Vector and Geometric Calculus

Author: Alan Macdonald

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781480132450

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

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This textbook for the undergraduate vector calculus course presents a unified treatment of vector and geometric calculus. It is a sequel to the text Linear and Geometric Algebra by the same author. That text is a prerequisite for this one. Linear algebra and vector calculus have provided the basic vocabulary of mathematics in dimensions greater than one for the past one hundred years. Just as geometric algebra generalizes linear algebra in powerful ways, geometric calculus generalizes vector calculus in powerful ways. Traditional vector calculus topics are covered, as they must be, since readers will encounter them in other texts and out in the world. Differential geometry is used today in many disciplines. A final chapter is devoted to it. Visit the book's web site: http: //faculty.luther.edu/ macdonal/vagc to download the table of contents, preface, and index. This is a third printing, corrected and slightly revised. From a review of Linear and Geometric Algebra Alan Macdonald's text is an excellent resource if you are just beginning the study of geometric algebra and would like to learn or review traditional linear algebra in the process. The clarity and evenness of the writing, as well as the originality of presentation that is evident throughout this text, suggest that the author has been successful as a mathematics teacher in the undergraduate classroom. This carefully crafted text is ideal for anyone learning geometric algebra in relative isolation, which I suspect will be the case for many readers. -- Jeffrey Dunham, William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Natural Sciences, Middlebury College

Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus

A Unified Language for Mathematics and Physics

Author: D. Hestenes,Garret Sobczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400962924

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 8613

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Matrix algebra has been called "the arithmetic of higher mathematics" [Be]. We think the basis for a better arithmetic has long been available, but its versatility has hardly been appreciated, and it has not yet been integrated into the mainstream of mathematics. We refer to the system commonly called 'Clifford Algebra', though we prefer the name 'Geometric Algebm' suggested by Clifford himself. Many distinct algebraic systems have been adapted or developed to express geometric relations and describe geometric structures. Especially notable are those algebras which have been used for this purpose in physics, in particular, the system of complex numbers, the quatemions, matrix algebra, vector, tensor and spinor algebras and the algebra of differential forms. Each of these geometric algebras has some significant advantage over the others in certain applications, so no one of them provides an adequate algebraic structure for all purposes of geometry and physics. At the same time, the algebras overlap considerably, so they provide several different mathematical representations for individual geometrical or physical ideas.


Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions

Author: Ann Hirst

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080572014

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

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Vectors in 2 or 3 Dimensions provides an introduction to vectors from their very basics. The author has approached the subject from a geometrical standpoint and although applications to mechanics will be pointed out and techniques from linear algebra employed, it is the geometric view which is emphasised throughout. Properties of vectors are initially introduced before moving on to vector algebra and transformation geometry. Vector calculus as a means of studying curves and surfaces in 3 dimensions and the concept of isometry are introduced later, providing a stepping stone to more advanced theories. * Adopts a geometric approach * Develops gradually, building from basics to the concept of isometry and vector calculus * Assumes virtually no prior knowledge * Numerous worked examples, exercises and challenge questions

Complex Numbers and Vectors

Author: Les Evans

Publisher: Aust Council for Ed Research

ISBN: 0864315325

Category: Education

Page: 168

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Complex Numbers and Vectors draws on the power of intrigue and uses appealing applications from navigation, global positioning systems, earthquakes, circus acts and stories from mathematical history to explain the mathematics of vectors and the discoveries of complex numbers. The text includes historical and background material, discussion of key concepts, skills and processes, commentary on teaching and learning approaches, comprehensive illustrative examples with related tables, graphs and diagrams throughout, references for each chapter (text and web-based), student activities and sample solution notes, and an extensive bibliography.

Geometric Algebra Applications Vol. I

Computer Vision, Graphics and Neurocomputing

Author: Eduardo Bayro-Corrochano

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319748300

Category: Computers

Page: 742

View: 8353

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The goal of the Volume I Geometric Algebra for Computer Vision, Graphics and Neural Computing is to present a unified mathematical treatment of diverse problems in the general domain of artificial intelligence and associated fields using Clifford, or geometric, algebra. Geometric algebra provides a rich and general mathematical framework for Geometric Cybernetics in order to develop solutions, concepts and computer algorithms without losing geometric insight of the problem in question. Current mathematical subjects can be treated in an unified manner without abandoning the mathematical system of geometric algebra for instance: multilinear algebra, projective and affine geometry, calculus on manifolds, Riemann geometry, the representation of Lie algebras and Lie groups using bivector algebras and conformal geometry. By treating a wide spectrum of problems in a common language, this Volume I offers both new insights and new solutions that should be useful to scientists, and engineers working in different areas related with the development and building of intelligent machines. Each chapter is written in accessible terms accompanied by numerous examples, figures and a complementary appendix on Clifford algebras, all to clarify the theory and the crucial aspects of the application of geometric algebra to problems in graphics engineering, image processing, pattern recognition, computer vision, machine learning, neural computing and cognitive systems.

Calculus in 3D: Geometry, Vectors, and Multivariate Calculus

Author: Zbigniew Nitecki

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470443600

Category: Calculus

Page: 405

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Calculus in 3D is an accessible, well-written textbook for an honors course in multivariable calculus for mathematically strong first- or second-year university students. The treatment given here carefully balances theoretical rigor, the development of student facility in the procedures and algorithms, and inculcating intuition into underlying geometric principles. The focus throughout is on two or three dimensions. All of the standard multivariable material is thoroughly covered, including vector calculus treated through both vector fields and differential forms. There are rich collections of problems ranging from the routine through the theoretical to deep, challenging problems suitable for in-depth projects. Linear algebra is developed as needed. Unusual features include a rigorous formulation of cross products and determinants as oriented area, an in-depth treatment of conics harking back to the classical Greek ideas, and a more extensive than usual exploration and use of parametrized curves and surfaces. Zbigniew Nitecki is Professor of Mathematics at Tufts University and a leading authority on smooth dynamical systems. He is the author of Differentiable Dynamics, MIT Press; Differential Equations, A First Course (with M. Guterman), Saunders; Differential Equations with Linear Algebra (with M. Guterman), Saunders; and Calculus Deconstructed, AMS.


Vector calculus

Author: Thomas H. Barr

Publisher: Pearson College Div

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

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This brief book presents an accessible treatment of multivariable calculus with an early emphasis on linear algebra as a tool. Its organization draws strong analogies with the basic ideas of elementary calculus (derivative, integral, and fundamental theorem). Traditional in approach, it is written with an assumption that the student reader may have computing facilities for two- and three-dimensional graphics, and for doing symbolic algebra. Chapter topics include coordinate and vector geometry, differentiation, applications of differentiation, integration, and fundamental theorems. For those with knowledge of introductory calculus in a wide range of disciplines including—but not limited to—mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, and economics.

Vektoranalysis

Author: Klaus Jänich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540571421

Category: Lehrbuch - Differenzierbare Mannigfaltigkeit - Vektoranalysis

Page: 275

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Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Fl chen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integrals tzen von Gau, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalk l mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grunds tzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgf ltig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr pers nliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen B chern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte bungsaufgaben, ber 100 Tests mit Antworten machen, auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

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Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.


Multivariable Calculus and Mathematica®

With Applications to Geometry and Physics

Author: Kevin R. Coombes,Ronald Lipsman,Jonathan Rosenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387983608

Category: Mathematics

Page: 283

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Aiming to "modernise" the course through the integration of Mathematica, this publication introduces students to its multivariable uses, instructs them on its use as a tool in simplifying calculations, and presents introductions to geometry, mathematical physics, and kinematics. The authors make it clear that Mathematica is not algorithms, but at the same time, they clearly see the ways in which Mathematica can make things cleaner, clearer and simpler. The sets of problems give students an opportunity to practice their newly learned skills, covering simple calculations, simple plots, a review of one-variable calculus using Mathematica for symbolic differentiation, integration and numerical integration, and also cover the practice of incorporating text and headings into a Mathematica notebook. The accompanying diskette contains both Mathematica 2.2 and 3.0 version notebooks, as well as sample examination problems for students, which can be used with any standard multivariable calculus textbook. It is assumed that students will also have access to an introductory primer for Mathematica.


Vector Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Forms

A Unified Approach

Author: John H. Hubbard,Barbara Burke Hubbard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780136574460

Category: Mathematics

Page: 687

View: 3637

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This text covers most of the standard topics in multivariate calculus and part of a standard first course in linear algebra. It focuses on underlying ideas, integrates theory and applications, offers a host of pedagogical aids, and features coverage of differential forms and an emphasis on numerical methods to prepare students for modern applications of mathematics. *Covers important material that is usually omitted. *Presents more difficult and longer proofs (e.g. Proofs of the Kantorovitch theorem, the implicit function theorem) in an appendix. *Makes a careful distinction between vectors and points. *Features an innovative approach to the implicit function theorem and inverse function theorem using Newton's method. *Always emphasizes the underlying meaning - what is really going on (generally, with a geometric interpretation) - eg. The chain rule is a composition of linear transformations; the point of the implicit function theorem is to guarantee that under certain circumstances, non-linear equations have solutions. *Integrates theory and applications. *Begins most chapters with a treatment of a linear problem and then shows how the 7 methods apply to corresponding non-linear p

Fundamentals of Grid Generation

Author: Stanley Steinberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849389870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

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Fundamentals of Grid Generation is an outstanding text/reference designed to introduce students in applied mathematics, mechanical engineering, and aerospace engineering to structured grid generation. It provides excellent reference material for practitioners in industry, and it presents new concepts to researchers. Readers will learn what boundary-conforming grids are, how to generate them, and how to devise their own methods. The text is written in a clear, intuitive style that doesn't get bogged down in unnecessary abstractions. Topics covered include planar, surface, and 3-D grid generation; numerical techniques; solution adaptivity; the finite volume approach to discretization of hosted equations; concepts from elementary differential geometry; and the transformation of differential operators to general coordinate systems. The book also reviews the literature on algebraic, conformal, orthogonal, hyperbolic, parabolic, elliptic, biharmonic, and variational approaches to grid generation. This unique volume closes with the author's original methods of variational grid generation.

Advanced Calculus

Third Edition

Author: R. Creighton Buck

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 147860820X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 622

View: 7251

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Demonstrating analytical and numerical techniques for attacking problems in the application of mathematics, this well-organized, clearly written text presents the logical relationship and fundamental notations of analysis. Buck discusses analysis not solely as a tool, but as a subject in its own right. This skill-building volume familiarizes students with the language, concepts, and standard theorems of analysis, preparing them to read the mathematical literature on their own. The text revisits certain portions of elementary calculus and gives a systematic, modern approach to the differential and integral calculus of functions and transformations in several variables, including an introduction to the theory of differential forms. The material is structured to benefit those students whose interests lean toward either research in mathematics or its applications.

Geometric Calculus

According to the Ausdehnungslehre of H. Grassmann

Author: Giuseppe Peano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461221323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 150

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Calcolo Geometrico, G. Peano's first publication in mathematical logic, is a model of expository writing, with a significant impact on 20th century mathematics. Kannenberg's lucid and crisp translation, Geometric Calculus, will appeal to historians of mathematics, researchers, graduate students, and general readers interested in the foundations of mathematics and the development of a formal logical language. The book has never been reprinted in its entirety, and only two chapters have ever been translated into English. Readers of this valuable translation will gain insight into the work of a distinguished mathematician and founder of mathematical logic.