The Production of Knowledge

The Challenge of Social Science Research

Author: William H. Starbuck

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191608742

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

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Bill Starbuck has been one of the leading management researchers over several decades. In this book he reflects on a number of challenges associated with management and social science research - the search for a 'behavioral science', the limits of rationality, the unreliability of many research findings, the social shaping of research agendas, cultures and judgements. It is an engaging, chronologically structured account in which he discusses some of his own research projects and various methodological debates. This is a feisty argument from someone who has been fully engaged with all aspects of research - carrying out research programmes, evaluating research, tirelessly questioning the assumptions and claims of social science research, and never avoiding the awkward theoretical or practical challenges that face organizational researchers. Well written, provocative and unusual, this quasi autobiographical account will inform and entertain, and be a valuable guide to current and future research students.

Critical Issues in Anti-racist Research Methodologies

Author: George Jerry Sefa Dei,Gurpreet Singh Johal

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820468006

Category: Education

Page: 300

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Anti-racism studies have blossomed over the years with scholarship and political work reinforcing each other to cement anti-racist change. But how do we understand anti-racist research? How is anti-racist research methodology different from other methods of research investigation? What are the principles of anti-racism research? This edited collection attempts to provide some answers by bringing together works that examine the perils and desires of anti-racist research with a particular focus on the notion of 'difference' and a serious consideration of the race, gender, class, and sexuality intersections/implications of educational research.


Essential Skills for Management Research

Author: David Partington

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761970088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

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This essential text provides an authoritative overview of research methodology for both students and professional researchers in management. Based on course needs and written by expert academics in the field, this core text addresses the practical concerns of students in undertaking research that is relevant to management practice. It places emphasis on the more practical concerns of management researchers, focusing on the detail of developing and applying particular sets of research skills. In addition, the book gives straightforward advice on how to: ·develop a systematic methodology · learn to be a successful writer · acknowledge the individual in the researcher The text develops tangible skills and will be an invaluable guide for management researchers and students at postgraduate and MBA levels.

Integrating Knowledge Through Interdisciplinary Research

Problems of Theory and Practice

Author: Dominic Holland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134490097

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

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In this important new text, Holland seeks to explain, by means of social scientific and philosophical inquiry, the difficulties that researchers often experience when attempting to integrate knowledge from different academic disciplines, either individually or as part of a team of subject specialists. It is argued that the difficulty of integrating knowledge from different academic disciplines is the result of, firstly, an inadequate justification of the nature of scientific integration and differentiation and, secondly, the dominance of disciplinary specialization in scientific inquiry. By focusing on both the theoretical justification for, and the practical feasibility of, integrating knowledge through interdisciplinary research, this book asks what properties of reality make the integration of knowledge from different academic disciplines possible and to what extent it is feasible to integrate knowledge through interdisciplinary research within a traditional, disciplinary context. Accordingly the text is both philosophical and social scientific in content: philosophical in the sense that it presents a theory of causal determination, which will help researchers to understand how reality is both differentiated and interconnected; social scientific in the sense that it presents the results of three case studies of collaborative interdisciplinary research projects. The book is heavily informed by the philosophy of critical realism. The philosophical argument about the possibility of integration and specialization in science draws explicitly on some of the key concepts of critical realism – particularly those comprising the theory of ‘integrative pluralism’ – while critical realist assumptions underpin the social scientific argument about the causal influence of the social system of knowledge production. By exploring researchers’ conceptions of knowledge and of reality on the one hand and their decisions about what sort of knowledge to produce on the other, Holland shows how the difficulty of scientific integration is both a problem of knowledge and a problem of knowledge production. This book is essential reading for students and academics interested in the emerging topic of knowledge integration and interdisciplinarity.


Science Communication in Theory and Practice

Author: Susan M. Stocklmayer,S.M. Stocklmayer,M.M. Gore,C.R. Bryant

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402001307

Category: Education

Page: 284

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Hereafter you will find a first: a comprehensive textbook on the communication of sciencein theory and practice! Is there a need for such a textbook? Obviously, yes! Whether you are a scientist, a science journalist, a science teacher, a science museum specialist, a scientific website designer, a science historian, a science entertainer, a member of a scientific society or club, a science tinkerer - there is always a chance that you will be enthusiastic about the job of communicating science, but uncertain about whether you do it well. This book exposes you to the practices of others by reviewing science communication case studies or by inviting you to plunge into the underlying rationale of theoretical approaches to science communication. These are different opportunities for comparing your experience with the practices or reflections of others. The conversation can even be established and furthered with the authors of some of these case studies or of the theories presented in this book by using their website and possibly their email addresses. This book, like a composite, gathers contributions from experts from most of the above mentioned fields. A lot of practices are discussed and they are among the very best practices according to common professional wisdom in the field. Those practices are also reflected upon in an attempt to be somewhat theoretical.

Concept and Application of Transdisciplinarity in Intellectual Discourse and Research

Author: Hester du Plessis,Jeffrey Sehume,Leonard Martin,Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655352

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

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In the past four decades, transdisciplinarity has gained conceptual and practical traction for its transformative value in accounting for the complex challenges besetting humankind, including social relations and natural ecosystems. The need to develop frameworks for joint problem-solving involving diverse stakeholders is unquestionable. Besides generating inclusivity, which embraces academia, civil society, and policymakers in the public and private sectors, transdisciplinarity allows for the appreciation of phenomena from a multiplicity of angles and affords societies creative ways of seeking solutions to challenges that may appear intractable. This book puts forward alternatives within this arena and attempts to directly respond to the multilayered challenges of diffuse disciplines, interlinked socioeconomic problems, impacts of globalization, technological advancements, environmental concerns, food security, and more.

The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446293416

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

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The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project 2e is the ultimate companion to successfully completing your research project. Warm and pragmatic, it gives you the skills and the confidence needed to succeed no matter what happens along the way. The book guides you through every step of your research project, from getting started to analysing data and writing up. Each stage is clearly set out, highlighting best practice and providing practical tips and down-to-earth advice for actually doing research. Key features include: Fully developed companion website including podcasts, worksheets, examples of real projects and links to journal articles Chapter summaries Boxed definitions of key terms Full glossary Suggestions for further reading Bursting with real world examples and multidisciplinary case studies, this book addresses the key questions posed by anyone hoping to complete a research project. It is the must-have textbook every student needs. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

Using Social Theory in Educational Research

A Practical Guide

Author: Mark Dressman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135265887

Category: Education

Page: 184

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Using Social Theory in Educational Research is organised to help practising educators and novice researchers who have little familiarity with social theory to: be introduced to major schools of social theory, their basic concepts, and their general applicability to educational issues develop an understanding of and appreciation for its potential to improve their own practice gain practical insight into how theory can function as a warrant, or support, for data interpretation through the use of multiple practical examples, learn how to integrate theory into their own work more effectively Selected Contents: 1. Getting Theoretical 2. An Illustrated Tour of How Theory Works (and Doesn’t Work) in Educational Research 3. Framing Research Theoretically, Part One: Planning and Data Collection 4. Framing Research Theoretically 5.When Research Meets Research

The Production of Society

A Marxian Foundation for Social Theory

Author: Michael E. Brown

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847674732

Category: Political Science

Page: 163

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To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

New Genetics, New Social Formations

Author: Peter Glasner,Paul Atkinson,Helen Greenslade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134162588

Category: Medical

Page: 14

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New genetic technologies cut across a range of public regulatory domains and private lifeworlds, often appearing to generate an institutional void in response to the complex challenges they pose. As a result, a number of new social formations are being developed to legitimate public engagement and avoid the perceived democratic deficit that may result. Papers in this volume discuss a variety of these manifestations in a global context, including: genetic data banks committees of inquiry non-governmental organisations (NGOs) national research laboratories. These institutions, across both health and agriculture, are explored in such diverse locations as Amazonia, China, Finland, Israel, the UK and the USA. This volume exhibits a clear thematic coherence around the impact of the new genetics and their associated technologies on new social formations, and the case studies included have a significant international focus, showing a balance between theoretical and empirical approaches in this rapidly changing field. This innovative new volume will be of interest to postgraduates and professionals in the fields of sociology, social anthropology, science and technology studies, and environmental studies.

The Science of Regional and Global Change

Putting Knowledge to Work

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Policy Division,Committee on Global Change Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309183499

Category: Science

Page: 32

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This report is intended to promote a dialogue between the scientific community and the government officials who will lead our nation in the coming years on global change research. The first section of the report is a brief description of the challenges and proposed responses needed from the highest levels of the government and the second provides more detailed discussion and is directed to agency-level issues and responses. The last section is a detailed bibliography that lists many of the specific reports on which the views outlined here are ultimately based.

Scrambling for Africa

AIDS, Expertise, and the Rise of American Global Health Science

Author: Johanna Tayloe Crane

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469058

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

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Countries in sub-Saharan Africa were once dismissed by Western experts as being too poor and chaotic to benefit from the antiretroviral drugs that transformed the AIDS epidemic in the United States and Europe. Today, however, the region is courted by some of the most prestigious research universities in the world as they search for “resource-poor” hospitals in which to base their international HIV research and global health programs. In Scrambling for Africa, Johanna Tayloe Crane reveals how, in the space of merely a decade, Africa went from being a continent largely excluded from advancements in HIV medicine to an area of central concern and knowledge production within the increasingly popular field of global health science. Drawing on research conducted in the U.S. and Uganda during the mid-2000s, Crane provides a fascinating ethnographic account of the transnational flow of knowledge, politics, and research money—as well as blood samples, viruses, and drugs. She takes readers to underfunded Ugandan HIV clinics as well as to laboratories and conference rooms in wealthy American cities like San Francisco and Seattle where American and Ugandan experts struggle to forge shared knowledge about the AIDS epidemic. The resulting uncomfortable mix of preventable suffering, humanitarian sentiment, and scientific ambition shows how global health research partnerships may paradoxically benefit from the very inequalities they aspire to redress. A work of outstanding interdisciplinary scholarship, Scrambling for Africa will be of interest to audiences in anthropology, science and technology studies, African studies, and the medical humanities.

Interdisciplinarity

Reconfigurations of the Social and Natural Sciences

Author: Andrew Barry,Georgina Born

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136658386

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

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The idea that research should become more interdisciplinary has become commonplace. According to influential commentators, the unprecedented complexity of problems such as climate change or the social implications of biomedicine demand interdisciplinary efforts integrating both the social and natural sciences. In this context, the question of whether a given knowledge practice is too disciplinary, or interdisciplinary, or not disciplinary enough has become an issue for governments, research policy makers and funding agencies. Interdisciplinarity, in short, has emerged as a key political preoccupation; yet the term tends to obscure as much as illuminate the diverse practices gathered under its rubric. This volume offers a new approach to theorising interdisciplinarity, showing how the boundaries between the social and natural sciences are being reconfigured. It examines the current preoccupation with interdisciplinarity, notably the ascendance of a particular discourse in which it is associated with a transformation in the relations between science, technology and society. Contributors address attempts to promote collaboration between, on the one hand, the natural sciences and engineering and, on the other, the social sciences, arts and humanities. From ethnography in the IT industry to science and technology studies, environmental science to medical humanities, cybernetics to art-science, the collection interrogates how interdisciplinarity has come to be seen as a solution not only to enhancing relations between science and society, but the pursuit of accountability and the need to foster innovation. Interdisciplinarity is essential reading for scholars, students and policy makers across the social sciences, arts and humanities, including anthropology, geography, sociology, science and technology studies and cultural studies, as well as all those engaged in interdisciplinary research. It will have particular relevance for those concerned with the knowledge economy, science policy, environmental politics, applied anthropology, ELSI research, medical humanities, and art-science.

Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Three-Volume Set

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080544142

Category: Social Science

Page: 2598

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The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, a three-volume set written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world, takes advantage of increasing, worldwide awareness in the public, private, commercial, and academic sectors about manifestations of violence in all segments of society. While the contributors do not use these volumes to make specific arguments, they do describe and clarify the developments in thought that have led to current theories about and positions on violence and peace. Our reviewers consistently note that while many in-depth studies of war, peace, and aggression exist, the attendant specialization keeps scholars from learning about related fields. No publication competing with the Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict can satisfy their need for a vast introductory work to such a diverse and socially-important field. This major work includes more than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references and more than 2,000 bibliography entries for further reading which are arranged alphabetically for easy access. Key Features * More than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references * Article outline and glossary of key terms begin each article * Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access * Three-volume set with subject index of over 750 entries * Articles written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world

Cottons and Casuals: The Gendered Organisation of Labour in Time and Space

Author: Miriam Glucksmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134280866

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

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Cottons and Casuals explores the connections between women's work in different spheres since the 1930s: paid employment, at home, and in the community. Women's own testimony and an array of other source materials are used to develop new ways of looking at their changing patterns of living and working. The book examines changes in the organisation and commodification of domestic production and consumption, the use of technology, housing, family structures, gender relations and inter-generational mother-daughter relations. Differing temporalities of work are highlighted, as are their far-reaching effects for the organisation of peoples' lives and life courses. The significance of varying locations and spatial organisations of work for communities, streets, families and gender relations provides another important focus. In the process, Glucksmann addresses the nature of the research process, reflecting on her sources and her own work in the production of knowledge

The Carnival of Images

Brazilian Television Fiction

Author: Michèle Mattelart,Armand Mattelart

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897892124

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 175

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In creating and developing the new genre of the televised novela, a one-hour long dramatic serial, the Brazilian television industry grew, in less than 15 years, from an insignificant player in the international market to one of the largest, most influential in the world. The authors challenge accepted views of the world dominance of United States television and probe the socioeconomic impact of this new genre on a third world country. Using the telenovela and its impact on the medium world-wide, the authors document the important changes in the international circulation of television programs and in the way television is perceived theoretically as a subject of research.

Latinos in American Society

Families and Communities in Transition

Author: Ruth Enid Zambrana

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461521

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

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It is well known that Latinos in the United States bear a disproportionate burden of low educational attainment, high residential segregation, and low visibility in the national political landscape. In Latinos in American Society, Ruth Enid Zambrana brings together the latest research on Latinos in the United States to demonstrate how national origin, age, gender, socioeconomic status, and education affect the well-being of families and individuals. By mapping out how these factors result in economic, social, and political disadvantage, Zambrana challenges the widespread negative perceptions of Latinos in America and the single story of Latinos in the United States as a monolithic group. Synthesizing an increasingly substantial body of social science research-much of it emerging from the interdisciplinary fields of Chicano studies, U.S. Latino studies, critical race studies, and family studies-the author adopts an intersectional "social inequality lens" as a means for understanding the broader sociopolitical dynamics of the Latino family, considering ethnic subgroup diversity, community context, institutional practices, and their intersections with family processes and well-being. Zambrana, a leading expert on Latino populations in America, demonstrates the value of this approach for capturing the contemporary complexity of and transitions within diverse U.S. Latino families and communities. This book offers the most up-to-date portrait we have of Latinos in America today.

Feminist Methodology

Challenges and Choices

Author: Caroline Ramazanoglu,Janet Holland

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933250

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

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`An accessible, clearly explained review of difficult concepts within this arena as well as relevant debates. Its strengths are in outlining possible considerations that need to be taken into account when making methodological choices. It also clearly explains how these choices impact knowledge production. This book would undoubtedly be of considerable use to anyone seeking to understand and get to grips with feminist methodological issues' - Feminism and Psychology Who would be a feminist now? Contemporary 'political realism' suggests that the essentials of the battle have already been won, and the current generation of women entering University is used to seeing feminism presented as 'old fashioned', 'extreme' and 'unrealistic'. Challenging such assumptions, this important new book argues for the value of empirical investigations of gendered life, and brings together the theoretical, political and practical aspects of feminist methodology. Feminist Methodology - demonstrates how feminist approaches to methodology engage with debates in western philosophy to raise critical questions about knowledge production - shows that feminist methodology has a distinctive place in social research - guides the reader through the terrain of feminist methodology and clarifies how feminists can claim knowledge of gendered social existence - connects abstract issues of theory with issues in fieldwork practice. This timely and accessible book will be an essential resource for students in women's studies, gender studies, sociology, cultural studies, social anthropology and feminist psychology.