A Companion to Political Geography

Author: John A. Agnew,Katharyne Mitchell,Gerard Toal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470998938

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1380

Release On

A Companion to Political Geography presents students and researchers with a substantial survey of this active and vibrant field. Introduces the best thinking in contemporary political geography. Contributions written by scholars whose work has helped to shape the discipline. Includes work at the cutting edge of the field. Covers the latest theoretical developments.

Understanding and Measuring Social Capital

A Multidisciplinary Tool for Practitioners

Author: Christiaan Grootaert,Thierry Van Bastelaer

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821350683

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7002

Release On

This work details various methods of gauging social capital and provides illustrative case studies from Mali and India. It also offers a measuring instrument, the Social Capital Assessment Tool, that combines quantitative and qualitative approaches.

Secession and Security

Explaining State Strategy against Separatists

Author: Ahsan I. Butt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501713965

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 8522

Release On

"The book is an excellent addition to the scholarly literature on subnational movements, both past and present, offering a range of insights to policymakers across the globe."—Ayesha Jalal, author of The Struggle for Pakistan "With judicious use of empirical evidence and rich case studies, Ahsan I. Butt makes a compelling case that states’ responses to secessionist movements turn to a considerable degree on their external security environments."—S. Paul Kapur, author of Jihad as Grand Strategy In Secession and Security, Ahsan I. Butt argues that states, rather than separatists, determine whether a secessionist struggle will be peaceful, violent, or genocidal. He investigates the strategies, ranging from negotiated concessions to large-scale repression, adopted by states in response to separatist movements. Variations in the external security environment, Butt argues, influenced the leaders of the Ottoman Empire to use peaceful concessions against Armenians in 1908 but escalated to genocide against the same community in 1915; caused Israel to reject a Palestinian state in the 1990s; and shaped peaceful splits in Czechoslovakia in 1993 and the Norway-Sweden union in 1905. Using more than one hundred interviews and extensive archival data, Butt focuses on two main cases—Pakistani reactions to Bengali and Baloch demands for independence in the 1970s and India’s responses to secessionist movements in Kashmir, Punjab, and Assam in the 1980s and 1990s. Butt’s deep historical approach to his subject will appeal to policymakers and observers interested in the last five decades of geopolitics in South Asia, the contemporary Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and ethno-national conflict, separatism, and nationalism more generally.

Assessing Low-Carbon Development in Nigeria

An Analysis of Four Sectors

Author: Raffaello Cervigni,Irina Dvorak,John Allen Rogers

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082139973X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 422

View: 5181

Release On

The Federal Government of Nigeria has adopted Vision 20: 2020—an ambitious strategy to make Nigeriathe world's 20th largest economy by 2020. In the absence of policies to accompany economic growth in keycarbon-emitting sectors with a reduced carbon footprint, emission of greenhouse gases could more thandouble in the next two decades.To evaluate how to achieve the objectives of Vision 20: 2020 with reduced carbon emissions, the FederalGovernment of Nigeria and the World Bank undertook a multiyear program of analytical work. The summaryresults of this program are contained in a separate book (published in the World Bank's “Directions in Development”series) entitled Low-Carbon Development: Opportunities for Nigeria, which concludes that Nigeria canachieve its development objectives, while stabilizing emissions at 2010 levels and providing domestic benefi tson the order of 2 percent of GDP.This volume is a collection of the background technical reports on the four sectors of inquiry: agriculture andland use, oil and gas, power, and transport. It contains details on the data, methodology, and assumptions usedthroughout the analysis.For agriculture and land use, the study team developed an agriculture production growth model, whichpermits the evaluation of sector emissions in both a reference and a low-carbon scenario. The study fi nds thatlow-carbon practices have signifi cant potential to make the sector more productive and more climate-resilient.For the oil and gas sector, the analysis assesses the potential of accelerated phase-put of gas fl aring, reductionof leakages, and increased energy effi ciency in the operation of facilities, to both reduce the sector's emissionand contribute to the industry's net revenues and growth. The analysis of the power sector shows how thecountry can expand power generation and broaden access to electricity while reducing associated emissions,through renewable energy, energy effi ciency, and lower-carbon technologies in thermal power generation.Finally, this analysis assesses the expected growth in CO2 emissions from on-road transport under a normalbusiness development scenario up to the year 2035, and it identifi es actions at national and local levels thatwould reduce this growth, resulting in fuel economies, better air quality, and reduced congestion.Assessing Low-Carbon Development in Nigeria: An Analysis of Four Sectors outlines several actions that theNigerian government could undertake to facilitate the transition to a low-carbon economy.

The Politics of Cyberconflict

Author: Athina Karatzogianni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134154240

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6928

Release On

The Politics of Cyberconflict focuses on the implications that the phenomenon of cyberconflict (conflict in computer mediated enivironments and the internet) has on politics, society and culture. Athina Karatzogianni proposes a new framework for analyzing this new phenomenon, which distinguishes between two types of cyberconflict, ethnoreligious and sociopolitical, and uses theories of conflict, social movement and the media. A comprehensive survey of content, opinion and theory in several connected fields, relating not only to information warfare and cyberconflict, but also social movements and ethnoreligious movements is included. Hacking between ethnoreligious groups, and the use of the internet in events in China, the Israel-Palestine conflict, India-Pakistan conflict, as well as the antiglobalization and antiwar movements and the 2003 Iraq War are covered in detail. This is essential reading for all students of new technology, politics, sociology and conflict studies.


Security and Privacy

Global Standards for Ethical Identity Management in Contemporary Liberal Democratic States

Author: John Kleinig,Seumas Miller,Peter Mameli,Douglas Salane,Adina Schwartz

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921862580

Category: Political Science

Page: 291

View: 4755

Release On

This study is principally concerned with the ethical dimensions of identity management technology - electronic surveillance, the mining of personal data, and profiling - in the context of transnational crime and global terrorism. The ethical challenge at the heart of this study is to establish an acceptable and sustainable equilibrium between two central moral values in contemporary liberal democracies, namely, security and privacy. Both values are essential to individual liberty, but they come into conflict in times when civil order is threatened, as has been the case from late in the twentieth century, with the advent of global terrorism and trans-national crime. We seek to articulate legally sustainable, politically possible, and technologically feasible, global ethical standards for identity management technology and policies in liberal democracies in the contemporary global security context. Although the standards in question are to be understood as global ethical standards potentially to be adopted not only by the United States, but also by the European Union, India, Australasia, and other contemporary liberal democratic states, we take as our primary focus the tensions that have arisen between the United States and the European Union.

Social Movements

An Introduction

Author: Donatella della Porta,Mario Diani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148217

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3223

Release On

Social Movements is a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in society today. In this new edition, the authors have updated all chapters with the most recent scientific literature, expanded on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Draws on research and empirical work across the social sciences to address the key questions in this international field. New edition expands on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Has been redesigned in a more user-friendly format.

Synopsis: Global Nutrition Report 2015

Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896298876

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 1409

Release On

As we move into the post-2015 era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. Malnutrition should not be one of them. Countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so, and the incentives to improve nutrition are strong. Good nutrition provides a vital foundation for human development, central to meeting our full potential. When nutrition status improves, it leads to a host of positive outcomes for individuals and families. Many more children will live to see their fifth birthdays, their growth will be less disrupted, and they will gain in height and weight. They will learn more in school because their brain function is not impaired. As a result of this positive early environment, as adults they will have better jobs and get ill less often. Older adults will age more healthily and live longer.

IGovernment

Author: D. Broeders,H. Griffioen,A. -G. Keizer,E. Keymolen

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 908964394X

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5163

Release On

The authors of this incisive study explore the problems of the ongoing digitization of government, such as the creeping loss of data quality, and how citizens and officials must respond to these complications in the coming years. The iGovernment is running full speed on information networks and digitization, but it is also seriously out of step with existing bureaucracies. iGovernment offers an accurate picture of how the digital technologies are shaping modern governments, and also a powerful corrective for the dissonance between technology and organizational management.“This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and scholars seeking to understand the possibilities, dilemmas, and challenges of bringing the Internet and related technologies to center stage in government and public services”—Helen Margetts,University of Oxford


Introduction to Psychology

Author: Hilgard

Publisher: Harcourt College Pub

ISBN: 9780155030749

Category: Psychology

Page: 278

View: 1470

Release On

Instructors have come to know that they can rely on this textbook to provide a critical analysis of the major issues in historical and contemporary psychology in a manner that students find engaging and comprehensible.-Pref.

Public and Community Health Nursing Practice

A Population-Based Approach

Author: Demetrius James Porche

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924838

Category: Medical

Page: 503

View: 7015

Release On

Public health practice focuses on the prevention of disease and disability as a means of promoting the health of communities and the individuals who make up those communities. Public and Community Health Nursing Practice presents a comprehensive summary of core practices for assessment, assurance, and policy development to achieve this goal through population-based practice. The author also outlines standards for evidence-based practice based on current research. This book will be of interest to students in nursing, public health, and behavioral medicine and practitioners in public and community health.


Making Sex

Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud

Author: Thomas Walter Laqueur

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674543553

Category: Psychology

Page: 313

View: 6393

Release On

History of sex in the West from the ancients to the moderns by describing the developments in reproductive anatomy and physiology.

Charlemagne's Practice of Empire

Author: Jennifer R. Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316368599

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1510

Release On

Revisiting one of the great puzzles of European political history, Jennifer R. Davis examines how the Frankish king Charlemagne and his men held together the vast new empire he created during the first decades of his reign. Davis explores how Charlemagne overcame the two main problems of ruling an empire, namely how to delegate authority and how to manage diversity. Through a meticulous reconstruction based on primary sources, she demonstrates that rather than imposing a pre-existing model of empire onto conquered regions, Charlemagne and his men learned from them, developing a practice of empire that allowed the emperor to rule on a European scale. As a result, Charlemagne's realm was more flexible and diverse than has long been believed. Telling the story of Charlemagne's rule using sources produced during the reign itself, Davis offers a new interpretation of Charlemagne's political practice, free from the distortions of later legend.

Data Mining with Rattle and R

The Art of Excavating Data for Knowledge Discovery

Author: Graham Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144199890X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 9007

Release On

Data mining is the art and science of intelligent data analysis. By building knowledge from information, data mining adds considerable value to the ever increasing stores of electronic data that abound today. In performing data mining many decisions need to be made regarding the choice of methodology, the choice of data, the choice of tools, and the choice of algorithms. Throughout this book the reader is introduced to the basic concepts and some of the more popular algorithms of data mining. With a focus on the hands-on end-to-end process for data mining, Williams guides the reader through various capabilities of the easy to use, free, and open source Rattle Data Mining Software built on the sophisticated R Statistical Software. The focus on doing data mining rather than just reading about data mining is refreshing. The book covers data understanding, data preparation, data refinement, model building, model evaluation, and practical deployment. The reader will learn to rapidly deliver a data mining project using software easily installed for free from the Internet. Coupling Rattle with R delivers a very sophisticated data mining environment with all the power, and more, of the many commercial offerings.

Exploring Strategy Text and Cases

Author: Gerry Johnson,Richard Whittington,Patrick Regner,Kevan Scholes,Duncan Angwin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781292145129

Category:

Page: 824

View: 9115

Release On

With over one million copies sold worldwide, Exploring Strategy has long been the essential strategy text for managers of today and tomorrow. From entrepreneurial start-ups to multinationals, charities to government agencies, this book raises the big questions about organisations- how they grow, how they innovate and how they change. Texts and Cases also provides a wealth of extra case studies written by experts in the subject to aid and enrich your understanding. Examples are taken from events and organisations as diverse as Glastonbury, Mondelez and Formula 1 racing.