Fundamental Issues in Evaluation

Author: Nick L. Smith,Paul R. Brandon

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593853424

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 9723

Release On

Providing state-of-the-art perspectives on what evaluation is, its purpose, and how to ensure it is done well, this book brings together major evaluation researchers from a variety of social and behavioral science disciplines. Each chapter identifies a fundamental issue facing the field today; considers its implications for theory, method, practice, or the profession; and explores one or more approaches to dealing with the issue. Among the topics addressed are the nature of expertise in evaluation, how to build a better evidence base for evaluation theory, promoting cultural competence in evaluation, how to synthesize evaluation research findings, ways to involve stakeholders in decision making, and much more.

Fundamental Issues in Defense Training and Simulation

Author: George Galanis,Robert Sottilare

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317131371

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 7528

Release On

Defense forces have always invested a great deal of their resources in training. In recent times, changes in the complexity and intensity of operations have reaffirmed the importance of ensuring that warfighters are adequately prepared for the environments in which they are required to work. The emergence of new operational drivers such as asymmetric threats, urban operations, joint and coalition operations and the widespread use of military communications and information technology networks has highlighted the importance of providing warfighters with the competencies required to act in a coordinated, adaptable fashion, and to make effective decisions in environments characterized by large amounts of sometimes ambiguous information. While investment in new technologies can make available new opportunities for action, it is only through effective training that personnel can be made ready to apply their tools in the most decisive and discriminating fashion. There are many factors which can have an impact on the efficacy of training and many issues to consider when designing and implementing training strategies. These issues are often complex and nuanced, and in order to grasp them fully a significant investment of time and energy is required. However, the requirement to respond quickly to ever-changing technology, a high operational tempo and minimal staffing may preclude many in today's defense forces from seeking out all such resources on their own. This edited collection provides brief, easy-to-understand summaries of the key issues in defense training and simulation, as well as guidance for further reading. It consists of a collection of short essays, each of which addresses a fundamental issue in defense training and simulation, and features an up-to-date reference list to enable the reader to undertake further investigation of the issues addressed. In essence, this book provides the optimum starting point, or first resource, for readers to come to terms with the important issues associated with defense training and simulation. The contributions are written by leading scholars from military research institutions in the US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, as well as selected researchers from academic and private sector research institutions.

The SAGE International Handbook of Educational Evaluation

Author: Katherine Ryan,J. Bradley Cousins

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343456

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 4101

Release On

Bringing together the expertise of top evaluation leaders from around the world, The SAGE International Handbook of Educational Evaluation addresses methods and applications in the field, particularly as they relate to policy- and decision-making in an era of globalization. The comprehensive collection of articles in the Handbook compels readers to consider globalization influences on educational evaluation within distinct genres or families of evaluation approaches. Key Features Discusses substantive issues surrounding globalization, and its implication for educational policy and practice and ultimately evaluation; Includes state-of-the-art theory chapters and method chapters within scientific, accountability-oriented, learning-oriented, and political genres of evaluation approaches; Provides real-world case exemplar chapters to illustrate core concepts within genres; Extends dialogue on controversial topics and contemporary educational evaluation tensions in the context of globalization; Summarizes, by means of an integration chapter, the issues, tensions and dilemmas confronting educational evaluators in an era of globalization. Serving as a state-of-the-art resource on educational evaluation, this volume is designed for graduate students, evaluation scholars and researchers and professional evaluation practitioners with an interest in educational program and policy evaluation.

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Author: Matthew Leach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579336

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 2268

Release On

An exceptional health resource addressing professional practice issues in complementary and alternative medicine Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine differs from other medical texts by introducing a systematic clinical framework for the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. While comparable titles may explore the use or efficacy of specific complementary and alternative medicine interventions, this indispensable textbook highlights evidence-based interventions, while helping practitioners apply them within a clinical decision making framework. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine is a one-of-a-kind health reference for clinicians, students and educators alike. Divided into two parts – theoretical foundation and practical application – the book includes case studies on health conditions such as acne, irritable bowel syndrome and migraine. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine is also unique in that it: • focuses on evidence-based practice while also paying attention to the underlying philosophy of complementary and alternative medicine • includes learning objectives and activities to consolidate reader knowledge and help lecturers teaching complementary and alternative medicine students • enables complementary and alternative medicine practitioners to systematically assess, diagnose, treat and evaluate client-centred health problems in accordance with the established art, science and philosophy of complementary and alternative medicine • guides practitioner thinking, assessment and care – all of which may help increase professional autonomy and accountability, improve client outcomes and quality of care, and reduce errors in decision making

Mixed Methods and Credibility of Evidence in Evaluation

New Directions for Evaluation, Number 138

Author: Donna M. Mertens,Sharlene Hesse-Biber

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118720458

Category: Education

Page: 136

View: 9451

Release On

Mixed methods in evaluation have the potential to enhance the credibility of evaluation and the outcomes of evaluation. This issue explores advances in understanding mixed methods in philosophical, theoretical, and methodological terms and presents specific illustrations of the application of these concepts in evaluation practice. Leading thinkers in the mixed methods evaluation community provide frameworks and strategies that are associated with improving the probability of reaching the goals of enhanced credibility for evaluations, the evidence they produce, and the actions taken as a result of the evaluation findings. This is the 138th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Evaluation, an official publication of the American Evaluation Association.

Critical Issues in STEM Evaluation

New Directions for Evaluation, Number 109

Author: Douglas Huffman,Frances Lawrenz

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: 9780787985882

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

View: 7796

Release On

This volume of New Directions for Evaluation focuses on evaluation of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs, with special emphasis on evaluation of STEM education initiatives. STEM evaluation has always been important, given the issues facing public schools and the economic and social considerations of STEM fields. But because these fields today face a variety of concerns, this discussion of STEM evaluation is particularly timely. Evaluation advances may contribute to STEM fields by helping programs address the challenges they face. This volume presents multiple viewpoints and state-of-the-art examples and methodological approaches in the hope that its chapters will contribute to the understanding of STEM evaluation, STEM education, STEM education evaluation, and evaluation in general. Overall, this volume of New Directions for Evaluation may help not only to move the field to consider new methods and methodologies for engaging in evaluation but also to reconsider ideas of what it means to engage in scientific evaluation.


Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel L. Stufflebeam,Chris L. S. Coryn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118870220

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 6606

Release On

The golden standard evaluation reference text Now in its second edition, Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications is the vital text on evaluation models, perfectfor classroom use as a textbook, and as a professional evaluationreference. The book begins with an overview of the evaluation fieldand program evaluation standards, and proceeds to cover the mostwidely used evaluation approaches. With new evaluation designs andthe inclusion of the latest literature from the field, thisSecond Edition is an essential update for professionals andstudents who want to stay current. Understanding and choosingevaluation approaches is critical to many professions, andEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionis the benchmark evaluation guide. Authors Daniel L. Stufflebeam and Chris L. S. Coryn, widelyconsidered experts in the evaluation field, introduce and describe23 program evaluation approaches, including, new to this edition,transformative evaluation, participatory evaluation, consumerfeedback, and meta-analysis. Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications, Second Edition facilitates the process ofplanning, conducting, and assessing program evaluations. Thehighlighted evaluation approaches include: Experimental and quasi-experimental design evaluations Daniel L. Stufflebeam's CIPP Model Michael Scriven's Consumer-Oriented Evaluation Michael Patton's Utilization-Focused Evaluation Robert Stake's Responsive/Stakeholder-Centered Evaluation Case Study Evaluation Key readings listed at the end of each chapter direct readers tothe most important references for each topic. Learning objectives,review questions, student exercises, and instructor supportmaterials complete the collection of tools. Choosing fromevaluation approaches can be an overwhelming process, butEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionupdates the core evaluation concepts with the latest research,making this complex field accessible in just one book.

Exploring Fundamental Issues in Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Clusters - Superheavy, Superneutronic, Superstrange, of Anti-matter : Proceedings of the Symposium on Advances in Nuclear Physics in Our Time, Goa, India, 28th November-2nd December 2010

Author: Debades Bandyopadhyay,Walter Greiner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814355720

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 891

Release On

This book will focus on recent advances in nuclear physics and bring together experimentalists and theorists. Topics covered include neutron rich and superheavy nuclei, supernova and r-process nuclei, deeply bound antikaon- and antiproton-nuclei, nuclear symmetry energy and equation of state, neutron stars, FAIR and future Dubna research, other related areas.

The Elgar Companion to Health Economics

Author: Andrew M. Jones

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857938134

Category: Medical

Page: 550

View: 4890

Release On

ÔThe Elgar Companion to Health Economics is a comprehensive and accessible look at the field, as seen by its leading figures.Õ Ð Joseph Newhouse, Harvard Medical School, US Acclaim for the first edition: ÔThis Companion is a timely addition. . . It contains 50 chapters, from 90 contributors around the world, on the topical and policy-relevant aspects of health economics. . . there is a balanced coverage of theoretical and empirical materials, and conceptual and practical issues. . . I have found the Companion very useful.Õ Ð Sukhan Jackson, Economic Analysis and Policy ÔThis encyclopedic work provides interested readers with an authoritative and comprehensive overview of many, if not all, of the current research issues in health economics. Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates and above.Õ Ð R.M. Mullner, Choice This comprehensive collection brings together more than 50 contributions from some of the most influential researchers in health economics. It authoritatively covers theoretical and empirical issues in health economics, with a balanced range of material on equity and efficiency in health care systems, health technology assessment and issues of concern for developing countries. This thoroughly revised second edition is expanded to include four new chapters, while all existing chapters have been extensively updated. The Elgar Companion to Health Economics, Second Edition intends to take an audience of advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers to the current frontier of research by providing concise and readable introductions to key topics.

Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology

Author: Mike Furr

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd

ISBN: 1446244903

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 8514

Release On

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Providing conceptual and practical foundations in scale construction and psychometrics for producers and consumers of social/personality research, this guide covers basic principles, practices, and processes in scale construction, scale evaluation, scale use, and interpretation of research results in the context of psychological measurement. It explains fundamental concepts and methods related to dimensionality, reliability, and validity. In addition, it provides relatively non-technical introductions to special topics and advanced psychometric perspectives such as Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Generalizability Theory, and Item Response Theory. The SAGE Library in Social and Personality Psychology Methods provides students and researchers with an understanding of the methods and techniques essential to conducting cutting-edge research. Each volume within the Library explains a specific topic and has been written by an active scholar (or scholars) with expertise in that particular methodological domain. Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, the volumes are clear and accessible for all readers. In each volume, a topic is introduced, applications are discussed, and readers are led step by step through worked examples. In addition, advice about how to interpret and prepare results for publication are presented.


Science, Religion and Society

An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Controversy

Author: Arri Eisen,Gary Laderman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131746012X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 888

View: 2554

Release On

This unique encyclopedia explores the historical and contemporary controversies between science and religion. It is designed to offer multicultural and multi-religious views, and provide wide-ranging perspectives. "Science, Religion, and Society" covers all aspects of the religion and science dichotomy, from humanities to social sciences to natural sciences, and includes articles by theologians, religion scholars, physicians, scientists, historians, and psychologists, among others. The first section, General Overviews, contains essays that provide a road map for exploring the major challenges and questions in science and religion. Following this, the Historical Perspectives section grounds these major questions in the past, and demonstrates how they have developed into the six broad areas of contemporary research and discussion that follow. These sections - Creation, the Cosmos, and Origins of the Universe; Ecology, Evolution, and the Natural World; Consciousness, Mind, and the Brain; Healers and Healing; Dying and Death; and Genetics and Religion - organize the questions and research that are the foundation of the enormous interest, and controversy, in science and religion today.

Spatial Simulation

Exploring Pattern and Process

Author: David O'Sullivan,George L. W. Perry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118527070

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 3339

Release On

A ground-up approach to explaining dynamic spatialmodelling for an interdisciplinary audience. Across broad areas of the environmental and social sciences,simulation models are an important way to study systemsinaccessible to scientific experimental and observational methods,and also an essential complement to those more conventionalapproaches. The contemporary research literature is teemingwith abstract simulation models whose presentation ismathematically demanding and requires a high level of knowledge ofquantitative and computational methods and approaches. Furthermore, simulation models designed to represent specificsystems and phenomena are often complicated, and, as a result,difficult to reconstruct from their descriptions in theliterature. This book aims to provide a practical andaccessible account of dynamic spatial modelling, while alsoequipping readers with a sound conceptual foundation in thesubject, and a useful introduction to the wide-rangingliterature. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process isorganised around the idea that a small number of spatial processesunderlie the wide variety of dynamic spatial models. Its centralfocus on three ‘building-blocks’ of dynamic spatialmodels – forces of attraction and segregation, individualmobile entities, and processes of spread – guides the readerto an understanding of the basis of many of the complicated modelsfound in the research literature. The three building block modelsare presented in their simplest form and are progressivelyelaborated and related to real world process that can berepresented using them. Introductory chapters cover essentialbackground topics, particularly the relationships between pattern,process and spatiotemporal scale. Additional chaptersconsider how time and space can be represented in more complicatedmodels, and methods for the analysis and evaluation of models.Finally, the three building block models are woven together in amore elaborate example to show how a complicated model can beassembled from relatively simple components. To aid understanding, more than 50 specific models described inthe book are available online at patternandprocess.org forexploration in the freely available Netlogo platform. Thisbook encourages readers to develop intuition for the abstract typesof model that are likely to be appropriate for application in anyspecific context. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Patternand Process will be of interest to undergraduate and graduatestudents taking courses in environmental, social, ecological andgeographical disciplines. Researchers and professionals whorequire a non-specialist introduction will also find this book aninvaluable guide to dynamic spatial simulation.

Pocket Guide to Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation

Author: Thanh V. Tran

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199724048

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 7865

Release On

Social workers engage in cross-cultural research in order to understand how diverse populations cope with life situations, to identify risk and protective factors across cultures, and to evaluate the effectiveness of policies and programs on the well-being of individuals from different cultures. In order to do so, it is necessary to begin with meaningful, appropriate, and practical research instruments, yet such instruments are not always readily available, or they may be misleading or biased. In this clearly written pocket guide, social work researchers will find a concise, easy-to-follow explanation of how to develop and assess cross-cultural measures that sidestep such complications and provide reliable, valid data. Using a step-by-step approach, expert cross-cultural researcher Thanh V. Tran carefully explores the issues and methodology in cross-cultural measurement development in social work research and evaluation. The book draws on existing cross-cultural research in social sciences and related areas to illustrate how to formulate research questions, select observable statistics, understand cross-cultural translation, evaluate and implement measurement equivalence, and discern quality within practices of measurement development. Tran also discusses how to use statistics software programs such as SPSS to generate data for LISREL analyses, providing enough detail to help readers grasp the programs' applications in this area but not so much as to overwhelm. This concise text offers a wealth of knowledge about using and interpreting the use of culturally relevant research instruments. Doctoral students and social researchers in the field seeking guidance in selecting and adapting such instruments in their studies, or developing and assessing their own, will find it a terrific source of essential information for their work. For additional resources, visit http://www.oup.com/us/pocketguides.

Advanced Methodological Issues in Culturally Competent Evaluation for Substance Abuse Prevention

Author: Ada-Helen Bayer,Frances L. Brisbane,Amelie Ramirez,Leonard G. Epstein

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788147814

Category:

Page: 266

View: 1856

Release On

Provides a clearly defined framework for the study of substance abuse prevention program evaluation in diverse, culturally defined settings, regardless of the ethnic/racial populations involved. Topics include: acculturation, ethnic identification and the evaluation process; history and philosophy of a science in a global perspective; psychometrics and culture; the role of ethics in evaluation; evaluating the success of community-based prevention efforts; the cultural context of epidemiologic research; culturally specific approaches; and communication and community participation in evaluation processes.


Evaluation in Health Promotion

Principles and Perspectives

Author: I. Rootman,Michael Goodstadt

Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe

ISBN: 9789289013598

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 533

View: 9441

Release On

This book is the result of the WHO European Working Group on Health Promotion Evaluation, which examined the current range of qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods to provide guidance to policy-makers and practitioners. It includes an extensive compilation and discussion of the theory, methodologies, and practice of evaluating health promotion initiatives in Europe and the Americas. The book shows how a health promotion approach offers a comprehensive framework for planning and implementing interventions that can effectively address today's major health-related problems. The authors describe how good evaluations assist initiatives in achieving their goals, provide a wealth of guidance on how to undertake them, and call for greater investment in the evaluation of health promotion.


Evaluation in Planning

Facing the Challenge of Complexity

Author: Nathaniel Lichfield,Angela Barbanente,Dino Borri,Abdul Khakee,Anna Prat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714959

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9253

Release On

This book is the result of a three day workshop on "Evaluation in theory and practice in spatial planning" held in Ramsey Hall, University College London, in September 1996. Some 30 people from 8 different countries attended and 20 papers were presented. The majority of them now form the basis for this book. This occasion was the third on the topic, the two preceding having taken place in Umea in June 1992 and in Bari in 1994. Following these three meetings, we can now say that this small, industrious, international family really enjoy meeting up from time to time at each others places, in the presence of older members and new children, each one presenting his/her own recent experiences. It particularly enjoys exchanging views and arguing about the current state and the future of evaluation in spatial planning (all families have their vices ... ). It is also pleasing to see these experiences and discussions resulting in a book for those who could not attend and for the broader clan in the field. Not long time ago, but ages in the accelerated academic time scale, evaluation in planning established its own role and distinct features as an instrument for helping the decision-making process. Now this role and these features are exposed to major challenges. First, the evolution of planning theory has lead to the conception of new planning paradigms, based on theories of complexity and communicative rationality.