Trees, Woods and Forests

A Social and Cultural History

Author: Charles Watkins

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780234155

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 9402

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Forests—and the trees within them—have always been a central resource for the development of technology, culture, and the expansion of humans as a species. Examining and challenging our historical and modern attitudes toward wooded environments, this engaging book explores how our understanding of forests has transformed in recent years and how it fits in our continuing anxiety about our impact on the natural world. Drawing on the most recent work of historians, ecologist geographers, botanists, and forestry professionals, Charles Watkins reveals how established ideas about trees—such as the spread of continuous dense forests across the whole of Europe after the Ice Age—have been questioned and even overturned by archaeological and historical research. He shows how concern over woodland loss in Europe is not well founded—especially while tropical forests elsewhere continue to be cleared—and he unpicks the variety of values and meanings different societies have ascribed to the arboreal. Altogether, he provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary overview of humankind’s interaction with this abused but valuable resource.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 4449

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Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...

European Woods and Forests

Studies in Cultural History

Author: C. Watkins

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 4650

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This interdisciplinary work is derived from a conference of forest historians organized at Nottingham University in 1996, in association with the British Ecological Society and the International Union of Forest Research Organizations.

Trees in Art

Author: Charles Watkins

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781780239309

Category:

Page: 256

View: 4137

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In this superbly illustrated book, Charles Watkins explores the myth and magic of arboreal art. Enter the groves of the classical world, from Daphne's metamorphosis into a laurel tree to the gardens of Pompeii. The tree in sacred art is represented in master works by Botticelli and Michelangelo. The oak as a symbol of nationhood and liberty across Europe is revealed. The mystery and drama of forest interiors, the formal beauty of avenues of trees, the representation of forestry over the ages and the world of `more than real' trees in the fantastic and surreal art of Arcimboldo, William Blake, Arthur Rackham and Salvador Dali are each illuminated in fascinating detail, coming right up to date with Giuseppe Penone and Ai Wei Wei. Watkins also elucidates the practice of genius in how artists learned to draw trees. 0Each thematic chapter takes a breathtaking journey through centuries of artists' engagement and fascination with a natural form that seems to allegorize or mirror the human journey through life. Drawing on the author's deep knowledge of the history and ecology of trees, Trees in Art shows that we can learn much about ourselves from the art of trees.

Forest Policies and Social Change in England

Author: Sylvie Nail

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402083655

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 329

View: 8344

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Forestry has been witness to some dramatic changes in recent years, with several Western countries now moving away from the traditional model of regarding forests merely as sources of wood. Rather these countries are increasingly recognizing their forests as multi-purpose resources with roles which go far beyond simple economics. In this innovative book, Sylvie Nail uses England as a case study to explore the relationships between forests, society and public perceptions, raising important questions about forest policy and management both now and in the future. Adopting a sociological approach to forest policy and management, the book discusses the current validity of the two principles underlying forestry since the Middle Ages: first, that forestry should only exist when no better use of the land can be made, and second, that forestry itself should be profitable. The author stresses how values and perceptions shape policies, and conversely how policies can modify perceptions, and also how policies can fail if they do not take perceptions into account. She concludes that many of the issues facing English forestry in the 21st century – from leisure, health and amenity provision, through education and rural as well as urban regeneration, to biodiversity conservation – go well beyond both national borders and the scope of forestry. Indeed forestry in the 21st century seems to be less about planting and managing trees than about being a vector and a mirror of social change. This novel synthesis provides a valuable resource for advanced students and researchers from all areas of natural resource studies, including those interested in social history, socio-economics, cultural geography and environmental psychology, as well as those studying landscape ecology, environmental history, policy analysis and natural resource management.

The Forest and the City

The Cultural Landscape of Urban Woodland

Author: Cecil C. Konijnendijk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402083718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 246

View: 8620

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Amsterdamse Bos, Bois de Boulogne, Epping Forest, Grunewald, Zoniënwoud; throughout history, cities in Europe and elsewhere have developed close relationships with nearby woodland areas. In some cases, cities have even developed – and in some cases are promoting – a distinct ‘forest identity’. This book introduces the rich heritage of these city forests as cultural landscapes, and shows that cities and forests can be mutually beneficial. Essential reading for students and researchers interested in urban sustainability and urban forestry, this book also has much wider appeal. For with city forests playing an increasingly important role in local government sustainability programs, it provides an important reference for those involved in urban planning and decision making, public affairs and administration, and even public health. From providers of livelihoods to healthy recreational environments, and from places of inspiration and learning to a source of conflict, the book presents examples of city forests from around the world. These cases clearly illustrate how the social and cultural development of towns and forests has often gone hand in hand. They also reveal how better understanding of city forests as distinct cultural and social phenomena can help to strengthen synergies both between cities and forests, and between urban society and nature.

Umwelt und Geschichte in Deutschland und Großbritannien / Environment and History in Britain and Germany

Author: Franz Bosbach,Jens-Ivo Engels,Fiona Watson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110936755

Category: History

Page: 155

View: 503

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Within Europe Great Britain and Germany are leading the way when it comes to environmental-historical debates. This volume documents the first explicit exchange between German and British environmental historians concerning their respective topics and methods, which took place at the 24th meeting of the Prince Albert Society under the heading "Environment and History in Britain and Germany". Articles by one renowned German and one renowned British environmental historian are included in each case on each of the following subjects: "Environmental Historiography", "Resources and Sustainability", "The Challenges of Industrialization and Urbanization", as well as "Protecting the Environment". The book provides a fascinating insight into two scientific cultures and documents the central importance of environmental history for the understanding of modern societies.

Der Ruf der Stille

Die Geschichte eines Mannes, der 27 Jahre in den Wäldern verschwand

Author: Michael Finkel

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641169240

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 3691

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Sehnsucht nach Stille - wie Christopher Knight 27 Jahre in der Wildnis lebte. Im Sommer 1986 begibt sich Christopher Knight auf einen Roadtrip von Massachusetts nach Maine und verschwindet in den Wäldern. 27 Jahre lang bleibt er dort, abgeschieden von der Welt, ohne menschlichen Kontakt, bis er wegen Diebstahls gefasst wird: Er hatte Essen geklaut. In einem einfachen Zelt überlebte Knight die härtesten Winter, weil er klug wie ein Eichhörnchen Vorräte gebunkert und alles darauf ausgerichtet hatte, nicht zu erfrieren. In den nahegelegenen Ferienhäusern versorgte er sich mit Lebensmitteln, Kleidung und Büchern und verstörte als unheimliches Phantom die Bewohner von North Pond. Der Journalist Michael Finkel hat das außergewöhnliche Leben des Chris Knight dokumentiert. Entstanden ist eine fesselnde Story, die den fundamentalen Fragen über ein gutes Leben nachgeht und das tief bewegende Porträt eines Mannes hinterlässt, der sich seinen Traum erfüllte: ein Leben in absoluter Stille.

Forest History

International Studies on Socio-economic and Forest Ecosystem Change : Report No. 2 of the IUFRO Task Force on Environmental Change

Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Steven Anderson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851994199

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 6579

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This book presents edited and revised versions of more than 30 papers selected from those presented at a major conference on History and Forest Resources, held in Florence in 1998. As a whole the papers present detailed analysis of the interrelationships between forest ecosystems and socioeconomic delveopment for thirtteen different countries of the world. Main economic and social factors, techniques and local practices, as well as legal and political aspects related to forest changes are discussed, according to the latest achievements in forest history research.

Aus hartem Holz

Roman

Author: Annie Proulx

Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag

ISBN: 3641192064

Category: Fiction

Page: 896

View: 3015

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Annie Proulxs erster Roman seit über zehn Jahren, das lang erwartete Meisterwerk der Pulitzerpreisträgerin: ein monumentales Epos, das lebensprall, sprachgewaltig und intensiv dreihundert Jahre nordamerikanischer Geschichte einfängt und von der Abholzung der scheinbar endlosen Wälder erzählt, vom ewigen Kampf zwischen Mensch und Natur.

Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge

Sustaining Communities, Ecosystems and Biocultural Diversity

Author: John A. Parrotta,Ronald L. Trosper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400721449

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 3107

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Exploring a topic of vital and ongoing importance, Traditional Forest Knowledge examines the history, current status and trends in the development and application of traditional forest knowledge by local and indigenous communities worldwide. It considers the interplay between traditional beliefs and practices and formal forest science and interrogates the often uneasy relationship between these different knowledge systems. The contents also highlight efforts to conserve and promote traditional forest management practices that balance the environmental, economic and social objectives of forest management. It places these efforts in the context of recent trends towards the devolution of forest management authority in many parts of the world. The book includes regional chapters covering North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and the Australia-Pacific region. As well as relating the general factors mentioned above to these specific areas, these chapters cover issues of special regional significance, such as the importance of traditional knowledge and practices for food security, economic development and cultural identity. Other chapters examine topics ranging from key policy issues to the significant programs of regional and international organisations, and from research ethics and best practices for scientific study of traditional knowledge to the adaptation of traditional forest knowledge to climate change and globalisation.

Communities and Forest Management in Western Europe

A Regional Profile of WG-CIFM the Working Group on Community Involvement in Forest Management

Author: Sally Jeanrenaud

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 9782831705569

Category: Nature

Page: 150

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Fourth in the series, this profile explores the diverse and changing nature of Community Involvement in Forest Management (CIFM) in Western Europe. It provides some comparative European-level data on important social institutions which shape patterns of community involvement in forestry, and it briefly examines different national contexts. Through 12 case studies, this publication discusses some of the main economic, social, ecological and policy opportunities and challenges of CIFM in Europe, and outlines the principal lessons learned according to three key groups of actors: governments, NGOs and local communities. The profile also proposes some recommendations for policy and action in Europe.

Urban Forests, Trees, and Greenspace

A Political Ecology Perspective

Author: L. Anders Sandberg,Adrina Bardekjian,Sadia Butt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113468763X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 332

View: 959

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Urban forests, trees and greenspace are critical in contemporary planning and development of the city. Their study is not only a question of the growth and conservation of green spaces, but also has social, cultural and psychological dimensions. This book brings a perspective of political ecology to the complexities of urban trees and forests through three themes: human agency in urban forests and greenspace; arboreal and greenspace agency in the urban landscape; and actions and interventions in the urban forest. Contributors include leading authorities from North America and Europe from a range of disciplines, including forestry, ecology, geography, landscape design, municipal planning, environmental policy and environmental history.

The Cultural Geography of Early Modern Drama, 1620–1650

Author: Julie Sanders

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497340

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

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Literary geographies is an exciting new area of interdisciplinary research. Innovative and engaging, this book applies theories of landscape, space and place from the discipline of cultural geography within an early modern historical context. Different kinds of drama and performance are analysed: from commercial drama by key playwrights to household masques and entertainment performed by families and in semi-official contexts. Sanders provides a fresh look at works from the careers of Ben Jonson, John Milton and Richard Brome, paying attention to geographical spaces and habitats like forests, coastlines and arctic landscapes of ice and snow, as well as the more familiar locales of early modern country estates and city streets and spaces. Overall, the book encourages readers to think about geography as kinetic, embodied and physical, not least in its literary configurations, presenting a key contribution to early modern scholarship.

Das Seelenleben der Tiere

Liebe, Trauer, Mitgefühl - erstaunliche Einblicke in eine verborgene Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641189802

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 8425

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Das neue Buch des SPIEGEL-Bestsellerautors Fürsorgliche Eichhörnchen, treu liebende Kolkraben, mitfühlende Waldmäuse und trauernde Hirschkühe – sind das nicht Gefühle, die allein dem Menschen vorbehalten sind? Der passionierte Förster und Bestsellerautor Peter Wohlleben lehrt uns das Staunen über die ungeahnte Gefühlswelt der Tiere. Anhand neuester wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse und anschaulicher Geschichten nimmt er uns mit in eine kaum ergründete Welt: die komplexen Verhaltensweisen der Tiere im Wald und auf dem Hof, ihr emotionales und bewusstes Leben. Und wir begreifen: Tiere sind uns näher, als wir je gedacht hätten. Faszinierend, erhellend, bisweilen unglaublich!

A Walk in the Woods

Exploring Britain's Greatest Woodland

Author: Archie Miles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780711229570

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: 208

View: 2952

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An illustrated tour of fifty of Britain's greatest woodland walks with specialist tree photographer and writer Archie Miles, published in association with the Woodland Trust. From beech woods, oak woods and pine woods to ancient forest, coastal woodland, ravine woodland and the very best arboreta, A Walk in the Woods ranges over twenty-five different topics and a wide geographical range, and includes encounters with some of Britain's most ancient and characterful trees. Complementing and crowning the series of nine regional woodland walking guides already published by Frances Lincoln, the book includes a Gazetteer with brief descriptive details and access information for the featured sites plus a shortlist of some of the best of the rest. The readable and deeply informed text describes the physical topography of each site, in context with the regional characteristics, incorporating information on vegetation, flora, wildlife habitats (with particular reference to rare, endangered or site specific species), as well as a wealth of social, cultural or industrial history. Spellbinding photographs taken throughout the seasons show the diverse interiors of the woodlands, with a range of views into and out of the woods, placing them in their landscape context. Also included are accompanying images of woodland details - fungi, flowers, wildlife, and historic features.


Eine Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis

Author: George Berkeley

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843099189

Category: Philosophy

Page: 100

View: 3497

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George Berkeley: Eine Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis Treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge. Erstdruck: Dublin 1710. Der Text folgt der ersten deutschen Übersetzung durch Friedrich Ueberweg von 1869. – Die der Vorlage beigegebene Errata-Liste wurde in den Text eingearbeitet. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: George Berkeley's Abhandlung über die Principien der menschlichen Erkenntnis. In's Deutsche übersetzt und mit erläuternden und prüfenden Anmerkungen versehen von Friedrich Ueberweg, Berlin: L. Heimann, 1869 (Philosophische Bibliothek, Bd. 12). Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: George Berkeley als Bischof von John Smybert (1688–1751). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Modern Forests

Statemaking and Environmental Change in Colonial Eastern India

Author: K. Sivaramakrishnan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804745567

Category: Nature

Page: 376

View: 9739

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Modern Forests is an environmental, institutional, and cultural history of forestry in colonial eastern India. By carefully examining the influence of regional political formations and biogeographic processes on land and forest management, this book offers an analysis of the interrelated social and biophysical factors that influenced landscape change. Through a cultural analysis of powerful landscape representations, Modern Forests reveals the contention, debates, and uncertainty that persisted for two hundred years of colonial rule as forests were identified, classified, and brought under different regimes of control and were transformed to serve a variety of imperial and local interests. The author examines the regionally varied conditions that generated widely different kinds of forest management systems, and the ways in which certain ideas and forces became dominant at various times. Through this emphasis on regional socio-political processes and ecologies, the author offers a new way to write environmental history. Instead of making a sharp distinction between third-world and first-world experiences in forest management, the book suggests a potential for cross-continental comparative studies through regional analyses. The book also offers an approach to historical anthropology that does not make apolitical separations between foreign and indigenous views of the world of nature, insisting instead that different cultural repertoires for discerning the natural, and using it, can be fashioned out of shared concerns within and across social groups. The politics of such cultural construction, the book argues, must be studied through institutional histories and ethnographies of statemaking. In conclusion, the author offers a genealogy of development as it can be traced from forest conservation in colonial eastern India.