The Elements of Mathematical Semantics

Author: Maurice V. Aldridge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110871432

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 3545

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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Polysemy

Flexible Patterns of Meaning in Mind and Language

Author: Brigitte Nerlich,Zazie Todd,Vimala Herman,David D. Clarke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110895692

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 432

View: 7012

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About fifty years ago, Stephen Ullmann wrote that polysemy is 'the pivot of semantic analysis'. Fifty years on, polysemy has become one of the hottest topics in linguistics and in the cognitive sciences at large. The book deals with the topic from a wide variety of viewpoints. The cognitive approach is supplemented and supported by diachronic, psycholinguistic, developmental, comparative, and computational perspectives. The chapters, written by some of the most eminent specialists in the field, are all underpinned by detailed discussions of methodology and theory.



Language

Author: George Melville Bolling,Bernard Bloch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociolinguistics

Page: N.A

View: 8352

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Constituent Questions

The Syntax and Semantics of Questions with Special Reference to Swedish

Author: E. Engdahl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400953232

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 1533

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How Proverbs Mean

Semantic Studies in English Proverbs

Author: Neal R. Norrick

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110881977

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 1361

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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Language and Memory

Aspects of Knowledge Representation

Author: Hanna Pishwa

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110895080

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 453

View: 9133

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This volume presents an entirely new, expanded cognitive view of language by examining linguistic structure and its use in communication from the point of view of memory, thus providing a novel way of analysing language. The fourteen chapters, authored by linguists and psychologists, show the need for such an approach and illustrate that the properties of numerous linguistic structures reflect those of memory in various ways. Many different methodologies are presented because of the interdisciplinary nature of the volume, without reducing the comprehensibility and comparability of the contributions. Core linguistic areas are discussed in the contributions embracing syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and discourse analysis; psychological aspects are restricted to memory systems and their properties. The introduction provides a concise overview of memory, and then three sections examine linguistic phenomena from various angles relating them to memory. In the first section, the contributions emphasize the issue of syntagmatic vs. paradigmatic organization in various linguistic phenomena with a focus on syntax and their locus in memory. The contributions in the second part investigate structures with non-fixed functions showing that they tend to be connected to a certain submemory sharing their features such as subjectivity and evaluation. The concern of the last section is discourse comprising coherence, evidentiality, politeness, and persuasion. The book should be stimulating for researchers and students of linguistic core areas as well as those occupied with developmental aspects and theoretical aspects of language. It also provides new insights into methods of analysis both in linguistics and in cognitive psychology. The individual chapters are comprehensible to linguists who have no background in psychology and to psychologists who have to background in linguistics.



Mathematical Linguistics

Author: Andras Kornai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846289858

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 1630

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Mathematical Linguistics introduces the mathematical foundations of linguistics to computer scientists, engineers, and mathematicians interested in natural language processing. The book presents linguistics as a cumulative body of knowledge from the ground up: no prior knowledge of linguistics is assumed. As the first textbook of its kind, this book is useful for those in information science and in natural language technologies.

Recent Advances in the Syntax and Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality

Author: Louis de Saussure,Jacques Moeschler,Genoveva Puskás

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198762

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 253

View: 9594

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It is a fact that tense, aspect and modality together form one of the most recurring and active areas of research in contemporary syntax and semantics, as well as in other disciplines of linguistics. A large number of syntactic and semantic phenomena are concerned by the temporal-aspectual-modal level of representation: information about time, aspect and modality is part of virtually all sentences; inflexion is quite widely considered as the core of syntactic projections. Because of this very crucial situation and role in the sentence structure, temporal-aspectual and modal information concerns virtually any part of the sentence and this information has scope over the whole characterization of the eventuality denoted by the sentence. This book is an up-to-date milestone for the studies of temporality and language, in particular regarding syntax and semantics, but with incidental hints to pragmatics and theories of human natural language understanding. Through this very tight selection of 15 papers (originally delivered during the 6th Chronos colloquium), tenses, aspect and modality are investigated both at the descriptive and theoretical levels, involving many different Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages. The volume sheds light on a wide array of phenomena that remained too little explored until now. These include the following: modal subordination in Japanese, epistemic modals in Dutch and English in Free Indirect Speech contexts, aspectual readings of idioms, adverb-licensing with the German perfect, French imperfective past compared with English progressive past, infinitival perfect in English, Adult Root Infinitives, economy constraints on temporal subordinations, future modality, past interpretation of present tense in embedded clauses, and time without tenses in Mandarin and Navajo. The book is of interest to scholars and advanced students in the fields of linguistics (general linguistics, semantics, syntax) as well as philosophy and logic.


Historical Semantics - Historical Word-Formation

Author: Jacek Fisiak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110850176

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 620

View: 518

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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Focus Strategies in African Languages

The Interaction of Focus and Grammar in Niger-Congo and Afro-Asiatic

Author: Enoch Oladé Aboh,Katharina Hartmann,Malte Zimmermann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110199092

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 362

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Over the last two decades, focus has become a prominent topic in major fields in linguistic research (syntax, semantics, phonology). Focus Strategies in African Languages contributes to the ongoing discussion of focus by investigating focus-related phenomena in a range of African languages, most of which have been under-represented in the theoretical literature on focus. The articles in the volume look at focus strategies in Niger-Congo and Afro-Asiatic languages from several theoretical and methodological perspectives, ranging from detailed generative analysis to careful typological generalization across languages. Their common aim is to deepen our understanding of whether and how the information-structural category of focus is represented and marked in natural language. Topics investigated are, among others, the relation of focus and prosody, the effects of information structure on word order, ex situ versus in situ strategies of focus marking, the inventory of focus marking devices, focus and related constructions, focus-sensitive particles. The present inquiry into the focus systems of African languages has repercussions on existing theories of focus. It reveals new focus strategies as well as fine-tuned focus distinctions that are not discussed in the theoretical literature, which is almost exclusively based on well-documented intonation languages.

Cengage Advantage Books: What is Psychology? Essentials

Author: Ellen Pastorino,Susann Doyle-Portillo

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111838437

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 2041

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With a strong applied focus, WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? ESSENTIALS, 2nd Edition, captures and holds students’ attention from the first page to the last. Ellen Pastorino and Susann Doyle-Portillo, award-winning psychology professors with an infectious enthusiasm for teaching, have found that students who are curious are motivated to explore and truly learn how psychological concepts are connected. This text incorporates the authors’ successful and engaging teaching approach, unlocking students’ curiosity with compelling, chapter-opening stories of real people that show students how psychology affects their everyday lives. Embedded critical-thinking questions motivate students to continue making connections between personal stories, applications to their own lives, and psychological concepts they will use outside of the classroom. Diversity is addressed in every chapter through integration of issues of gender, race, culture, ethnicity, and sexuality. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Autolexical Theory

Ideas and Methods

Author: Eric Schiller,Elisa Steinberg,Barbara Need

Publisher: Mouton De Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 375

View: 7830

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Autolexical syntax is a radical departure from the then-revolutionary approaches to descriptive grammar that developed in the 1960s and became dominant in the 1980s. It constructs parallel grammatical representations in which information is organized on a number of levels know as dimensions. Each di

The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death

Evidence from Minor Finnic

Author: Petar Kehayov

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110524082

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 404

View: 375

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Research into the ''grammar of language death'' is often biased toward formal processes (e.g. paradigmatic levelling). In this study the author changes the perspective and shows that the relative susceptibility of linguistic elements to loss, change and innovation in language death circumstances can be dependent on meaning and thus organized along semantic notions rather than along structure.