The Condemnation of Blackness

Author: Khalil Gibran Muhammad

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674062116

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 9178

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"The Idea of Black Criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America. Khalil Gibran Muhammad chronicles how, when, and why modern notions of black people as an exceptionally dangerous race of criminals first emerged. Well known are the lynch mobs and racist criminal justice practices in the South that stoked white fears of black crime and shaped the contours of the New South. In this illuminating book, Muhammad shifts our attention to the urban North as a crucial but overlooked site for the production and dissemination of those ideas and practices. Following the 1890 census - the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery - crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites - liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners - as indisputable proof of blacks' inferiority. What else but pathology could explain black failure in the land of opportunity? Social scientists and reformers used crime statistics to mask and excuse anti-black racism, violence, and discrimination across the nation, especially in the urban North. The Condemnation of Blackness is the most thorough historical account of the enduring link between blackness and criminality in the making of modern urban America. It is a startling examination of why the echoes of America's Jim Crow past continue to resonate in 'color-blind' crime rhetoric today."--Book jacket.


The Evolution of American Urban History, (S2PCL)

Author: Howard P. Chudacoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315511037

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8193

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This interesting and informative book shows how different groups of urban residents with different social, economic, and political power cope with the urban environment, struggle to make a living, participate in communal institutions, and influence the direction of cities and urban life. An absorbing book, The Evolution of American Urban Society surveys the dynamics of American urbanization from the sixteenth century to the present, skillfully blending historical perspectives on society, economics, politics, and policy, and focusing on the ways in which diverse peoples have inhabited and interacted in cities. Key topics: Broad coverage includes: the Colonial Age, commercialization and urban expansion, life in the walking city, industrialization, newcomers, city politics, the social and physical environment, the 1920s and 1930s, the growth of suburbanization, and the future of modern cities. Market: An interesting and necessary read for anyone involved in urban sociology, including urban planners, city managers, and those in the urban political arena.

Lila

Roman

Author: Marilynne Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035210

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 3551

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Eine der bedeutendsten Schriftstellerinnen der USA - endlich in deutscher Übersetzung Unbestritten gilt Marilynne Robinson als eine der größten Schriftstellerinnen ihres Landes. Ihre Bücher gelten als Klassiker, deren Helden unvergesslich und deren Empathie eine Tiefe erreichen, die wie aus der Welt gefallen scheint. Lila ist ein Findelkind, das von einer Landstreicherin und Überlebenskünstlerin aufgegriffen wird. Als ungleiche Geschwister ziehen sie durch Amerikas harte Jahre, als Dürre und Hunger das Leben zeichnen. Bis eines Tages Lila im Regen unerwartet ein Dach über dem Kopf findet. Und mehr als das - nach Jahren der Entbehrung wird sie mit der Sorge und Zartheit eines Mannes konfrontiert, der ihr Leben und alles, was sie bisher erfahren hat, auf den Kopf stellen wird.

Health in the City

Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women’s Health in New York City, 1915–1930

Author: Tanya Hart

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479873063

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 5329

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Shortly after the dawn of the twentieth century, the New York City Department of Health decided to address what it perceived as the racial nature of health. It delivered heavily racialized care in different neighborhoods throughout the city: syphillis treatment among African Americans, tuberculosis for Italian Americans, and so on. It was a challenging and ambitious program, dangerous for the providers, and troublingly reductive for the patients. Nevertheless, poor and working-class African American, British West Indian, and Southern Italian women all received some of the nation’s best health care during this period. Health in the City challenges traditional ideas of early twentieth-century urban black health care by showing a program that was simultaneously racialized and cutting-edge. It reveals that even the most well-meaning public health programs may inadvertently reinforce perceptions of inferiority that they were created to fix.

Something's in the Air

Race, Crime, and the Legalization of Marijuana

Author: Katherine Tate,James Lance Taylor,Mark Q. Sawyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135017050

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 5410

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America’s drug laws have always exerted an unequal and unfair toll on Blacks and Latinos, who are arrested more often than Whites for the possession of illegal drugs and given harsher sentences. In this volume, contributors ask how would marijuana legalization affect communities of color? Is legalization of marijuana necessary to safeguard minority families from a lifetime of hardship and inequality? Who in minority communities favors legalization and why, and do these minority opinions differ from the opinions held by White Americans? This volume also includes analyses of the policy debate by a range of scholars addressing economic, health, and empowerment issues. Comparative lessons from other countries are also analyzed.

Black Stats

African Americans by the Numbers in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Monique W. Morris

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595589260

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2475

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Black Stats—a comprehensive guide filled with contemporary facts and figures on African Americans—is an essential reference for anyone attempting to fathom the complex state of our nation. With fascinating and often surprising information on everything from incarceration rates, lending practices, and the arts to marriage, voting habits, and green jobs, the contextualized material in this book will better attune readers to telling trends while challenging commonly held, yet often misguided, perceptions. A compilation that at once highlights measures of incredible progress and enumerates the disparate impacts of social policies and practices, this book is a critical tool for advocates, educators, and policy makers. Black Stats offers indispensable information that is sure to enlighten discussions and provoke debates about the quality of Black life in the United States today—and help chart the path to a better future. There are less than a quarter-million Black public school teachers in the U.S.—representing just 7 percent of all teachers in public schools. Approximately half of the Black population in the United States lives in neighborhoods that have no White residents. In the five years before the Great Recession, the number of Black-owned businesses in the United States increased by 61 percent. A 2010 study found that 41 percent of Black youth feel that rap music videos should be more political. There are no Black owners or presidents of an NFL franchise team. 78 percent of Black Americans live within 30 miles of a coal-fired power plant, compared with 56 percent of White Americans.


Im Licht des Augenblicks

Roman

Author: Garth Stein

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426437449

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 6234

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Der Roman „Im Licht des Augenblicks“ von Garth Stein erzählt eine poetische, atmosphärische und tiefgründige Familiengeschichte aus dem Nordwesten der USA. Der 14-jährige Trevor besucht mit seinem Vater das heruntergekommene Familien-Anwesen in der Nähe von Seattle, in dem sein Großvater und seine Tante wohnen. Trevor stöbert durch längst verlassene Zimmer, in Geheimgänge hinter Tapetentüren, immer auf der Suche nach Antworten, vor denen die Erwachsenen zurückscheuen: Warum verletzt man immer wieder die, die man am meisten liebt? Wie kann man Schuld wiedergutmachen? Wie schwer wiegt ein Geheimnis, das man anderen vorenthalten hat? Seit Generationen scheint ein Fluch auf Trevors Familie zu lasten. Doch nun macht sich der gewitzte Trevor auf, die Wahrheit zu entdecken und auszusprechen. „Ich habe „Im Licht des Augenblicks“ verschlungen. Ein großes, wunderbares, Generationen umspannendes Epos, das im Nordwesten der USA spielt. Garth Stein hat uns erneut einen einzigartigen, gefühlvollen Erzähler für die Ewigkeit geschenkt, der uns in eine Geschichte voller Geheimnisse und Sehnsüchte mitnimmt.“ (Maria Semple, Autorin von „Wo steckst du, Bernadette?“)

A History of Police and Masculinities, 1700-2010

Author: David G. Barrie,Susan Broomhall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415671299

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 2443

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This unique collection brings together leading international scholars to explore how ideologies about masculinities have shaped police culture, policy and institutional organization from the eighteenth century to the present day. It addresses an under-researched area of historical inquiry, providing the first in-depth study of how gender ideologies have shaped law enforcement and civic governance under 'old' and 'new' police models, tracing links, continuities, and changes between them. The book opens up scholarly understanding of the ways in which policing reflected, sustained, embodied and enforced ideas of masculinities in historic and modern contexts, as well as how conceptions of masculinities were, and continue to be, interpreted through representations of the police in various forms of print and popular culture. The research covers the UK, Europe, Australia and America and explores police typologies in different international and institutional contexts, using varied approaches, sources and interpretive frameworks drawn from historical and criminological traditions. This book will be essential reading for academics, students and those in interested in gender, culture, police and criminal justice history as well as police practitioners.

Handbook of Critical Race Theory in Education

Author: Marvin Lynn,Adrienne D. Dixson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136581405

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 7617

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This handbook illustrates how education scholars employ Critical Race Theory (CRT) as a framework to bring attention to issues of race and racism in education. It is the first authoritative reference work to provide a truly comprehensive description and analysis of the topic, from the defining conceptual principles of CRT in the Law that gave shape to its radical underpinnings to the political and social implications of the field today. It is divided into three sections, covering innovations in educational research, policy and practice in both schools and in higher education, and the increasing interdisciplinary nature of critical race research. With 28 newly commissioned pieces written by the most renowned scholars in the field, this handbook provides the definitive statement on the state of critical race theory in education and on its possibilities for the future.

A Plague of Prisons

The Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America

Author: Ernest Drucker

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595589538

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 9949

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When Dr. John Snow first traced an outbreak of cholera to a water pump in the Soho district of London in 1854, the field of epidemiology was born. Ernest Drucker’s A Plague of Prisons takes the same concepts and tools of public health that have successfully tracked epidemics of flu, tuberculosis, and AIDS to make the case that our current unprecedented level of imprisonment has become an epidemic. Drucker passionately argues that imprisonment—originally conceived as a response to the crimes of individuals—has become mass incarceration: a destabilizing force, a plague upon our body politic, that undermines families and communities, damaging the very social structures that prevent crime. Described as a “towering achievement” (Ira Glasser) and “the clearest and most intelligible case for a reevaluation of how we view incarceration” (Spectrum Culture), A Plague of Prisons offers a cutting-edge perspective on criminal justice in twenty-first-century America that “could help to shame the U.S. public into demanding remedial action” (The Lancet).

Entextualizing Domestic Violence

Language Ideology and Violence Against Women in the Anglo-American Hearsay Principle

Author: Jennifer Andrus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266414

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 9515

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Language ideology is a concept developed in linguistic anthropology to explain the ways in which ideas about the definition and functions of language can become linked with social discourses and identities. In Entextualizing Domestic Violence, Jennifer Andrus demonstrates how language ideologies that are circulated in the Anglo-American law of evidence draw on and create indexical links to social discourses, affecting speakers whose utterances are used as evidence in legal situations. Andrus addresses more specifically the tendency of such a language ideology to create the potential to speak for, appropriate, and ignore the speech of women who have been victims of domestic violence. In addition to identifying specific linguistic strategies employed in legal situations, she analyzes assumptions about language circulated and animated in the legal text and talk used to evaluate spoken evidence, and describes the consequences of the language ideology when it is co-articulated with discourses about gender and domestic violence. The book focuses on the pair of rules concerning hearsay and its exceptions in the Anglo-American law of evidence. Andrus considers legal discourses, including statutes, precedents, their application in trials, and the relationship between such legal discourses and social discourses about domestic violence. Using discourse analysis, she demonstrates the ways legal metadiscourses about hearsay are articulated with social discourses about domestic violence, and the impact of this powerful co-articulation on the individual whose speech is legally appropriated. Andrus approaches legal rules and language ideology both diachronically and synchronically in this book, which will be an important addition to ongoing research and discussion on the role legal appropriation of speech may have in perpetuating the voicelessness of victims in the legal treatment of domestic violence.

Violence at the Urban Margins

Author: Javier Auyero,Philippe Bourgois,Nancy Scheper-Hughes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190221488

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7228

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In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Davis and Trayvon Martin, to those that recurrently dominate the airwaves in Latin America--are dominated by members of the middle and upper-middle classes. However, a cursory count of the victims of urban violence in the Americas reveals that the people suffering the most from violence live, and die, at the lowest of the socio-symbolic order, at the margins of urban societies. The inhabitants of the urban margins are hardly ever heard in discussions about public safety. They live in danger but the discourse about violence and risk belongs to, is manufactured and manipulated by, others--others who are prone to view violence at the urban margins as evidence of a cultural, or racial, defect, rather than question violence's relationship to economic and political marginalization. As a result, the experience of interpersonal violence among the urban poor becomes something unspeakable, and the everyday fear and trauma lived in relegated territories is constantly muted and denied. This edited volume seeks to counteract this pernicious tendency by putting under the ethnographic microscope--and making public--the way in which violence is lived and acted upon in the urban peripheries. It features cutting-edge ethnographic research on the role of violence in the lives of the urban poor in South, Central, and North America, and sheds light on the suffering that violence produces and perpetuates, as well as the individual and collective responses that violence generates, among those living at the urban margins of the Americas.

Design

Die ganze Geschichte

Author: Elizabeth Wilhide

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832199296

Category:

Page: 576

View: 4885

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Aus der nahen Ferne

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455851169

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 5218

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"Manchmal ist der Schlüssel lange vor dem Schloss da. Manchmal fällt einem eine Geschichte in den Schoß. Einmal fielen fünfzig Kilo Aprikosen in meinen ..." Als ihre Mutter sich nicht länger um den Aprikosenbaum in ihrem Garten kümmern kann, fällt Rebecca Solnit die Ernte zu - und ein Jahr des Abschieds und des Neuanfangs beginnt: Ihre Mutter bekommt Alzheimer, sie selbst Brustkrebs, ihre Beziehung endet. Und während sie zurückblickt auf dieses Jahr der Aprikosen und der Notfälle, fasst Solnit die Erzählfäden ihres Lebens zusammen - denn es ist das Erzählen, das den Menschen ausmacht, ihn vor dem Vergessen schützt.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2871

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Crossing Broadway

Washington Heights and the Promise of New York City

Author: Robert W. Snyder

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455170

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 1526

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In the 1970s, when the South Bronx burned and the promise of New Deal New York and postwar America gave way to despair, the people of Washington Heights at the northern tip of Manhattan were increasingly vulnerable. The Heights had long been a neighborhood where generations of newcomers—Irish, Jewish, Greek, African American, Cuban, and Puerto Rican—carved out better lives in their adopted city. But as New York City shifted from an industrial base to a service economy, new immigrants from the Dominican Republic struggled to gain a foothold. Then the crack epidemic of the 1980s and the drug wars sent Washington Heights to the brink of an urban nightmare. But it did not go over the edge. Robert W. Snyder's Crossing Broadway tells how disparate groups overcame their mutual suspicions to rehabilitate housing, build new schools, restore parks, and work with the police to bring safety to streets racked by crime and fear. It shows how a neighborhood once nicknamed "Frankfurt on the Hudson" for its large population of German Jews became “Quisqueya Heights”—the home of the nation’s largest Dominican community. The story of Washington Heights illuminates New York City’s long passage from the Great Depression and World War II through the urban crisis to the globalization and economic inequality of the twenty-first century. Washington Heights residents played crucial roles in saving their neighborhood, but its future as a home for working-class and middle-class people is by no means assured. The growing gap between rich and poor in contemporary New York puts new pressure on the Heights as more affluent newcomers move into buildings that once sustained generations of wage earners and the owners of small businesses. Crossing Broadway is based on historical research, reporting, and oral histories. Its narrative is powered by the stories of real people whose lives illuminate what was won and lost in northern Manhattan’s journey from the past to the present. A tribute to a great American neighborhood, this book shows how residents learned to cross Broadway—over the decades a boundary that has separated black and white, Jews and Irish, Dominican-born and American-born—and make common cause in pursuit of one of the most precious rights: the right to make a home and build a better life in New York City.

Cold Killing

Victor 6 - Thriller

Author: Tom Wood

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641176069

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 4600

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Victor ist Profikiller. Sein wahrer Name und seine Herkunft: unbekannt. Sein Perfektionismus: unerreicht. Für seine Auftraggeber beim britischen Geheimdienst ist Victor unersetzlich. Doch obwohl er bei der Arbeit keine moralischen Skrupel kennt, geht es Victor nicht immer um Geld. Manchmal geht es darum, das Böse zu eliminieren – Menschen wie Milan Rados. Der ehemalige Befehlshaber der serbischen Armee entkam dem Kriegsverbrechertribunal und errichtete in Belgrad ein kriminelles Imperium. Nun soll Victor auf seine Art für Recht sorgen ...