, fiscal, and policy collaboration between unions and foundations.

Foundations for Social Change

Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements

Author: Daniel Faber,Deborah McCarthy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742549883

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

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This multi-disciplinary collection blends broad overviews and case studies as well as different theoretical perspectives in a critique of the relationship between United States philanthropic foundations and movements for social change. Scholars and practitioners examine how these foundations support and/or thwart popular social movements and address how philanthropic institutions can be more accountable and democratic in a sophisticated, provocative, and accessible manner. Foundations for Social Change brings together the leading voices on philanthropy and social movements into a single collection and its interdisciplinary approach will appeal to scholars, students, foundation officials, non-profit advocates, and social movement activists.

Canadian Health Care and the State

A Century of Evolution

Author: David Naylor

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773509348

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 241

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Canada's state-funded health care system is in trouble, and fundamental questions are being raised about the connection between medicine and the public sector. This collection of historical essays explores diverse aspects of medical care and ideology in their relation to the Canadian state and to parallel institutions such as the military.


The Arts at a New Frontier

The National Endowment for the Arts

Author: Fannie Taylor,Anthony L. Barresi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461327318

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

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Profound changes were taking place in American society during the period of the 1960s and 1970s when legislation for the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities was enacted and the agencies went into operation. It was a period of soul-searching by the American public when the cherished prejudices and civil inequities of the past decades were wiped out and old wounds began to heal; at the same time, however, the Vietnam War was creating new fissures and antagonisms. Into this newly healing, newly questioning society, congressional action thrust the National Council on the Arts in 1964, and the National Endowment for the Arts in 1965. Their mission was to encourage and support the arts, and the men and women charged with this responsibility went about their work with the zeal and enthusiasm of religious converts. The idea of even a minute amount of federal financial assistance to the country's chronically beleaguered and often impoverished artists and arts organi zations seemed strange to a segment of the population that had existed in forgot ten independence from government intervention. Many of the nation's artists and arts leaders were wary, partly because of the uncertainties and constraints of previous patterns of governmental support.

To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process

Report of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform

Author: Jimmy Carter,Gerald R. Ford,Lloyd N. Cutler,Robert H. Michel,Philip D. Zelikow

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798637

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

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In 2000 the American electoral system was tested by a political ordeal unlike any in living memory. Not since 1876-77 has the outcome of a national election remained so unsettled for so long. The past election¡¯s recount conundrum shook the nation¡¯s faith in the mechanisms that support the democratic process. Led by former Presidents Ford and Carter, the National Commission on Federal Election Reform undertook a study of the American electoral system. The resulting report describes where and what went wrong during the 2000 election, and makes clear and specific recommendations for reform, directed at state government, Congress, news organizations, and others. This volume also includes the full text of the Task Force Reports from the Commission.


Crosstalk

Citizens, Candidates, and the Media in a Presidential Campaign

Author: Marion R. Just

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226420202

Category: Political Science

Page: 307

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The most comprehensive portrait of a presidential campaign in more than a decade, Crosstalk focuses on the 1992 U.S. presidential race and looks at how citizens use information in the media to make their voting decisions and how politicians and the media interact to shape that information. Examining political advertisements, news coverage, ad watches, and talk shows in Los Angeles, Boston, Winston-Salem, and Fargo/Moorhead, the authors chart the impact of different information environments on citizens and show how people developed images of candidates over the course of the campaign. Crosstalk presents persuasive evidence that campaigns do matter, that citizens are active participants in the campaign process, and their perceptions of a candidate's character is the central factor in the voting process. This innovative study contributes significantly to our understanding of the 1992 presidential campaign and of campaigns in general, and shows how election campaigns can play an important role in the long-term vitality of democracy.


Rudolf Steiner's Foundation Stone Meditation

And the Destruction of the Twentieth Century

Author: Peter Selg

Publisher: Temple Lodge Publishing

ISBN: 1906999414

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 78

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Rudolf Steiner spoke the Foundation Stone meditation at the Christmas Conference of the General Anthroposophical Society in 1923, giving it to the Society's members for the strengthening of their forces. The meditation's words contain, to quote Sergei O. Prokofieff, 'the quintessence of the whole of anthroposophy'. Thus, Steiner was bestowing on the members the potential to deal resolutely with the specific tasks awaiting them. In this short but potent volume, Peter Selg suggests further that the Foundation Stone meditation represents the concerns of every individual of the modern age, allowing each of us to maintain our humanity in the face of the challenges and catastrophes of the present and future. Rudolf Steiner said that one could hear the words of the meditation 'sounding' in one's heart. This process of 'hearing' will acquire even more significance and reality in future, and can be of enormous help to anyone who opens themselves to it.It is against this background that Selg has written this introductory book: to promote awareness of the meditation, understanding of its historic place in the catastrophic twentieth century, and its critical but latent contribution to the future.