The Cardiovascular System

Morphology, Control and Function

Author: A. Kurt Gamperl,Todd E. Gillis,Anthony P. Farrell,Colin J. Brauner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128041668

Category: Science

Page: 478

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The Cardiovascular System: Design, Control and Function, Volume 36A, a two- volume set, not only provides comprehensive coverage of the current knowledge in this very active and growing field of research, but also highlights the diversity in cardiovascular morphology and function and the anatomical and physiological plasticity shown by fish taxa that are faced with various abiotic and biotic challenges. Updated topics in this important work include chapters on Heart Morphology and Anatomy, Cardiomyocyte Morphology and Physiology, Electrical Excitability of the Fish Heart, Cardiac Energy Metabolism, Heart Physiology and Function, Hormonal and Intrinsic Biochemical Control of Cardiac Function, and Vascular Anatomy and Morphology. In addition, chapters integrate molecular and cellular data with the growing body of knowledge on heart and in vivo cardiovascular function, and as a result, provide insights into some of the most important questions that still need to be answered. Presents a comprehensive overview of cardiovascular structure and function in fish Covers topics in a way that is ideal for researchers in fish physiology and for audiences within the fields of comparative morphology, histology, aquaculture and ecophysiology Provide insights into some of the most important questions that still need to be answered

The Cardiovascular System

Basic Science and Clinical Conditions

Author: Alan Noble,Robert Johnson,Alan Thomas,Paul Bass

Publisher: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 9780702033742

Category: Medical

Page: 183

View: 3462

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This is an integrated textbook on the musculoskeletal system, covering the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the system, all presented in a clinically relevant context appropriate for the first two years of the medical student course. One of the seven volumes in the Systems of the Body series. Concise text covers the core anatomy, physiology and biochemistry in an integrated manner as required by system- and problem-based medical courses. The basic science is presented in the clinical context in a way appropriate for the early part of the medical course. There is a linked website providing self-assessment material ideal for examination preparation.

The Cardiovascular System E-Book

Systems of the Body Series

Author: Alan Noble,Robert Johnson,Alan Thomas,Paul Bass

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050822

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 6603

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This is an integrated textbook on the cardiovascular system, covering the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of the system, all presented in a clinically relevant context appropriate for the first two years of the medical student course. One of the seven volumes in the Systems of the Body series. Concise text covers the core anatomy, physiology and biochemistry in an integrated manner as required by system- and problem-based medical courses. The basic science is presented in the clinical context in a way appropriate for the early part of the medical course. There is a linked website providing self-assessment material ideal for examination preparation.

The Cardiovascular System at a Glance

Author: Philip I. Aaronson,Jeremy P. T. Ward,Michelle J. Connolly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118535405

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 4657

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This concise and accessible text provides an integrated overview of the cardiovascular system - considering the basic sciences which underpin the system and applying this knowledge to clinical practice and therapeutics. A general introduction to the cardiovascular system is followed by chapters on key topics such as anatomy and histology, blood and body fluids, biochemistry, excitation-contraction coupling, form and function, integration and regulation, pathology and therapeutics, clinical examination and investigation - all supported by clinical cases for self-assessment. Highly visual colour illustrations complement the text and consolidate learning. The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is the perfect introduction and revision aid to understanding the heart and circulation and now also features: An additional chapter on pulmonary hypertension Even more simplified illustrations to aid easier understanding Reorganized and revised chapters for greater clarity Brand new and updated clinical case studies illustrating clinical relevance and for self-assessment The fourth edition of The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is an ideal resource for medical students, whilst students of other health professions and specialist cardiology nurses will also find it invaluable. Examination candidates who need an authoritative, concise, and clinically relevant guide to the cardiovascular system will find it extremely useful. A companion website featuring cases from this and previous editions, along with additional summary revision aids, is available at www.ataglanceseries.com/cardiovascular.


The Cardiovascular System

Author: Kara Rogers Senior Editor, Biomedical Sciences

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1615301283

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 248

View: 3996

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Examines the parts and function of the cardiovascular system, including information on diseases and injuries.

An Introduction to Cardiovascular Physiology

Author: J R Levick

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 148318384X

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 9032

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An Introduction to Cardiovascular Physiology is designed primarily for students of medicine and physiology. This introductory text is mostly didactic in teaching style and it attempts to show that knowledge of the circulatory system is derived from experimental observations. This book is organized into 15 chapters. The chapters provide a fuller account of microvascular physiology to reflect the explosion of microvascular research and include a discussion of the fundamental function of the cardiovascular system involving the transfer of nutrients from plasma to the tissue. They also cover major advances in cardiovascular physiology including biochemical events underlying Starling's law of the heart, nonadrenergic, non-cholinergic neurotransmission, the discovery of new vasoactive substances produced by endothelium and the novel concepts on the organization of the central nervous control of the circulation. This book is intended to medicine and physiology students.

MRI and CT of the Cardiovascular System

Author: Charles B. Higgins,Albert de Roos

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781762717

Category: Medical

Page: 656

View: 9638

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Written by internationally eminent experts in cardiovascular imaging, this volume provides state-of-the-art information on the use of MRI and CT in the assessment of cardiac and vascular diseases. This Second Edition reflects recent significant advances in cardiovascular MRI technology and the emergence of multi-detector CT as an important diagnostic modality, particularly for ischemic heart disease. New chapters in this edition cover coronary CTA and plaque characterization. A brand-new interventional MR section covers catheter tracking and devices, endovascular interventions, MR-guided cardiac catheterization, and endovascular delivery of gene and stem cell therapy. More than 900 illustrations present diagnostic information in unprecedented detail.

Regenerating the Heart

Stem Cells and the Cardiovascular System

Author: Ira S. Cohen,Glenn R. Gaudette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781617790218

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 5709

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Medical research made huge strides in treating heart disease in the 20th century, from drug-eluding stents to automatic internal defibrillators. Public awareness of the dangers of heart disease has never been more pervasive. Now, though, ten years into a new millennium, scientists are gearing up for the next great challenges in tackling this pervasive condition. Cell therapy is going to be a key weapon in the fight against heart disease. It has the potential to address many cardiovascular conditions. From heart failure to atrioventricular nodal dysfunction, the young but promising field of cell therapy is set to play a significant role in developing the cures that the upcoming decades of hard work will yield. Regenerating the Heart: Stem Cells and the Cardiovascular System organizes the field into a digestible body of knowledge. Its four sections cover mechanical regeneration, electrical regeneration, cardiac tissues and in vivo stem cell therapies. An array of talented researchers share the fruits of their labors, with chapters covering such crucial issues as the cardiogenic potential of varying stem cell types, the ways in which they might be used to tackle arrhythmias, their possible application to biological replacements for cardiac tissues such as valves, and the varying approaches used in the in vivo evaluation of stem cell therapies, including methods of delivering stem cells to the myocardium. This comprehensive survey of an area of research with such exciting potential is an invaluable resource both for veteran stem cell researchers who need to monitor fresh developments, and for newly minted investigators seeking inspirational examples.

The Heart

Author: Ernest Page,Harry Allen Fozzard,R. John Solaro

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Heart

Page: 822

View: 7809

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Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation, Second Edition

Author: Roland N. Pittman

Publisher: Biota Publishing

ISBN: 1615047212

Category: Medical

Page: 99

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This presentation describes various aspects of the regulation of tissue oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and blood, the carrier of oxygen within these components of the cardiorespiratory system. The respiratory system takes oxygen from the atmosphere and transports it by diffusion from the air in the alveoli to the blood flowing through the pulmonary capillaries. The cardiovascular system then moves the oxygenated blood from the heart to the microcirculation of the various organs by convection, where oxygen is released from hemoglobin in the red blood cells and moves to the parenchymal cells of each tissue by diffusion. Oxygen that has diffused into cells is then utilized in the mitochondria to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of all cells. The mitochondria are able to produce ATP until the oxygen tension or PO2 on the cell surface falls to a critical level of about 4–5 mm Hg. Thus, in order to meet the energetic needs of cells, it is important to maintain a continuous supply of oxygen to the mitochondria at or above the critical PO2 . In order to accomplish this desired outcome, the cardiorespiratory system, including the blood, must be capable of regulation to ensure survival of all tissues under a wide range of circumstances. The purpose of this presentation is to provide basic information about the operation and regulation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as the properties of the blood and parenchymal cells, so that a fundamental understanding of the regulation of tissue oxygenation is achieved.

The Cardiovascular System

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080585352

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 1703

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This book and its companion, Fish Physiology, Volume 12, Part B, are the first major syntheses of recent advances, general concepts, and species diversity of fish in almost 25 years. It provides broad coverage of the major aspects of cardiovascular physiology and is a definitive sourcebook for the field. This book discusses the special design of the venous system in aquatic vertebrates, reviews the nature of the secondary circulation in fish, and discusses the probable absence of the lymphatic system. It is of value to teachers in comparative physiology as well as to the researcher.


Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics

Author: D.H. Bergel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323152694

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 9496

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Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics, Volume 1 explores some problems and concepts of mammalian cardiovascular function, with emphasis on experimental studies and methods. It considers pressure measurement in experimental physiology, including the measurements of pulsatile flow, flow velocity, lengths, and dimensions; the use of control theory and systems analysis in cardiovascular dynamics; the application of computer models in cardiovascular research; the meaning and measurement of myocardial contractility; and the consequences of the steady-state analysis of arterial function. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the mammalian cardiovascular system and the essential features of cardiovascular function. It then discusses the practical problems associated with the use of pressure transducers in physiological and cardiac laboratories, the challenges involved in pulsatile flow measurement using flowmeters and thermal devices, and the mechanical analysis of the circulatory system. It explains some computer modeling techniques used in investigating the hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system, including the heart and heart muscle; basic concepts of muscle mechanics and the mechanical properties of cardiac muscle; the fluid mechanics of heart valves; and the pressure and flow in large arteries. The book concludes with a chapter on vascular resistance and vascular input impedance. This book is intended for biologists, physical scientists, and others interested in cardiovascular physiology.

Healthy Heart

Keep Your Cardiovascular System Healthy & Fit at Any Age

Author: Paul Chappuis Bragg,Patricia Bragg

Publisher: Health Science Publications, Inc.

ISBN: 0877900965

Category: Medical

Page: 230

View: 7808

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Dr. Patricia Bragg examines the most current research into the threats to cardiovascular health and outlines a natural, drug-free lifestyle proven to improve the cardiovascular health of anyone at any age.

The Right Ventricle

Author: Marvin A. Konstam,Jeffrey M. Isner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461317738

Category: Medical

Page: 342

View: 8043

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It is quite natural that literature related to car heart disease, cardiomyopathy, pulmonary and diac structure, function, pathology, and patho pulmonary vascular disease, trauma, acquired valvular disease, congenital disease, and surgi physiology has emphasized the left heart and systemic circulation. The relative lack of im cal considerations. The pathologic and clinical relevance of myocardial infarction of the right portance of the right ventricle was supported by studies performed in the 1940s and 1950s ventricle has only been documented over the which suggested that the right ventricular free last 15 years. The chapter on right ventricular wall could be effectively destroyed in an animal infarction integrates clinical, functional, patho model without detectable untoward hemody physiologic, and pathologic observations to pro namic consequences. The relative inadequacy vide the reader with a thorough review, equally of noninvasive tools to study right ventricular relevant to the clinician and investigator. The contribution on dilated cardiomyopathy pro structure and function obviated detailed and systematic investigation. However, over the vides novel insight into the impact of right ventricular performance on the functional in past 15 years there has been a resurgence of interest in the right ventricle by a variety of capacity accompanying left heart failure. A book dealing with the right ventricle would investigators. The skeptic would argue that this renewed interest resulted from an exhaustion be incomplete without at least cursory reference we have of clinically-related observations that could be to the pulmonary circulation.

Patient-Specific Modeling of the Cardiovascular System

Technology-Driven Personalized Medicine

Author: Roy C.P. Kerckhoffs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441966919

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 6122

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Peter Hunter Computational physiology for the cardiovascular system is entering a new and exciting phase of clinical application. Biophysically based models of the human heart and circulation, based on patient-specific anatomy but also informed by po- lation atlases and incorporating a great deal of mechanistic understanding at the cell, tissue, and organ levels, offer the prospect of evidence-based diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The clinical value of patient-specific modeling is well illustrated in application areas where model-based interpretation of clinical images allows a more precise analysis of disease processes than can otherwise be achieved. For example, Chap. 6 in this volume, by Speelman et al. , deals with the very difficult problem of trying to predict whether and when an abdominal aortic aneurysm might burst. This requires automated segmentation of the vascular geometry from magnetic re- nance images and finite element analysis of wall stress using large deformation elasticity theory applied to the geometric model created from the segmentation. The time-varying normal and shear stress acting on the arterial wall is estimated from the arterial pressure and flow distributions. Thrombus formation is identified as a potentially important contributor to changed material properties of the arterial wall. Understanding how the wall adapts and remodels its material properties in the face of changes in both the stress loading and blood constituents associated with infl- matory processes (IL6, CRP, MMPs, etc.

Clinical Anatomy For Dummies

Author: David Terfera,Shereen Jegtvig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118230124

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 7700

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Your ticket to acing Clinical Anatomy Clinical anatomy is the study of human anatomy as it relates to clinical practice. Unlike a basic anatomy and physiology course designed to teach general anatomical knowledge, clinical anatomy focuses on specific structures and issues that people may encounter in a clinical setting. Clinical Anatomy For Dummies presents a friendly, unintimidating overview of the material covered in a typical college-level Clinical Anatomy course. Clear definitions, concise explanations, and plenty of full-color illustrations make Clinical Anatomy For Dummies the most accessible book available to supplement your classroom texts. Plain-English explanations make difficult concepts easy to grasp Tracks to a typical college-level Clinical Anatomy course Features a 16-page color insert Whether you're a student or a practicing healthcare worker, Clinical Anatomy for Dummies makes this subject accessible and easy to grasp.

Current Concepts in Cardiovascular Physiology

Author: Oscar Garfein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323145965

Category: Medical

Page: 564

View: 989

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Current Concepts in Cardiovascular Physiology examines seven different areas related to the field of cardiac physiology. In addition to the biochemistry and receptor pharmacology of the heart, this book explores coronary physiology, cardiovascular function, and neural and reflex control of the circulation. The electrophysiology and biophysics of cardiac excitation are also considered, along with humoral control of the circulation. This monograph consists of seven chapters and opens with an overview of the biochemistry of the heart, with emphasis on cardiac energy metabolism and the ways in which metabolism and the biochemical pathways are controlled. The mechanisms whereby physiological events influence biochemical activities and vice versa are also discussed. The following chapters look at the chemistry and physiology of myocardial receptors; the complex interplay between the nervous and cardiovascular systems; and the chemical and hormonal factors that regulate, modify, and modulate the cardiovascular system. The influence of humoral, neural, intrinsic, vascular, and myocardial factors on coronary blood flow is also examined, along with muscle mechanics; the biochemical basis of contraction; cardiac function; and the factors determining the heart's electrophysiologic behavior. This text is directed primarily at clinical cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, and trainees in their disciplines, as well as internists, medical students, and house officers.

Cardiovascular System and Physical Exercise

Author: Victor L. Karpman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849365287

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 776

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This book focuses on adaptation and control of the cardiovascular system, along with myocardial and vascular reactions that provide the optimal blood flow under physical activity. New information on the main hemodynamic values measured with the help of updated methods used in the research of heart and great vessels is de-scribed, and a number of new parameters, such as arterial impedance, are introduced. The information presented in this book is of value to research cardiologists, experts in sports medicine and physiology as well as for physicians and physiologists connected with the use of muscular activity.