Politics of Social Research

Author: Ralph Leon Beals

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367989

Category: Education

Page: 228

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Politics of Social Research addresses itself to the question of the behavior appropriate for social scientists conducting research sponsored by or otherwise involving government agencies--our own and those of other countries. The simple patriotism that suggests that social scientists, like other citizens, should not hesitate to put their skills at the service of their government is questioned here and by practitioners. This is partly because of outright disagreement with government policies and partly because of the threat to independence posed by massive government funding. As this book plainly shows, the problems are especially acute for social scientists working abroad, where they are viewed as de facto representatives of American policy while at the same time they must accommodate to the policies of foreign governments. Beals begins by describing specific and precipitating problems--Project Camelot and other research undertakings that met with difficulties--and a general review of the kinds of problems people engaged in social research encounter (concealment and misrepresentation, nationalism and colonialism, protection of subjects, etc.) These problems are then placed in historical and ideological perspective. This reveals differing views of the relationship between social scientists and government and the meanings and uses of various kinds of research. The book also contains a survey of the particular problems encountered by research social scientists in each of the major areas outside the United States. First published in 1969, and here reissued with a new introduction, this volume remains essential reading for all who are concerned with improving the responsible use of social research by governments, while safeguarding the freedom and integrity of the research and the researcher. Ralph L. Beals was chairman of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Alan Woolfolk is director, core curriculum at Oglethorpe University, Atlanta.

Social service review

Author: Edith Abbott,Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge,University of Chicago. Graduate School of Social Service Administration

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social problems

Page: N.A

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The New Presidential Elite

Men and Women in National Politics

Author: Jeane J. Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446577

Category: Political Science

Page: 628

View: 5106

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Explores the idea that a "new breed" of men and women are actively involved in the majority American political party, and that their motives, goals, ideals, and patterns of organizational behavior are different from those of the people who have dominated U.S. politics in the past. This book is based on interviews with 1,300 delegates to the 1972 Democratic and Republican National Conventions, and mail questionnaires completed by some 55 percent of the delegates. The author identifies women as one part of the new "presidential elite," and analyzes their social, cultural, psychological, and political characteristics. This study was funded jointly by Russell Sage Foundation and The Twentieth Century Fund.

Annual Report

Author: Twentieth Century Fund

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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the report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992

Author: Twentieth Century Fund. Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992,Kathleen Hall Jamieson,Ken Auletta,Thomas E. Patterson

Publisher: Brookings Inst Pr


Category: Political Science

Page: 119

View: 5548

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In 1-800-PRESIDENT, a fresh look of the television news industry is brought to light on why negative reporting is not a healthy contributor to American Politics.

Abuse on Wall Street

Conflicts of Interest in the Securities Markets : Report to the Twentieth Century Fund Steering Committee on Conflicts of Interest in the Securities Markets

Author: N.A

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 621

View: 8503

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Research Papers

Author: Commission on Private Philanthropy and Public Needs

Publisher: N.A


Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations

Page: 3087

View: 7985

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Philanthropic Foundations

New Scholarship, New Possibilities

Author: Ellen Condliffe Lagemann

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253112941

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

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"Foundations are socially and politically significant, but this simple fact... has mostly been ignored by students of American history.... This collection represents an important contribution to an emerging field." -- Kenneth Prewitt, Social Science Research Council

Foundations for Social Change

Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements

Author: Daniel Faber,Deborah McCarthy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742549883

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

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This multi-disciplinary collection blends broad overviews and case studies as well as different theoretical perspectives in a critique of the relationship between United States philanthropic foundations and movements for social change. Scholars and practitioners examine how these foundations support and/or thwart popular social movements and address how philanthropic institutions can be more accountable and democratic in a sophisticated, provocative, and accessible manner. Foundations for Social Change brings together the leading voices on philanthropy and social movements into a single collection and its interdisciplinary approach will appeal to scholars, students, foundation officials, non-profit advocates, and social movement activists.

To Advance Knowledge

The Growth of American Research Universities, 1900-1940

Author: N.A

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840088

Category: Education

Page: 325

View: 8001

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American research universities are part of the foundation for the supremacy of American science. Although they emerged as universities in the late nineteenth century, the incorporation of research as a distinct part of their mission largely occurred after 1900. To Advance Knowledge relates how these institutions, by 1940, advanced from provincial outposts in the world of knowledge to leaders in critical areas of science. This study is the first to systematically examine the preconditions for the development of a university research role. These include the formation of academic disciplines--communities that sponsored associations and journals, which defined and advanced fields of knowledge. Only a few universities were able to engage in these activities. Indeed, universities before World War I struggled to find the means to support their own research through endowments, research funds, and faculty time. To Advance Knowledge shows how these institutions developed the size and wealth to harbor a learned faculty. The book illustrates how arrangements for research changed markedly in the 1920s when the great foundations established from the Rockefeller and Carnegie fortunes embraced the advancement of knowledge as a goal. Universities emerged in this decade as the best-suited vessels to carry this mission. Foundation resources made possible the development of an American social science. In the natural sciences, this patronage allowed the United States to gain parity with Europe on scientific frontiers, of which the most important was undoubtedly nuclear physics. The research role of universities cannot be isolated from the institutions themselves. To Advance Knowledge focuses on sixteen universities that were significantly engaged with research during this era. It analyzes all facets of these institutions--collegiate life, sources of funding, treatment of faculty--since all were relevant to shaping the research role. Roger L. Geiger is Distinguished Professor of Higher Education at the Pennsylvania State University. He has edited the History of Higher Education Annual since 1993, was a section editor for the Encyclopedia of Higher Education, and is the author of The American College in the Nineteenth Century and Private Sectors in Higher Education.

Canadian Health Care and the State

A Century of Evolution

Author: David Naylor

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773509348

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 241

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Canada's state-funded health care system is in trouble, and fundamental questions are being raised about the connection between medicine and the public sector. This collection of historical essays explores diverse aspects of medical care and ideology in their relation to the Canadian state and to parallel institutions such as the military.

Philanthropic Foundations in the Twentieth Century

Author: Joseph Charles Kiger

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313312236

Category: History

Page: 222

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Presents a readable, coherent, and succinct account of the changes in U.S. foundations in the 20th century and describes our foundations as they exist today.

The Arts at a New Frontier

The National Endowment for the Arts

Author: Fannie Taylor,Anthony L. Barresi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461327318

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

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Profound changes were taking place in American society during the period of the 1960s and 1970s when legislation for the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities was enacted and the agencies went into operation. It was a period of soul-searching by the American public when the cherished prejudices and civil inequities of the past decades were wiped out and old wounds began to heal; at the same time, however, the Vietnam War was creating new fissures and antagonisms. Into this newly healing, newly questioning society, congressional action thrust the National Council on the Arts in 1964, and the National Endowment for the Arts in 1965. Their mission was to encourage and support the arts, and the men and women charged with this responsibility went about their work with the zeal and enthusiasm of religious converts. The idea of even a minute amount of federal financial assistance to the country's chronically beleaguered and often impoverished artists and arts organi zations seemed strange to a segment of the population that had existed in forgot ten independence from government intervention. Many of the nation's artists and arts leaders were wary, partly because of the uncertainties and constraints of previous patterns of governmental support.

To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process

Report of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform

Author: Jimmy Carter,Gerald R. Ford,Lloyd N. Cutler,Robert H. Michel,Philip D. Zelikow

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798637

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

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In 2000 the American electoral system was tested by a political ordeal unlike any in living memory. Not since 1876-77 has the outcome of a national election remained so unsettled for so long. The past election¡¯s recount conundrum shook the nation¡¯s faith in the mechanisms that support the democratic process. Led by former Presidents Ford and Carter, the National Commission on Federal Election Reform undertook a study of the American electoral system. The resulting report describes where and what went wrong during the 2000 election, and makes clear and specific recommendations for reform, directed at state government, Congress, news organizations, and others. This volume also includes the full text of the Task Force Reports from the Commission.

Unlikely Partners

Philanthropic Foundations and the Labor Movement

Author: Richard Magat

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435522

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

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"For too long, the labor movement and philanthropic foundations have had little contact, even when their guiding principles are the same. The time is ripe for a new national conversation on where and how they can effectively work together. Richard Magat's new book focuses on the relationship between unions and foundations--its history, its dynamics, and its potential. This is a relationship that can and should be enormously valuable for both sides."--John J. Sweeney, President, AFL-CIO An investigation into the little-known history of relations between organized labor and philanthropic foundations in America, this book reveals curious connections linking these important institutions throughout the twentieth century. Richard Magat examines these relations--whether indirect or direct, confrontational, supportive, or collaborative--in a wide variety of areas: research, the condition and status of black and female workers, the struggle of farmworkers, workplace health and safety, the union democracy movement, and the stake of union members in the global marketplace. Unlikely Partners begins with the industrial and social ferment in which the great modern foundations arose in the early twentieth century. It covers such topics as the Russell Sage Foundation (the first to address labor conditions), the National Civic Federation, and manifestations of "enlightened" business practice, including welfare capitalism. The book lays out areas of future community, fiscal, and policy collaboration between unions and foundations.