Customary International Humanitarian Law: Volume 1, Rules

Author: Jean-Marie Henckaerts,Louise Doswald-Beck,Comité international de la Croix-Rouge,International Committee of the Red Cross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521005289

Category: Law

Page: 621

View: 5196

Release On

Customary International Humanitarian Law, Volume I: Rules is a comprehensive analysis of the customary rules of international humanitarian law applicable in international and non-international armed conflicts. In the absence of ratifications of important treaties in this area, this is clearly a publication of major importance, carried out at the express request of the international community. In so doing, this study identifies the common core of international humanitarian law binding on all parties to all armed conflicts.

Dehumanisierung der Kriegführung

Herausforderungen für das Völkerrecht und die Frage nach der Notwendigkeit menschlicher Kontrolle

Author: Tassilo Singer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662578565

Category: Law

Page: 551

View: 5886

Release On

Dieses Buch diskutiert, ob menschliche Kontrolle bei der Kriegführung nach dem Völkerrecht vorausgesetzt wird. Dies wird bei den Diskussionen zu autonomen Waffensystemen (LAWS) im Rahmen der UN-Waffenkonvention unter dem Thema „meaningful human control“ gefordert. Praktisch betrifft es die Frage, ob man Systeme ohne jegliche menschliche Kontrollmöglichkeit bei der Zielbekämpfung einsetzen darf und falls ja, unter welchen Voraussetzungen. Dies umfasst sowohl das Waffenrecht (darf eine Waffe überhaupt eingesetzt werden?) als auch das Einsatzrecht (wie darf eine Waffe in einem konkreten Einsatz verwendet werden?). Die rechtliche Analyse erstreckt sich auf vollautonome Waffensysteme und Cyber Operationen und geht auf die jeweiligen Eigenheiten ein. Zudem wird eine Lösung für Verantwortungslücken, die durch fehlende menschliche Kontrolle entstehen, entwickelt.

Customary International Humanitarian Law

Author: Jean-Marie Henckaerts,Louise Doswald-Beck,Carolin Alvermann,International Committee of the Red Cross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521808995

Category: Law

Page: 621

View: 2562

Release On

Customary International Humanitarian Law, Volume I: Rules is a comprehensive analysis of the customary rules of international humanitarian law applicable in international and non-international armed conflicts. In the absence of ratifications of important treaties in this area, this is clearly a publication of major importance, carried out at the express request of the international community. In so doing, this study identifies the common core of international humanitarian law binding on all parties to all armed conflicts.

The Law of Non-International Armed Conflict

Author: Sandesh Sivakumaran

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191638153

Category: Law

Page: 696

View: 1696

Release On

The Law of Non-International Armed Conflict brings together and critically analyses the disparate conventional, customary, and soft law relating to non-international armed conflict. All the relevant bodies of international law are considered, including international humanitarian law, international criminal law, and international human rights law. The book traces the changes to the legal framework applicable to non-international armed conflict from ad hoc regulation in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, to systematic regulation through the 1949 Geneva Conventions and 1977 Additional Protocols, to the transformation of the law in the mid-1990s. Armed conflicts ranging from the US civil war, the Algerian War of Independence, and the attempted secession of Biafra, through to the current conflicts in the Colombia, the Philippines, and Sudan are all considered. The identification and analysis of the law is complemented by a consideration of the practice, allowing both violations of, and respect for, the law, to be ascertained. Given that non-international armed conflicts are fought between states and non-state armed groups, or between armed groups, particular attention is paid to the oft-neglected views of armed groups. This is done through an analysis of hundreds of statements, unilateral declarations, internal regulations, and bilateral agreements issued by armed groups. Equivalent material emanating from states parties to conflicts is also considered. The book is thus an essential reference point for the law and practice of non-international armed conflicts.

Targeted Killings and International Law

With Special Regard to Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law

Author: Roland Otto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642248586

Category: Law

Page: 664

View: 7147

Release On

Existing international law is capable to govern the “war on terror” also in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. The standards generally applicable to targeted killings are those of human rights law. Force may be used in order to address immediate threats, preventive killings are permitted under strict preconditions but targeted killings are prohibited. In the context of armed conflicts, these standards are complemented by international humanitarian law as lex specialis. Civilians may only be targeted while directly taking part in hostilities and posing a threat to the adversary. Also in Israel and the Occupied Territory, these standards apply. Contrary to the Israeli Supreme Court’s view, international humanitarian law is not complemented by human rights law, but human rights law is – to some degree – complemented by international humanitarian law. According to these standards, many killings which would be legal according to the Israeli Supreme Court violate international law.

Gender, Conflict and International Humanitarian Law

A critique of the 'principle of distinction'

Author: Orly Maya Stern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351391445

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 3482

Release On

This book conducts a gendered critique of the ‘principle of distinction’ in international humanitarian law (IHL), with a focus on recent conflicts in Africa. The ‘principle of distinction’ is core to IHL, and regulates who can and cannot be targeted in armed conflict. It states that civilians may not be targeted in attack, while combatants and those civilians directly participating in hostilities can be. The law defines what it means to be a combatant and a civilian, and sets out what behaviour constitutes direct participation. Close examination of the origins of the principle reveals that IHL was based on a gendered view of conflict, which envisages men as fighters and women as victims of war. Problematically, this view often does not accord with the reality in ‘new wars’ today in which women are playing increasingly active roles, often forming the backbone of fighting groups, and performing functions on which armed groups are highly reliant. Using women’s participation in ‘new wars’ in Africa as a study, this volume critically examines the principle through a gendered lens, questioning the extent to which the principle serves to protect women in modern conflicts and how it fails them. By doing so, it questions whether the principle of distinction is suitable to effectively regulate the conduct of hostilities in new wars. This book will be of much interest to students of international law, gender studies, African politics, war and conflict studies, and international relations.

Legal Accountability and Britain's Wars 2000-2015

Author: Peter Rowe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317540328

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 337

Release On

This book discusses the manner in which Britain’s wars, which took place between 2000 and 2015, have interacted with the relevant principles of international law and English law for the purpose, primarily, of considering legal accountability. During a debate in the House of Lords in 2005 a former Chief of the Defence Staff commented that ‘the Armed Forces are under legal siege.’ The book will discuss the major legal issues which have arisen, ranging from the various votes in Parliament to go to war, the constitutional relationship between ministers and senior commanders, the right under international law to use force, the influence of human rights law, the role of the courts in England (including the coroners’ courts), to the legal regime applying to the conduct of UK military operations. It will assess critically whether the armed forces will now have to accept that operations conducted outside the UK are subject to greater legal scrutiny than previously and whether, if this is the case, it is likely to hinder their future military activities. This book will be of great interest to scholars of international law, the law of armed conflict, military studies and international relations, as well as to those with a professional or other interest in the subject matter.

Counterinsurgency Law

New Directions in Asymmetric Warfare

Author: William Banks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199311463

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 4101

Release On

In Counterinsurgency Law, William Banks and several distinguished contributors explore from an interdisciplinary legal and policy perspective the multiple challenges that counterinsurgency operations pose today to the rule of law - international, humanitarian, human rights, criminal, and domestic. Addressing the considerable challenges for the future of armed conflict, each contributor in the book explores the premise that in COIN operations, international humanitarian law, human rights law, international law more generally, and domestic national security laws do not provide adequate legal and policy coverage and guidance for multiple reasons, many of which are explored in this book. A second shared premise is that these problems are not only challenges for the law in post-9/11 security environments-but matters of policy with implications for the international community and for global security more generally.

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Author: Gilles Giacca

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026913

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 7123

Release On

This book addresses the international legal obligation to protect economic, social, and cultural human rights in times of armed conflict and other situations of armed violence. These rights provide guarantees to individuals of their fundamental rights to work, to an adequate standard of living (food, water, housing), to education, and to health. Armed violence can take many forms, from civil unrest or protest and other forms of internal disturbances and tensions to higher levels of violence that may amount to armed conflict, whether of an international or of a non-international character. However, in all such cases the protection of ESC rights is sorely challenged. Situations of actual or potential violence present a number of challenges to the application and implementation of human rights law in general and socio-economic rights obligations more specifically. This book sets out the legal framework, defining what constitutes a minimum universal standard of human rights protection applicable in all circumstances. It assesses the concept and content of ESC rights' obligations, and evaluates how far they can be legally applicable in various scenarios of armed violence. By looking at the specific human rights treaty provisions, it discusses how far ESC rights obligations can be affected by practical and legal challenges to their implementation. The book addresses the key issues facing the protection of such rights in times of armed conflict: the legal conditions to limit ESC rights on security grounds, including the use of force; the extraterritorial applicability of international human rights treaties setting out ESC rights; the relationship between human rights law and international humanitarian law; and the obligations of non-state actors under human rights law and with particular relevance to the protection of ESC rights. The book assesses the nature of these potential challenges to the protection of ESC rights, and offers solutions to reinforce their continued application.

The Thin Justice of International Law

A Moral Reckoning of the Law of Nations

Author: Steven R. Ratner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191009113

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 4477

Release On

In a world full of armed conflict and human misery, global justice remains one of the most compelling missions of our time. Understanding the promises and limitations of global justice demands a careful appreciation of international law, the web of binding norms and institutions that help govern the behaviour of states and other global actors. This book provides a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice, one that integrates the work and insights of international law and contemporary ethics. It asks whether the core norms of international law are just, appraising them according to a standard of global justice derived from the fundamental values of peace and the protection of human rights. Through a combination of a careful explanation of the legal norms and philosophical argument, Ratner concludes that many international law norms meet such a standard of justice, even as distinct areas of injustice remain within the law and the verdict is still out on others. Among the subjects covered in the book are the rules on the use of force, self-determination, sovereign equality, the decision making procedures of key international organizations, the territorial scope of human rights obligations (including humanitarian intervention), and key areas of international economic law. Ultimately, the book shows how an understanding of international law's moral foundations will enrich the global justice debate, while exposing the ethical consequences of different rules.

The Concept of Unity in Public International Law

Author: Mario Prost

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319173

Category: Law

Page: 226

View: 4015

Release On

'Fragmentation' has become a defining, albeit controversial, metaphor of international law scholarship in the era of globalisation. Some scholars see it as a new development, others as history repeating itself; some approach it as a technical issue and some as the reflection of deeper political struggles. But there is near-consensus about the fact that the established vision of international law as a unitary whole is under threat. At the core of the fragmentation debate lies the concept of unity, but this is hardly ever rationalised and is more assumed than explained. Its meaning remains vague and intuitive. 'The Concept of Unity in Public International Law' attempts to dispel that vagueness by exploring the various possible meanings of the concept of unity in international law. However, eschewing one grand theory of unity, it identifies and compares five candidates. Intentionally pluralistic in its outlook, the book does not engage in normative arguments about whether international law is or should be unitary but seeks to show instead that the concept of unity is contested and that discourses on fragmentation are necessarily contingent. The thesis on which the book is based won the 2009 Prize for best doctoral thesis from the Association des professeurs de droit du Québec.

Eine Erinnerung an Solferino

Author: Henry Dunant

Publisher: Theclassics.Us

ISBN: 9781230455570


Page: 38

View: 7610

Release On

Dieses historische Buch kann zahlreiche Tippfehler und fehlende Textpassagen aufweisen. Kaufer konnen in der Regel eine kostenlose eingescannte Kopie des originalen Buches vom Verleger herunterladen (ohne Tippfehler). Ohne Indizes. Nicht dargestellt. 1863 edition. Auszug: ...zum dritten Male zwei der grossten Machte der neueren Zeit sich im blutigen Kampfe massen, wurden noch immer die zahlreichen und traurigen Menfchenreste jenes Tages gesammelt, die selbst auf dem Kirchhofe die Kreuze und Grabsteine mit Blut bedeckten. Gegen 9 Uhr kam ich nach Cavriana; es war ein in seiner Art einziges und grossartiges Schauspiel, den Kriegstrain zu sehen, welcher das Hauptquartier des Kaisers der Franzosen umgab. Ich suchte den Herzog von Magenta, den ich die Ehre hatte, personlich zu kennen. Da ich nicht genau wusste, wo in diesem Augenblicke sein Armeecorps lagerte, so liess ich mein Cabriolet auf einem kleinen Platze halten, gegenuber dem Hause, in welchem seit Freitag Abend Kaiser Napoleon wohnte; und so befand ich mich nun plotzlich inmitten einer Gruppe von Generalen, welche auf einfachen Strohstuhleu oder selbst auf holzernen Schemeln sassen, und in der Frische des Abends, gegenuber dem improuisirten Palaste ihres Herrschers, ihre Cigarren rauchteu. Wahrend ich mich erkundigte, in welcher Richtung ich den Marschall Mac-Mahon treffen konne, befragten diese Generale ihrerseits den mich begleitenden Corporal, welchen sie neben meinem Kutscher sitzend fur meine Ordonnanz hielten): sie wollten namlich wissen, wer ich sei und zugleich erfahren, welchen Auftrag ich wohl haben konne; denn es siel ihnen nicht ein, dass ein gewohnlicher Tourist sich allein in die Lager wage und, bis nach Cavriaua gekommen, zu so spater Stunde noch weiter wolle. Der Corporal, der selbst keinen Aufschluss geben konnte, blieb naturlich sehr schweigsam hieruber, obgleich e

Krieg als Medienereignis II

Krisenkommunikation im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Martin Löffelholz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 332290833X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

View: 9157

Release On

Das Buch ordnet die Beziehungen von Medien, Militär und Sicherheitspolitik historisch ein, bietet einen systematischen und international orientierten Forschungsüberblick sowie eine interdisziplinäre Analyse zentraler Problemfelder der Krisenkommunikation. Fallbeispielhaft vorgestellt werden darüber hinaus relevante Krisenkommunikations-Typen der Moderne - u.a. während des Krieges im Irak (2003), bei den Auseinandersetzungen in Afghanistan (2001) oder in den bürgerkriegsähnlichen Konflikten in Indonesien.

Räume der Gewalt

Author: Jörg Baberowski

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104010854

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6201

Release On

Warum tun Menschen einander Gewalt an? In seiner eindringlichen und vieldiskutierten Studie »Räume der Gewalt« zeigt der bekannte Historiker Jörg Baberowski, Autor des mit dem Leipziger Buchpreis 2012 augezeichneten Buches »Verbrannte Erde. Stalins Herrschaft der Gewalt«, warum ein Ende der Gewalt so schwer zu erreichen ist. Eigentlich sehnt jede Erklärung der Gewalt zugleich ihr Ende herbei. Das Leben soll schöner werden und die Gewalt aus ihm verschwinden. Doch die Gewalt war und ist eine für jedermann zugängliche und deshalb attraktive Handlungsoption – und kein »Betriebsunfall« oder »Extremfall«. Wer wirklich wissen will, was geschieht, wenn Menschen einander Gewalt antun, muss eine Antwort auf die Frage finden, warum Menschen Schwellen überschreiten und andere verletzen oder töten. Jörg Baberowski präsentiert nicht nur klare Einsichten über den sozialen, kulturellen und wissenschaftlichen Umgang mit Gewalt. Er zeigt zugleich, warum die Abwesenheit von Gewalt sowohl Sehnsucht als auch Utopie bleiben muss.

Praxis Internationaler Organisationen - Vertragswandel und völkerrechtlicher Ordnungsrahmen

Author: Christopher Peters

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662496461

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 2498

Release On

Die Gründungsverträge Internationaler Organisationen unterliegen im Lauf der Zeit erheblichem Wandel, auch wenn ihr Wortlaut nicht geändert wird. Eine wesentliche Rolle kommt dabei der Praxis der Organisationen zu. Dieser Umstand lässt sich völkerrechtlich auf die Auslegung durch die spätere Übung der Vertragsparteien zurückführen - es sei denn, die Grenzen der Interpretation werden überschritten. Die Organe Internationaler Organisationen sind dabei mehr als bloße Versammlungen der Mitgliedstaaten: Die Voraussetzungen und Rechtsfolgen ihrer Praxis hängen von Zusammensetzung, Kompetenzen und Entscheidungsverfahren ab. Auf eine Analyse des einschlägigen Völkerrechts folgen Fallstudien aus der Praxis der Vereinten Nationen, ihrer Sonderorganisationen und regionaler Organisationen. So wird der Ordnungsrahmen für die Fortentwicklung Internationaler Organisationen durch Praxis systematisch dargestellt - ohne Gefahren für Legitimation und rule of law auszublenden.

The Human Cost

The Consequences of Insurgent Attacks in Afghanistan

Author: Human Rights Watch (Organization)

Publisher: Human Rights Watch


Category: Afghan War, 2001-

Page: 115

View: 9643

Release On