The Chemistry of Plants

Perfumes, Pigments and Poisons

Author: Margareta Sequin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625569

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6123

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This book is an introduction to organic chemistry and its compounds as related to plants. Chemistry tends to be seen as a field that is hard to comprehend and that has few connections with the living world. This book fills a gap as it eases access to organic chemistry by connecting it with plants and includes numerous photos and other illustrations. The book is a combination of organic chemistry with the living world of plants and is an introduction to organic plant compounds for the non-chemist. It starts with a review of basic concepts of chemistry as they relate to plant life, followed by an introduction to structures of organic compounds, which prepares the reader for the following chapters on primary metabolites and on plant fragrances, pigments, and plant defensive compounds. The final chapter relates plant compounds to human life, with subchapters on foods from plants, medicines, psychoactives, fibers, and dyes. Historic discoveries of plant compounds and their developments to contemporary uses, like modern pharmaceuticals, and a section on genetically modified plants, connect with topics of recent interest. The book leads the serious reader from chemistry basics to complex plant substances and their human uses and plant photos and stories accompany chemistry topics and chemical structures to aid understanding. The author, an organic chemist and plant enthusiast, has taught popular undergraduate college level courses on plant chemistry to non-chemistry majors and numerous field seminars to the general public for more than fifteen years. The book's topics and contents have been taught for many years and have proved successful in providing an understanding of plant compounds, organic compounds, and their importance. The book provides a basis for a better understanding of chemistry and its connections to the world of plants, the natural world in general, and to daily life. It is aimed at non-chemistry undergraduate students and to people in general who are interested in plants and who would like to learn more about them. It addresses an audience with little previous chemistry knowledge, yet, leads the serious reader to an understanding of sometimes complex plant compounds, by providing an introduction to chemistry basics, combining the chemistry with pictures and stories, and using simple, clear language. The book can be used both as a text to introduce organic chemistry as it relates to plants and as a text of reference for more advanced readers.

The Chemistry of Plants and Insects

Plants, Bugs, and Molecules

Author: Margareta Séquin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782624481

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 9484

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This book explains the natural chemical compounds that determine the fascinating interactions between plants and insects providing a gentle and absorbing introduction to organic chemistry.

The Green Thread

Dialogues with the Vegetal World

Author: Patrícia Vieira,Monica Gagliano,John Charles Ryan

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498510604

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 306

View: 4907

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The Green Thread is an interdisciplinary collection of essays that takes the risk of departing from the long-standing human perception of plants—defined by what they are thought to lack, including autonomy, agency, consciousness, and, arguably, intelligence—to explore new territories where the re-conceptualization of vegetal beings as active agents in social and cultural environments becomes possible.

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123948088

Category: Science

Page: 1706

View: 2494

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Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences, Second Edition presents both foundational and applied information on plants used by humans as sources of food, raw materials, and amenity purposes. It highlights how the underlying science and information links through to applications in practical situations. Since the last edition was published, the role of applied science in agricultural production has been brought into greater focus as fluctuations in global food production feed through into prices and availability to consumers. At the same time, technological advances are changing the way plant science is done. This Second Edition has been expanded to include specific chapters on the leading crops and crop-types, as well as updated chapters on plant development, photosynthesis, metabolism, nutrition, reproduction, seed biology, plant pests and diseases, weed biology, and responses to environmental stresses. The updated chapters reflect progress, particularly in genome sequencing and molecular genetics and biotechnology, including genetic modification, that have taken place since the first edition was published. In addition, the book places these developments in the wider context of biodiversity, food security, intellectual property, and ethical considerations. Presents complete, up-to-date, authoritative information on over 25 separate areas of plant science, covering both theory and applications Edited and written by a distinguished international group of editors and contributors Provides concise, easy to read gateway entries to topics, each supplemented with a further reading list that allows practitioners, students, and researchers to delve deeper into each topic

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3722

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.



Der stumme Frühling

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704220

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 5785

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Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Dein Körper: Das Missing Manual

Author: Matthew MacDonald

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897219646

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 324

View: 4970

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Wussten Sie, dass Sie Ihre äußere Hautschicht häufiger wechseln als eine Schlange? Oder dass Sie ohne bestimmte Arten von Bakterien anfälliger für Krankheiten und Allergien wären? Auf Basis aktuellster physiologischer und neurophysiologischer Erkenntnisse erklärt Matthew MacDonald präzise, verständlich und unterhaltsam alle wichtigen Körperfunktionen, gibt praktische Tipps, wie Sie Ihre „Hardware“ in Schuss halten, und räumt mit gängigen Vorurteilen auf. Aus dem Inhalt: - Ihre Haut. Warum die erste Verteidigungslinie Ihres Körpers aus toten Zellen besteht, wie Muttermale und Falten entstehen und was Antitranspirants gegen Körpergeruch ausrichten können. - Fett. Weshalb Ihr Körper Fett braucht, wie es gespeichert wird und warum Modediäten nichts bringen. - Ihr Herz. Wie Sie das Herzinfarktrisiko senken und was ein gutes Ausdauertraining ausmacht. - Ihr Verdauungssystem. Aus welchen Abschnitten Ihr gut 9 Meter langer Verdauungstrakt besteht und warum Ballaststoffe dort willkommen sind. - Ihr Immunsystem. Wie Ihr Körper sich gegen Eindringlinge wehrt, welche Bakterien und Viren sich bei Ihnen wohlfühlen und was normale Zellen dazu bringt, sich in Krebszellen zu verwandeln. - Sex und Fortpflanzung. Was männliche und weibliche Geschlechtsorgane auszeichnet sowie alles Wissenswerte über Fruchtbarkeit, weibliche Lust und die männliche Fixierung auf die Größe. - Alter und Tod. Warum wir altern, wie Sie möglichst lange möglichst fit bleiben und wie wir schließlich sterben.

Archaeological Chemistry

Author: A. M. Pollard,Carl Heron,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854042628

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 9546

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The application of chemistry within archaeology is an important and fascinating area. It allows the archaeologist to answer such questions as "what is this artefact made of?", "where did it come from?" and "how has it been changed through burial in the ground?", providing pointers to the earliest history of mankind. Archaeological Chemistry begins with a brief description of the goals and history of archaeological science, and the place of chemistry within it. It sets out the most widely used analytical techniques in archaeology and compares them in the light of relevant applications. The book includes an analysis of several specific archaeological investigations in which chemistry has been employed in tracing the origins of or in preserving artefacts. The choice of these investigations conforms to themes based on analytical techniques, and includes chapters on obsidian, ceramics, glass, metals and resins. Finally, it suggests a future role for chemical and biochemical applications in archaeology. Archaeological Chemistry enables scientists to tackle the fundamental issues of chemical change in the archaeological materials, in order to advance the study of the past. It will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists, and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.







Magic and Medicine of Plants

Author: N.A

Publisher: Readers Digest

ISBN: 9780895772213

Category: Gardening

Page: 464

View: 429

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Combines a field guide to finding and preserving medicinal plants with a detailed home advisor to their uses in cooking, cosmetics and health