Why Beliefs Matter

Reflections on the Nature of Science

Author: E. Brian Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199586209

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

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`It is a brilliant work, beautifully written, and brimming with surprising information and stimulating philosophical speculations.' Notices of teh American Mathematical Society --

The Joy of x

Die Schönheit der Mathematik

Author: Steven Strogatz

Publisher: Kein & Aber AG

ISBN: 3036992693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

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Mathematik durchdringt den ganzen Kosmos. Das weiß jeder, doch nur die wenigsten verstehen die Zusammenhänge wirklich. Steven Strogatz nimmt uns bei der Hand und spaziert mit uns durch diese Welt der Weisheit, Klarheit und Eleganz. Als Reiseleiter geht er neue, erfrischende Wege, deutet auf Besonderheiten, schildert Hintergründe und erklärt die unsichtbaren Mechanismen. Wir erfahren unter anderem von dem Wunder des Zählens, der genialen Einfachheit der Algebra, dem ewigen Erbe Newtons, dem Tango mit Quadraten, der Zweisamkeit von Primzahlen und der Macht des Unendlichen. Mit all seiner Begeisterung, seinem Scharfblick und seinem leichtem Ton hat Steven Strogatz ein herrliches Buch für alle geschrieben, die ihr Verständnis von Mathematik auf eine neue Art vertiefen möchten.

John Henry Newman on the Nature of the Mind

Reason in Religion, Science, and the Humanities

Author: Jane Rupert

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739140477

Category: Religion

Page: 123

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Jane Rupert shows how Catholic philosopher, theologian, and priest John Henry Newman sheds light on contemporary liberal education and the humanities by distinguishing between the different ways reason functions in science, religion, and in literature. Rupert discusses the range of Newman's thought on several fronts, including intellectual history, theories of knowing, the controversy between science and religion, the defense of the liberal arts and the aims of Catholic education.

Economics as a Political Muse

Philosophical Reflections on the Relevance of Economics for Ecological Policy

Author: M.K. Deblonde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401597677

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

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This book looks afresh, from a philosophical perspective, on the role economic theory plays in present-day ecological policy. It starts from fundamental questions concerning the nature of the problem of sustainability, of politics, and of economic science. It confronts the results of this investigation with the theoretical work of two prominent present-day economists. This book is written at a high academic level. It will be of interest to environmentalists, environmental economists, and for policy people charged with ecological problems.

Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science 1964/1966

In Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson

Author: Robert S. Cohen,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401035083

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 1674

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This third volume of Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science contains papers which are based upon Colloquia from 1964 to 1966. In most cases, they have been substantially modified subsequent to presentation and discussion. Once again we publish work which goes beyond technical analysis of scientific theories and explanations in order to include philo sophical reflections upon the history of science and also upon the still problematic interactions between metaphysics and science. The philo sophical history of scientific ideas has increasingly been recognized as part of the philosophy of science, and likewise the cultural context of the genesis of such ideas. There is no school or attitude to be taken as de fining the scope or criteria of our Colloquium, and so we seek to under stand both analytic and historical aspects of science. This volume, as the previous two, constitutes a substantial part of our final report to the U. S. National Science Foundation, which has continued its support of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science by a grant to Boston University. That report will be concluded by a subse quent volume of these Studies. It is a pleasure to record our thanks to the Foundation for its confidence and funds. We dedicate this book to the memory of Norwood Russell Hanson. During this academic year of 1966-67, this beloved and distinguished American philosopher participated in our Colloquium, and he did so before.

Hume’s Reflection on Religion

Author: Miguel A. Badía Cabrera

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792370246

Category: History

Page: 328

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Thepresentwork is arevisedand enlarged English versionofa book originally writtenin Spanish and published in late 1996, La rejlexion de DavidHume en lorno a /a religion. SinceDavidHume is arguablynot only the most important philosopherwhohaseverwrittenintheEnglishlanguage, butthemoststudiedand influential, itisonlynaturalthatsoonerthanlaterIwouldfeelthe urgencyto bring totheattentionofamuchwiderpublicaworkwhoseoutlook is, I think, signifi cantlydifferentfrom that ofother books which deal with the Scottish thinker's worksonreligionandnaturaltheology.Thisdesirewassostrongastoallowmeto overcome the all-too-natural fear that my wavering and uncertain command of English wouldmakethe few valuableinsights theworkmight containappearun clear, andmyphilosophicalerrors, evenmoreastonishing. This book is addressednot only to scholarswhomay beinterested in modem philosophy in generalorHume'sphilosophyofreligion in particular, but also to themoreextensivecompassofreaderseitherintriguedortroubledby religion and themyriadofissuesandproblemsitposes, whichare, as it were, the primematter forphilosophicalanalysisandtheorizing.Inspiteofitsphilosophicaland linguistic limitations, forwhichIamentirelyresponsible, Iferventlyhopethatthisworkmay befoundtocontainsomethingofthatelusivetruthafterwhichHumestrove, andto whichheremainedconstantto theend, particularlyatatime whenthe priceto be paidforthepublicationofcontroversialphilosophicalandreligious views wascon siderablyhigherthanthatofbecominganeasytargetforuniversalridicule. Thecompletionofthisworkhasbeenmadepossible principally by asabbatical leavethattheUniversityofPuertoRico grantedme fortheyear 1999. This leave gavemethenecessarytimeto readandstudy thepertinentliterature, aswell asto writemostoftheEnglish manuscript.Italsoallowedmeto visit Edinburgh and spendmostofJuly andAugust 1999 attheNationalLibraryofScotlandand the EdinburghUniversityLibrary.Although Ihaveincorporatedinto thepresentwork onlyasmallpartofmyresearchatthose libraries, ifthis bookshows agreaterap preciation of the immediate social and religious context of Hume's thought (particularly of Calvinistic theology and the Scottish Enlightement) than its Spanish predecessor, it is in no small measure due to the books, articles, and xi xii Preface manuscritsIwasabletoconsultatthe time. Inthis respect, Iwouldliketo thank Professor Peter Jones, Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in the HumanitiesattheUniversityofEdinburgh, who was very instrumental in making myvisittoEdinburghareality, andgenerouslyputthefacilitiesoftheInstitute at mydisposal. Manythoughts andlinesofargumentcontained in this bookdatebackto my doctoraldissertation, andsomeearlierversionsofanumberofchaptersorsections ofchaptershavebeenpublished in differentphilosophyjournalsor anthologies. I oftheminthebibliographyundermy name. But sincemy previousworks listall onthe subjecthavebeenrevisedandmodifiedsomanytimes in the lightofnew fmdingsortomeetactualorpossiblecriticism, Ican saythatthey havebeeneffec tivelysupersededbythepresentwriting."

Ben Franklin Stilled the Waves

An Informal History of Pouring Oil on Water with Reflections on the Ups and Downs of Scientific Life in General

Author: Charles Tanford

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0192804944

Category: History

Page: 269

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When Benjamin Franklin, the 18th-century American statesman and scientist, watched the calming effect of a drop of oil on the waves and ripples of a London pond, he was observing what Pliny the Elder and generations of seafarers had done before him. Franklin, though, was the first to wonder exactly what was happening to the oil, and to investigate this strange phenomenon.Following Franklin's lead, a motley crowd of scientists over the next two centuries and more chose to investigate the nature of atoms and molecules through the interaction of fluid membranes. They included Lord Rayleigh, an altruistic English Lord, Agnes Pockels, who conducted experiments in her kitchen and became one of the earliest women to make lasting contributions to science, the renowned Dutch pediatrician Evert Gorter, and Irving Langmuir, one of America's greatest industrialscientists. Building on Franklin's original experiments, their work has culminated in the discovery of the structure of cell membranes, research that continues to bear fruit today.Ben Franklin Stilled the Waves is far more than the story of oil on water; it is a voyage into the very nature of science and its place in our history.

The Ethics of Climate Change

Right and Wrong in a Warming World

Author: James Garvey

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441133631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

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"Open this book and James Garvey is right there making real sense to you... in a necessary conversation, capturing you to the very end."-Ted Honderich, Grote Professor Emeritus of The Philosophy of Mind & Logic, University College London, UK. James Garvey argues that the ultimate rationale for action on climate change cannot be simply economic, political, scientific or social, though our decisions should be informed by such things. Instead, climate change is largely a moral problem. What we should do about it depends on what matters to us and what we think is right. This book is an introduction to the ethics of climate change. It considers a little climate science and a lot of moral philosophy, ultimately finding a way into the many possible positions associated with climate change. It is also a call for action, for doing something about the moral demands placed on both governments and individuals by the fact of climate change. This is a book about choices, responsibility, and where the moral weight falls on our warming world.

The Law in Philosophical Perspectives

My Philosophy of Law

Author: Luc J. Wintgens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401593175

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

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In this age of collections that is ours, many volumes of collections are published. They contain contributions of several well-known authors, and their aim is to present a selective overview of a relevant field of study. This book has the same purpose. Its aim is to introduce students, scholars and all those interested in current problems of legal theory and legal philosophy to the work of the leading scholars in this field. The large number of publications, both books and articles, that have been produced over recent decades makes it quite difficult, however, for those who are making their first steps in this domain to find firm guidelines. The book is new in its genre because of its method. The choice was made not to reprint an example of contributors' earlier basic articles or a part of one of their books. This would only give a partial view of the rich texture of their work. Rather, the authors were asked to make an original synthesis of their own contributions to the field of legal theory and legal philosophy. Brought together in this volume, they constitute a truly author-ised view of their work. This book is also new in that each essay is complemented with bibliographical information in order to encourage further research on the author's self-selected work. This will help the reader rapidly to become familiar with the whole of the published work of the contributors.

Reflections on metaReality

Transcendence, Emancipation and Everyday Life

Author: Roy Bhaskar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136631437

Category: Social Science

Page: 281

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Reflections on meta-Reality is now widely regarded as a landmark in contemporary philosophy. It initiates the philosophy of meta-Reality, the third main phase of Roy Bhaskar’s philosophical thoughts, after original or basic critical realism and dialectical critical realism. Originally published in 2002 and based on talks given in India, Europe and America, Roy Bhaskar presents his new philosophy of meta-Reality as a radical extension, systematic development and proleptic completion of critical realism. This brilliant series of studies contains seminal and far-reaching discussions of critical realism and the nature of being; an incisive and limpid account of modernity, modernism and post-modernism; a sublime discourse on the nature of the self and compelling considerations on the relationship between social science and self-realization. Together, they demonstrate the ubiquity of transcendental phenomena in everyday life and the orientation of enlightenment towards collective human emancipation and universal self-realization. A new introduction to this edition by Mervyn Hartwig, founding editor of The Journal of Critical Realism and editor of A Dictionary of Critical Realism (Routledge, 2007), describes the context, significance and impact of Reflections on meta-Reality, and supplies an expert guide to its content. This book is essential reading for students and practitioners in both philosophy and the human sciences.

Aufklärung jetzt

Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

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Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Science, Belief and Behaviour

Essays in Honour of R B Braithwaite

Author: D. H. Mellor

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521229609

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

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This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories of belief and of probability, decision theory and games theory. This book, which includes a full bibliography of Professor Braithwaite's work, will interest advanced students and professionals in the fields of philosophy and psychology.

Social Theory

Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance

Author: Daniel W. Rossides

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781882289509

Category: Social Science

Page: 389

View: 1599

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Social Theory: Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance analyzes the tradition of social theory in terms of its origins and changes in kind of societies. Rossides provides a full discussion of the sociohistorical environments that generated Western social theory with a focus on the contemporary modern world. While employing a sociology of knowledge approach that identifies theories as aristocratic versus democratic, liberal versus socialist and also liberal feminist versus radical feminist; it attempts to construct a scientific, unified social theory in the West. Additionally, it also features African American theory, American culture studies, political and legal philosophy, and environmental theory.

Überzeugungen zu Wissen und Wissenserwerb von Auszubildenden

Empirische Untersuchungen zu den epistomologischen Überzeugungen von Lernenden

Author: Bernd Zinn

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830978103

Category: Psychology

Page: 319

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In diesem Band wird die Thematik 'Epistemologische Überzeugungen' aus berufspädagogischer und insbesondere berufsdidaktischer Perspektive aufgearbeitet. Hierzu werden zentrale Theorien und Modelle zum Ausgangskonstrukt, Befunde der pädagogischen Psychologie und der allgemein bildenden Fachdidaktiken zu den Effekten und zur Erfassung der epistemologischen Überzeugungen aufgearbeitet und im Kontext des beruflichen Lehrens und Lernens erörtert. Ein zentraler Aspekt der Arbeit liegt auf der empirischen Untersuchung des Entwicklungsstandes der epistemologischen Überzeugungen von Auszubildenden in den gewerblich-technischen Berufsfeldern Bautechnik, Elektrotechnik und Metalltechnik in Abhängigkeit von Individualmerkmalen der Lernenden und Kontextmerkmalen der Ausbildung. Die empirische Untersuchung fokussiert die epistemologischen Dimensionen Sicherheit des Wissens, Struktur des Wissens, Anwendung des Wissens, Wissensbegründung und Wissensquelle. Neben der empirischen Untersuchung zum instrumentellen Charakter und Entwicklungsstand werden die wissensbezogenen Überzeugungen der Auszubildenden unter ihrem bildungstheoretischen Charakter und ihrer Relevanz für die berufliche Ausbildung analysiert. Prof. Dr.phil.habil. Bernd Zinn studierte an der Universität Karlsruhe Lehramt an berufsbildenden Schulen und war nach Abschluss seines Zweiten Staatsexamens als Berufsschullehrer und Ausbilder am beruflichen Studienseminar tätig. An der Universität Kassel promovierte er und habilitierte sich an der Technischen Universität Darmstadt. Er hat an der Universität Stuttgart den Lehrstuhl für Berufspädagogik mit Schwerpunkt Technikdidaktik.

Drunk on Capitalism. An Interdisciplinary Reflection on Market Economy, Art and Science

Author: Robrecht Vanderbeeken,Frederik Le Roy,Christel Stalpaert,Diederik AERTS

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400720824

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

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The book presents an interdisciplinary collection of analyses that discuss the impact of market economy on our culture in the post-Berlin Wall era. It contains two parts. The first focuses on the commercialisation of science and education. The second elaborates on the multiple and diverse relation between art and capital.

Der Mensch im Kosmos

Author: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406727948

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

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«Meines Erachtens gibt es für das denkende Wesen keinen entscheidenderen Augenblick als den, wo ihm gleichsam die Schuppen von den Augen fallen und es entdeckt, dass es nicht einsam in den Einöden des Weltalls verloren ist, sondern dass ein universeller Lebenswille in ihm zusammenströmt und sich in ihm vermenschlicht. Der Mensch ist nicht, wie er so lange geglaubt hat, fester Weltmittelpunkt, sondern Achse und Spitze der Entwicklung – und das ist viel schöner.» Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Pierre Teilhard de Chardin beschreibt in seinem Hauptwerk «Der Mensch im Kosmos» die Geschichte der Welt von der Entstehung der Materie über die Evolution der Lebensformen bis zur Entwicklung des Menschen, in dem sich Materie und Geist verbinden und die Materie sich erstmals ihrer selbst bewusst wird. Am Ende steht die Vision von einer immer weiter fortschreitenden Evolution, in der die Menschheit ein Kollektivbewusstsein ausbildet. Das weltberühmte Buch ist eine der letzten großen ganzheitlichen Darstellungen der Natur- und Geistesgeschichte und zugleich ein faszinierender Vorläufer heutiger Big-History-Erzählungen.

Toward a More Natural Science

Author: Leon R. Kass

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439105685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 388

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Kass shows how the promise and the peril of our time are inextricably linked with the promise and the peril of modern science. The relation between the pursuit of knowledge and the conduct of life—between science and ethics, each broadly conceived—has in recent years been greatly complicated by developments in the science of life. This book examines the ethical questions involved in prenatal screening, in vitro fertilization, artificial life forms, and medical care, and discusses the role of human beings in nature.

Reflections on Solitude and other Essays

Author: Sameer Grover

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781462054374

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 156

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REFLECTIONS ON SOLITUDE and other ESSAYS explores a diverse range of topics from Eastern mysticism to mathematics, while blending in an element of fantastic realism. Sameer Grover is one of the eminent voices of our time.

Phenomenology and Indian Philosophy

Author: Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya,Lester E. Embree,Jitendranath Mohanty

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791498824

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

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Addresses not only the basic theme of phenomenology, but its aesthetic, social, psychological, scientific, and technological aspects as well.

The Believing Primate

Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Author: Jeffrey Schloss,Michael Murray

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191615803

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 9298

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Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely seen as potentially constituting a threat to the religion they analyse. The Believing Primate aims to describe and discuss these scientific accounts as well as to assess their implications. The volume begins with essays by leading scientists in the field, describing these accounts and discussing evidence in their favour. Philosophical and theological reflections on these accounts follow, offered by leading philosophers, theologians, and scientists. This diverse group of scholars address some fascinating underlying questions: Do scientific accounts of religion undermine the justification of religious belief? Do such accounts show religion to be an accidental by-product of our evolutionary development? And, whilst we seem naturally disposed toward religion, would we fare better or worse without it? Bringing together dissenting perspectives, this provocative collection will serve to freshly illuminate ongoing debate on these perennial questions.