The Concept of Law

Author: HLA Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630071

Category: Law

Page: 400

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Fifty years on from its original publication, HLA Hart's The Concept of Law is widely recognized as the most important work of legal philosophy published in the twentieth century, and remains the starting point for most students coming to the subject for the first time. In this third edition, Leslie Green provides a new introduction that sets the book in the context of subsequent developments in social and political philosophy, clarifying misunderstandings of Hart's project and highlighting central tensions and problems in the work.

Reine Rechtslehre

Mit einem Anhang: Das Problem der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161529733

Category: Law

Page: 921

View: 2770

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Nachdem die 1934 erschienene Erstauflage von Hans Kelsens Reine[r] Rechtslehre im Jahre 2008 als Studienausgabe erschienen ist, folgt nun im selben Format die Studienausgabe der Zweitauflage aus dem Jahre 1960. Zwischen den Auflagen 1934 und 1960 liegt nicht nur ein Vierteljahrhundert und ein Weltkrieg, sondern auch ein Umfangswachstum auf den fünffachen Wert und ein vielfältiger Reifungsprozess von Kelsens Allgemeiner Rechtslehre. Die Zweitauflage bildet zugleich Höhepunkt und Abschluss der sog. "Klassischen Phase" im rechtstheoretischen Werk Hans Kelsens. Überhaupt darf die auf Deutsch erschienene Zweitauflage, die in mehr als ein Dutzend andere Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, als die reifste und letzte geschlossene Darstellung der Reinen Rechtslehre gelten. Gemeinsam mit H.L.A. Harts Concept of Law (1961) stellt sie das wirkmächtigste Werk des modernen rechtstheoretischen Diskurses dar.Die vorliegende Studienausgabe enthält, anders als die seit 1992 publizierten Nachdrucke, auch den für das (Selbst-)Verständnis der Reinen Rechtslehre bedeutsamen Anhang zum Problem der Gerechtigkeit. Im Anmerkungsapparat sind darüber hinaus die aus Anlass der Übersetzung der Zweitauflage ins Italienische 1966 von Kelsen vorgenommenen Korrekturen am deutschen Text erstmals berücksichtigt worden.


The Concept of Group Rights in International Law

Groups as Contested Right-Holders, Subjects and Legal Persons

Author: Corsin Bisaz

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004228705

Category: Law

Page: 243

View: 2040

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Through a collective biography of four scholars (Erich Kaufmann, Hans Kelsen, Hersch Lauterpacht and Hans J. Morgenthau) this book investigates how Jewish identity and intellectual ties to Judaic civilization in the German-speaking and legal context influenced international law. By using biblical constitutive metaphors, it argues that Jewish German lawyers inherited, "inter alia," a particular Jewish legal approach that framed their understanding of the law as a means to reach God. The overarching argument is that because of their Jewish heritage, Jewish scholars inherited the endorsement of earthly particularism for the sake of universalism and the other way around: for the sake of universalism, humanity s differences need to be solved through the law.

Philosophy of Law

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199687005

Category: Law

Page: 150

View: 1359

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The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. The revised edition of this Very Short Introduction examines the central questions about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy.

Evolution of International Environmental Regimes

The Case of Climate Change

Author: Simone Schiele

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107044154

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 598

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Using the international climate regime as an example, Simone Schiele analyses the ability of international environmental regimes to evolve over time.

Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191578177

Category: Law

Page: 144

View: 1694

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The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. But what actually is law? A set of naturally occurring moral principles, or simply rules agreed by a particular society? What is a 'right' and what rights should people actually have? Is law really colour-blind and gender-blind? Can the law truly tell us whether gay marriages are immoral, what's wrong with racism, or whether we should go to war? Revealing the intriguing and challenging nature of legal philosophy with clarity and enthusiasm, Raymond Wacks explores the notion of law and its role in our lives. Referring to key thinkers from Aristotle to Rawls, Bentham, Dworkin, H.L.A. Hart and Derrida, he looks at the central questions behind legal theory that have fascinated lawyers and philosophers - and anyone - who ever wondered about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Sources of International Law

Author: Hugh Thirlway

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508608

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 6757

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In recent years States have made more and more extensive use of the International Court of Justice for the judicial settlement of disputes. Despite being declared by the Courts Statute to have no binding force for States other than the parties to the case, its decisions have come to constitute a body of jurisprudence that is frequently invoked in other disputes, in international negotiation, and in academic writing. This jurisprudence, covering a wide range of aspects of international law, is the subject of considerable ongoing academic examination; it needs however to be seen against the background, and in the light, of the Courts structure, jurisdiction and operation, and the principles applied in these domains. The purpose of this book is thus to provide an accessible and comprehensive study of this aspect of the Court, and in particular of its procedure, written by a scholar who has had unique opportunities of close observation of the Court in action. This distillation of direct experience and expertise makes it essential reading for all those who study, teach or practise international law.

Legalism: Anthropology and History

Author: Paul Dresch,Hannah Skoda

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641472

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 1843

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Law and law-like institutions are visible in human societies very distant from each other in time and space. When it comes to observing and analysing such social constructs historians, anthropologists, and lawyers run into notorious difficulties in how to conceptualize them. Do they conform to a single category of 'law'? How are divergent understandings of the nature and purpose of law to be described and explained? Such questions reach to the heart of philosophical attempts to understand the nature of law, but arise whenever we are confronted by law-like practices and concepts in societies not our own. In this volume leading historians and anthropologists with an interest in law gather to analyse the nature and meaning of law in diverse societies. They start from the concept of legalism, taken from the anthropologist Lloyd Fallers, whose 1960s work on Africa engaged, unusually, with jurisprudence. The concept highlights appeal to categories and rules. The degree to which legalism in this sense informs people's lives varies within and between societies, and over time, but it can colour equally both 'simple' and 'complex' law. Breaking with recent emphases on 'practice', nine specialist contributors explore, in a wide-ranging set of cases, the place of legalism in the workings of social life. The essays make obvious the need to question our parochial common sense where ideals of moral order at other times and places differ from those of modern North Atlantic governance. State-centred law, for instance, is far from a 'central case'. Legalism may be 'aspirational', connecting people to wider visions of morality; duty may be as prominent a theme as rights; and rulers from thirteenth-century England to sixteenth-century Burma appropriate, as much they impose, a vision of justice as consistency. The use of explicit categories and rules does not reduce to simple questions of power. The cases explored range from ancient Asia Minor to classical India, and from medieval England and France to Saharan oases and southern Arabia. In each case they assume no knowledge of the society or legal system discussed. The volume will appeal not only to historians and anthropologists with an interest in law, but to students of law engaged in legal theory, for the light it sheds on the strengths and limitations of abstract legal philosophy.

Law in Modern Society

Author: Denis Galligan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018864

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 7378

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Providing an introduction to law in modern society, D. J. Galligan considers how legal theory, and particularly H. L. A Hart's The Concept of Law, has developed the idea of law as a highly developed social system, which has a distinctive character and structure, and which shapes and influences people's behaviour. The concept of law as a distinct social phenomenon is examined through reference to, and analysis of, the work of prominent legal and social theorists, in particular M. Weber, E. Durkheim, and N. Luhmann. Galligan's approach is guided by two main ideas: that the law is a social formation with its own character and features, and that at the same time it interacts with, and is affected by, other aspects of society. In analysing these two ideas, Galligan develops a general framework for law and society within which he considers various aspects including: the nature of social rules and the concept of law as a system of rules; whether law has particular social functions and how legal orders run in parallel; the place of coercion; the characteristic form of modern law and the social conditions that support it; implementation and compliance; and what happens when laws are used to change society. Law in Modern Society encourages legal scholars to consider the law as an expression of social relations, examining the connections and tensions between the positive law of modern society and the spontaneous relations they often try to direct or change.

International Law

Author: Vaughan Lowe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199230838

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 1493

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"It covers all the main areas of International Law, such as International Economic Law, International Environmental Law, and the ways International Law deals with different types of armed conflict. It also concludes with a short chapter examining the prospects for International Law."--BOOK JACKET.

The Conflict of Laws

Author: Adrian Briggs

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199539669

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 287

View: 7942

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The Conflict of Laws addresses the jurisdiction of Courts (and whether their judgments are enforced and recognised overseas) and the effect of foreign judgments in England (whether these are recognised and enforced) . It also looks at the principles of choice of law for cases with an international element for example contracts made or performed in other jurisdictions or with other parties, torts committed overseas or by foreign parties, international fraud, property sited overseas, and family and personal matters (including marriage, divorce, and financial support) across different jurisdictions.

Reine Rechtslehre

Einleitung in die rechtswissenschaftliche Problematik

Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161497032

Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 6916

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Die von Hans Kelsen im Jahre 1934 vorgelegte "Reine Rechtslehre" gehört zu den rechtstheoretischen Schlüsselschriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. In ihr entwickelt Kelsen erstmals systematisch seine einerseits das Recht von der Moral, andererseits die Norm vom Faktum konsequent scheidende, ideologiekritische Rechtstheorie. Wer auf der Höhe der Zeit über Struktur und Geltung von Recht und die Eigenart von Rechtswissenschaft, kurz: wer über das Rechtliche am Recht nachdenken will, kommt an der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre" nicht vorbei. Die Erstauflage der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre", die weltweit in rund ein Dutzend Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, wurde in deutscher Sprache mehrfach nachgedruckt, ist indes derzeit vergriffen. Sie wird hier in Gestalt einer Studienausgabe vorgelegt, die am Recht Interessierte zum Hineinlesen ermutigen und zum kritischen Nach- und Weiterdenken einladen möchte.

Begriff und Geltung des Rechts

Author: Robert Alexy

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 3495860797

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 3543

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Im Zentrum dieses Buches steht das Verhältnis von Recht und Moral. Der Rechtspositivismus behauptet, daß beides zu trennen sei. Sowohl der Begriff des Rechts als auch der Begriff der Rechtsgeltung seien moralfrei zu definieren. Robert Alexy versucht zu zeigen, daß diese These falsch ist. Es gibt erstens begrifflich notwendige Zusammenhänge zwischen Recht und Moral, und zweitens sprechen normative Gründe dafür, die Begriffe des Rechts und der Rechtsgeltung so zu definieren, daß sie moralische Elemente einschließen. Deshalb muß der Rechtspositivismus als umfassende Theorie des Rechts scheitern. Die Begründung seiner These erfolgt in einem begrifflichen Rahmenwerk, das aus fünf Unterscheidungen besteht. Die Untersuchung schließt mit dem Vorschlag einer Definition des Begriffs des Rechts, die die Elemente der ordnungsgemäßen Gesetztheit, der sozialen Wirksamkeit und der inhaltlichen Richtigkeit systematisch verknüpft. Da der Begriff der inhaltlichen Richtigkeit moralische Kriterien einschließt, ist dieser Begriff des Rechts ein nicht-positivistischer Rechtsbegriff.

Employment Law

Author: Hugh Collins

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018902

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2697

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This updated edition offers a fresh approach to the law governing employment relations, emphasising the contemporary policy themes of social inclusion, competitiveness, and the rights of citizenship in the workplace. It acts as a succinct and accessible overview for those new to the subject as well as an excellent summary for students. Employment Law covers all the main areas of the subject including contracts of employment, anti-discrimination law, trade unions, industrial action, and human rights in the workplace. It also discusses how UK law, under the influence of EU law and international protection of human rights, has been transformed for the twenty-first century by pursuing new goals such as helping to achieve a better balance between work and life, to improve the competitiveness of business through partnership institutions, and to provide superior protection for the basic rights of employees in the workplace. Offering frequent comparisons with the law of other countries, including the United States, the book also discusses the effectiveness of employment regulation as well as examining the different national and transnational methods available.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 7289

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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Landmark Cases in Family Law

Author: Stephen Gilmore,Jonathan Herring,Rebecca Probert

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317871

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 4211

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There are a number of important (landmark) cases in the development of Family Law in England and Wales that deserve detailed examination and lend themselves particularly well to historical examination. Family law cases tend to raise highly controversial issues, often on striking facts, frequently provoking wider social debate and/or extensive publicity. Consequently, the landmark cases chosen for this collection provide considerable scope, not only for doctrinal analysis and explanation of the importance and impact of the decisions, but also for in-depth examination of the social or policy developments that influenced them. The stories behind the cases provide a fascinating insight into the complexities of family life and the drama that can be found in the family courts. In recent years, Family Law has seen enormous changes in law's engagement with the notion of 'family', with the enactment, for example, of the Civil Partnership Act 2004, the Gender Recognition Act 2004 and, more recently, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008. As we begin to move forward into the new millennium, this is an excellent time to engage in detailed analyses and 'stock-taking' of the landmark decisions, many of which were decided in the 1970s, and which have shaped modern Family Law. This book provides a series of in-depth studies of the key leading cases, and will be of interest to students and lecturers alike.