The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309453046

Category: Science

Page: 486

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Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.

The Health Effects of Cannabis

Author: Harold Kalant,Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Publisher: Addiction Research Foundation

ISBN: 9780888683250

Category: Medical

Page: 526

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The Health Effects of Cannabis is a definitive reference text on the adverse, and also the potentially beneficial, effects of cannabis use. Internationally recognized experts in the field contribute a wealth of information about the use and effects of Canada's most widely used illicit drug. The Health Effects of Cannabis will be of interest to addiction medicine specialists, educators, researchers, health program managers and policy-makers, and anyone else who wants scientific information on cannabis and its effects. Topics include: the epidemiology of cannabis use and related problems the long-term central nervous system effects of cannabis mental and behavioural disorders caused by cannabis use cannabis and immunity cannabis use during pregnancy therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids the health and psychological effects of cannabis use the comparative risks of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and opioid use.

Cannabis and Cannabinoids

Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential

Author: Ethan B Russo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136614931

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 478

View: 2303

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Study the latest research findings by international experts! This comprehensive volume presents state-of-the-art scientific research on the therapeutic uses of cannabis and its derivatives. All too often, discussions of the potential medical uses of this substance are distorted by political considerations that have no place in a medical debate. Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential features fair, equitable discussion of this emerging and controversial medical topic by the world’s foremost researchers. Cannabis and Cannabinoids examines the benefits, drawbacks, and side effects of medical marijuana as a treatment for various conditions and diseases. This book discusses the scientific basis for marijuana’s use in cases of pain, nausea, anorexia, and cachexia. It also explores its possible benefits in glaucoma, ischemia, spastic disorders, and migraine. Cannabis and Cannabinoids examines all facets of the medical use of marijuana, including: botany history biochemistry pharmacology clinical use toxicology side effects Cannabis and Cannabinoids is a reference work that will become indispensable to physicians, psychologists, researchers, biochemists, graduate students, and interested members of the public. No other book available offers this comprehensive, even-handed look at a deeply divisive subject.

Papyros Ebers

Das älteste Buch über Heilkunde

Author: H. Joachim

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111521761

Category: History

Page: 234

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Die künstlichen Paradiese

Author: Charles Baudelaire

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3862671739

Category: Fiction

Page: 92

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In seinem Essay "Die künstlichen Paradiese" (1860) setzt Baudelaire sich mit der Wirkung bewusstseinserweiternder Drogen und ihrer Bedeutung für die Dichteridentität und das künstlerische Schaffen auseinander. Der französische Autor hatte selber mit Alkohol, Haschisch und Opium experimentiert, um seinem Geist und seinen Sinnen neue Erfahrungswelten zu eröffnen. Er musste jedoch erkennen, dass der Drogenkonsum seine künstlerische Produktivität nur bedingt zu steigern vermochte, und eine dauerhafte Flucht aus dem Alltag nicht möglich war. Wie auch andere große Schriftsteller mit Drogenerfahrungen, z. B. Edgar Allan Poe und Ernst Jünger, beschreibt Baudelaire das ambivalente Verhältnis zu seinen Rauscherfahrungen und die Enttäuschung angesichts ihres begrenzten Stimulus.

Marijuana and Madness

Author: David Castle,Robin M. Murray,Deepak Cyril D'Souza

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139502670

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

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The second edition of this critically acclaimed and award-winning text provides a comprehensive overview of the psychiatry and neuroscience of Cannabis sativa (marijuana). It outlines the very latest developments in our understanding of the human cannabinoid system, and links this knowledge to clinical and epidemiological facts about the impact of cannabis on mental health. Clinically focused chapters review not only the direct psychomimetic properties of cannabis, but also the impact consumption has on the courses of evolving or established mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. Effects of cannabis on mood are reviewed, as are its effects on cognition. This new edition has been extensively updated and expanded with 10 new chapters to incorporate major new research findings. This book will be of interest to all members of the mental health team, as well as to neuroscientists, epidemiologists, public health specialists and those involved in drug and alcohol research.

Cannabis Use and Dependence

Public Health and Public Policy

Author: Wayne Hall,Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521800242

Category: Medical

Page: 298

View: 7054

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The use of cannabis in the late twentieth and this century is an area of medical and moral controversy. Despite its illegality, cannabis is the most widely used drug after alcohol and tobacco among young adults in the USA, Europe and Australia. This book, first published in 2003, explores the relationship between health policy, public health and the law regarding cannabis use. It assesses the impact of illegality in drug use and relates this to policy analysis in Australia, the UK, the US and other developed societies. It evaluates debates about 'safe use' and 'harm minimisation' approaches, as well as examining the experiences of different prevention, treatment and education policies. Written by two leading drug advisors Cannabis Use and Dependence makes a valuable addition to this important field of research.

Cannabis Therapeutics in HIV/AIDS

Author: Ethan B Russo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136403434

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 244

View: 707

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Explore the controversial subject of cannabis therapeutics for HIV/AIDS patients! Cannabis Therapeutics in HIV/AIDS provides a scientific view of the benefits of marijuana in helping to increase appetite, ease the symptoms of HIV/AIDS, and improve quality of life for patients. Dr. Ethan Russo, editor of the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, has assembled a collection of first-rate information from clinicians, researchers, and patients. Based on scientific research, this book offers insights into how using cannabis has helped patients deal with the symptoms of HIV/AIDS. This informative book contains: a broad medical overview of the pertinent topics of interest with respect toAIDS and its treatment an insider’s view on the twenty-year history of the discovery of AIDS and its junction with cannabis and the medical marijuana political movement survey studies of clinical cannabis usage from different populations in California a state-of-the-art review of immunological issues in cannabis usage and pulmonary issues with smoked cannabis data on the method of cannabis vaporization information on standardized sublingual whole-cannabis extracts, rectal suppositories, and aerosol preparations

The Science of Marijuana

Author: Leslie L. Iversen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199795987

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 296

View: 9764

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In The Science of Marijuana Leslie Iversen explains the remarkable advances that have been made in scientific research on cannabis with the discovery of specific receptors and the existence of naturally occurring cannabis-like substances in the brain. Dr. Iversen provides an objective and up-to-date assessment of the scientific basis for the medical use of cannabis and what risks this may entail. The recreational use of the drug and how it affects users is described along with some predictions about how attitudes to cannabis may change in the future.

Handbook of Cannabis

Author: Roger G. Pertwee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199662681

Category: Medical

Page: 747

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Truly global in scope and with contributions from leading researchers around the world, The Handbook of Cannabis is the definitive resource on this fascinating drug. Combining scientific perspectives and clinical applications, it covers a vast array of topics, from why over the centuries cannabis has been used as a medicine, through the regulations facing those wishing to self-administer cannabis or provide cannabis-based medicines, to the chemical structure ofits many constituents and the rapidly growing group of synthetic cannabinoids that are currently being used for 'legal highs'.The Handbook of Cannabis is a one-stop reference; essentialreading for all clinicians, pharmacologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists interested in this drug, as well as those working in the field of public health.

The Benefits of Marijuana

Physical, Psychological and Spiritual

Author: Joan Bello

Publisher: Lifeservices Press

ISBN: 096609882X

Category: Marijuana

Page: 192

View: 9792

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A well written, concise holistic explanation of the physical, psychological & spiritual benefits to be derived from the employment of marijuana. This book offers proof that marijuana balances the Autonomic Nervous System which is the goal for health and consciousness in Yoga Science. The Benefits of Mairjuana bridges the gap between the ancient Eastern wisdom - so popular in contemporary self-help circles - and today's extensive science. According to the reviews: "It's the sort of book you can dip into at random, absorbing nonconsecutive sections at your leisure." The final edition of the book includes a thorough explanation of how marijuana helps the victims of PTSD and Alzheimer's Disease and presents an impressive argument for the dire need of the consciousness-raising features of marijuana for stress reduction, health and collectively, for survival. According to the former Director of NORML, "one of the most well written, comprehensive analysis of marijuana around today."

Endlich Nichtraucher!

Quick & Easy - Der einfache Weg, mit dem Rauchen Schluss zu machen

Author: Allen Carr

Publisher: Mosaik Verlag

ISBN: 3641112834

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 9139

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Millionen Menschen haben es mit dem Klassiker »Endlich Nichtraucher« geschafft, sich in kurzer Zeit ohne Zwang vom Rauchen zu befreien – für immer. Dieses kleine Buch bietet eine wunderbare Ergänzung zum Original für alle, die ihre Lektüre noch einmal auffrischen wollen oder schnell alle wichtigen Informationen überblicken möchten. So kann man sich auch zwischendurch dazu inspirieren, endlich vom blauen Dunst loszukommen.

The Cannabinoids: Chemical, Pharmacologic, and Therapeutic Aspects

Author: Stig Agurell

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323141986

Category: Medical

Page: 932

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The Cannabinoids: Chemical, Pharmacologic, and Therapeutic Aspects provides a comprehensive discussion of the various aspects of cannabis and its constituents. The book is organized into six sections. Section I covers the clinical aspects of cannabis including the health aspects, impact on memory function, and the characteristics and treatment of marijuana abusers. Section II on chemical aspects includes studies on the chemistry and structure-activity relationships of cannabinoids; smoking characteristics of marijuana cigarettes; and developments in cannabinoid analyses of body fluids. Section III on metabolic and pharmacokinetic aspects includes studies on the metabolism, disposition, and pharmacokinetics of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in men and women; single dose kinetics of cannabidiol in man; and distribution and disposition of THC in different tissues of the rat. Section IV on reproductive aspects include studies on the effects of chronic administration of THC on the early embryonic development of mice; effects of cannabinoids on spermatogenesis in mice; and possible mechanism for the cellular effects of marijuana on male reproductive function. Section V on neuropharmacologic aspects includes studies on the discriminative stimulus properties of THC and the effects of cannabinoids on neurotransmitter receptors in the brain. Section VI on therapeutic aspects includes studies such as the possible anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol; tetrahydrocannabinol effects on extrapyramidal motor behaviors in Parkinson's disease; and the use of cannabinoids in glaucoma.


Die Geschichte meines Wahnsinns

Author: Mark Vonnegut

Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827076528

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 3267

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Juni 1969: Die zähen Jahre am College sind vorbei. Mark Vonnegut, Sohn des berühmten Schriftstellers Kurt Vonnegut, zieht es in die Wildnis. Mit seiner Freundin Virginia und ein paar College-Freunden will er der Welt, in der er lebt und an der er (ver)zweifelt, entfliehen. Mit einem VW Käfer geht es ans Ende der Zivilisation, in eine entlegene Region Kanadas. Eindringlich und humorvoll erzählt Vonnegut vom harten und entbehrungsreichen Leben in der Kommune auf einer kleinen Insel ohne Elektrizität, 18 Kilometer per Boot von der nächsten Straße entfernt. Die Freunde beschäftigen sich hauptsächlich mit sich selbst. Doch irgendwann fängt Mark an, Stimmen zu hören. Die Hippie-Utopie gerät mehr und mehr zum Alptraum – einem Horrortrip, der am Valentinstag 1971 in der Gummizelle einer psychiatrischen Klinik endet. Nach intensiver Behandlung und vielen Rückschlägen wird Vonnegut schließlich geheilt und beginnt ein neues Leben – in die Kommune kehrt er nie wieder zurück. Das Buch gilt längst als Klassiker. Nun erscheint es, mit einem Vorwort von Kurt Vonnegut versehen, zum ersten Mal auf Deutsch.