Disease, Management, and Control

Author: Moges Woldemeskel

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781620811368

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 9698

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Ticks and tick-borne diseases are among the major stumbling blocks to the development of livestock industry and entail heavy economic loses particularly in the tropics and subtropics. Ticks serve as vectors of several diseases and pose health hazards to animals and humans throughout the world. Attempts to control ticks and tick-borne diseases using different methods have been going on for several generations; however, ticks still cause insurmountable problems to the livestock industry and human and animal health. This book enlightens the reader on research and field experiences obtained from different parts of the world on the various chemical and biological approaches used in the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases. This book would serve as a valuable reference and guide for students, and researchers in biological and biomedical sciences and tick control authorities aimed at devising a sound tick control strategy. (Imprint: Nova)

Integrated Pest Management in the Global Arena

Author: Karim M. Maredia,D. Dakouo,D. Mota-Sanchez

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851996523

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 6753

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This book presents experiences and successful case studies of integrated pest management (IPM) from developed and developing countries and from major international centres and programmes. It contains 39 chapters by many contributors addressing themes such as: emerging issues in IPM, including biotechnology, pesticide policies and socioeconomic considerations (8 chapters); country experiences from Africa, Asia, North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand (20 chapters); and regional and international experiences, including those of FAO, USAID, ICIPE, CIRAD, the World Bank and CGIAR Systemwide IPM Program (9 chapters). This book will be of significant interest to those working in the areas of crop protection, entomology and pest management.


Biology, Molecular Biology, Epidemiology, and Vaccine Development

Author: Sunil Thomas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319468596

Category: Medical

Page: 529

View: 8998

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Insect-transmitted rickettsiales diseases are significant sources of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Their incidence has been increasing in recent years in large part due to climate change and the movement of animals carrying the insect vectors. Currently there are no effective vaccines against diseases caused by members of the order Rickettsiales. Rickettsiales diseases are often misdiagnosed; this book is intended to serve as a tool for their understanding and diagnosis. Rickettsiales covers the seven main genera: Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Midichloria, Neorickettsia, Orientia, Rickettsia and Wolbachia. Discussion of each genus includes immunology and molecular biology of host-pathogen interactions, epidemiology and diagnosis, and vaccination strategies and therapies.

Handbook of Environmental Health, Fourth Edition, Volume I

Biological, Chemical, and Physical Agents of Environmentally Related Disease

Author: Herman Koren,Michael S. Bisesi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849377951

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 7807

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The Handbook of Environmental Health-Biological, Chemical and Physical Agents of Environmentally Related Disease, Volume 1, Fourth Edition includes twelve chapters on a variety of topics basically following a standard chapter outline where applicable with the exception of chapters 1, 2 and 12. The outline is as follows: 1. Background and status 2. Scientific, technological and general information 3. Statement of the problem 4. Potential for intervention 5. Some specific resources 6. Standards, practices, and techniques 7. Modes of surveillance and evaluation 8. Various controls 9. Summary of the chapter 10. Research needs for the future Chapter 1, Environment and Humans discusses ecosystems, energy technologies and environmental problems, important concepts of chemistry, transport and alteration of chemicals in the environment, environmental economics, risk-benefit analysis, environmental health law, environmental impact statements, competencies for the environmental health practitioner. Chapter 2, Environmental Problems and Human Health has a general discussion of people and disease followed by a brief discussion of physiology including the human cell, blood, lymphatic system, tissue membranes, nervous system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system and urinary system. There is a discussion of toxicological principles including toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics. There is a discussion of carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, reproductive toxicity and teratogenesis and the role of environmental contaminants in causing disease. Medical surveillance techniques utilized to measure potential toxicity are included. Basic concepts of microbiology are discussed followed by principles of communicable diseases and emerging infectious diseases. There’s an explanation of epidemiological principles including epidemiological investigations and environmental health and environmental epidemiology. The chapter concludes with a discussion of risk assessment and risk management. Chapter 3, Food Protection discusses food microbiology, reproduction and growth of microorganisms, environmental effects on bacteria, detergents and disinfectants, sources of foodborne disease exposure, FoodNet, various foodborne infections, bacterial food poisoning, chemical poisoning, poisonous plants and fungi, allergic reactions, parasitic infections, chronic aftereffects of foodborne disease, vessel sanitation programs, food quality protection acts, plans review, food service facilities, food storage, inspection techniques, preparation and serving of food, cleaning and sanitizing equipment and utensils, insect and rodent control, flow systems, epidemiological study techniques, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Inspection, food protection controls, food service training programs, national food safety initiative. Chapter 4, Food Technology discusses emerging or reemerging foodborne pathogens, chemistry of foods, food additives and preservatives, food spoilage, pesticides and fertilizers in food, antibiotics in food, heavy metals and the food chain, use of recycled plastics in food packaging, environmental problems in milk processing, poultry processing, egg processing, meat processing, fish and shellfish processing, produce processing, and imported foods. National standards, practices and techniques are provided for milk, ice cream, poultry, eggs, meat, produce and seafood. Current modes of surveillance and evaluation as well as appropriate control measures are provided for each of the above areas. Chapter 5, Insect Control discusses scientific, technological, and general information about various insects of public health significance including fleas, flies, lice, mites, mosquitoes, and roaches. There is a substantial discussion of the many diseases transmitted by insects including African Bite Fever, Bubonic Plague, Chagas Disease, Colorado Tick Fever, Dengue Fever, Ehrlichioses, Encephalitis, Lyme Disease, Malaria, Rickettsial Pox, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Scabies, Scrub Typhus, Tularemia, Typhus Fever, Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers, Yellow Fever. Included in the text are the national standards, practices, and techniques utilized to conduct surveys, methods of prevention and controls of the insects. Further there is a discussion of emerging and reemerging insect borne diseases including why this is occurring. Integrated pest management is a special topic. Chapter 6, Rodent Control discusses the characteristics and behavior of murine rodents and deer mice, how they affect humans and the various diseases that they cause. National standards, practices and techniques are established for rodent poisoning and trapping, food and harborage removal, and rodent proofing. A special feature is the discussion of an actual working community rodent control program. Chapter 7, Pesticides discusses current issues, current laws and the effects of pesticides on groundwater, surface water, land, food, air and people. The various categories of pesticides and current allowable usage of inorganic insecticides and petroleum compounds, chlorinated hydrocarbons, organophosphates, carbamates, biolarvicides, and insect growth regulators are discussed. Chapter 8, Indoor Environment discusses indoor air pollution, housing, health and the housing environment, human illness, monitoring environmental disease, residential wood combustion, environmental tobacco smoke, carbon monoxide, radon gas, volatile organic compounds, asbestos, molds, bacteria and other biological contaminants, environmental lead hazards, noise, accidents and injuries. National standards, practices, and techniques are provided for all areas of the indoor environment, and survey techniques and housing studies are included. Chapter 9-Institutional Environment discusses the complex environment and potential for disease in nursing and convalescent homes, old-age homes, schools, colleges, and universities, prisons and hospitals. There are in-depth discussions on the potential for spread of disease through air, water, fomites, surfaces, people, food, laundry, insects and rodents, laboratories and biohazards, and surgical suites. Within the hospital setting there are extended discussions of heating, air conditioning, and laminar flow, housekeeping, laundry, solid and hazardous waste, maintenance, plumbing, food, hazardous chemicals, insects and rodents, radioactive materials, water supply, emergency medical services, fire safety and patient safety programs. Handwashing and hospital environmental control is explained in depth including the various microorganisms that may be transmitted by hands. There is a special discussion on laboratories and bio hazards including bacterial agents, fungal agents, parasitic agents, prions, rickettsial agents, viral agents, arborviruses and related zoological viruses. There are additional discussions on human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, tuberculosis, resistant organisms. Emerging and reemerging infection problems are of great significance. Hospital acquired infection and routes of transmission are significant problems. Occupational health and safety problems in the hospital are analyzed. The most recent CDC guidelines for all these areas are included. A significant number of inspection and survey forms are included in order for the reader to get a better understanding of specific problems in a specific institution. Chapter 10-Recreational Environment includes problems and solutions to problems in water quality, water supply, sewage, plumbing, shelter, food, solid waste, fish handling, stables, swimming and boating. Chapter 11-Occupational Environment includes a discussion of the interrelated challenges of various pressures in the environment. It includes physical agents such as sound, non-ionizing radiation, ionizing radiation, hot and cold temperature extremes. It also includes discussions of chemical agents such as toxic chemicals, flammable chemicals, corrosive chemicals, reactive agents. It includes discussions of biological agents. Ergonomics is an essential part of the chapter. The occupational health controls of substitution, isolation, ventilation, personal protective equipment, housekeeping, and education for control of physical agents, chemical agents, biological agents and ergonomic factors are also discussed. Chapter 12-Major Instrumentation for Environmental Evaluation of Occupational, Residential, and Public Indoor Settings discusses instantaneous or real-time monitoring, integrated or continuous monitoring, personal monitoring and area monitoring. Techniques and equipment are discussed for various airborne particulates and gaseous agents. Integrated or continuous monitoring of sound as well as instantaneous or real-time monitoring of sound is explained. Evaluation of air temperature factors are discussed. Evaluations of the illumination, microwave radiation, electric and magnetic fields, ionizing radiation, air pressure, velocity and flow rate are presented. Excellent graphics help the reader understand the principles of instrumentation. A large and current bibliography by chapter is included at the end of the book. This state-of-the-art computerized graphics can be found throughout the book. A comprehensive index of both Volume I and Volume II is at the end of the book to aid the reader in easily finding necessary information. The reader is referred to the Volume II when appropriate. The book is user-friendly to a variety of individuals including generalalist professionals as well as specialists, industrial hygiene personnel, health and medical personnel, the media, supervisors and managers of environmental health and occupational health areas, and students. Individuals can easily gain appropriate and applicable standards, rules and regulations to help the individual increase knowledge in a given area or solve actual problems. The book is utilized to help individuals also prepare for registration examinations. The book is co-published with the National Environmental Health Association.

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037083

Category: Medical

Page: 4470

View: 2030

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International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues

Dein Körper: Das Missing Manual

Author: Matthew MacDonald

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897219646

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 324

View: 1925

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Wussten Sie, dass Sie Ihre äußere Hautschicht häufiger wechseln als eine Schlange? Oder dass Sie ohne bestimmte Arten von Bakterien anfälliger für Krankheiten und Allergien wären? Auf Basis aktuellster physiologischer und neurophysiologischer Erkenntnisse erklärt Matthew MacDonald präzise, verständlich und unterhaltsam alle wichtigen Körperfunktionen, gibt praktische Tipps, wie Sie Ihre „Hardware“ in Schuss halten, und räumt mit gängigen Vorurteilen auf. Aus dem Inhalt: - Ihre Haut. Warum die erste Verteidigungslinie Ihres Körpers aus toten Zellen besteht, wie Muttermale und Falten entstehen und was Antitranspirants gegen Körpergeruch ausrichten können. - Fett. Weshalb Ihr Körper Fett braucht, wie es gespeichert wird und warum Modediäten nichts bringen. - Ihr Herz. Wie Sie das Herzinfarktrisiko senken und was ein gutes Ausdauertraining ausmacht. - Ihr Verdauungssystem. Aus welchen Abschnitten Ihr gut 9 Meter langer Verdauungstrakt besteht und warum Ballaststoffe dort willkommen sind. - Ihr Immunsystem. Wie Ihr Körper sich gegen Eindringlinge wehrt, welche Bakterien und Viren sich bei Ihnen wohlfühlen und was normale Zellen dazu bringt, sich in Krebszellen zu verwandeln. - Sex und Fortpflanzung. Was männliche und weibliche Geschlechtsorgane auszeichnet sowie alles Wissenswerte über Fruchtbarkeit, weibliche Lust und die männliche Fixierung auf die Größe. - Alter und Tod. Warum wir altern, wie Sie möglichst lange möglichst fit bleiben und wie wir schließlich sterben.

Schädlinge und Krankheiten

Author: Pippa Greenwood,Andrew Halstead,Regine Gerst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783831013555

Category: Gartenpflanzen - Pflanzenkrankheit - Ratgeber

Page: 224

View: 5196

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Die Kunst des Heilens

eine medizinische Geschichte der Menschheit von der Antike bis heute

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827414540

Category: Medicine

Page: 818

View: 3728

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Zwischen Leben und Tod Ein faszinierender Aoeberblick A1/4ber fA1/4nf Jahrtausende Medizingeschichte -- von der Steinzeit bis zum New Age, von der Magie zur Molekularbiologie, begeisternd geschrieben und begeistert aufgenommen: ”Roy Porter ist ein brillanter Triumph gelungen.Evening Standard" ”Eine erstklassige EinfA1/4hrung in die Geschichte der Medizin.The Times" ”Roy Porters Mammut-Medizingeschichte ist eine auAerordentliche Leistung ... lebhaft und voller faszinierender Information.Observer" ”Lehrbuch-Geschichte der Spitzenklasse.Nature" ”Eine immens unterhaltsame Erkundung von Medizin und Geschichte. Von den JAgern und Sammlern bis zur Herztransplantation wird ein Geflecht von Ideen und Ereignissen gewoben, das nahtlos Medizin, Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Geschichte integriert. Ein verfA1/4hrerischer Sog entsteht ... Die Prosa flieAt mA1/4helos, das Material ist wohlorganisiert und in den Anekdoten faszinierend ... Eine groAartige LektA1/4re.British Journal of General Practice" ”Im Zentrum des nun deutsch vorliegenden Werkes stehen das Denken, Wissen und Handeln der A"rzte oder im weiteren Sinne Heiler; durchgAngig wird die Aufmerksamkeit auf den Kranken und die soziale Welt gelenkt, wird die Geschichte der Krankheit mit der Geschichte des Kranken verbunden ... Fachliches Wissen verbindet sich bei Porter mit einem Schreibstil, der auch den Laien zu fesseln vermag und den Fachmann A1/4berzeugt. Substanz und Humor mA1/4ssen sich, das lAsst sich hier einmal wieder eindrucksvoll nachvollziehen, keineswegs widersprechen. Abbildungen ergAnzen und vertiefen auf einleuchtende Weise den Text ... Das ebenso gehaltreiche wie stimulierende Werk von Roy Porter mAge viele Leser finden -- in der medizinhistorischen Zunft wie in der allgemeinen A-ffentlichkeit, auch unter Patienten und ihren AngehArigen.Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Dietrich von Engelhardt, Institut fA1/4r Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Medizinische UniversitAt zu LA1/4beck" Porters monumentales Buch verknA1/4pft in geschickter Weise zwei AnsAtze der Medizingeschichte miteinander. Zum einen stellen kurze, prAgnante Portraits jene vielfAltigen PersAnlichkeiten vor, deren Leistungen fA1/4r die stetige Entwicklung der Medizin von entscheidender Bedeutung waren. Zum anderen gelingt es dem Autor zugleich, jede Phase dieser komplexen Geschichte in ihren politischen, sozialen und demographischen Rahmen zu stellen. Dieser duale Ansatz spannt sich von den Berichten A1/4ber die medizinische Praxis im alten Griechenland, in China und in Indien A1/4ber die arabisch-islamische Periode und das Mittelalter hinweg bis zur Medizin der Gegenwart. Trotz aller FaktenfA1/4lle ist dieses gewichtige Werk aber so eloquent geschrieben, mit so viel Stil, Einsicht und Humor, dass man es kaum aus der Hand legen mag. Porter erweist den heutigen (und den zukA1/4nftigen) A"rzten wie der Fachgemeinschaft insgesamt einen groAen Dienst, indem er die aktuelle medizinische Landschaft in eine breite historische Perspektive stellt. Sein Buch ist spannendste Unterhaltung fA1/4r alle (medizin)historisch Interessierten und PflichtlektA1/4re fA1/4r all jene, die sich der schweren Aufgabe gewidmet haben, die Ziele der medizinischen TAtigkeit fA1/4r die Zukunft neu zu definieren.

Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 146496534X

Category: Science

Page: 931

View: 7476

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Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Wenn der Nagekäfer zweimal klopft

Das geheime Leben der Insekten

Author: Dave Goulson

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446447083

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 877

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Der britische Biologe Dave Goulson unternimmt eine Expedition auf den Planeten der Insekten – genauer auf die Blumenwiesen rund um sein marodes französisches Landhaus. Die Helden seiner Feldforschungsabenteuer sind nicht nur Bienen und Hummeln, sondern alles, was kreucht und fleucht: Grillen, Grashüpfer, Glühwürmchen – und Libellen, denen beim Liebemachen zuzusehen eine Freude ist. Goulson taucht dabei so tief ins Reich der Tiere ein wie kaum jemand zuvor. Ein Buch, das die entscheidende Bedeutung von Insekten für unsere Umwelt und das ganze globale Ökosystem beleuchtet. Und ein Weckruf, die Nutzung von Insektiziden zurückzufahren, um das Sterben der Bienen und anderer Bestäuber zu stoppen.

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963355

Category: Science

Page: 5106

View: 3689

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Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.