Vertrauensforschung 2010: a state of the art

Author: Martin K. W. Schweer

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631579923

Category: Education

Page: 249

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Die Vertrauensforschung, noch vor 10 Jahren eine Art Stiefkind wissenschaftlicher Schwerpunktsetzungen, boomt. Neue Erkenntnisse sind gewonnen, neue Themenfelder erschlossen, im gesellschaftlichen Diskurs sind Vertrauensphanomene bzw. Vertrauenskrisen in aller Munde. Dieser Band versucht, die inzwischen hohe Vielfalt der vorliegenden Forschungsergebnisse zu bundeln und den 'State of the Art' in verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zu resumieren. Aktuelle theoretische Stromungen, wissenschaftliche Fragestellungen und empirische Ergebnisse werden von renommierten Wissenschaftler/innen interdisziplinar beleuchtet. Die behandelten Thematiken orientieren sich hierbei an zentralen Lebensbereichen und -phasen, dementsprechend liegt der Fokus auf den Aspekten -Vertrauen im Lebenslauf-, -Vertrauen und soziale Systeme- sowie -Vertrauen im Kontext von Pravention und Intervention-."

Psychology of Media in Europe

The State of the Art — Perspectives for the Future

Author: Peter Winterhoff-Spurk

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322942511

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 6897

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Die europäische Medienlandschaft ändert sich gegenwärtig durch die Verfügbarkeit neuer Technologien und durch veränderte politische Rahmenbedingungen - wie z. B. die Zulassung privatwirtschaftlicher Sender - in einem schnellen Tempo, das durch die bevorstehende europäische Einigung noch zusätzlich forciert wird. Damit kommen auf die Medienwissenschaft wie auch auf die Medienpsychologie neue Fragestellungen und Anforderungen zu, die von Medienforschern und -praktikern aus zehn europäischen Ländern in diesem in englischer Sprache verfaßten Band aufgezeigt und erörtert werden.

Solar Energy

The State of the Art

Author: Jeffrey M. Gordon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113427582X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 724

View: 9004

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It is rare that a book draws together the knowledge and experience of scientists, each a world leader in his or her discipline, to create a work that presents the state of the art in a field as rich and diverse as solar energy. In Solar Energy - the State of the Art this aim has been achieved. The book comprises twelve individual chapters, each dedicated to one of the major solar energy sub-disciplines and authored by an internationally recognised expert in the field. Areas covered range from solar radiation and meteorology, solar collectors and concentrators, solar energy and the built environment, to solar thermal electricity, photovoltaics, wind energy and the potential cost of ignoring solar energy resources. The papers examine the technology and field in question, discuss the rudiments and major applications, review the current science and technology and explore the remaining challenges for the future. Solar Energy - the State of the Art is an essential reference work for all solar energy practitioners, students, researchers and engineers wishing to gain a broad-based understanding of the theory, technology, applications and issues surrounding the broad, interdisciplinary field of solar energy. The book will form an important component of any library's solar energy holding and will be of particular benefit as an academic reference, as well as being of practical value to professionals who wish to gain a clear understanding of the concepts required to move forward in this field. Published with ISES.


Climate Economics

The State of the Art

Author: Frank Ackerman,Elizabeth A. Stanton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041563718X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 7778

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Climate science paints a bleak picture: The continued growth of greenhouse gas emissions is increasingly likely to cause irreversible and catastrophic effects. Urgent action is needed to prepare for the initial rounds of climatic change, which are already unstoppable. While the opportunity to avert all climate damage has now passed, well-designed mitigation and adaptation policies, if adopted quickly, could still greatly reduce the likelihood of the most tragic and far-reaching impacts of climate change. Climate economics is the bridge between science and policy, translating scientific predictions about physical systems into projections about economic growth and human welfare that decision makers can most readily use but it has too often consisted of an overly technical, academic approach to the problem. Getting climate economics right is not about publishing the cleverest article of the year but rather about helping solve the dilemma of the century. The tasks ahead are daunting, and failure, unfortunately, is quite possible. Better approaches to climate economics will allow economists to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem. This book analyzes potential paths for improvement.

Solar Thermal Technologies for Buildings

The State of the Art

Author: M. Santamouris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134277229

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 6324

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Solar thermal is now a proven technology in terms of reliability, cost-benefit, and low environmental impact. The integration of solar thermal systems and installations into the design of buildings can provide a clean, efficient and sustainable low-energy solution for heating and cooling, whilst, taken in a wider context, contributing to climate protection. This book covers the state of the art in the application of solar thermal technologies for buildings. This is the first book in the BEST (Buildings, Energy and Solar Technology) Series. This series presents high-quality theoretical and application-oriented material on solar energy and energy-efficient technologies. Leading international experts cover the strategies and technologies that form the basis of high-performance, sustainable buildings, crucial to enhancing our built and urban environment.

Perinatal Programming

The State of the Art

Author: Andreas Plagemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110249456

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 4404

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Perinatal Programming addresses the environment-dependent setting of fundamental life functions and dispositions for diseases in developmental periods during pregnancy and in early infancy. It provides a new view of the origins of health and diseases. To realize these associations may enable us to prevent diseases for the long term. This book reviews actual state-of-the-art knowledge in the perinatal programming field. The authors are internationally known scientists of this research area.

Benefits Assessment

The State of the Art

Author: Charles A. Lave,Menkes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027720221

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 6047

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In recent years there has been substantial interest in benefits assessment methods, especially as these methods are used to assess health, safety, and environmental issues. At least part of this interest can be traced to Executive Order 12291, issued by President Ronald Reagan in 1981. This Executive Order requires Federal agencies to perform benefits assessments of pro posed major regulations and prohibits them from taking regulatory action unless potential benefits exceed potential costs to society. Heightened interest in benefits assessment methods has in tum given rise to greater recognition of the inherent difficulties in performing such assess ments. For example, many benefits that are intuitively felt to be most important are also among the most difficult to measure. It can be difficult to identify the full range of both benefits and costs. The choice of an appro priate discount rate for comparing benefits and costs over time is proble matic. Even when benefits are quantifiable in principle and agreement can be reached on their valuation, required d,ata may not be available. Thus considerable uncertainty is built into most benefit estimates, even when they are based on the best available data. In light of the complexities and difficulties associated with the perform ance of a benefits assessment, this book reviews the current state of theoretical and methodological knowledge in the field. The review is extensive in that it covers over fifty years of research, theoretical develop ment, and practice.


Algorithms for Continuous Optimization

The State of the Art

Author: E. Spedicato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400903693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 565

View: 7270

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The NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Algorithms for continuous optimiza tion: the state of the art" was held September 5-18, 1993, at II Ciocco, Barga, Italy. It was attended by 75 students (among them many well known specialists in optimiza tion) from the following countries: Belgium, Brasil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Rumania, Spain, Turkey, UK, USA, Venezuela. The lectures were given by 17 well known specialists in the field, from Brasil, China, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Russia, Sweden, UK, USA. Solving continuous optimization problems is a fundamental task in computational mathematics for applications in areas of engineering, economics, chemistry, biology and so on. Most real problems are nonlinear and can be of quite large size. Devel oping efficient algorithms for continuous optimization has been an important field of research in the last 30 years, with much additional impetus provided in the last decade by the availability of very fast and parallel computers. Techniques, like the simplex method, that were already considered fully developed thirty years ago have been thoroughly revised and enormously improved. The aim of this ASI was to present the state of the art in this field. While not all important aspects could be covered in the fifty hours of lectures (for instance multiob jective optimization had to be skipped), we believe that most important topics were presented, many of them by scientists who greatly contributed to their development.

Virtual Knots

The State of the Art

Author: Vasilii Olegovich Manturov,Denis Petrovich Ilyutko

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814401137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 553

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The book is the first systematic research completely devoted to a comprehensive study of virtual knots and classical knots as its integral part. The book is self-contained and contains up-to-date exposition of the key aspects of virtual (and classical) knot theory.Virtual knots were discovered by Louis Kauffman in 1996. When virtual knot theory arose, it became clear that classical knot theory was a small integral part of a larger theory, and studying properties of virtual knots helped one understand better some aspects of classical knot theory and encouraged the study of further problems. Virtual knot theory finds its applications in classical knot theory. Virtual knot theory occupies an intermediate position between the theory of knots in arbitrary three-manifold and classical knot theory.In this book we present the latest achievements in virtual knot theory including Khovanov homology theory and parity theory due to V O Manturov and graph-link theory due to both authors. By means of parity, one can construct functorial mappings from knots to knots, filtrations on the space of knots, refine many invariants and prove minimality of many series of knot diagrams.Graph-links can be treated as OC diagramless knot theoryOCO: such OC linksOCO have crossings, but they do not have arcs connecting these crossings. It turns out, however, that to graph-links one can extend many methods of classical and virtual knot theories, in particular, the Khovanov homology and the parity theory.


International Perspectives On Psychological Science, II: The State of the Art

Author: Paul Bertelson,Paul Eelen,Gery d'Ydewalle

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134832656

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 2116

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The essays appearing in these two volumes are based on Keynote (Vol. 1) and State-of-the-Art (Vol. 2) Lectures delivered at the XXVth International Congress of Psychology, in Brussels, July 1992. The Brussels Congress was the latest in a series of conferences which are organized at regular intervals under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), the main international organization in the field of Scientific Psychology. The first of those meetings took place in Paris in 1889. An important function of the International Congresses is to promote communication between different specializations in Psychology. Speakers were therefore asked to present lectures and discussions in their own fields of study, in a way that would be accessible to fellow psychologists active in other fields. State-of-the-Art lecturers were specifically asked to prepare a tutorial review on a topic which, in the view of the Program Committee, had recently given rise to particularly important developments. These contributions are included in Volume Two. Keynote lecturers were left free to address whatever subject they felt was of greatest interest. The chapters in Volume 1 are preceded by the Presidential Address by Mark R. Rosenzweig.

Democratization

The State of the Art

Author: Dirk Berg-Schlosser

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3866499116

Category: Political Science

Page: 187

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Problems of democratization, its successes, failures and future prospects, belong to the most pressing concerns of our times. Empirical democratic theory has received many new impulses since the last ""wave"" of democratization in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa and Southeast and East Asia. In this volume the ""state of the art"" in this respect is discussed by leading international experts in this field including Laurence Whitehead, Gerardo Munck, Axel Hadenius and Juan Linz. From the contents: Some significant recent developments in the field of Democratization Concepts, measurements and sub-types in Democratization Research Agendas, findings, challenges Successes and failures of the new democracies Some thoughts on the victory and future of democracy

Risk Management: The State of the Art

The State of the Art

Author: Stephen Figlewski,Richard M. Levich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792374275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 219

View: 2984

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Very often, we associate the dawn of modern financial theory with Harry Markowitz who in the 1950s introduced the formal mathematics of probability theory to the problem of managing risk in an asset portfolio. The 1970s saw the advent of formal models for pricing options and other derivative contracts, whose primary purpose was also financial risk management and hedging. But events in the 1990s made it clear that effective risk management is a critical element for success, and indeed, for long term survival, not only for financial institutions, but also for industrial firms, and even for nonprofit organizations and governmental bodies. These recent events vividly show that the world is filled with all manner of risks, and so risk management must extend far beyond the use of standard derivative instruments in routine hedging applications. The articles in this volume cover two broad themes. One theme emphasizes methods for identifying, modeling, and hedging specific types of financial and business risks. Articles in this category consider the technology of risk measurement, such as Value at Risk and extreme value theory; new classes of risk, such as liquidity risk; new financial instruments and markets for risk management, such as derivative contracts based on weather and on catastrophic insurance risks; and finally, credit risk, which has become one of the most important areas of practical interest for risk management. The second theme stresses risk management from the perspective of the firm and the financial system as a whole. Articles in this category analyze risk management in the international arena, including payment and settlement risks and sovereign risk pricing, risk management from the regulator's viewpoint, and risk management for financial institutions. The articles in this volume examine the "State of the Art" in risk management from the standpoint of academic researchers, market analysts and practitioners, and government observers.

The State of the Art in Computational Intelligence

Proceedings of the European Symposium on Computational Intelligence held in Košice, Slovak Republic, August 30-September 1, 2000

Author: Peter Sincak,Jan Vascak,Vladimir Kvasnicka,Radko Mesiar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3790818445

Category: Computers

Page: 401

View: 8017

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Computational Intelligence is a very dynamic domain of modern information society which integrates fields such as neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation and intelligent systems in general. The book presents papers from the Euro-International Symposium on Computational Intelligence held in Kosice (Slovak Republic) in August 2000. It contains theoretical studies along with a chapter on applications and case studies. One of the main results of the symposium is that the combination of various techniques into hybrid intelligent systems will be very important for the development of intelligent information systems in the 21st century. The book also contains interesting forewords written by L.A. Zadeh, D.E. Goldberg, and K. Fukushima.

Successful Focus Groups

Advancing the State of the Art

Author: David L. Morgan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452253714

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8069

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This is the first book to systematically address the issues, practical wisdom and problems in conducting focus groups. Written by an interdisciplinary group of scholars, this well-integrated collection of articles represents the state-of-the-art in focus group applications. It covers the basic principles of when and how to use focus groups, the applicability of focus group interviews to survey research and other methods, general issues in the use of focus groups, the specific problems of focus groups with different populations or settings and an agenda for future development of the method.

Quasicrystals

The State of the Art

Author: Paul Steinhardt,David DiVincenzo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814566535

Category:

Page: 536

View: 2835

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This review volume provides the most up-to-date and authoritative description of research on icosahedral solids, which has advanced rapidly since the discovery of these unique materials in 1984. The present book, intended as a companion volume to the reprint volume on The Physics of Quasicrystals edited by P Steinhardt and S Ostlund, will be invaluable to graduate students and workers in the field as a comprehensive reference. Scientists in related fields can use it as a readable introduction to the important current problems in quasicrystals. The chapters have been written by many of the most prominent theorists and experimentalists on quasicrystals, both physicists and materials scientists, from around the world. Especially exciting are the details of the recent discovery of “perfect quasi-crystals”, new materials which promise to be an ideal form of quasiperiodic matter with little or no disorder. Other topics include: electron, X-ray and neutron quasi-crystallography, scanning tunneling microscopy studies, electronic transport experiments, quasicrystal faceting and statistical mechanics, growth rules and matching rules for quasicrystals, group theory and elasticity theory. Contents:Progress and Current Issues in Quasicrystals (D P DiVincenzo & P J Steinhardt)Order and Disorder in Icosahedral Alloys (P A Bancel); Neutron Scattering Approaches to Quasicrystals (Ch Janot & M de Boissieu)High-Resolution Electron Microscopy of Quasicrystals (K Hiraga)Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Quasicrystals (R S Becker & A R Kortan)(Quasi) Crystallography is Better in Fourier Space (N D Mermin)Matching Rules for Quasicrystalline Tilings (K Ingersent)Growth Rules for Quasicrystals (J E S Socolar)Continuous Atomic Surfaces (L S Levitov)Chiral Smectics as Quasicrystals (T C Lubensky et al.)Experimental Studies of Electronic Transport in Quasicrystals (K Kimura & S Takeuchi)Electronic Structure and Transport of Quasicrystals (T Fujiwara & H Tsunetsugu)Electronic-Structure and Total-Energy Calculation for Quasicrystals and Related Crystals (A E Carlsson & R Phillips)Faceting and Surface Roughening in Quasicrystals (T-L Ho)Random Tiling Models (C L Henley) Readership: Condensed matter physicists, crystallographers, materials scientists, metallurgists and mathematicians. keywords:Quasicrystal;Phason;Icosahedral Symmetry;Penrose Tilings;Random Tilings;Quasiperiodicity;Pinning;Fibonacci Lattice;Quasilattice;Quasicrystallography;Localization;Critical States “… timely and useful … I recommend this book to those in the field and to everyone interested in quasicrystals …” Marjorie Senechal Science

Survey of the State of the Art in Human Language Technology

Author: Giovanni Battista Varile,Antonio Zampolli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521592772

Category: Computers

Page: 513

View: 6173

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Originally published in 1997, this book is concerned with human language technology. This technology provides computers with the capability to handle spoken and written language. One major goal is to improve communication between humans and machines. If people can use their own language to access information, working with software applications and controlling machinery, the greatest obstacle for the acceptance of new information technology is overcome. Another important goal is to facilitate communication among people. Machines can help to translate texts or spoken input from one human language to the other. Programs that assist people in writing by checking orthography, grammar and style are constantly improving. This book was sponsored by the Directorate General XIII of the European Union and the Information Science and Engineering Directorate of the National Science Foundation, USA.