VIETNAMESE REFUGEES IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN CAMPS ST ANTONY S SERIES
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As European security structures are undergoing transformation in the 1990s it is crucial to examine their origins and rationale: NATO secured peace and facilitated economic and political co-operation, while also becoming the vehicle of national rivalry. This book examines why and how NATO came into existence, and what its strengths and weaknesses were during its formative years. It draws conclusions from these experiences relevant to the reforms of Western security structures in the 1990s.
In this book, an innovative approach to the study of ideology in the Arab world explores how, through culture and the re-interpretation of history, a powerful totalitarian regime has endeavoured to cement internal unity among Iraq's diverse ethnic and religious communities. The book analyzes the ways in which, to imbue its citizens with a common destiny of Arab leadership, this regime has set out to convince the Iraqi people to see themselves as the heirs of all the great civilizations of Mesopotamia.
Between 1977 and 1985, some 20,000 Ethiopian Jews left their homes in Ethiopia and embarked on a secret and highly traumatic exodus to Israel. Due to various political circumstances they had to leave their homes in haste, go a long way on foot through unknown country, and stay for a period of one or two years in refugee camps, until they were brought to Israel. The difficult conditions of the journey included racial tensions, attacks by bandits, night travel over mountains, incarceration, illness, and death. A fifth of the group did not survive the journey. This interdisciplinary, ground-breaking book focuses on the experience of this journey, its meaning for the people who made it, and its relation to the initial encounter with Israeli society. The author argues that powerful processes occur on such journeys that affect the individual and community in life-changing ways, including their initial encounter with and adaptation to their new society. Analyzing the psychosocial impact of the journey, he examines the relations between coping and meaning, trauma and culture, and discusses personal development and growth. "His beautifully written bookof great importancebrings the reader close to a community whose miraculous destiny serves as an inspiration."--Elie Wiesel Gadi BenEzer is a senior lecturer of psychology and anthropology at the Department of Behavioral Sciences in the College of Management in Tel Aviv. In the last two decades, he has worked as a psychotherapist and organizational psychologist with the Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel. He has written extensively on Ethiopian Jews, trauma and life stories, and cross-cultural psychotherapy. His book on the immigration and integration of the Ethiopian Jews has become the main text on the subject in Israel.
Essays on the War, the South Vietnamese Experience, the Diaspora and the Continuing Impact
Author: Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen
"Forty years after the fall of Saigon, this important collection provides fresh insights into the history of the Vietnam War and the multiple ways its political and cultural legacies continue to reverberate around the world. This is not only a timely and highly interesting volume, but also one that breaks new ground in bringing cross-disciplinary perspectives to bear in the reassessment of the Vietnam War."—Kate Darian-Smith, University of Melbourne "Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen brings together a range of scholarly approaches in offering fresh perspectives on the Vietnam War. In particular, the firm redirection of attention to the Republic of Vietnam, its institutions and citizens is a most welcome development and one that should prompt a rebalancing of historical accounts which, till now, have largely elided the South Vietnamese from their history. Solidly based on a wide range of public, private, published and archival sources in English, French and Vietnamese, New Perceptions of the Vietnam War will offer much of interest to all those with an interest in one of the most important Cold War conflicts of the second half of the 20th century."--Jeffrey Grey, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy. The effects of the Vietnam War outside the borders of the Vietnamese state are ongoing. The presence of substantial Vietnamese communities in countries that participated in the conflict is contributing to changing interpretations of the war. This international collection of essays examines the war from new perspectives--including those of the Vietnamese diaspora--and explores ways in which perceptions of the war been have altered in recent years. The war is examined through the lens of history, politics, biography and literature, with Vietnamese, American, Australian and French scholars providing new insights on its reassessment. Twelve chapters cover South Vietnamese leadership and policies, women and civilians, veterans overseas, the involvement of smaller allies in the war (Australia), accounts by U.S., Australian and South Vietnamese servicemen as well as those of Indigenous soldiers in the U.S. and Australia, memorials and commemoration, and the legacy of war on individual lives, memories and government policy.
This book looks at the implications of financial liberalization for three southern European countries - Greece, Portugal and Spain. These countries have been carrying out their own financial liberalization and have also to respond to pressures for financial liberalization emanating from EC-wide measures. This book examines the relationship between domestic and international financial liberalization. In particular, it considers the implications for the real economy, for the stability and structure of the financial system and for macroeconomic policy in these countries.
Alan Garcia took on a tough assignment when he became President of Peru in July 1985. Longstanding structural problems--the legacy of a very unequal pattern of development, a yawning gap in living standards, a weak import-dependent industrial base, an inefficient and ill-funded state--combined with newer problems like the effects of the debt crisis and the upsurge of guerrilla violence to provide a particularly difficult inheritance. Initially Garcia was surprisingly successful in trying to tackle some of these problems. Then his government's strategy went awry. As he left office in 1990, Peru's social, economic and political ills looked worse than ever. On the right his critics blamed him for not liberalizing the economy and for his aggressive attitude toward the international financial community. On the left he was attacked for not going far enough, fast enough, in the opposite direction. In this book, the first balanced assessment of the Garcia years, John Crabtree rises above these polemical claims and counter-claims, and charts the rise and fall of Peru's First ever APRA government, analyzing the causes of its undoing. His study stresses the political as well as the economic constraints, and gives due emphasis to the extraordinary impact of the country's Maoist fundamentalists, Sendero Luminoso, in undermining the authority of government.
Depuis 30 ans, des milliers d'hommes et de femmes originaires du Vietnam ont quitté leur pays pour venir s'installer au Canada et au Québec, et ce, dans des conditions souvent difficiles. Aujourd'hui, la communauté vietnamienne compte plus de 25 000 personnes à Montréal et dans sa région. Ce n'est certes pas la plus nombreuse dans le paysage ethnique montréalais, mais elle y occupe une place importante. La plupart des Viéto-Montréalais se sont admirablement bien adaptés à leur société d'accueil et leurs expériences migratoires demeurent singulières. Mais les connaissons-nous vraiment? Que savons-nous de leur vie familiale, de leurs activités économiques et de leurs croyances religieuses? Quelle est la situation des jeunes? Par delà la simple description, les auteurs tentent de saisir les mécanismes ayant permis à cette communauté de bâtir au Québec une vie économique, sociale et culturelle nouvelle, en adéquation avec son identité. La notion de "capital social ", largement abordée ici, permet de mieux comprendre comment les familles et les communautés immigrées établissent des relations solides à l'intérieur comme à l'extérieur de leur groupe d'origine. Tout au long de cet ouvrage qui privilégie une approche anthropologique, le lecteur pourra comprendre comment les Viéto-Montréalais ont su tirer parti du multiculturalisme ambiant pour mieux s'adapter et s'intégrer.