The Cardiovascular System at a Glance

Author: Philip I. Aaronson,Jeremy P. T. Ward,Michelle J. Connolly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118535405

Category: Medical

Page: 136

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This concise and accessible text provides an integrated overview of the cardiovascular system - considering the basic sciences which underpin the system and applying this knowledge to clinical practice and therapeutics. A general introduction to the cardiovascular system is followed by chapters on key topics such as anatomy and histology, blood and body fluids, biochemistry, excitation-contraction coupling, form and function, integration and regulation, pathology and therapeutics, clinical examination and investigation - all supported by clinical cases for self-assessment. Highly visual colour illustrations complement the text and consolidate learning. The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is the perfect introduction and revision aid to understanding the heart and circulation and now also features: An additional chapter on pulmonary hypertension Even more simplified illustrations to aid easier understanding Reorganized and revised chapters for greater clarity Brand new and updated clinical case studies illustrating clinical relevance and for self-assessment The fourth edition of The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is an ideal resource for medical students, whilst students of other health professions and specialist cardiology nurses will also find it invaluable. Examination candidates who need an authoritative, concise, and clinically relevant guide to the cardiovascular system will find it extremely useful. A companion website featuring cases from this and previous editions, along with additional summary revision aids, is available at www.ataglanceseries.com/cardiovascular.

The Circulatory System

Author: Regina Avraham

Publisher: Chelsea House

ISBN: 9780791000137

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 110

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Describes the organs of the circulatory system and their function. Also discusses heart problems and how they may be avoided.

Simulation and Imaging of the Cardiac System

State of the Heart

Author: S. Sideman,Rafael Beyar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400949928

Category: Medical

Page: 452

View: 6832

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The ultrasound velocity tomography allows measurement of cardiac geometries for various phases in the cardiac cycle. The present tomograph makes reconstruc tions at intervals of 20 ms. Because of a lack of clear (intramural) landmarks (except the roots of the papillairy muscle), it is difficult to pinpoint spatial trajectories of particular points in the heart. Therefore, a second method was developed of injecting radiopaque markers in the heart and following their motion patterns during the cardiac cycle with help of a biplane X-ray equipment. The data obtained with both methods can be implemented in our finite element model of the heart to compute intramural stresses and strains. The results obtained sofar with the extended Darcy equation to account for the interaction of blood rheology and tissue mechanics look promising. Further testing with more sophisticated subjects than mentioned in Figure 9 is required before it will be implemented in our finite element model of the heart. We conclude that analysis of regional cardiac function, including regional myocardial blood flow, requires still a major research effort but the results obtained sofar justify, to our opinion, a continuation in this direction. Acknowledgement The authors acknowledge Dr. C. Borst and coworkers for doing the animal experiments and prof. Van Campen and dr. Grootenboer for their participation is some aspects of this work.

The Circulatory System

Author: Susan Whittemore,M D Texas Heart Institute Clinical Susan Whittemore Introduction by Denton a Cooley

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 143812029X

Category: Blood

Page: 121

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Discusses what the circulatory system is, how it works, and how it responds to exercise and hemorrhage.


Exercise Physiology for Health, Fitness, and Performance

Author: Sharon Plowman,Denise Smith

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781784061

Category: Medical

Page: 636

View: 9961

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This textbook integrates basic exercise physiology with research studies to stimulate learning, allowing readers to apply principles in the widest variety of exercise and sport science careers. It combines basic exercise physiology with special applications and contains flexible organisation of independent units.

Computed Tomography of the Cardiovascular System

Author: Thomas C. Gerber,Birgit Kantor,Eric E. Williamson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203089743

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 2363

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Computed tomography of the heart and cardiovascular system continues to show an impressive and tremendously successful development. Technical improvements translate into new applications and enhanced diagnostic accuracy and the new diagnostic opportunities may potentially be beneficial for many individuals with known or suspected cardiovascular disease. In order to assure that the potential of cardiovascular CT will optimally be used for patient care, a continued, strong joint effort concerning education and training, further research, and advocacy will be necessary. The combined knowledge, experience, and input of all clinicians and researchers in the field will best serve that purpose. Cardiovascular Computed Tomography is the first textbook to cover the heart, cardiovascular and peripheral vascular systems and will provide the reader with the necessary background information to perform cardiac CT on symptomatic patients and asymptomatic individuals for the accurate assessment of underlying disease.


The Cardiovascular System E-Book

Systems of the Body Series

Author: Alan Noble,Robert Johnson,Alan Thomas,Paul Bass

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050822

Category: Medical

Page: 192

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This is an integrated textbook on the cardiovascular system, covering the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the system, all presented in a clinically relevant context appropriate for the first two years of the medical student course. One of the seven volumes in the Systems of the Body series. Concise text covers the core anatomy, physiology and biochemistry in an integrated manner as required by system- and problem-based medical courses. The basic science is presented in the clinical context in a way appropriate for the early part of the medical course. There is a linked website providing self-assessment material ideal for examination preparation.

Vortex Formation in the Cardiovascular System

Author: Arash Kheradvar,Gianni Pedrizzetti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447122879

Category: Medical

Page: 166

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Vortex Formation in the Cardiovascular System will recapitulate the current knowledge about the vortex formation in the cardiovascular system, from mechanics to cardiology. This can facilitate the interaction between basic scientists and clinicians on the topic of the circulatory system. The book begins with a synopsis of the fundamentals aspects of fluid mechanics to give the reader the essential background to address the proceeding chapters. Then the fundamental elements of vortex dynamics will be discussed, explaining the conditions for their formation and the rules governing their dynamics. The main equations are accompanied by mathematical models. Cardiovascular vortex formation is first analyzed in physiological, healthy conditions in the heart chambers and in the large arterial vessels. The analysis is initially presented with an intuitive appeal grounded on the physical phenomena and a focus on its clinical significance.In the proceeding chapters, the knowledge gained from either clinical or basic science literature will be discussed. The corresponding mathematical elements will finally be presented to ensure the adequate diligence. The proceeding chapters ensue to the analysis of pathological conditions, when the reader may have developed the ability to recognize normal from abnormal vortex formation phenomenon. Pathological vortex formation represents vortices that develop at sites where normally laminar flow should exist, e.g. stenosis and aneurisms. This analysis naturally leads to the interaction of vortices due to the surgical procedures with respect to prediction of changes in vortex formation. The existing techniques, from medical imaging to numerical simulations, to explore vortex flows in the cardiovascular systems will also be described. The presentations are accompanied by the mathematical definitions can that be understandable for reader without the advanced mathematical background, while an interested reader with more advanced knowledge in mathematics can be referred to references for further quantitative analyses. The book pursues the objective to transfer the fundamental vortex formation phenomena with application to the cardiovascular system to the reader. This book will be a valuable support for physicians in the evaluation of vortex influence on diagnosis and therapeutic choices. At the same time, the book will provide the rigorous information for research scientists, either from medicine and mechanics, working on the cardiovascular circulation incurring with the physics of vortex dynamics.

The Complementary Therapist's Guide to Conventional Medicine E-Book

A Textbook and Study Course

Author: Clare Stephenson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0080982557

Category: Medical

Page: 752

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The Complementary Therapist's Guide to Conventional Medicine is a unique textbook for students and practitioners of complementary medicine, offering a systematic comparative approach to Western and Eastern medicine. Practitioners of complementary medicine increasingly find themselves working alongside conventionally trained doctors and nurses and it is vital for them to develop a core understanding of conventional medical language and philosophy. The book is designed as a guide to understanding conventional medical diagnoses, symptoms and treatments, whilst also encouraging the reader to reflect on and translate how these diagnoses may be interpreted from a more holistic medical perspective. Throughout the text the practitioner/student is encouraged to see that conventional and more holistic interpretations are not necessarily contradictory, but instead are simply two different approaches to interpreting the same truth, that truth being the patient's symptoms. After introductory sections on physiology, pathology and pharmacology, there follow sections devoted to each of the physiological systems of the body. In these, the physiology of each system is explored together with the medical investigation, symptoms and treatments of the important diseases which might affect that system. As each disease is described, the reader is encouraged to consider the corresponding Chinese medical perspective. The textbook concludes with chapters relating specifically to dealing with patients in practice. In particular these focus on warning signs of serious disease, supporting patients on medication and ethical issues which may arise from management of patients which is shared with conventional practitioners. The book also offers a detailed summary of 'Red Flag symptoms' which are those which should be referred for 'Western' medical investigation or emergency medical treatment, and also a guide to how patients can be safely supported in withdrawing from conventional medication, when this is clinically appropriate. Those wishing to use the text for systematic study can make use of the question and problem-solving approach offered on the accompanying CD to which references to self study exercises appear at regular stages throughout the book. This means that the text can be easily adapted to form the basis of a study course in clinical medicine for students of complementary medicine. In addition to the self-testing questions and answers, the supporting CD also contains checklists for revision and full-colour illustrations. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Clare Stephenson is a qualified medical practitioner who worked in hospital medicine, general practice and public health medicine for a number of years before training in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and acupuncture. Over the course of a decade she developed and taught an undergraduate course for students of Chinese medicine on Western medicine and how it relates to TCM. She is particularly committed to encouraging communication and understanding between practitioners of different health disciplines. She currently works as a GP in Oxfordshire.

Cardiac Nursing

A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease

Author: Debra K. Moser,Barbara Riegel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1416029346

Category: Medical

Page: 1418

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Emphasises both evidence based practice and hands on care. Makes the material easily accessible by using clear language, and plenty of illustrations.

The Circulatory System

Author: Walter G. Oleksy

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9780823933365

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

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Describes the various parts of the human circulatory system and explains how and why blood is circulated throughout the body.

Handbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices

Author: Paul A. Iaizzo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1603273719

Category: Medical

Page: 700

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A revolution began in my professional career and education in 1997. In that year, I visited the University of Minnesota to discuss collaborative opportunities in cardiac anatomy, physiology, and medical device testing. The meeting was with a faculty member of the Department of Anesthesiology, Professor Paul Iaizzo. I didn’t know what to expect but, as always, I remained open minded and optimistic. Little did I know that my life would never be the same. . . . During the mid to late 1990s, Paul Iaizzo and his team were performing anesthesia research on isolated guinea pig hearts. We found the work appealing, but it was unclear how this research might apply to our interest in tools to aid in the design of implantable devices for the cardiovascular system. As discussions progressed, we noted that we would be far more interested in reanimation of large mammalian hearts, in particular, human hearts. Paul was confident this could be accomplished on large hearts, but thought that it would be unlikely that we would ever have access to human hearts for this application. We shook hands and the collaboration was born in 1997. In the same year, Paul and the research team at the University of Minnesota (including Bill Gallagher and Charles Soule) reanimated several swine hearts. Unlike the previous work on guinea pig hearts which were reanimated in Langendorff mode, the intention of this research was to produce a fully functional working heart model for device testing and cardiac research.

Biomechanics of Soft Tissue in Cardiovascular Systems

Author: Gerhard A. Holzapfel,Ray W. Ogden

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783211004555

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 342

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The book is written by leading experts in the field presenting an up-to-date view of the subject matter in a didactically sound manner. It presents a review of the current knowledge of the behaviour of soft tissues in the cardiovascular system under mechanical loads, and the importance of constitutive laws in understanding the underlying mechanics is highlighted. Cells are also described together with arteries, tendons and ligaments, heart, and other biological tissues of current research interest in biomechanics. This includes experimental, continuum mechanical and computational perspectives, with the emphasis on nonlinear behaviour, and the simulation of mechanical procedures such as balloon angioplasty.


Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Author: Libbie Henrietta Hyman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226870137

Category: Science

Page: 788

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The purpose of this book, now in its third edition, is to introduce the morphology of vertebrates in a context that emphasizes a comparison of structire and of the function of structural units. The comparative method involves the analysis of the history of structure in both developmental and evolutionary frameworks. The nature of adaptation is the key to this analysis. Adaptation of a species to its environment, as revealed by its structure, function, and reproductive success, is the product of mutation and natural selection–the process of evolution. The evolution of structure and function, then, is the theme of this book which presents, system by system, the evolution of structure and function of vertebrates. Each chapter presents the major evolutionary trends of an organ system, with instructions for laboratory exploration of these trends included so the student can integrate concept with example.

The Cardiovascular System

Author: Kara Rogers Senior Editor, Biomedical Sciences

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1615301283

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 248

View: 2495

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Examines the parts and function of the cardiovascular system, including information on diseases and injuries.